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Full text of "Publications of the Ipswich Historical Society"

Ip6i ,V| - L 

no. 18-20 

L788946 



REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTFON 



fi L iFi N m ( i , r?,yr j .T,y, puB| - | c library 



3 1833 01100 0541 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/publicationsofin18n20ipsw 



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PUBLICATIONS OF THE JLESWICH 
HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

XVIII "^. /#-SL*0 



JEFFREY'S NECK 



THE WAY LEADING THERETO 



WITH NOTES ON 



LITTLE NECK 



T. FRANK WATERS 



Salem "press : 

The Sai<em Press Co., Sausm, Mass. 
1912 



1788946 




/. Land of Jo kit Pei- kins. 

2. land of Tkoma-s Ti'eadw&lL. 

3. La-vui d HoLevi Pa.Cn.e- 

4. Tke IslcLi^d roLi-hi. 

5. Land of flndrem- Hodyes 
(,. Io,vlcL of Rfcka.,-d StH.'fk. 
~7. La*.oL of Nat Uclu j e L TrcadureU 



CONTENTS. 



John Perkins Farm 


1 


Thomas Treadwell Farm 


13 


Robert Paine Farm .... 


IS 


Island Farm ..... 


29 


Andrew Hodges Farm 


35 


Richard Smith Farm .... 


. 38 


Nathaniel Treadwell Farm 


45 


Jeffrey's Neck 


53 


ILLUSTRATIONS 




Diagram ...... 


Frontispiece 


Robert Paine Homestead 


18 


"Inglisby ,> 


51 


The Fishing Station .... 


59 



PREFACE 



Reversing the order indicated on the title page, the road 
leading to Jeffrey's Neck will be considered first, so that 
the pilgrim to the Neck may make acquaintance with the 
ancient dwellers along the old way as he goes. They were 
people of fine quality, and the early dwellings which re- 
main and the vacant sites of the homes which have dis- 
appeared, attain new and sympathetic interest as we come 
to know something of their lives. The fact that John 
Perkins and Thomas Treadwell and their heirs owned land 
on both sides of the way has occasioned much difficulty in 
making a symmetrical treatment of the farms along this 
road. The plan adopted, which seems best on the whole, 
treats first the John Perkins land in both divisions, then 
the other farms on the east side of the way, then the 
farms on the west side from the Neck to the Perkins line. 

The story of Jeffrey's Neck is told in full details. From 
the very beginning of our Town's history, this great, isolated 
tract has been the most noteworthy portion of the old 
common lands. Its forests were an important asset, its 
value as a safe and extensive pasture was very great, and 
the fishing station on its beach and hill-side was a large 
factor in the industrial development of the Town. Much 
of the legislation regarding it applies in greater or less de- 
gree to other portions of the common lands for a long pe- 
riod. But after the first decade of the eighteenth century, 
it held a unique position as the only valuable portion of 
the old common lands which was retained by all the Com- 
moners in a body. Litigation soon arose concerning the 
rights of heirs of Commoners in the Neck. Later in the 



VI PREFACE 

century the Town in its corporate capacity claimed an in- 
terest, and to this day, these proprietary claims have 
reached no conclusive settlement. The issues involved are 
delicate and far reaching and of great public interest. 

This peculiar public interest in Great Neck, added to 
the intrinsic worth of its annals, has made it desirable that 
a full and careful statement of its complicated history 
should be made. I have made the attempt to tell the 
story in its main events, in simple and readable fashion, 
portraying the picturesque earlier history, and recording 
accurately the various stages of the more recent claims of 
right and title. 

I wish to acknowledge my great indebtedness to Mr. 
John W. Nourse for the use of his Notes, which embody 
the results of long and patient research in Neck titles, and 
for the diagram which accompanies. 

T. F. W. 






The John Perkins Farm. 
No. 1. 

1C34. 

"Att a meeting houlden in November [ ] was consented 

and agreed unto the length [ ] of Ipswitch should extend west 
ward unto [ ] buryinge place and Eastward unto a Cove of the 
River unto the plantinge ground of John Pirkeings the Elder.' ' 

Thus begins the Town Record, written in the month of November, 
1634. John Perkins Sen., who enjoys the distinction of being the first 
man, whose name appears in the Record, was already comfortably estab- 
lished in his home on the corner of East Street and the way to the Neck, 
where Mr. James S. Glover now resides. Though the entry of the grant 
was not made until a later date, he had already received an allotment of 
ten acres, " upon part whereof he hath built a house"; six acres of meadow 
and six acres of upland joining his houselot, and forty acres of land in 
"Cheboky." He soon exchanged this lot with Thomas Howlett for some 
land by the riverside, near his dwelling. 

He was now about forty-four years old and was recognized as a citizen 
of sterling worth. The most delicate and pressing matter that engaged 
the little group of settlers was the assignment of lands, their definite loca- 
tion, and orderly entry in the public record book. It is no small compli- 
ment to Mr. Perkins that the order was adopted in 1634 : 

"Whosoever will have his lott entered into the records of the 
Towne shall bring unto the officer in that behalf a certificate under 
the hands of Henry Short John Pirkins Robert Mussey John 
Gadge or the greatest pt of them w ch shall bee a warrant unto 
the officer in that beehalf to enter and record the same.' ' 
The Town in its corporate capacity voted the land grants, but the 
"lot-users' ' had the responsible task of laying out the grants and locating 
the metes and bounds. There was especial fitness in assigning a part in 
this work to him. The great area of level and fertile soil, fringed with a 
vast expanse of salt marsh and thatch banks, called variously, "the Neck 
at the East end of the Town," and "this Neck of Land the Town St andeth,' ' 
but a little later by common consent, "John Mannings Neck" lay at his 
door, and the great area still known as the " Common Fields' ' was near at 
hand. Though the Town voted on January 5, 1634-5, that the land now 
► known as Great Neck or Jeffrey 's Neck, " shall rcmayn for comon use unto 

the Towne forever,' ' no other reservation was made in this vicinity and a 
great number of citizens received grants of about six acres of upland, with 



2 JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 

allotments in the marsh lands in this section. The lot layer was a buay 

man and very important functionary in t hose days. H< 

the "seven men," as the Selectmen were then called, in Feb. 1636-7. His 

associates were Mr. Winthrop, Mr. Simon Bradstreet, Mr. Daniel Deni 

John Gage, Jonathan Wade, and Goodman Thomas Scol t. 

To define the limit between the land in the Town proper 1. 
severalty by the citizensfrom the more remote fields and farm-;, which 
were probably unfeneed, a fence was ordered built in January, 1637-S, 
when the Town voted : 

"that a general fence shall be made from the end of the Town 
to Egypt River with a sufficient fence and also from the J- I 
endoftheTowne in the way to Jeffries Neck from the fence of 
John Perkins to the end of a creek in the marsh near land of Wry 
Foster to be done at the charge of all those that have land 
within the said cumpass and by them to be maintained.' ' 
Mr. Foster's land is probably included in the farm now owned by Mr. 
Iludgens, and the fence thus ordered extended along the whole western 
side of the highway. No doubt there were division walls and fences 
already built on the eastern side and to some extent on Manning'.-: 
Neck, but these were matters of private concern, which each man settled 
to suit himself and his neighbor. The common fence was built and main- 
tained at the command of the Town. 

In March, 1650, John Perkins, Sen., being about sixty years of age, was 
freed from ordinary training by permission of the Quarter Sessions Court. 
No doubt he w r as feeling physically weak as he died in the year 1654. Hid 
will is preserved in the Registry of Probate, but the fading of the ink and 
the extraordinary chirography of William Bartholomew, the Town Clerk, 
who drew the will, a penman of the old school, render it almost illegible in 
parts. It was signed, 28 th , 1 mo., 1654, but either from illness or lack of 
education, he could only make his mark. It was proved on the 26 td of 
September of the same year. 

He bequeathed to his wife, Judith, the usual privileges of life interest 
in hia estate, which were accorded widow T s; to his son John, the unborn 
foal of his young mare and one ewe after shearing time; to his son, Thomas, 
to his daughter, Elizabeth Sargeant, wifeof William Sargeant, his daughter, 
Mary Bradbury, wife of Thomas of Salisbury, his daughter Lidia Bennett, 
wife of Henry Bennett, each a cow and a heifer, and to his grandson, 
Thomas Bradbury, one ewe. Mrs. Mary Bradbury, then living in Salis- 
bury, was accused of witchcraft in her eightieth year and condemned to 
death, but she was finally acquitted. 1 To his son Jacob, born in the year 
1624, he gave all his landed estate, with full possession after the decease of 
his wife. 

The inventory taken 7 mo., 26th, 1654, is interesting from its early 
date, and the glimpses it gives of the possessions of an ancient Ipswich 

»A Short History of the Salem Village Witchcraft Trials. M. V. B. Perley p. 26. 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO 



farmer. It included the dwelling, kirn and out houses, 8 acres afoot the 
house, 12 aeres of " improved land,' ' and some 40 acres more of upl 1 1 
marsh, a mare with foal, six cows, a steer and four yearling I 
dozen ewes and lambs and a yearling wether. The furnishings rere very 
meagre, one feather bed with bedstead and furniture, one coverlid and 
other small items, several kettles, pots and dishes in the kitchen, and ten 
pounds sterling in money. The land lay on both hides the road arid in 
Manning's Neck. 

Jacob Perkins met with a great loss when his house burned to the 
ground, early in August, 1GGS. Mehitable Brabrook, aged about sixteen 
years, the house servant, was summoned before Gen. Daniel Deni.-ou, Justice 
of the Court. 

"This examinator saith that on Thursday last was seven night 
her master Jacob Perkins and his wife being gone to the Town she 
was left at home alone about two or three o'clock in the afternoon 
ehe was taking tobacco in a pipe and gott upon the oven on the out- 
side and backside of the house (to look if there were any hogs in 
the corn) and she layd her right hand upon the thatch of the 
house (to stay herself) and with her left hand knocked out her 
pipe over right arm upon the thatch on the eaves of the house 
(not thinking there had been any fire in the pipe) and imediately 
went down into the cornfield to drive out the hogs she saw.' ' 
Looking back she saw smoke rising from the roof and ran to tell the 
wife of their neighbor, Abraham Perkins. They rushed back together 
and Mehitable ran for a bucket of water, " but before I could get out of the 
house the thatch flamed and for want of ladders and help being round the 
house was burned down.' ' 

Goodwife Perkins testified that she ran into both the rooms of the 
house and looked up both the chimneys. She also looked up into the cham- 
ber "through the boards that lay very open up towards that side where 
the smoke was on the outside.' ' She saw no flame but was unable to put 
out the burning thatch on the roof. 

Evidently by accident or with malice prepense the serving maid was 
responsible, and the testimony of John Williston, aged twenty, was not 
helpful to her: 

"that as they w T ere going into the meadow to make hay 
Mehitable told him her mistress was angry and she had fixed her 
by putting a great toad into her kettle of milk.' ' 

The Court sentenced her "on suspicion of fireing ye house." to be 
severely whipped, and pay £40 damage to Jacob Perkins and costs and 
fees of court. Notwithstanding the suggestive revelations of the young 
maid's temperament, which the public trial brought to light, she was 
• sought in marriage in the following year by John Downing. They were 

wedded on Nov. 2, 1669, and her father, Richard, as a marriage settle- 
ment, gave the bride and her husband half his farm. 



4 JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 

Apart' from the talc of the maid's misdoings, valuable information is 

afforded as to the architecture of the dwelling. Though Jacob J'- 1 
and his father before him were men of good estate, lie was content to live 
in a two-room house, with a great chimney at each end, probably of wood, 
daubed with clay, with a loft over head floored so loosely that one could 
look up into it from below, and a thatch roof. At the same time John 
Whipple, the elder, was living in the western half of the house, now owned 
by the Historical Society, in regal luxury compared with the primitive sim- 
plicity of the Perkins dwelling. 

In 1671, the new house was struck by lightning on Sunday, "while 
many people were gathered there to repeat 1 he sermon, when he and many 
others were struck down, and had his waistcoat pierced with many small 
holes like gooseshot and was beaten down as if he had been dead for the 
present." 

Jacob Perkins Senior, had a considerable family. 

Jacob, who married Elizabeth, daughter of John Sparks, the famous 
inn-keeper of the time, Dec. 25, 1684. Her sister, Rose, mar- 
ried Benjamin Newman, a near neighbor. 

Matthew, who married Esther, daughter of Lieut. Thomas Burnhani, 
afterwards known as Captain, born, Nov. 11, 1070. 

John 

Elizabeth 

Judith 

Mary 

Hannah 

Joseph, son of Sargeant Jacob, born June 21, 1671. 

Jabez, born May 15, 1677. 

On March 23, 1685, (8:51) Jacob Perkins, "aged about 61," as the 
deed recites, conveyed to his son, Jacob Tertius, in consideration of his 
marriage with John Sparks's daughter, three quarters of an acre out of his 
homestead, "4 and 20 rods to set his house on, out of nry orchard, and 4 
score and 16 rods above my orchard," with two acres of tillage land in 
Manning's Neck, the pasturing of two cows in his pasture,and at his decease, 
a fourth part of all his lands, including that already given him. This small 
lot was west of the dwelling, fronting on East St. 

On the same day, (7:147) he conveyed to his son Matthew, "by agree- 
ment of marriage with Lieut. Burnam's daughter," a house and three- 
fourths acre of land, "within y e gate that the highway leads to Jeffries 
Neck," bounded by the same east, and his land north and south, with a 
similar gift of two acres pasturage, and an eventual quarter of his whole 
estate. He also gave a portion to his son, John, the deed of which is not 
recorded. 

On March 13, 1692-3 (9:271) Jacob Perkins, now grown old, and un- 
able to manage his estate as formerly, and having given to his sons, John, 
Jacob and Matthew, such part of his land etc., and also to pay his three 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 5 

daughters, Elizabeth, Judith and Mary, their portions, that they might 
be debarred from claims upon the rest of bis estate belonging to the n 
his children, Joseph, Jabez and Hannah, made an indenture with hid 

Bons, Jacob and Matthew, that they should have the ot her half of hi 
estate, paying an annual stipend to himself and wife, including hi- dwelling, 
except what was reserved to his wife before marriage, the great pasture on 
the east side of the road to Jeffrey's Neck, his land in Manning's Neck, 
"his upland, meadow and marsh lying below the field adjoining to 
Mannings field on y e N. W. side, the Town River S. E. and Mr. Robert 
Paines N. E.,' ' with upland and marsh at Grape Island. 

The sons, Jacob and Matthew, divided the property. By a deed 
drawn March 20, 1G93-4 (13:108), Jacob, a tailor, received as his portion, 
"the mansion, orchard, garden, etc.," and the southerly side of the land 
extending to a division fence between Jacob and Matthew, "except the 
least barn," which fell to Matthew, the south end of the great pasture, and 
half the Manning's Neck lands. Matthew, a weaver by trade, received t! e 
homestead north of the division fence, the north end of the pasture with 
all the marsh ground adjoining thereto, bounded by Nathaniel Treadwell's 
land, and half the Manning's Neck land, Jacob Perkins Sen. made no 
will. His inventory dated Feb. 9, 1699 (Pro. Rec. 307:290) indicates that 
his death occurred about this time . 

Jacob Perkins, Tertius, as he has been styled though he was the son of 
Jacob, Senior, married Elizabeth Sparks, Dec. 25, 1684. Their children 
were : 

Jacob, born Feb. 15, 1C85. 

John, born Sept. 2, 1G87. 

Elizabeth, born March 18, 1691, who married William Leatherland, 

pub. Oct. 23, 1708. 
Elizabeth, the wife of Jacob, died April 10, 1692, and he married again 
soon after, choosing his neighbor, Sarah Treadwell, daughter of Thomas 
Treadwell of the Island farm. Their children were : 
Elisha, 

Sarah, born Dec. 26, 1696. 
Mary, born Nov. 26, 1698. 
Hannah, born July 24, 1701. 
Judith, baptized. Nov. 4, 1705. 

Jacob Perkins died Nov. 12, 1705, in his 44th year. In his will, signed 
Nov. 10, 1705, he bequeathed to his children by theearlier marriage. John, 
Jacob and Elizabeth, his new house with an acre of land adjoining, his new 
barn at the upper end of his pasture, with three acres adjoining, four acres 
of plow land in Manning's Neck, etc.; "but if Jacob and John pay to my 
• daughter, Elizabeth, £40 in money at the age of eighteen, they shall en- 

Joy all these lands and buildings. If not, I constitute my two loving broth- 
ers, Matthew Perkins and Thomas Treadwell, to lay out a third to my 
daughter, Elizabeth.' ' 



6 JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 

All the rest of the estate was given to his loving wife, Sarah, and bet 
children, Elisha, Sarah, Mary, Hannah and Judith. "My son, Elisha, pay- 
ing out of the estate £30 apiece to his four Bisters, shall enjoy all hou- ing 
and land.' ' His wife, Sarah, was made execut rix. 

His inventory (300:2) included, beside the houses and lands, oxen, 
4 cows, 10 young cattle, 1 horse, 50 sheep, 4 swine, and the unusual items 
in ancient inventories, 4 stock of bees, 12 dung hill fowls. Jacob P< 
Jr., with his wife, Lydia, then residents of Cape Natuck, (Neddick), Maine, 
conveyed his third in the property, bequeathed to Jacob, John and Lliza- 
beth, to Thomas Treadwell, Jr., March 24, 1707-8 (21:153). John Perkins, 
cordwainer, then of Norwich, Conn, conveyed his interest, Oct. 18, 170^ 
(22:40). 

"William Leatherland, fisherman, and Elizabeth, his wife, daughter of 
Jacob Perkins, acknowledged receipt of £40 from her brothers Jacob and 
John and quit claimed interest March 18, 1708-9 (311 :10S) 

Elisha Perkins, son of Jacob, succeeded therefore to the ownership of 






^uanu x ennuis, buu oi jacou, bueceeuea mereiore to me owner.-nip oi 
the homestead and the land adjoining, and the pasture and tillage land in 

Manning S Neck. Hf» mnrriprl Viis n picrta hr\r onrl nlnvnnnto AKirrnil \"m>-. 



Manning s Neck. He married his neighbor and playmate, Abigail New 
march, int. August 4, 1722. Their children were: 

Elisha, baptized May 28, 1727. John Treadwell was appointed his 

guardian, as a person non-compos mentis, May 23, 1759. 

(Pro. Rec. 336: 244.) 

Abigail, baptized Feb. 8, 1735. Married 1st Elisha Gould, intention 

July 26, 1755. Their children were: Abigail, baptized June 6, 

1756, Elisha Perkins, son posthumous, baptized Nov. 13, 

1757; married 2nd Richard Holland of Gloucester, intention 

May 2, 1767. 

On Feb. 13, 1716, probably very soon after he became of age, Elisha 

and his mother sold Arthur Abbott, yeoman, a lot 4 rods square at theN.E. 

corner of the homestead, abutting on land of his uncle, Capt. Matthew 

Perkins, and fronting on the road to Jeffrey's Neck. (34:16). Abbott 

built a house on the lot, but sold house and lot back to Elisha, who then 

sold the house with a half acre of land, bounded N. W. by Andrew Burley, 

to Solomon Lakeman, fisherman, Aug. 14, 1724. (44:35). 

Elisha and his mother sold Lakeman a strip of the Perkins orchard 
2\ rods wide, the whole depth of the lot, about a third of an acre, with a 
privilege of a cartway in at the bars for his convenience to a barn, if he 
should erect one. December 9, 1732 (65:177). 

Solomon Lakeman sold the house and land, now about f of an acre, 
to his brother, Archelaus Lakeman, Jan. 20, 1734 (69:i6), and his widow 
conveyed half the house and land to Solomon Lakeman, Jr., June 4, 
1747 (101 :236). He secured the other half and deeded the whole to Moses 
Wells, Jr., mariner, Feb. 19, 1756 (101 :236). John Wells and others sold 
the homestead to Abner Harris, May 29, 1777 (142:224), and his exe- 
cutor to Edward Martin, June 9, 17S5 (143:187), who conveyed it to 






JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 7 

Mary Martin, singlewoman, Lis sister, April 27, 1700 (163:37). She sold 
the house and land to Lydia, wife of Dea. Francis Caldwell, Jr., March 3, 
1828. (255:235). Mr. Caldwell had married Lydia Hovey, int., 
Nov. 30, 1811. He and his family are well remembered by the older people. 

Their children were: 

JosEr-H Hovey, born Aug. 2, 1814. 

John, born March 10, 1810. 

Tyler, born January 1, 1S19. 

George Washington, ) , • , AT , . 1 , 01 
t> * }■ twins born March 4. 1821. 

Daniel Augustus, \ 

Joel, born August 11, 1S24. 

Elizabeth Boardman, born May 7, 1S27. 

Lydia Ann, born April 22, 1831. 

The oldest son was a lusty lad of 14 years when the worthy couple 
purchased their new home, and the last child was born there. Dea. Cald- 
well sold a lot measuring 61 ft. on the road and 290 ft. (hep to Oliver L. 
Sanborn, October 25, 1854 (520:198); who built the house now standing. 

The venerable mansion came into the possession of George W., one of 
the twin eons. Here he lived a solitary life for years, but in his old age 
he tore down the old homestead, though he lived on the spot until his death. 
His brother, Tyler, and Lydia Ann, his sister, sold to Irving Brown, "the 
homestead of our brother, the late Geo. W. Caldwell, which we took as 
his heirs", April 13, 1896. (1486:64). He sold to Mr. Charles P. Searle, 
Dec. 26, 1907. (1905:344). 

Mr. George Caldwell preserved an ancient painted panel, from over the 
fire place in the old homestead, which he gave to the Historical Society. 
It has found an honored place in the cabinet room in Whipple House. 
Though dimmed by the housecleaning zeal of many housekeepers, a picture 
of the fishing station at Jeffrey's Neck, at a period antedating the Revolu- 
tion, as the fishing vessels display the English flag, is fairly discernible. 
Miss Harriet D. Condon has made a careful drawing, which the illustration 
in the text 1 has reproduced. 

In his will signed Jan. 8, 1780, proved April 4, 1781, (354:380), 
Elisha Perkins devised his personal property, etc., to his wife, Abigail, 
and the residue including the real estate to his daughter, Abigail Holland, 
and his grandson, Elisha Perkins Gould. The latter was also appointed 
executor. His inventory (354:473) shows that the home lot was now re- 
duced to two acres beside the house, but included part of the pasture and 
the land in Manning's Neck. The committee appointed to divide the 
real estate assigned the homestead to Abigail Holland, and to the heirs of 
Elisha Perkins Gould various lots, which will be considered later, April 
4, 1782. (355:233). The account of administration includes the item, 
" Paid Major Charles Smith Tax for hiring a soldier for the army. £ 3-4-0' ' 
(355:235). 

'Page 59 



8 JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 

Abigail Holland, the spinster, daughter of the widow Abigail, Inherited 
the dwelling and sold a houselot, measuring \ acre, 16 rods, with a right of 
way through the bars at the east corner of her house with men, carts, 
cattle and teams, to Ezra Merrill, mariner, Oct. 8, 1839 (333:259). Mr. 
Merrill built a house and barn and occupied as his home. He conveyed 
it to his daughter, Kate M. Kimball, Feb. 2, 1001 (1033320), and Philip 
andKateM.,hiswife,.soldto\YinfieldL. Johnson, Feb. 10, 1908 (1908 2 

Nabby Holland, for the "love and good will" she bore him, 
gave to Michael Gould of Roxbury, bricklayer, son of her late aeph 
Elisha Gould, the Perkins homestead with an acre of land, "all 1 own, 
devised to me by the will of my late mother, Abigail Holland/' reserving 
life use, Aug. 17,1848. (401:80). " Nabby 's Point" preserves her mem- 
ory, part of the field allotted her mother in Manning's Neck. 

Michael Gould quit-claimed to Israel K. Jewett , Dec. 17, 1852 (400 : 1 1 13 
and he conveyed to James L. Glover, Jan. 13, 1857, subject to any easting 
right of way. (546:193). The precise age of the present hou.-e is uncer- 
tain. It may be identical in part with the new dwelling, which Jacob Per- 
kins built after the first house had been burned. Michael Gould enlarged 
and improved it during his ownership. 

Reverting now to the division between Jacob Perkins, the tailor, and 
his brother, Matthew, the weaver, it was noted that Captain Matthew 
received the northern portion, beyond the division fence, in March 
1G93-4, including a dwelling, which had been conveyed to him in lobo, 
on the occasion of his marriage with Esther Burnham. 

Here the young couple dwelt for years, until with increasing prosperity, 
Captain Perkins bought the Norton-Cobbett orchard in 1701, and built 
the mansion, which still remains a comfortable dwelling, and is persistently 
styled, the Norton-Cobbett house. That interesting house stood a little 
west of the present dwelling, and was torn down nearly a century ago. 1 

Here the children, with two exceptions, were born: 

Matthew, born April 14, 1087. 

Esther, born July 17, 1G90. 

Joseph, born June 15, 1G95. 

Mary, born Dec. 3, 1G96. 

Elizabeth, born Oct. 27, 1702. 

Hannah, born Aug. 2G, 1711. 

The daughter, Mary, married Ebenezer Smith, int. October 9, 1714. 
who built and dwelt in the house now owned and occupied by Mr. Chas. 
W. Brown. Esther married first, Abraham Perkins, int. Jan. 10, 1707-N 
who died Feb. 14, 1717 in his 32nd year, and second, Edmund Porter of 
Boston, int. April 22, 1721. The son, Matthew, married Martha Rogers, 
int. May 14, 1709. 

Captain Matthew conveyed "to my only son, Matthew, being about 
to settle," the house he had lived in until the new mansion was built, 

l See Ipswich in the Massachusetts Bay p. oS'j. 






JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 

"with half an acre of orchard beside whal the shop and bouse stands, and 
ye yard before the house, with the shop upon it," and other lota n< r by, 
May 25, 1709 (35:104). Resold If acres, between Matthew, Ji 
and the TreadWell land farther north, to Elisha Perkins, his neph< 

2G, 1718 (33:148), which Elisha sold the same day to Andrew Burley, i 
land adjoined on the west side (34:160). Captain Matthew di< don April 
15, 173S, aged 72-years, 9 mo., 23 days, leaving 1,1s estate by will I 
wife, Esther, to Matthew, Esther Porter, and the children of Mary Smith, 
Bigned March 22, 1728-9 (322:285-7). Theinventory is very elaborate and 
reveals the complete furnishings of the dwelling (322:303-5;. The ' . 
sion house' ' with about an acre of land was appraised at £450. 

Martha, wife of Matthew Perkins, Jr., died Sept. 30, 1720, leaving a 
family of young children : 

Martha, born 

John, bap. March 23, 1712, died before 1727. 

Hannah, bap. 20, 10 mo., 1713. 

Jonathan, bap. Sept. 11, 1715, not living in 1730. 

Sarah, bap. 3, 12 mo. 1710. 

Matthew married again, choosing the widow Mary Smith, int. Jan. 
14, 1720-1, and the family grew apace. 

Esther, bap. Dec. 24, 1721. 

Ruth, bap. Aug. 31, 1723. 

Matthew, bap. May 30, 1725. 

John, bap. Nov. 19, 1727. 

Brewer, bap. June 7, 1730, died Sept. 1, 1730. 

Stephen, bap. Jan. 23, 1731-2, died Feb. 21, 1735. 

Abraham, bap. April 6, 1735. 

Stephen, bap. Dec. 12, 1730. 

With the exception of Brewer, every child bore a famous Bible name 
and this was the first departure in the Perkins family from this goodly 
Scriptural rule. 

As frequently happened in the great families of the olden time, mar- 
riages began before the births ceased. Martha, the first born, married 
Barnabas Dodge, Sept. 27, 1728, and Hannah, Josiah Woodberry of Beverly, 
June 15, 1731. The father of this great family died on May 28, 1737, 
eleven months before his father, but the father 's will was not changed. He 
left his real estate to Matthew, his eldest son, with gifts to Esther, Ruth, 
John, Abraham and Stephen, and his two married daughters (will signed 
March 19, 1730) (322:92-4). The widow, Mary, was authorized to sell 
the real estate, and she conveyed pasture rights to Andrew Burley Esq. 
May 7, 1739 (8S:20), and later the pasture itself and a half acre of orchard 
J adjoining Burley, Aug. 1, 1740. (SS:21). Despite the encumbrance of a 

brood of children, the widow was soon sought in marriage a third time, 
and became the wife of James Gcrrish of Berwick, int., Dec. 12, 1740. 
In her account of administration, she charged to the estate, "bringing up 



10 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 



two young children, 5| years, £82-10s-ld." (330:456). The hi . 
was conveyed to Mr.Burley (deed not recorded;, and at last the P 
title to this locution, beginning w ith the first settlement, was extinguished. 

Andrew Burley, father of the purchaser of the Matthew Perkins home- 
stead, had acquired by purchase eleven acres in the pasture of Benjamin and 
Thomas Newman, adjoining the Perkins land. He owned this at the time 
of his death; (Inventory, 1717) (312:103), and Andrew, the son, pur- 
chased the interest of the other heirs and became sole owner. (313292, 
Feb. IS, 171S-9). The younger Andrew bequeathed the Perkins property 
to his grandson, Andrew Burley. (332:03, Dec. 4, 1753.) 

Andrew Burley of Waterborough, County York, grandson of Andrew 
Burley, Esq., who bought the property, sold to Moses Wells, Jr., whose 
lot abutted on his, 4| rods, April 2G, 1764, (115:125) and to Thomas Cald- 
well, the dwelling and other buildings and 13 acres of land, October 7, 
1789 (209:73). 

As the home for forty years of Thomas Caldwell, the old Perkins home- 
stead again appeals to our regard. In his early manhood he had married 
Lucy Henderson, Jan. 26, 1773, in her 21st year. She died on Sept. Is, 
17S8, aged 36 years, about a year before he bought the Perkins estate. 
He married Mary Sweet, Feb. 14, 1793. 

The head of the family died on Dec. 19, 1828, aged 81 years, leaving 
his daughters, Deborah, wife of David Hart of Newmarket, Sarah, widow 
of Benjamin Binder, Jr., a son, Joseph, and the children of his deceased 
son, Thomas. The heirs sold the old homestead to Capt. William Tread- 
well on April 29, 1830 (25S :251) . 

He was the son of Nathaniel and Elizabeth Treadwell and was born, 
it is believed, in Portsmouth, whither one of the family had migrated, on 
March 10, 1791. Choosing the sailor's life, he attained command of some 
of the fine ships owned by the Salem merchants, and made long voyages 
to India and the far East. He married Welcome Sowardon Aug. 23, 1^14. 
Their children were : 

William Francis, born Dec. 12, 1815. He went to sea with his father 
as chief mate, but retired in due time and made his home on the 
farm. He married Sarah B. Boss, on June 29, 1S43. Their 
son, John Soward, was born Aug. 25, 1S44. 

Abigail, born August 7, 1S17, married William P. Treadwell of Ports- 
mouth, an inn-holder, son of Thomas and Anna, Oct. 14. 1845. 
She made her home in the house on the corner of East and 
Spring Streets, whence the family removed to the farm in 1S30. 

John Soward, born Sept. 14, 1819, was lost at sea on a fishing voy- 
age, undertaken for his health in his young manhood. 

Elizabeth Stone, born Mar. 14, 1822, married James Quimby, 
trader of Sandwich, N . II., Feb. 22, 1849. 

Rebecca II., born April 9, 1824, married Israel K, Jewett, Jr. 






JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. J 1 

Lucy Jane, born Nov. S, 1S25, married 1st William Jones, Dec 11 
1852 2nd Stillman H. Chandler, Sept. 9, 1858. 

Isaac Cusiiing, born March 29, 1828, died Nov. 13, 1828. 

Frances S., born June 24, 1831, married Lorenzo J >. ( 'annoy. 

Charles T., born June 30, 1833, died in Salem in 1010. 

Capt. Treadwell enlarged the farm by the purchase on March 20, 1 532 
(262:291) of 14 J acres of tillage land of Nathaniel Scott, called "the upper 
field," adjoining his own land and that of Aaron Treadwell, with the 
privilege of a way to the premises over "Scott's Lane," as it was culled; and 
on Nov. 9, 1S35, Nathaniel Harris, Jr., sold him three acres marsh v.'ith a 
small piece of upland, beginning at the northwest side of "the Island bars,' ' 
and bounded by the causeway to Fish Island, the river, etc. (327: 1ST;. 
Harris had bought this of Michael Brown, Nov. 9, 1S35 (314:151), who 
bought of the heirs of Thomas Caldwell, April 9, lb30 (257:2b8). Mr. 
Caldwell had purchased it of David Andrews, June 14, 1S10 (250:238). 

He sold the farm to Luther Caldwell of Elmira, N. Y., June S, 1868 
(748:83), and four acres of pasture on the hill, May 18, 1809 (780:117). 
Col. Caldwell sold to Gen. William Sutton, Oct. 24, 1870 (809:190). He 
was the son of William Sutton and Elizabeth Treadwell, daughter of Aaron 
of the neighboring farm, and was always greatly interested in the town of 
his ancestors, though his home was in Peabody. He made extensive re- 
pairs and enlargement of the ancient dwelling, and it attained such a 
modern look that its venerable age would never be suspected. A few 
years later, he bought the "Heard farm" near the Neck, and added many 
adjoining lots of upland and marsh. 

Extending the farm up the sightly slope of Town Hill, he bought a 
pasture lot owned by Essex Co., Dec. 8, 1S71 (S42:33); of Dea. Aaron Cogs- 
well, 7 acres of pasture, Oct. 23, 1S72 (SG9:111) and 141 sq. rods adjoining, 
April 15, 1S73 (879:1). He acquired" Averill's birches", a six acre wood 
lot, by purchase from the Averill heirs, Oct. 25, 1S72 (808:15), and a small 
pasture lot, from Daniel L. Hodgkins, June 1, 1874 (905 :S1). Gen. Sutton 
conveyed this farm, in common with his whole estate, to his brother, Eben 
Sutton. of North Andover, Nov. 30, 1SS1 (1072:42), who conveyed to Susan 
M. Sutton, wife of William, the same day (107S:177). She sold to Lilla 
Boswell Elliott, wife of Arthur Boswell Elliott, Dec, 17, 1884. Mrs. Elliott 
told a house lot and house on the south side of the farm to Geo. O. Sanborn 
June 19, 1885 (1152:204). With the exception of this small house lot, 
she conveyed her title to the whole property to George K. Goulding of 
Maiden, May 8, 1886 (1173:109), subject to a mortgage to the Ipswich 
Savings Bank. Mr. Goulding conveyed to Edgar K. Bay, June 18, 1886 
(1175:200), who conveyed to Eliza V. Goulding, wife of Geo. K., June 22, 
1880 (1175:201). In default of payment of the mortgage, the Savings 
Bank gained possession, March 4, 1SS9 (1243:455), and sold to Nathaniel 
T. Low, Sept. 20, 1889 (1259:338). Mr. Low bought the adjoining farm, 
formerly owned by his grandfather, Micajah Treadwell, two years later. 






12 JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO* 

On the cast side of the way to Jeffrey's Neck, John Perkin . owm ! a 
large pasture. The first grant to him recorded is thai of "foui 
more or less bounded on the East by Mr. Robt. Coles his 1 a i oil the 
South by a small Cricke on the West unto the towne side." iti., doubt! .1 
whether he ever occupied this, as another allotment gave him in addition 
to the home lot of ten acres, which has been studied in detail, six i i ioi 
meadow and six of upland joining to the former ten acres and '1. 
William White's land on the North East and the highway to Jcffi 
on the North West." This coincides with the ''hurley lot" on which 
Mr. George A. Hodgdon built his house and out buildings, though it i 
recorded that William White owned the land on the nort h of this lot . J | 
ever his will and inventory already given show that he was granted or 
that he acquired a large tract, reaching from theroad into Manning 'a 1 
beyond the Hodgdon farm buildings. 

John Perkins bequeathed this with all his other land to his son, Jacob. 
Jacob distributed his lands to his sons, Matthew and Jacob, and in the 
division of the pasture, Matthew had the northern portiun and Jacob the 
southern. 

Jacob, as it will be remembered, devised to his sons, John and Jacob, 
and his daughter Elizabeth, certain lands in Manning's Neck, not bounded, 
which they quit-claimed to Thomas Trcadwell in 170S and 1700, 'and to 
his son, Elisha, the remainder of his real estate. 

Treadwell sold to David and Francis Pulcifer, 3 acres of pasture hind 
adjoining Elisha Perkins's land on the north east and the way to Manning's 
Neck field on the southwest, Dec. 12, 1747. (00:127). Elisha Perkins 
sold Francis Pulcifer, fisherman, a single acre on the south side of his pasture 
on Nov. 9, 1757, and another acre adjoining on Nov. 11, 1757 (105:15). 
Five acres were thus in the Pulcifer ownership. The lower part was sold 
to John Newmarch, whose land adjoined on the southeast. 

Francis Pulcifer sold 2\ acres, bounded on Elisha Perkins and John 
Newmarch to Benjamin Averill, cooper, Jan. 13, lbOl (loS:105),and on 
Jan. 1 1, 1819, Jabez Farley, the administrator of John Newmarch, sold him 
3 of an acre, bounded by the highway on the west. (230 :223) . 

The northern half of the great pasture, as has been said, was owned by 
Capt. Matthew Perkins. Although he had built the sightly mansion on 
East Street, his widow, Esther, being authorized by his will, "If 1 should 
be in want and stand in need for my support and comfort to sell as much 
of his land, etc. and being in great want of ye comforts and necessitys of 
Life," sold to Andrew Burley, f of about 5 acres of pasture, bounded by 
the Treadwell farm north, and a half interest in about 6" acres of marsh 
adjoining on Doc. 22, 1717 (01:132.) The title was perfected and Ai 
Burley, Gent, and Andrew Burley, Jr., of Sanford, York County, sold the 
same to Moses Treadwell, April 23, 1772 (130:02). The lot was known as 
the "Burley lot," and after the Treadwell farm had been sold to Nathaniel 

x Pages 5 and 0. 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 13 

Scott and then to George Hodgdon, lie conveyed the Burley lot to ].'.-. 
son, George A. Hodgdon, who built on this .site. 

Mr. Barley had already acquired from Mary, widow of Matthew Per- 
kins, Jr., another portion of this pasture, which he conveyed to hi 
and Andrew, Jr. of Waterborough, York County, sold this 4 acres to John 

Crocker, Jr., March G, 1792. (165:62). 

Thomas Caldwell, who had bought the Burley farm on the op] 
6ide of the highway in 1789, acquired this Crocker lot, and Elisha Gould, 
heir of Elisha Perkins under his will, sold to him 4§ acres, adjoining the 
Crocker lot, April 5, 1805 (175:230). The administrator of the Thomas 
Caldwell estate sold 2 acres 42 rods to Frederic Mitchell, stage-driver, on 
Feb. 28, 1S33 (289:42), who sold to Benj . Averill, who already owned the 
Pulciferlot, May 3, 1S3G (289:08). The Caldwell heirs sold the remainder 
of the Caldwell land, 6| acres 38 rods, to Mr. Averill, Aug. 2, 1836 (297 : 1 58). 
Benjamin Averill sold to Israel K. Jewett, the 2\ acre field, he had bought 
of Frederic Mitchell, Feb. 13, 1S40 (317:250) and at the auction sale of the 
Averill estate, Mr. Jewett bought 3^ acres 11 rods on the north side of his 
land, May 10, 1842 (331 :229). Many years later he bought a lot, 1 | acres 
3 rods, on the corner of the road to Manning's Neck, of Nathaniel D. New- 
marsh of Bangor, Samuel Newmarsh of South Boston, and others, Nov. 1, 
1S54 (070:278), and William Lord and others sold him the small plot on 
which the Newmarsh homestead formerly stood, Dec. 21, 1SG5 (729:227). 
His heirs sold their interest to Mr. Charles P. Searle^who had already ac- 
quired a large portion of the ancient Perkins homestead on the west side 
of the road. At the sale of the Averill land Richard Russell bought the 
Crocker lot and the Gould lot May 10, 1842, (original deed not recorded). 
A stone wall separated these lots, which Mr. Russell removed, leaving 
only the foundations on the east end. He devised the lot to his nephew, 
George Lakeman, and at his death, his sister, Miss S. Elizabeth Lakcuian, 
succeeded to the ownership. 



The Thomas Treadwell Farm. 

NO. 2. 

The northern original limit of the John Perkins pasture is uncertain 
As already noted, 2 an early entry in the Town Record makes his land 
abut on William White, who owned the farm called "the Island," beyond 
the Robert Paine farm. But Thomas Tread well owned and occupied the 
land included for the most part in the Hodgdon farm, many years before t he 
close of the seventeenth century. The salt marsh approaches the road so 
nearly that scant room was afforded for tillage and pasture, and at an early 
date Mr. Treadwell acquired land on the western side of the highway ad 



» Patres 7, 51. 
2 Page 12. 



14 JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING T1IBBET0. 

well. His dwelling, however, was on the east side of the way, where . 

died June 8, 1671, leaving a wife, Mary, and five children. 

Mary, born Sept. 20, 163G; married John Gaines, 1659. 

Nathaniel, born Feb. 13, 1C3S-9. 

Hester, born March 21, 1640; married Daniel Hovey, Oct. 8, iOGO. 

Martha, born-March 10, 1013; married Robert Cross, Feb. 19, 1604. 

Thomas. 

His will, which he signed with his mark June 1, 1671, is preserved in the 
files of the Registry of Probate. It apportioned to Thomas, "the Illand lie 
now dwells in with the meadows and appurtenances belonging thereto, an 1 
half the commonage belonging to my house/ ' and to Nathaniel, his home- 
stead with house, barn, upland and meadow. Life use of the house was 
provided for his wife, and remembrance was made of the three daughters. 
The inventory appraised the home farm with 30 acres of upland an 1 
meadow at £210, the Island farm with 40 acres upland and meadow at £160. 

The Treadwell homestead was above the ordinary. Lucy, wife of 
Emanuel Downing, leased to George Norton, her farm, called Groton, 
near Mr. Endicott's, for ten years in July 1055, and he was bound by the 
lease to erect on the farm "a strong and sufficient house every wave f-jr 
pportion forme and dimensions unto ye house of Mr. Tredwell 's at Ipswiche 
from wch house (as it is at ye date hereof) ye sd Norton is to take his pat- 
erne that ye sd house may answer in all things material! excepting brick 
chimneys instead whereof the sd Norton is to make sufficient catted chim- 
ney es." (Court Files 11:39) 

Nathaniel Treadwell, the second owner, born February 13, 1638-9, 
married Abigail Wells, June 19, 1001, who died June 10, 1077, and Rebe 
Titcomb ^on March 25, 1678. His family was of the patriarchal type and 
the little farm house was a hive of busy industry, and the scene of the great- 
est joys and sorrows to which life is heir. 

Abigail, bom Feb. 2, 1602. 

Mary, born Oct. 22, 1005; married Stone. 

Nathaniel, born Jan. 15, 1007; died June 3, 1072. 

Hannah, born Feb. 7, 1009; married Jo. Adams, Jr., May 22, 1090. 

Thomas, born May 25, 1072; died July 11, 1072. 

Sarah, born Aug. 15, 1074; married Brown. 

Nathaniel, born June 13, 1677; died Aug. 17, 1723. 

Three days after Nathaniel's birth the mother died, but 
Rebecca Titcomb faced the heroic task of the mother's place before a 
year had passed, and the family grew amain. 

Elizabeth, born Jan. 15, 167S-9; married Sawyer. 

Thomas, born April 8, 16S0. 

There were also Charles and Samuel, Ann and Martha, whose birth 
dates are not recorded, but who were all living when the father divided his 
estate. Nathaniel Treadwell acquired land on the opposite side of the 
way, which will be considered. He conveyed laud out of his farm to his 



V 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING 'J HERE! 0. 1 5 

eon, Nathaniel, sold a field to his nephew, Thomas, BOD of Thomafl of the 
Island farm, and at last in consideration of his love and affection to bifl BOD 
Thomas, "and to oblige him to.yt Duty which sd parent Expects in afford- 
ing him and his wife supplies needful during their natural livceA Honorable 
Interment at their decease," "conveyed to him all his housing and land, viz. 
his now dwelling house, barn, and buildings, orchard, gardens and common 
rights" on July 14, 1715 (27:187). The homestead ivas bounded south by 
Capt. Matthew Perkins's land, east and north by his son, Nathaniel's. 

There were included as well, four acres of marsh adjoining, t no large 
tracts of tillage and pasture on the west side of the highway, and other 
marsh lots. The deed recites that he has given to his other children the 
portion he intends and that they may be forever debarred from making any 
claim, he gives to each five shillings to be paid on demand within hx 
months after his decease. Ann and Abigail were remembered with i'^0 
each and Martha with £5. 

On January 10, 1715-6 (31 :219) he made another conveyance to Thom- 
as of the half of his dwelling "ye end next ye lane or Street," and other 
lands. He died on January 11, 1726. 

Nathaniel Treadwell must have been an interesting character. By 
trade, he was a gunsmith, but he was a farmer as well. His love for tobacco 
beguiled him into smoking his pipe in public and he paid his fine to the 
Quarter Session's Court. After Francis Wainwright and Major Samuel 
Applet on had received permission from the Town to erect pews in the meet- 
ing house, some of the lesser dignitaries demanded consideration and in 
February, 1680-1, Doctor Dane, Nathaniel Treadwell, William Ilodgkins, 
Sen., Capt. Andrew Dymond, Thomas Lull, Thomas Dennis, Thomas Hart 
and Samuel Hunt united in a petition for liberty to "raise the hindmost 
6cate in the nor west syde of the Meeting House two foote higher than it 
now is for their wives to sit in," and it was granted. Mistress Rebecca 
must have gone to church with much of wordly pride, after that lofty seat 
was finished. Mr. Treadwell was one of the selectmen in the eventful 
year, 1687, and was present at the caucus at Lieut. John Appleton'sonthe 
evening of August 22, when the Rev. John Wise inspired resistance to the 
edict of Gov. Andros. He was apprehended with the rest, and gave recogni- 
zance to appear in Boston for trial, and signed his name to the humble 
apology which the Selectmen "drew up on September 2Sth." ' 

Thomas Treadwell, the younger son of Nathaniel, as we have seen, by 
conveyance from his father became owner of the ancestral farm. He mar- 
ried Sarah Goodhue, int. Jan. 18, 1716. Their children so far as the 
Town Record shows were : 

Joseph, baptized Feb. 3, 1716. 

Sarah, baptized Sept. 18, 1720. 

Elizabeth, baptized April 1, 1722; married Aaron Caldwell, int. June 
3, 1750. 

See Ipswich in Mass. Bay Colony, pp. 23S-250. 



16 JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THEBETO. 

Mary, baptized June 19, 172C. 

Mary, baptized Dec. 1, 1727. 

Thomas, baptized Aug. G, 1732. 

Thos. Treadwell, Jr., as he was Btyled, died "very suddenly \ 
eating his dinner, Feb. 17, 1743." The inventory (328:523-4) si 
that the farm remained unchanged, comprising 31 acres of moving, pasture 
and tillage land, and about 13 acres salt marsh, with the buildings. r l be 
widow, Sarah, and Joseph, the eldest son, were appointed administrators. 
Rooms in the dwelling were set off to the widow, with part of the orcbi I 1 
next Lieut. Treadwell's pasture, etc. April 20, 1745. 

Joseph Treadwell, of Dracut, yeoman, conveyed to Nathaniel T: 
well, Gent., a full third of his father's estate, except Neck rights set off to 
his mother, and then to Nathaniel, Dec. 12, 1752 (104:02). The wid 
Elizabeth Caldwell and Mary Treadwell, spinster, conveyed to him, their 
interest in their mother's thirds, Sept. 21, 17G5 (110:180). Isaac Dodge 
conveyed to him one-sixth of the real estute of Thomas Treadwell, manner, 
set off to his mother as her dowry, July 31, 1707 (127:03). Capt. Thou as 
Treadwell died in 1700, administration being granted on October 27th 
to his widow, Esther (Hovey), (343:259), whom he married Feb. 10, 1752. 
His estate included a dwelling, his interest in his mother's thirds, and one- 
sixth of the sloop " called yeEndeavorer' ' with all her appurtenances, valued 
at £50. Joseph had previously conveyed to Nathaniel land on the ireet 
side of the highway in 1750 and 1752 (97:123 and 171). ^Capt. Treadwell 
acquired a large estate, whieh will be considered later. At his death, 
he bequeathed to his son, Moses," that part of the farm he now occupies." 

Lieut. Moses Treadwell, son of Capt. Nathaniel, who now inherited 
the farm of his ancestors, had married Susanna Cogswell, daughter of 
Jonathan and Elizabeth Cogswell, on April 13, 1709. 
Their children as the Town Record gives them were : 

Nathaniel, born March 27, 1709 (sic); died at Hartford, Conn., Mar. 
8, 1794. 

William, born October 21, 1771; died October, 1812. 

Hannah, born Feb. 13, 1774. 

Moses, born Nov. 17, 1775. 

Jonathan Cogswell, born Feb. 10, 177S; died Dec. 30, 1794. 

Susanna, born Oct. 1, 1779; married Ebcnezer Webster, Portland. 

Daniel, 

Nabby, born April 28, 1785. 

Lieut. Moses died of cancer, Jan. 24, 1823, at the age of 70 years, his 
widow, Susanna, surviving until Nov. 30, 1842, when she died at the great 
age of ninety-three. His will, signed October 5, 1822, is a model of brevity. 

"I will and order that my estate, real and personal, of every name and 
description, shall descend in all respects in the same manner in which it 
would if I had never made a will.' ' 

"I name my son, Daniel Treadwell, sole executor of this will.' ' (401 :35). 

* Page ,40 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO, 17 

The Inventory (401:351) mentions half a dwelling and land, inherited 
from his father, the farm house, barn, etc, with about 28j acr< : U] 
and dike marsh, with land on the west side of the road and in Manning's 
Neck. Moses had bought from his brother, Aaron, t>\ acres 35 rods upland 
and marsh, bounded by the highway, Heard's marsh and his own marsh, 
Oct. 4, 1S00 (174:129). 

The heirs of Lieut. Moses, Moses Tread well, merchant, Hannah 
and Abigail, singlewomen,Capt. Daniel Treadwell, mariner, Ebenezer Webs- 
ter of Portland and his wife, Susanna, .old the farm to Nathaniel : 
Feb. 26, 1824 (230:11). The road divided it into two parts, that on the 
east side, with the buildings, including 29 acres, the other portion including 
37 acres. 

Thus this farm had continued in the Treadwell line for nearly two 
hundred years. Generation after generation had dwelt in the old farm 
house, tilled the fields, gathered the harvests, and at length had rested from 
their labors. Sons had found homes in other towns, or chosen the life 
of the fisherman and sailor, daughters had grown to be wives and mothers 
The Treadwell name seemed stamped indelibly. Nathaniel Scott was a 
worthy successor to this goodly line. Twenty-four long years, Mr. Scott 
worked on the upland and the marsh. He built a new house in 1838 and 
ten years later, on April 3, 1S4S, he sold the farm to his son-in-law, George 
Hodgdon, who had married his daughter, Sarah, Sept. 1, 1831 (1618:354). 
The area was almost the same as it had been for generations, 29 acres with 
the dwelling on one side, 23 acres on the other. 

Mr. Hodgdon enlarged the farm materially by the purchase of fields 
on the Manning's Neck road and on the west side of the highway, which 
will be considered in that connection, and by the addition of 8 acres of marsh 
known formerly as the "dike marsh," by purchase from Geo. W. Brown, 
January 10, 1SG8 (1644:24). He sold five acres to Thomas S. Greenwood, 
Dec. 15, 1864 (679:52), and on May 16, 1871, he sold to his son, George A. 
Hodgdon, "the Burley lot," 10 acres of upland and marsh (S73:98). As 
has already been told this was originally a part of the Perkins Pasture and 
was sold by Andrew Burley to Moses Treadwell. On this lot, Mr. Hodg- 
don built his attractive modern farm buildings. 

Mr. George Hodgdon sold a small lot, an acre and three quarters, in the 

extreme northwest corner of the farm, bounded by the highway and land 

of Greenwood, to Elizabeth Abbott, wife of Charles M. Abbott, for $200, 

^ Dec. 29, 1874. She mortgaged it for $100 to Mr. Hodgdon "except a space 

in the north west corner, on which to build a house.' ' (922 :15S) . 

Charles M. and Elizabeth Abbott mortgaged house and land to 

I Nathan Jewett, June 1, 1875 (961:174) and in default of payment, Jewett 

sold to Charles Jewett, May 15, 1879 (1017:253), who conveyed to John T. 

Sherburne, May 15, 1879 (1018:262). Mr Sherburne mortgaged to Nathan 

Jewett, May 15 (1018:263) and sold to him May 27, 1880, (1038:157). 



, 



18 



JEFFREYS NECK AND THE WAT LEADING THERETO. 



Mr. Jcwctt sold to Matilda, wife of Charlca Jcwctt, Jan. I, 1- 1 
(1124:102). She gave mortgages to Nathan, who assigned to G< 
Jcwctt, and in default of payment hesold to Richard S. Lombard of li 
June 21, 1000 (1613:77). George A.Hodgdon, executor of George i! - 
don, his father, mortgagee in the mortgage given by Elizabeth M. Abbott, 
acknowledged receipt from Mr. Lombard, July 24, 1900(1618:484). 

On the death of Mr. Ilodgdon his estate passed to his heirs, George A. 
and Mary A. Ilodgdon, Mrs. Martha S. Rutherford and Mrs. Nelli 
Brown, who made division among themselves by mutual quit-claim 
Jan. 21, 1002 (1070:558, 1080:150). 



The Robert Paine Farm. 
NO. 3. 

Thomas Brecy received from the Town a grant of land adjoining th • 
Thomas Treadwcll farm on the north. Robert Paine, the Elder of th'- church 
and one of the most prominent citizens of his time, acquired both the town 
residence of Mr. Brecy on East St. at the head of North Main St n and the 
shore farm. He mentions in a deed of gift that the three islands now in- 
cluded in this farm, now owned by Major Guy Murchie, were granted him 
by the Town, and he seems to have bought the large pasture, that abutted 
on the road to Jeffrey's Neck, of John Perkins. He made conveyance to 
his son Robert of all his estate, including the farm on which Robert then 
lived. February 12, 1G80 (Ips. Deeds 5:500). The seaboard farm un- 
doubtedly was his home until his death, as he sold the homestead on High 
St. to Francis Wainwright, September 30, 1600 (Ips. Deeds 5 :326). 

Robert Paine, the younger, was graduated from Harvard in 105G, in 
the same class with the celebrated Increase Mather, who became President 
of the College, and his townsman, John Emerson, son of Thomas. Payment 
of College bills at that time was made in produce and food supplies that 
served for the larder as well as money, and young Paine is credited in t he- 
Steward's book with payments in butter, wheat-malt, barley-malt, rye- 
malt and a barrel of pork, on which there was a charge of six pence for bring- 
ing it from Boston to Cambridge. 

He was settled over the church in Wells, Maine, for a period of five 
years, beginning September 2, 1GG7, the town agreeing to pay him £45 a 
year, furnish the buildings on the ministerial land and put the fences in 
order. 

On the expiration of his engagement, he returned to Ipswich and re- 
tired from the ministry, when he was only thirty-eight years old. He was 
still styled "clark" however in 1702. Once only in later years he attained 
a regretful prominence. He was a member of the Grand Jury that brought 
in all the indictments in the witch-craft trials in Salem in 1602, and was 
probably the foreman. 1 He married Elizabeth Reiner, July 11, 1666, and 

1 Sibley, Harvard Graduates. 



? 






£ 

e 







i^^mk^ 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 10 

three children at least grew to mature age, Elizabeth, Dorcas and John. 
The ancient mansion still standing, with the promise of many years of 
usefulness, has all the ear marks of the architecture of the middle of the 
seventeenth century. It was built undoubtedly by Robert Paine, the 

Elder. 

Robert Paine, Jr. sold a small lot, five rods broad on the highway and 
four rods deep, in the extreme south east corner of his farm, to Thomas 
Treadwell, Jr., shoemaker, son of Thomas, who owned the Island farm ad- 
joining, April 4, 10S9 (lps. Deeds 5:380). Treadwell had lately bought a 
lot of his uncle Nathaniel, and he built a dwelling and made his home here 
for many years. 

On February 21, 1G92-3, Mr. Paine sold a quarter acre of his land, on 
the east side of the farm, to Andrew Burley (lps. Deeds 5:580), and a little 
later, made an extraordinary agreement with Burley, granting him for the 
sum of thirty pounds, the privilege of pasturing three cows forever in the 
great pasture, that reached along the road to Jeffrey's Neck, from the 
Treadwell farm on the south to the Island farm, so-called, on the north, 
March 14, 1692-3 (9:115). 

In the year 1702, Mr. Paine conveyed his lands to his daughters. 
To Dorcas, wife of Matthew Whipple, a weaver, of the Hamlet pari.-h, he 
gave a fifteen acre lot of salt marsh, on the east side of the farm, May 14, 
1702 (15:69). On the 23d of May, 1702, he made an indenture with Dan- 
iel Smith 1 ''for divers considerations him hereto moving and especially in 
consideracon of a Marriage by God's grace Intended & shortly to be had 
and Solemnized between sd. Smith and Eliza, one of ye daughters of ye said 
payne and for ye preferment of ye Issue between ye said Daniel & Eliza- 
beth Lawfully to be begotten" of one-half of the farm, " being ye East end 
of sd. Messuage' ' with barns, housing, except the marsh lot given to Dorcas 
Whipple, provided that Daniel pay thirty pounds to Dorcas after his de- 
cease, and that he deliver to himself or his wife, if she survive him, "one 
halfe of all sorts of Graine usually raised or produced upon or in sd Farme 
Divided and delivered after Threshing and Farming & ye one-halfe of all 
sorts of fruit anualy growing in ye O rchard & shall Anualy deliver eighteen 
pounds of good flax fitt for Spinn ing and One-halfe of a good beefe that is 
fatt and four good Sheep for th eir provision,' ' pasture four cows and '"pro- 
vide all winter stover and m eat for sd cows and maintain one hoi>e and 
Twenty good sheep both summer and winter," and ''shall at all times pro- 
vide and lay at ye door of said messuage good firewood cutt into wood meet 
& convenient & sufficient," and "provide unto Jn. Paine Sonn of said 
Robert during his Natural life Compete nt Sufficient and Convenient meat, 
drink, Washing, apparel & house room in said Messuage," (14:277). 

i Page 39. Son of Richard and Hannah Smith, uf the neighboring farm. 



20 JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 

In the following January, the marriage having taken place, Robert 

Paine and Elizabeth, for sixty pounds, payable at five pounds a year for 
twelve years if called for, executed a deed of conveyance of th . nn 

in fee simple to Daniel Smith (17:21, Jan. 19, 1702-3). 

As frequently happened in these emly grants, a convenient way of 
access to the Paine farm was not included in the grant, especially if the 
land abutting on the road to Jeffrey's Neck was originally as signed to John 
Perkins. To secure such access, Daniel Smith and Matthew Whipple 
Jr. bought of Nathaniel Knowlton a strip of laud sixteen feet wide and 
thirty or forty rods long, adjacent to land of Capt. Matthew Perkins on the 
east, ''beginning at ye highway Leading Down to Robinson's Creek," and 
crossing the creek to the Paine Farm j "for a cartway for ye said Smith & 
ye said Whipple and ye heirs & every one of them of their families y l have 
or shall have Occassion to make use of thereof at all times and forever and 
by these presents it is to be understood and Construed not to extend toothei 
persons not interested to have ye leave or benefit to pass in said way but is 
hereby prohibited being made a common Way, etc." Feb. 10, 1714-5. 
(27:255). From that time, over the causeway built over the marsh the 
occupants of the farm went and came, preferring the Manning's Neck 
road to the road to Jeffrey 's Neck. 

Mr. Smith acquired various common rights and marsh and thatch lo'^ 
near by, but made no material addition to the old farm. It has been 
remarked that Robert Paine Jr., sold a small lot to Thomas Tread veil 
Jr. in 1G89. Mr. Treadwell conveyed this property to his daughter, Han- 
nah, wife of John Leighton, on July 24, 1726 (5-1:94) and on March 7, 172s, 
Leighton and wife sold to Daniel Smith, "about a quarter of an acre of land 
and is all the land our father bought of Mr. Paine, together with the 
dwelling house and shop on said premises." (54:88). No trace of these 
buildings remain, but they were located probably very near the old way to 
the farm from the Jeffrey 's Neck road. 

Daniel Smith and Elizabeth Paine were married on June 29, 1702, and 
began their housekeeping at once, we presume, in the homestead. Their 
children were: 

Daniel, 

Jabez, baptized Dec 20, 1709. 

Moses, baptized Sept. 9, 1711; died April 18, 1715. 

Aaron, baptized Aug. 25, 1713. 

Dorothy, baptized May. 5, 1717. 

Eight days after Dorothy was baptized, the mother died. May 13, 
1717, in her 40th year. 

Mr. Smith married Deborah Willcomb, intention, March 24, 1721-2. 

Moses, baptized May 24, 1724. 

Mary, baptized Oct, 9, 1727. 

Daniel, baptized July 5, 1730. 

Dorothy married Joseph Sargent of Gloucester, int. June 24, 173S. 

Mary married Dane. 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 21 

Daniel Smith died on June 8, 1755 at the venerable age of 82 \ 
In his will, signed Jan. 1, 1750, he provided for bis wife, and gave a Bum of 
money to each of his children except Moses, to whom be gave the real i 
and the residue of his personal properly. (333:197). The childreo 
widely scattered at the time of his death. Daniel was a farmer in I. 
N. H. Aaron was a clergyman, settled at Marlborough, Mass. If 
graduated from Harvard College in 1735, and a commencement program of 
that year, in which young Aaron Smith had a formidable Latin thesis as 
his graduating part, is exhibited in the manuscript room of the beautiful new 
Library of Congress in Washington. The expense of his education had 
exhausted his patrimony. The will reads: "I give to my son Aaron 
beside what I have before done for him twenty shillings lawful money." 
The widow Dane (Mary Smith) also dwelt in Marlborough, Dorothy 
Sargent in Gloucester. 

Mention has been made of the pasturage agreement between Robert 
Paine and Andrew Burley, made in 1G92. In 1730, Andrew Burley, son 
of the above, and Daniel Smith agreed to a division of the pasture. Smith 
quit-claimed and set off to Burley G acres and 20 rods in the northwest 
corner and Burley waived further privilege, June 10, 1730 (57:22). After 
Mr. Burley 's death, Joseph Appleton, housewright, recovered judgment 
against the estate. Two executions were made and the whole of this r-i\- 
acres was set off to him and one acre on the westerly side of the road. 
Possession was given, Nov. 15, 1757 (105:10). Joseph Appleton sold the six 
acres to Moses Smith, Feb. 1, 1759 (105:273) and the farm resumed its 
original proportions. Moses Smith conveyed to his son, Moses Jr., 
cordwainer, a field measuring eight acres and twenty poles, adjoining the 
Jeffrey's Neck road, west, and Moses Treadwell, south, May 14, 1782 
(140:237). On May 8, 1782, he sold eight acres, known as Diamond Stage, 
to Col. Isaac Dodge, (151 :1G). This came back to the farm many years after- 
ward by purchase of Mr. Thomas S. Greenwood. Its interesting history 
will be traced in that connection. 1 

Moses Smith was thrice married. His first wife was Elizabeth Wallis, 
daughter of Dr. Samuel and Sarah Wallis, int., Jan. 17, 174G. She was 
still in her twentieth year when she came as a bride to the old brown house, 
and shared it probably with the venerable Daniel and Deborah. 

Moses, the first child, was born Feb. 22, 174S. 

Elizabeth was bap. Aug. IS, 1751, married John Cole Jewett. May 
18, 1700. 

The young mother died on Nov. 29, 1753, aged 2S years. The second 
wife was Ruth Little of Hampstead, whom he married Sent. 3. 1,54. 
Their children were: 

Ruth, born May 24, 1750; m. Ensign John Stanwood, Oct. 27. 17,4. 

Mary, born Nov. 10, 1757; married Joseph Harris, died before 17^4, 
leaving 3 sons, Abner, Joseph and Aaron. 

i Page 20. 



22 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 



Daniel, baptized Aug. 5, 1750. 

Daniel, born June 14, 1701; married Elizabeth Holland, Nov. 15, 

1778; died Oct. 4, 1782, leaving daughter Elizabel h. 

Aaron, born Sept. 1G, 17G3; married Eunice Lord, Oct. 23, 1701; 
died at Salem, Nov. 9, 1849, aged 80. 

Jabez, born July 10, 1704. 

Abigail, born Aug. 27, 1767. 

Ruth, the second wife, died Nov. 1777, in her f>0th year. The third 
wife was the widow Mary Hodgkins, who survived him and died Nov. 1, 
1701. Moses Smith died near the New Year, 1784. 

His will made provision for his wife, daughters and grandchildren, 
bequeathed the residue of his personal estate to Aaron and Jabez, and 
devised the farm to Moses, Aaron and Jabez, in equal parts, (signed Oct. 
4, 1783, 356:411). The inventory mentions: 1 pair oxen, £11-8; 2 red 
cows, £6; brindle cow, 54s; fat cow, £3-12; heifer, 54s; three ditto, £s-S;3 
calves, £3-12; a mare, 30s; 5 sheep, G5s;3 hogs, £10-8-4 ; 3 shoats, 62s; 13 
tons hay, £17-Ils; the homestead, about 60 acres, £552-0-0; pewin Meeting 
House of South Parish, £0-0-0. 

The total estate was £6S4-7-10. The widow's thirds were set off by a 
committee, six acres in the grass field, four acres of pasture near the barn, 
the Middle Island, and "the westerly fore room with the chamber over it 
with liberty of washing, baking and boiling in the kitchen," "also the 
Garden fronting the said westerly end of the house, with liberty of using 
the well, doors, entry and stairs in common," privilege in cellar and barn, 
and a third of the family pew. 

The remainder of the farm was divided among the three brothers. 
Moses received 9^ acres in the grass field, touching on the causeway to 
Manning's Neck, 1| acres 11 rods of the pasture adjoining the eight acres 
his father had conveyed to him, and one of the islands with marsh surround- 
ing it. Aaron received the houselot and all the buildings. 8 acres of upland 
and marsh at the south corner of the farm, adjoining Moses, and an island 
with marsh. 

Jabez received the balance, which he sold at once to Mr. John Heard- 
who had already acquired much land in the neighborhood, Dec. 5, 17S7 
(101:202). Aaron Smith, Jr., cordwainer, of Ipswich, sold his third to his 
brother, Moses, Mar. 20, 1788 (155:111), and after the death of the widow, 
Aaron and Jabez, who w T as then of Canaan, N. II., sold their interest in her 
dower to Moses, Sept. 26, 1800 (205:02). 

Mr. Heard sold five acres and fifty one^rods of the land he bought of 
Jabez to Moses Smith, June 4, 1780 (105:30), and on Oct. 22, 1789, Mr- 
Smith sold to Mr. Heard about 4 acres, bounded south by Moses Treadwell's 
land and west by the road to Jeffrey's Neck, reserving a way two rods wide 
next the Treadwell farm, and If acres of upland, "lying in the north east 
side of the Plain (so called)" (101 :204). Mr. Heard had previously bought 
from Jabez the rest of the pasture, abutting on the way to Jeffrey's, and 






JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 2.'i 

this purchase completed hid title to the whole western side of the farm, 
except the two rods way above mentioned. 

Moses added to the farm Gve acres and fifty rods of upland and marsh, 
by purchase from Nathaniel Wade and Hannah, his wife, and James Brown 
Sawyer, bounded by the causeway and road to Diamond Stage, east, the 
creek, north, April 24, 1799 (1^5:30). This was part of the Moses Tread- 
well farm, set off to Priscilla, his daughter and late wife of Nathaniel Wade, 
in the division of the Treadwell estate (103:270). One lot of the Smith 
farm had been sold to Thomas Appleton of Beverly, who sold to Aaron 
Smith of Ipswich, clockmaker, about 5 acres marsh and thatch, "being 
about 2 acres I bought of Moses Smith and 3 acres, which my father Isaac 
Appleton devised to me by will." Oct. 19, 1797 (100:128). Aaron Smith 
sold this to Benjamin Patch of Hamilton, Oct. 20, 1799 (106:128). The 
Patch heirs sold to Francis It. Appleton. 

Moses Smith, Junior, who thus acquired nearly the whole of the ances- 
tral farm married Ruth Jewett, April 11, 1770. Like his mother, his bride 
was only twenty when she took up the long burden that was before her in 
the old homestead, which had witnessed the passing of three generations of 
the descendants of Robert Paine, the builder of the house a century before. 

Moses, her first child, born in August 19, 1770, was killed by a fall 
from a house at. Topsfield, February 1, 1810, leaving a family. 

Jeuemiah, born Oct. ,10, 1772; married Lucy Pulsepher (Pulcifer) 
April 25, 1799. 

Purchas, born Aug. 17, 1774, was "found dead in his clam-hut" 
June 10, 1S2S. He too left a family. 

Isaac, born April 28, 1777; died Aug. 15, 177S. 

Isaac, born June 23, 1779. 

Daniel, born Nov. 17, 17S3. 

Ruth, born Nov. 20, 1780; married Thomas Greenwood of Marble- 
head, int. Feb. 3, 1800; died March 15, 1807. 

Elizabeth, born Dec. S, 1789. 

Patience, born Feb. 3, 1792; married Nathaniel Appleton of Bath, 
Nov. 4, 1813. 

Katiierine, called Katy and Caty, born April 7, 1795; married 
Nathaniel Pickard of Rowley, Feb. 20, 1822. 

Sarah, born Aug. 17, 1797; married Edward Jewett, Jr., Sept. 24, 
1823. 

Two months before his death, Moses Smith conveyed to his son, Daniel, 
find .laughter, Elizabeth, both unmarried, all the farm buildings with about 
five acres of land, eight acres of upland and marsh at the southerly corner of 
the farm, and four acres of marsh and island, Jan. 2, 1829 (186:250). He 
died March 19, 1829, in his 82nd year, but his widow, despite the toil, care 
and grief that came to her, lived to the great age of ninety-four and died 
December 24, 1811, in the old home. He provided in his will for the sop- 
port and maintenance of his unmarried son, Isaac, on the farm during his 



24 JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 

natural life," he contributing to such support and maintenance what labor 
he may be able to perform"; and after remembering his other children and 
grand children, he bestowed the farm and all the residue upon Daniel and 
Elizabeth, the brother receiving three fourths and the sister, one, 8i 
January 2, 1829 (407:110). 

This rule of three and one was rigidly observed by the two in all their 
dealings. They bought three and one-half acres of marsh of tin; hi ii 
John Heard, which he had bought of Jabez Smith, Daniel paying i 
quarters and Elizabeth one, July 20, 1S35 (101 :202). They also bought of 
Ezekiel Peubody, an undivided third of suit marsh and an island of uplan 1, 
containing in all nine and one-half acres ne;ir Diamond Stage, April 11, 
1S50 (447:222). Aaron Smith, Jr. hud sold his interest to Peabody, M 
29, 1820 (283:95). Daniel and Elizabeth hud inherited two thirds from th<-ir 
father. From the heirs of Richard Lakeman, they bought one acre twenty 
eight rods in Manning's Neck and two and one-fourth acres thirty- 
rods, bounded by the road to their house over the causeway, March 31, 
1S42 (337:77). 

On the seventeenth day of May, 1851, these two quiet people both 
signed their wills in the ancient homestead, each remembering their brother 
Isaac and surviving sisters, and each bequeathing to the other a life interest 
in their estate with an eventual reversion to the same nephew. Elizabeth 
attained the age of eighty and died December S, 1S63, Daniel died in lb70 
at the age of eighty-seven. 

Some of our older people remember Aunt Betty and the two old bachelors, 
Daniel and Isaac. She was a quaint little body, weazened and dry, with 
the greatest aversion to a bath as sure ''to destroy the natural ile." She 
went over herself with a bit of cold tea, occasionally, but kept herself clean 
and neat, and very attractive with her kersey gown and ancient blue hoo I. 
She ventured far enough away from the old home to sit for her photograph, 
to the evident disturbance of brother Daniel, who greeted her with the 
quaint speech, "Betty, have you had your picture took? People don't 
live long after having pictures took." The old kitchen, with its huge fire 
place, is well remembered and the beautiful flower garden in front of the 
house. 

By the will of Daniel (427:30), Thomas S. Greenwood, son of their 
sister Ruth, inherited the farm. He is styled "shoe manufacturer" in a 
deed of 1849, but he had made his living latterly, as keeper of the Ipswich 
light, though shoe making may have been his work by day. Before he 
came into possession of the farm, Mr. Greenwood hail bought several 1 >ts 
adjoining. He bought a five acre lot of upland and meadow on the east 
side of the farm, of Samuel and Elizabeth S. Kimball of Boxford, heirs of 
James B. Sawyer, October 22, 1S49 (423:14); a small marsh lot in Man- 
ning's Neck, one and three-fourths acres, seventeen rods, abutting on the 
causeway and land formerly of James B. Sawyer, of William Lord 3 1. July 5, 
1S55 (518:249); the Diamond Stage lot, 1 upland and marsh, about t 

> Page 2G. 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 25 

acres of Amos D. Pillsbury of Lawrence, September 2s, 1858 (579:156 ; 
an acre of marsh, bounded south and east on a large creek to marsh formerly 
of Thos. Killam, of Hannah P. Friend and others, June 29, 1861 (631 I 
More import ant purchases were from George W. Brown, a strip three 

four links wide on the road and twenty-nine rods long, giving him a 
into the farm from the road to Jeffrey's Neck, November 29, 1864 (679: 
52) and from George Hodgdon, five acres, adjoining this strip and the high- 
way to Jeffrey's, December 15, 1S64 (679:52). It lias already beennotcd 1 

that Jabez Smith sold his interest, including part of the original Paine 
pasture to John Heard, December 5, 1787 and Moses Smith sold him four 
acres, October 22, 17S9. The Heard farm was sold by Augustine Heard 
to George W. Brown, November 20, 1861 (631:46). The Hodgdon land 
was part of the ancient Thomas Treadwell farm already considered. 

xVfter his purchase of the Hodgdon lot, Mr.' Greenwood moved the 
wall from the south side of the strip, bought of Brown, to the north side, 
thus merging the Brown and Hodgdon laud in one enclosure. Business 
reverses overtook Mr. Greenwood and he was obliged to sell the Manning's 
Neck lots, including the five acre lot which Moses Smith bought of Nal han- 
iel Wade in 1799 (165:30), the lot purchased by Daniel Smith from the 
Lakeffian heirsin 1842, (337:77), and the lots he had bought of Samuel 
Kimball in 1849, (423:14)and of William Lord 3d in 1855 (518:249), fifteen 
acres in one large lot, to Warren Nourse and George W. Caldwell, April 
19,1878(1026:89). 

Mr. Greenwood built a new dwelling, but the ancient home of five 
successive generations in descent from Robert Paine was spared and still 
remains, a comfortable home and a most interesting relic of the Past, lie 
died on Oct. 15, 1883, leaving a widow Pauline A. Greenwood and children: 
Mrs. Melissa M.Wright, wife of John H.Wright of Stonehara, Thomas 
C. Greenwood of Bear Grove, Iowa, Wilbur Greenwood, Emery C. Green- 
wood and Mrs. Pauline T. Maynard of Ipswich, and Mrs. Helen S. Farley 
of Boston. His will provided for the life maintenance of his son, Wilbur, 
an invalid, etc., and gave the residue of the real and personal estate at his 
wife's death to his daughters, Pauline T. Maynard and Helen S. Farley. 
(Signed July 28, 1SS0, 439:204). 

Mrs. Maynard became the wife of Thomas S. Farley. By the will of 
her sister, then the wife of Henry It. Blaney of Boston,Mrs. Farley inherited 
her interest in the farm, (signed Feb. 8, 1S90, 502:114). She sold the estate 
to Major Guy Murchie, a graduate of Harvard, class of 1895, who served as 
a trooper in Col. Roosevelt 's Rough Riders in the Spanish War, and is now 
a successful lawyer in Boston and United States Marshal. Major Murchie 
had previously bought 7 acres of shore marsh with an island near Dia- 
mond Stage, of Luke Murray, Aug. 13, 1908 (1955 :1S5) and heirs of Bridget 
Murray, (Oct. 31, 1908, 1955:180). This was sold by Paul Dodge to Ed- 
mund Patch Jr., March 11, 1778 (147:0); by Patch to Prince Stetson, inn 
holder, and James Potter, stage driver, both of Salem, Feb. 7, 1S17(215:142 1 ; 

» Tagu 22. 



2G JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 

by James Potter to Hannah Davenport of Boston, June 4, 1835(364:1 15); 

and by her to Luke Murray, March 30, 1872 (852 :239). 

The Diamond Stage lot, it has been said, was granted originally to 

Robert Paine Sen. and remained a part of the farm until Me es Smith 
sold to Col. Isaac Dodge, May 8, 1782, (151:16). The name is due, in all 
probability, to its use under lease or hire from its owners by Capt. Andrew 
Diamond, who was engaged in extensive fishing operations at the Isles of 

Shoals in the latter part of the seventeenth century, and had his home in 
Ipswich. His fishing stages for drying fish were probably located here 
and there was considerable travel over the road by the edge of the marsh. 
In March, 1774, in response to a petition from Moses Sinil h, a committee 
was appointed by the Town to view the road to Diamond Stage through 
Mr. Smith's farm and report at the same meeting. No further allusion 
however is made to this matter in the Records of the Town, but Buch 
report was presented, and action was taken, as the deed from Smith to 
Dodge contains the clause, "sd Smith reserving liberty for the inhabitants 
of sd. Ipswich to pass & repass agreeable to a contract between sd. 
Smith and sd inhabitants." In March, 17G2, Moses Smith hud been ex- 
cused from working on the highway, "he allowing all persons to pass and 
repass on free cost." 

Col. Dodge was one of the most prominent citizens of his time. He 
evidently improved the Stage lot by building a warehouse and wharf, 
erecting fish stages or fences as they were then called, and the preemp- 
tion is that he was engaged in the fishing business, in addition to his other 
pursuits. He died on June 29, 1785, aged 53 years. His daughter.Fliza- 
beth, had married Jabez Farley on July 22, 17S4, and on June G, 1785, Far- 
ley sold the property, with wharf, warehouse and fish-fence to Capt. Ephra- 
im Kendall (150:213). Conveyance had no doubt been made to her, 
though no record exists. 

Capt. Kendall by will, signed April 1, 1S11, bequeathed the lot to his 
daughter, Susanna, wife of Robert Farley (381:301), who sold to Moses 
Treadwell, merchant, "reserving liberty to the inhabitants to pass and 
repass, reserving also to the heirs and assigns of Isaac Dodge liberty to 
come on the marsh without molestation and take three freights of thatch 
yearly, and reserving two rods square on the south side of the ditch by the 
causey for their use." Sept. 2, 1823 (232:227). Capt. Moses Treadwell 
died Dec. 5, 1S33, aged 58 years. His executors sold the estate at auction 
and the Diamond Stage lot was bought by Daniel Cogswell, Silvanus Cald- 
well and Manning Dodge, Feb. 21, 1^34 (283:8). Dodge mortgaged to 
Daniel Cogswell, (283:11) and by his assignee in bankruptcy sold to Mr. 
Cogswell, Dec. 31, 1842 (405:270); Cogswell and Caldwell sold to Amos 
D. Pillsbury of Lawrence, Sept. 9, 185 I (500:2 17). 

Quaint evidence of the active business centering at Diamond Stage 
and the volume of travel over the old road is found in an old account book, 
kept by Aaron Treadwell Jr., a farmer of the neighborhood, now owned 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 27 

by Mr. N. T. Lowe. For many years his account contains entries of haul- 
ing wood, bark, lumber, hay, etc. for Capt. Richard Lakeman. 

Ipswich, Nov. 17, 1794. 
Skiper Lakeman Deter to me for hauling wood from Dimon Stage, 
0-10-0. 

Dec. 21, 1S17. 

To a pair of oxen one day to hall fish from Dim on Stage, 0-12-0. 

Dec. 30. 
Deter to hallin up 15 loads of fish at your Flack yard, 0-12-0. 

In 1S25 he teamed boards and hogsheads for Capt. Moses Treadwell 

to the Stage and brought back a load of hay, and in 1827, he transported 
for him 46 quintals of fish to Salem . 

For Geo.W. Heard, he hauled two loads of molasses from Diamond Stage 

for 12s, on Sept. 17, 1S28. His ox-team brought up two loads of chips and 
planks for Mr. John Baker and carried down a load of planks for Capt. 
Treadwell. Evidently, beside the fishing industry, the wharf made a con- 
venient landing for sailing vessels bringing freights to the Town, and there 
was much teaming in creaking ox-wagons, lending welcome variety to the 
quiet life of the dwellers in the old farm house. An old family tradition 
has it that some smuggling was in order as well, and contraband articles 
were hauled to Boston cunningly hidden in innocent cider barrels and boxes 
of merchandise. 

When Amos D. Pillsbury bought Diamond Stage in 1854, he had 
plans in mind of another order. Visions of the profit from summer boarders 
led him to build a house for this purpose. Naturally he wished a good 
road. Aaron Treadwell's ox-team might splash through mud and mire 
but the delicate dresses of lady boarders required a drier highway. Ac- 
cordingly Mr. Pillsbury and others petitioned the County Commissioners 
in April, 1856, that a new highway be laid out from a point near the resi- 
dence of James S. Glover to Diamond Stage wharf. 

Due notice was given by the Commissioners and a special Town Meet- 
ing was called for April 28, 1856, to see what action the Town would take. 
It voted that the whole matter be indefinitely postponed. 

In October, 1S56, the Commissioners, having viewed the highway ami 
having adjudged "that common convenience and necessity required that 
Baid highway should be widened, straightened and new located, and at 
the time of said view no person interested having objected," proceeded to 
widen, straighten and new locate said highway. The line of the new road 
20 feet wide, was surveyed and located and land damages were awarded, to 
be paid out of the County Treasury, when possession had been taken for 
the purpose of constructing the road. 

A special Town Meeting was called on March 8, 1S5S, "To hear and 
act on an order from the County Commissioners concerning the road lead- 
ing to Diamond Stage.' ' It was voted: 






28 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THEBETO. 



"That in the opinion of this Town, the location and building of said 

highway would impose a great and unnecessary expense upon both the 
town and county, and that said location ought to be discontinued b I I 
expense is incurred in regard to the same.' ' 

Voted, "that the Selectmen of the Town be instructed to appear be- 
fore the Commissioners on the hearing of said petition and to see that proper 
testimony is laid before the Commissioners as to the inutility of the \ 
the expense of building and maintaining the same, and the small amount of 
property and travel that would be a< commodated thereby, and to aid the 
petitioners in any other manner in their petition for a discontinuance of 
said way." 

The Record of the County Commissioners, under date of April, 18S 
as follows: 

"Nathaniel Scott and others, inhabitants of Ipswich in the com. 
Essex, by their petition represent that at a court of the County Commis- 
sioners, held at the October term, A. D., 185C, in the petition of Amos J :-. 
Pillsbury and others, a highway was laid out in said Ipswich, leading fn >m 
the road near Jeffrey's Neck to Diamond Stage wharf, so-called; that e . i 
highway has not yet been built, and that many of the petitioners for said 
way are dissatisfied with the location thereof, the active petitioners there tor 
having sought and obtained a location, more expensive to theCounty . ! 
Town, than was expected or desired by a majority of the signers o:" 
petition. They further represent that a great expense would be impost d 
upon the town in building said way over the marsh and tide waters, and in 
maintaining it against the action of the tide, that there would be no travel 
over said way for a considerable portion of the year, there being no business 
or inhabitants at the eastern terminus, except for a few months in the sum- 
mer season, and that the property, for the convenience or benefit of which 
said way is laid out, is of so small value, that the expense to the town of 
building the road as aforesaid would exceed the value of said property. 
They finally represent that neither the public convenience or necessity re- 
quire the location and building of said highway, and pray that the same 
may be discontinued." 

"This petition was entered at December term last and continued to 
this term. And now the commissioners make report as follows, viz. :" 

"On the t petitionof Nathaniel Scott and others, praying that a highway 
laid out by the County Commissioners in the Town of Ipswich, at thi :r 
October term, A. D., 1850 be discontinued, it having been made to appear 
that all persons and corporations interested therein had been duly notifi< d 
of the time and place of meeting, We, the County Commissioners for said 
county did on the eleventh day of March and fourteenth day of April, A. 
D., 1858, proceed to view said highway and hear all the parties interest* d, 
who then and there desired to be heard. And at the time of said view ami 
hearing, all objections being waived, and relinquished by parties intercttod, 
we did adjudge, that common convenience and necessity required that the 






JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 2'.) 

highway new location and widening, as laid out by the County Commis- 
sioners at their October term, A. D. 1S5G, be discontinued in the manner 

following, viz.' ' (same as original local ion of October, 1 856.) 

And we award no damages, as in our judgment no person hassustained 
any. And we declare the said road to be discontinued from this (1 
Given under our hands at Ipswich, at the Court aforesaid, this eleventh 
day of April, A. D.', 1858." 

No further entry appears in the Town books or in the County record. 
In September of 1856 Mr. Pillsbury sold to Air. Greenwood, the 
boarding house having been burned, as rumor had it, by the torch of an 
incendiary. A life boat house had been erected by the Massachusetts 
Humane Society before 1S5G and a life boat was kept there for many years. 
The wharf has rotted away, the old road has long been disused, and the 
once busy fishing station has relapsed into its primitive quiet. 

The Island Farm. 

No. 4. 

William White, according to the record of original grants, received 
from the Town beside two house lots and 200 acres at ''the further Chebac- 
co," "twentye acres of land part meaddow part upland lying on the East 
side of the Town on the South east side of the highway that leads to the 
Great Necke on the West side of Mr. Bressy's land." A memorandum 
under the date April 27, 1G3S, informs us that William White had exchanged 
this grant with Thomas Treadwell, receiving land and money. 

A little later, it was known as TreadwelPs Island and very appro- 
priately, as the upland is surrounded by marsh on every side, and at high 
tides it becomes a veritable island. It has already been told in the story 
of Mr. Treadwell 's upper farm, 1 that he bequeathed to his son, Thomas, 
"the Illand he now dwells in with the meadows and appurtenances belong- 
ing thereto." It included then 40 acres of upland and meadow, double 
apparently the size of the original grant. (Will signed June 1, 1671.) 

Thomas Treadwell, the second owner, married Sarah Tit comb in 1GG4, 
and the children, born on the Island, were: 

Thomas, born March 3, 1GG5. 

John, born Nov. 28, 1G70. 

Sarah, born Jan. 10, 1G72; married Jacob Perkins. 

Mary, born Aug. 9, lG75;died May, 1GS2. 

Anna, ; died April 1G, 1G82. 

Unfortunately for the owners of the Island farm, it did not abut on 
the road, and access to it could be had only over the land of others. The 
Town ordered John Perkins Sen. and William Bartholomew to lay out a 
way to Thos. TreadwelPs Neck, on Feb. 4, 1646, but no action seems to 
have been taken. 

i Page 14. 



30 JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 

More decisive action was taken on March 4th, 1650, win n I 
men authorized William Bartholomew and Robert Lord "to bargain with 
Mr. Hodges for a little parcel of marsh by his marsh, and give him I 
faction for a highway through his marsh to Mr. Tredwell'a Neck." Accoi !- 
ingly the Selectmen sold to Mr. Hodges a small piece of marsh adjoi 
his own, by vote on Mar. 13, 1050. 

Soon after, as a deposition made in Court long afterward inforn 
"ye ould Mr. Tredwell caused a cosway to be made to his Island or Necke 
of wood and gravill, cross a corner of Mr. Hodges marsh, which he peacably 
enjoyed for many years." 

Mr. Hodges bequeathed his land to Giles Birdley or Burley, but during 
the life of both, no question arose as to Mr. Treadwell 's right of way. But 
after Andrew Burley inherited his father's property, he built a wall at 
the way in question. Thomas Treadwell proceeded to pull down about 
two rods of this obstruction, and Mr. Burley at once brought suit against 
him for trespass, and for laying open about six acres of Lis land t<j the 
highway, by which his title was defamed. 

The case seems to have been decided against Mr. Treadwell, as he 
made complaint to the Town, and demanded a way to his land. Under 
date of May 23, 1606, the Town Record is: 

In answer to the complaint of Thos. Treadwell, Sen., having 
no highway laid out to his Island or Dwelling place (as ye record 
appears), whereby he may have (wth his successors & other 
Inhab's of Ipswch) for Liberty to goe to and from their Lands 
att & about said Island & ye complaint being made to us, ye 
Selectmen of Ipswich, viz.: That wee would attend ye Rules of 
ye Law in ye case made and provided whereby said Treadwell 
and others might by virtue of an highway laid out to his Island 
have free Egress and Regress to their lands, and ye Law oblidgeing 
ye Selectmen of each town to attend ye Rules thereof upon just 
complaint being made to them: Wee have therefore been down 
att said Treadwell 'e Island or dwelling place and viewed ye several 
places that a passage might be made to said Island as followeth, 
vid 1 the way Running from ye highway that leads down to Jef- 
f cry's Neck, through the land of Andrew Burley of Ipswch vid 1 
att ye entering of ye way (by sd way to Jeffery's Neck) thirty 
foot in breadth bordering upon a bank of earth wth an hedge upon 
it, wch sd Burley said was the line between Mr. Robert Paines 
Pasture Land and said way now laid out, having said way or thirty 
foot of Land on or towards the northwest of said Bank, a stake 
being driven down on ye north east side of ye way «fc so the said 
way to run widening towards the South east and easterly, until 
it shall make at ye further end three rods at ye least where there 
is a stake set on ye North cast side of ye way and said stake being 
distinct from ye triangular corner that parts Mr. Robert Paine, 






JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 3] 

Mr. Mewmarsh, and then att said slake where it turns the way 
towards the North East and Easterly to be twenty-six feet fl 
half wide, from sd stake or Burley 's land untosd Mr. iVv. march's 
his land on the So. Easterly side, and so sd way be run fromsd stake 
widening untill it make the way thirty foot wide at 1 1 he end going 
on unto sd Tread well's island. The whole way containing by our 
account about seventy-three rods of land of sd Burley and well 
judging of it worth forty-five shillings and 8d. money. This wee 
doe appoint to be an highway for sd Thos. Treadwell Sen. to his 
Island and to ye other Inhab 'ts of Ipswich to be to them and their 
heirs forever. 

Witness our hands, Abm. Howe, Francis Wainwright, Jereh Jewett, 
Thos. Harte, Wm. Goodhue, Sand Hart. 

Mr. Burley declined to accept the damage and carried the east.' to the 
Court at Salem, which made a larger award, £13 damage and £5-4s. cosi -. 
At a Town Meeting, Nov. 12, 1696: 

"Andrew Burley promised ye Inhab'ts of ye town not to take out 
[against them] execution for the sum of money ye judges of ye last Session's 
of ye Peace holden at Salem ordered the Town to pay sd Burley." 

"Voted, and agreed to and with sd Burley to pay him sixteen pounds 
and four shillings money upon said Burley passing a deed to the town of 
six acres of marsh lyeing and adjoining to the way that leads to Jeffrey's 
Neck on ye North side, and to Thos. Tredwell's land on the South East, 
on ye Southwest by ye Land or way that is newly laid out to Thos. Tread- 
well's Island, and then said Burley is also to receive what money ye Court 
ordered the town to pay him concerning ye said way laid out through his 
land to Treadwell 's Island.' ' 

"sd Burley obligeth himself to givesd deed in one month's time.' ' 
Such a deed was never recorded, but it was probably given, as the ob- 
structions were not replaced, and no further litigation occurred. The old 
way is still easily traced, though the causeway has worn and washed away 
entirely. The Burley marsh is readily recognized and it is a matter of last- 
ing wonder, that so long and bitter a contention could have arisen over a 
small bit of worthless salt marsh. 

In his old age, Thomas Treadwell disposed of his estate by deed to 
his son John, in consideration of his love and affection, and also in consid- 
eration of yearly payments he is to make to his mother, Sarah, if she sur- 
vive her husband, viz. 

"one-quarter part of all ye Grain and each sort of Corn and flax sown 
or produced y't groweth on ye Island or land hereafter granted, his wife 
finding one-quarter part of the seed that shall be sown yearly by John & 
also £3 10s. yearly in such necessary supplies as she shall have occation of 
together with one-quarter part of ye fruit which ye old orchard produceth 
Yearly, together with the use of one room in his house dureing her naturall 
life, and also two-thirds of all his ye said Thomas his household stuff, 



32 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 



yielded to her use, and to dispose of at her decease, "also in con ideration 
of £80 paid to daughter, Sarah Perkins, which is all intended for her, and 
£20 to brother Thomas, the remainder of his portion either in land or o\ 
pay gives, grants, etc., to John, all his land known and called by hi.-, Island, 
both upland and meadow with all buildings, slock etc., which was given said 
Thomas by his father, Mar. 8, 1708-9" (25:165). 

To debar his son Thomas from any claim, la; conveyed to him, "those 
creatures that he hath formerly had of me, as also ye bousing and I 
where he dwells, that is to say, three acres and half of land as bounded and 
improved by him, ten acres of marsh adjoining to Mr. Payne's marsh, also 
instead of £20 to be paid him by John, 2 acres marsh or thatch lying . 
Mr. Payne's, formerly Mr. Wilson's and 2 acres at lower corner of his land 
next to Neck creek," March 8, 170S-0." (33:237). 

The elder son, Thomas, it has already been told, 1 had bought land of 
Robert Paine, and his uncle, Nathaniel, and had built his dwelling th 
near the present driveway to Major Guy Murchie 'a estate. 

John Treadwell, the third owner of the Island farm, married Mary. 
Their children were : 

Elizabeth, born July 16, 1009; married Mager Gould, int., June- 23, 
1723. 

Sarah, born June 12, 1701. 

Mary, born March 13, 1702; married Richard Shatswell, int., May 19, 
1722. 

Martha, born 1705; died Oct. 27, 1727 in 22nd year. 

John, born Sept. 24, 1707. 

Elisha, born 1710; died Sept. 24, 1732; aet. 22 years, 4 months. 

Jonathan, baptized May 31, 1713. 

Sarah, bap. Mar. 8, 1719. 

He bought of Zaccheus Newmarsh and his wife, Frances, 17 acres of 
upland and marsh, adjoining his farm and Mr. Paine's land, May 9, 1700 
(03:15S). John Treadwell died Dec. 10, 1727, aged 57 years. His will, 
signed Nov. 28, 1727, gave to his wife, Mary, rooms in the house, etc., 
portions to Elizabeth, wife of Mager Gould, Mary, wife of Richard Shats- 
well, and Sarah; to Elisha, "West's farm, bought of John West tV: Col. 
Jo. Appleton"; to Jonathan, £250; and the residue to John. (315:552-4). 

Mary Treadwell, Jonathan Treadwell, joyner, Mager Gould and 
Elizabeth, Richard Shatswell and Mary, heirs of Elisha, sold to John 
Treadwell, $ of 4 acres marsh and thatch, called "the great Straddle," 
abutting on the great creek north, given to Elisha by his father, Dec. 2, 
1735(112:257). 

John Treadwell, son of John, the fourth owner, born Sept. 24, 1707, 
married Hannah Boarman, daughter of Jacob and Martha Boartnan, not 
quite seventeen years old, on Oct. 9, 172S. 

i Pages 15, 20. 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 33 

The family record reveals a life of tragic sorrow and anguish, which 
came to the young bride in the lonesome inland home Her children were: 

John, baptized Sept. 21, 1729; died Mar. 17, 1737. 

Martha, baptized Feb. 20, 1731; died Mar. 15, 1737. 

Elisha, baptized April 7, 1731; died Mar. 17, 1737. 

William, baptized June 20, 1736; died Mar. 20, 1737. 

John, baptized Sept. 24, 173S. 

Martha, baptized Aug. 9, 1741; married Joseph Jewett of Rowley, 
int., Oct. 12, 17G5. 

Margaret, baptized April 10, 1743; died April 19, 1743. 

Margaret, bap. Feb. 20, 1743-4. 

Sarah, baptized Feb. 3, 1744-5; married Joseph Wilcome, Jr., int , 
June 22, 17G5. 

The mother died on Sept. 24, 1747, in her 3Gth year. She had lost 
her four children, all that she had, within five days, by some throat dis- 
temper, probably, which raged with uncontrollable violence in those days. 
A peculiarly violent type of this dreadful disease almost destroyed the in- 
fant population of North Essex in 1734-5. (Felt.) 

In November, 1736, a deadly distemper invaded the home of Mark 
and Hephzibah Howe in Linebrook. The pitiful record of their sore af- 
fliction remains on a page of an ancient account book, that must have been 
wet with tears. 

"5 November, 173G, Lucy died, (aged 9 years), 15 November, 1730, 
Mary died, (aged 7 years), 18 November, 1736, Hannah (13 years) and 
Aaron (5 years) died, 21 Nov. 173G. 

"Abijah(l year)died, 21 November, 1736, Mark(2 years) died Nov. 24." 

"They all died with the cancre quinsey so-called by many." 

"25 Nov., 173G, Moses died in y e 11 year of his age. 

"28 Nov., 1736, Love died (aged 12 years.) 

"All these were children of Mark and Hephzibah Howe." Their 
house was left desolate, not a child surviving. 

Less than six months after the death of Hannah, Mr. Treadwell mar- 
ried again, choosing for the delicate and responsible position of step-mother 
of his four young children, Priscilla Burnham, then twenty-four years 
old. Their intention was recorded, March 19, 1747-8. 

Her children were: 

Priscilla, baptized March 5, 1748-9; married Nathaniel Kinsman, 
Jan. 4, 1772. 

Hannah, baptized Sept. 22, 1751; married Francis Rust, Jr., int. April 
13,1773. 

Elisha, born Feb. 1754. 

Margaret, born Jan. 4, 1756. 

Mary, born Jan. 16, 1758. 

Elizabeth, born July 17, 1760. 

Elizabeth, baptized Sept. 29, 1764. 

William, baptized Feb. 8, 1767. 



34 JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 

John Treadwell died on April 29, 17S2, in bis 75th year, bis widow, 

Friscilla, on July 3, 1803, at the age of eighty. In his will, signed M 
9, 1782 (355:281), he provided for his widow, and gave to bis daughter, 
Martha Jewett, £35; to Sarah Willcomb £35;and to Priscilla Kinsman, hi* 
silver tankard and £35. To his son, John, he gave half the island he hud 
purchased of Capt. Jacob Tilton and Thomas Cross, (Mill known as Ti cad- 
well's Island). To his two unmarried daughters, Margaret and Elizabeth, 
he gave £S0 each, and to his grand daughter, Hannah Treadwell Rust, £30, 
"half when she is eighteen." To Elisha, he gave the farm he had inherited 
from his father, with buildings, half of Treadwell's island, and his dwelling 
and land, he had bought of Madame Applet on on the Topsfield road. 

The inventory (303:50), appraised the farm, then containing about 52 
acres, at £592, and the island, (Treadwell's), about 33 acres upland and 15 
acres marsh, at £750. As he remembered only five daughters and two 
sons in his will, we may presume that all the rest of his great family of 
seventeen children had died before him. 

The eldest son, John, was graduated from Harvard College in the 
class of 1758, and was ordained the minister of the First Congregational 
Church in Lynn, March 2, 1763. He resigned in 1782 and returned to Ips- 
wich, where he taught the Grammar School, 1783 to 1785. He served as 
Representative to the General Court in 1785 and 1786, removed to Salem, 
became Senator and a Judge of the Court of Common Pleas. He died Jan 
5, 1811 1 . He conveyed his interest in Treadwell's Island to his brother 
Elisha, April 1, 1789. (148:233). 

Elisha Treadwell, the fifth of the family line in the ownership, married 
Lydia Crocker, June 21, 1780. Their children were: 

William, born Feb. 9, 1781. 

Mary, born Feb. 11, 1783. 

John, born Mar. 14, 1785. 

Lydia, born Sept. 14, 1787; married Samuel Wade, Dec. 20, 1S10. 

Ephraim, born Sept. 24, 1789. 

Charles, born July 26, 1791. 

Francis C. 

Elisha Treadwell died Dec. 19, 1792 at the age of 38 years. His 
widow, as administratrix, filed the inventory Dec. 3, 1793 (363 :50) . Tread- 
Well's Island had been sold to William Burley for £570. 

By an Indenture, dated May 3, 1834, Francis C. Treadwell of Brooklyn, 
baker, conveyed to his brother, William Treadwell of Salem, merchant, his 
interest in the estate of their father, "which consists principally of a parcel 
of upland and salt meadow called 'the farm/ lying near the Great Neck, 
etc.' ' and a parcel of fresh meadow on the road to Topsfield. 

The dwelling on the Island farm seems to have disappeared when this 
Indenture was drawn. It is said by the old residents of the neighborhood 
that it was removed to the corner of Green and Water Streets, near the 

' Essex Institute Histor. Coll. 4:129. 






1788946 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO, 35 

bridge, and remained there many years. The cellar of the farm home ifl 
Bt ill visible on the bare upland slope, surrounded by tie; great expan 
marsh, and a few old apple trees indicate the orchard. Nothing else re- 
mains in the lonely wind-swept pasture to remind us of the long gem r . 
of human toil, that wrested the yearly crops from the reluct ant. oil, and the 
many families which began, flourished and ended here. 

William Treadwell of Salem reconveyed to his brother Francis C. 
Treadwell, of Brooklyn, his title in their father's farm on Jan. 10, 1835 
(282:233), who sold his interest, an undivided fourth, to Augustine Heard, 
May 3, 1848 (398:20). The other heirs, Lydia Wade, Mary Crocker Wade 
and Priscilla Treadwell Wade, daughters of Samuel Wade and Lydia 
(Treadwell), John C. Treadwell of Lowell and Sarah A. his wife, in release 
of dower, Elizabeth 13. Treadwell, Joel M. Hubbard of New York and Irene 
M. his wife, in her own right, and Charles W. Treadwell of Morean, N. Y. 
sold their interest, three undivided fourths, in "the farm of our grand- 
father Elisha Treadwell," to Mr. Heard on May 19, 1S4S (397:233). It is 
frequently alluded to in later conveyances as " the Wade farm.' ' 

Augustine Heard bought the Heard farm, owned by his father, the 
Hon. John Heard, from his brother George W. and sister Mary, and con- 
veyed it and the "Treadwell farm or Wade place," to George William 
Brown, Nov. 30, 1861; (031:46), and also 8 acres of marsh, and 4 pieces of 
thatch and marsh on Manning's Neck creek, on the same date, (631:48). 
Mr. Brown sold 67 acres of upland and marsh, "known as Wade or Tread- 
well land' ' to Warren Nourse, March 23, 1868 (742 :151), including 5 acres of 
marsh and thatch, conveyed to John Treadwell by Moses Treadwell, by 
deed of division and quit-claim, Dec. 8, 1784, (195:245), conveyed by the 
Mass. General Hospital to Israel Rea, of Topsfield, Feb. 20, 1861(619:126), 
and by Rea to Brown, Sept. 1, 1865 (689:119). Mr. Nourse sold to George 
A. Hodgdon, the present owner, April 29, 1891 (1311:300), and his son, 
John W. Nourse, conveyed to him 6 acres of salt marsh, included in the 
deed of Brown to Nourse, (742:151), on May 11, 1897 (1514:448). 



The Andrew Hodges Farm. 

No. 5. 

Crossing from the east to the west side of the "path to Jeffrey 's Neck,' ' 
as it is styled in a deposition in 1695, the farm nearest to the Neck was 
owned by Andrew Hodges, who had a grant from the Town and bought of 
Isaac Comings seven acres, half of a lot granted to Jonathan Wade, which 
lie had resigned to the Town, bounded by Mr. Foster's land west and north- 
west, and his own land east and south east, and Mr. Wade's six acres south 
west. 1 The Town sold him six acres of marsh, already mentioned, 2 " joyn- 

> Town Records entered 26-6 mo. 1639 
* Page 30. 






3G JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 

ing to his own from Mr. Tredwell's to Good'n Gillmana all but what ye 
Great Creek takes in to the Neck reserving a highway." 

In his will, Signed Oct. 11, 1GG5, he provides " also my kinsman Gyh-s 
(Birdly) is to provide her (my wife) wood as long as she lives, my wife to 
have use of the dwelling and land about it , only the barn for my kinsman"; 

"to the poor of this Town five shillings a year, after my wife's death, 
forever"; "to the coledge of Cambridge heere five pounds to be paid after 
my wive's death in fyve years, by twenty shillings a yearc for the good of 
poore scollers' ' ; 

"and to my cousin, Giles Birdly, I give my house and grounds and 
after my wive's death all my other ground meadow and upland, cattle 
and sheep." 

Mr. Hodges died in Dec., 1G65. His wife, Ann, died Nov. 15, IGoS, 
and he married Lidea Brown, Nov. 27, 1G59. No children appear in the 
records of the Town. 

Giles Birdley and his wife, Rebecca, had three sons, whose births ap- 
pear in the early records. 

Andrew, born Sept. 5, 1G57. 

James, born Feb. 10, 1G59. 

John, born July 13, 1GG2; died Feb. 27, 1GSS. 

In his will, filed in theProbate office, which he signed July IS, 1GGS, he 
devised to his wife his house and grounds about it with the use of the barn, 
during her life, "for the cumfort of my wife and children." At her death, 
he directed that it should revert to his eldest son, Andrew, and if he had 
no heirs, to James, and if he failed, then to the little John, then six years 
old. The will was proved Sept. 29, of the same year, and the Inventory 
has the items: 

dwelling house, barn and homestead £50-0-0, 2S acres upland 

and meadow, 112-0-0, G acres of Indian corn on the ground, wheat 

and barley in the barn. 

James, the second son, had wife Elizabeth and three sous: 

William, born Feb. 27, 1G92-3. 

Joseph, born April G, 1G95. 

Thomas, born April 5, 1G97. 

His wife, Rebecca, was buried Oct. 21, 1GSG. 

Andrew, the first born, in early life lived with old John Brown, on his 
lonely farm in the woods of the Candlewood region. 2 In his eighteenth 
year, he was impressed as a soldier in the King Philip War, and served in 
the memorable Narragansctt Campaign under Major Samuel Appleton. 3 
Prior to 1G8S, he bought the house now owned by the Perkins heirs on 
Green St., but made his home on the farm. His mother, who married 
Abraham Fitt, on Jan. 7, 1GG9-70, quit-claimed her right to Andrew, Jan. 

i In Court Files "Burley vs. Tren.hvejl" Box 1C95-1G99 
2 Deposition Ips. Deeds 4:279, April 4, 1*379 
8 Ipswich in Mass. Bay, pp. 19S-219. 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 37 

6, 1G79 (Ips. Deeds, 4:310). In her deposition in Court, in 1695, she ac- 
knowledged her quit-claim to her boh, who "hath for many y< i p • 
occupied and possessed the said house as his own. (Court. Files.) 

He married Mary Connant on March 14, 1681, and their children,aH 

born probably in the farm house near the Neck, were : 

Rebecca, born March 29, 1GS2. 

Andrew, born April 5, 1G3G; buried Aug. 5, 1GSG. 

Martha, born March 3, 1691-2; died Sept. 2G, 1G93. 

Andrew-, born June 14, 1694. 

Martha, born April 28, 1696. 

Sarah, born Oct. G, 1G9S. 

There were also Mary, probably one of the oldest, and named for her 
mother, and Jonathan and Elizabeth, 1 who were under age in 1718. Re- 
becca married Robert Kinsman, June 28, 1705. Mary married Samuel 
Adams, intention, Sept. 28, 1706, and Sarah became the wife of Richard 
Kimball, intention 12, 12 mo. 1715 (Feb. 1715-6), in her eighteenth year. 
Elizabeth and Daniel Caldwell were published Jan. 17, 1723. Andrew, 
the only son, was published with Lydia Pengry, Nov. 9, 1717. 

Cornet Andrew Burley, as he was known in his later years, lived to see 
his three daughters and his son marry and set up homes for themselves. 
lie died on Feb. 1, 1718, and his widow married Sergeant Caleb Kimball, 
intention, April 14, 1722. The Sergeant died Feb. 4, 173G, Mary, his 
widow, on Nov. 23, 1743. Mr. Burley 'a inventory (312:317 Pro. Ree.), 
contains items of interest, "y e h° use > homestead, upland and marsh adjoyn- 
ing, about 36 acres, interest in Mr. Paine's Pasture, a house & homestead at 
Town, 11 acres Newman's pasture, four rights in ye commons, undivided 
farme at Exeter, timber for ye frame of a house, 10-0-0, 12000 shingles, 
7-4-0, boards 21-0-0, bricks, 12-0, 33-0-0." 

The heirs, Robert Kinsman and Rebecca, Samuel Adams and Mary, 
Richard Kimball and Sarah, quit-claimed to Andrew their interest in their 
father 's estate, and the widow 'a interest after her decease. If their brother, 
Jonathan, or sister, Elizabeth, should decease before they arrived at full 
age, their part was to be divided between them, Feb. IS, 171S-9 (313592). 
The omission of Martha's name suggests that she was not living at that date. 

The Cornet had sold an acre and a half to Richard Smith, "nere the 
said Richard Smith his dwelling house, and apart of the land that formerly 
was Andrew Hodges his land, bounded by ye rest of said lands y* ware ye 
said Andrew Hodges, East," all other sides on Smith, March 24, 1680 
(Ips. Deeds 5:370). His instigation of the law suit over the marsh to the 
Island farm has been noticed. 2 

Andrew Burley Jr. known as Esq. became the sole owner, as we have 
seen, of the ancient Hodges farm. He married Lydia Pengry, intention 

1 The printed Vital Statistics have Eliza (beth) d. Andrew and Rebecca; b. 
Aug. 25, 1700. 

2 Page 30. 



38 JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 

Nov. 9, 1717, and they had Andrew, baptized Oct. 6, 1718, another Andrew, 

baptized November 29, 1719, and John born in 1721, who died in hia 2 let 
year, Dec. 26, 1742. Lydia died Aug. 25, 1730 at the age of thirty-] 
and he married the widow, Hannah Bvirnam, Jan. 9, 1738. They hud a BOD, 
William, baptized Jan. 6, 1750, and other children apparently. 

He made hia home in the house on Green St., acquired a large 
estate, and became a prominent citizen. He died Dec. 10, 1753, giving 
his widow, Hannah, a life interest in the dwelling with ample provision for 
her comfort, and divided his estate between his sons William and Andrew. 
Notwithstanding his large land holdings, executions for debt were levied 
upon the estate, shortly after his death. The Paine pasture on the east 
side of the w r ay passed into the hands of Moses Smith, and Captain John 
Smith, owner of the adjoining farm on the west side, purchased lot after 
lot from the creditors of the estate, until the whole of the ancient Hodges- 
Burley farm was absorbed. 1 No mention of the dwelling is made in these 
conveyances and it is evident that the buildings had all disappeared. To 
cap the climax, Captain Smith bought as well the Burley mansion on Green 
St., in April, 1760, (110:73), a half year after the decease of Hannah, the 
widow of Andrew Burley, Esq. No trace of the location of the ancient 
farm dwelling remains. 

The Richard Smith Farm. 
No. 6. 

This farm, which is largely identical with what was known later as 
the Heard farm, and is partly owned now by Mr. Seymour I. Hudgens, was 
owned at a very early date by Richard Smith, who conveyed it to his 
son-in-law, Edward Gillman, the younger. Young Gillman seems to have 
been a man of hasty temperament. He was so eager to claim Elizabeth 
Smith as his bride, that he forgot or neglected to secure three publish- 
ments on lecture days, and for this omission, the young couple suffered the 
mortification of being presented in the Ipswich Court of Quarter Sessions, 
on the 28th of September, 1647. He was so deficient in funds, that he was 
obliged to mortgage, "my farm with dwelling, barn., stable, etc., as it was 
in the use of my father-in-law Richard Smith of whom I bought said farm,' ' 
to Thomas Savage of Boston, Dec. 20, 1647, (Ips. Deeds, 1:39). Savage 
released to Gillman, with 8 milch cows and 2 mares, Dec. 16, 164S (Ips. 
Deeds. 1:44). Gillman then mortgaged to his father, Edward Gillman, 
"the house and farme wherein I do now dwell, granted unto me by my 
father-in-law Richard Smith, as by his deed dated 9th of October, 1047, 
also 6 acres of meadow formerly of Wade with saw mill in Exeter, etc.'' 
25-10-164S (Ips. De*ds 1 :45) Gillman, Senior, conveyed to " my brother, 
Richard Smith of Shropham, England, my farm granted unto me by 
my son, Edward Gillman of Exeter, as by his deed of mortgage dated the 
25-10-1648, appeareth, etc., Oct. 2, 1651 (Ips. Deeds 1:89). Richard 
Smith of Shropham, Norfolk Co., in Old England, yeoman, sold to his loving 

Pages 40, 41. 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 39 

eon, Richard Smith of Ipswich, singleman, the house and farm "wherein 
lie now dwells," also G acres of meadow exchanged formerly with Jonathan 
Wade for other G acres of meadow as by writing of 18-3- 1017, and 6 
acres of meadow and upland bought by him of Thomas Bishop, on condition 
that he pay to his brother-in-law, Philip Call of Shropham, sadlcr, £120 
English money, etc., at said Richard's house. If Richard and Philipcannot 
agree, a third man is to be chosen, and if Richard does not pay, Philip shall 
enter upon said house and farm. 

"the nynth day of April acording to English account. 1058," Ipswich 
Deeds, 3:140. 

Richard Smith, "the single man," married Hannah Cheny, 1000. 
Their children, so far as known, were: 

Daniel, m. Elizabeth Paine 1 

John, 

Joseph, born July 16, 1G85. 

Nathaniel, 

Elizabeth, 

Hannah, m. Chadwell. 

Martha, m. Boarman. 

Dorothy, m. Robert Rogers. 

Richard, died July 22, 1700. 

He bought of Andrew Hodges, | acre of marsh, near the highway, 
bounded northwest by his own land, running down to the creek, and 
south east by Hodges, March 20, 1002 (Ips. Deeds 5:300), and of Andrew 
Burley, 1| acres, near the dwelling, originally part of Hodges 's land, Mar. 
24,1080 (Ips. Deeds 5:370). 

In his old age, Richard Smith divided his farm by deed to his heirs. 
To his son, John, for £170, he conveyed half his farm, "in sundry parcels," 
the 18 acre pasture, bounded in part by the river, partly by Andrew Burley's 
land; half the north piece of marsh, so called, containing 17 acres, bounded 
north by the river,east and south by a creek; half the great field, so-called, 
9 acres, near the dwelling; f of an acre of arable land, bounded north by 
''the way y 1 leads to ye old house,' ' south by the meadow, east by pasture; 
and 17 acres of marsh, bounded west by river, south by Foster's creek, 
north to another stake about 3 rods below the arable land, east to a stake by 
the great field, north to corner of the pasture, and as the fence runs to the 
river, "with the new house and half the barn, standing at the south east 
end of ye great field," and half the common right of sd Richard's farm; 
"also free use of all ye ways & passages for footing, riding, carting & 
driving,' ' "reserving all ye wood of ye sd North Island standing in John's 
marsh and five marked trees in John's sd pasture." Jan. 20, 1702-3 ^15:151). 

It would seem by this deed that the new house, to which he alludes, 
was located near the junction of the road to Smith 's Island with the way to 
Jeffrey's Neck, and that the old was farther back to the northwest, on the 
way to Smith's Island. A depression, which may have been the cellar of 
this house, remains on the slope on the west side of the road to the Island. 

1 See Page 19. 



I 



40 JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 

On July 21, 1708, Richard conveyed the other half of the farm to hi-; son 
Joseph, in consideration of his support of his parents and bis sister, Eliza- 
beth, (10:208). He conveyed to his son, Nathaniel, two pieces of salt marsh, 
"9 acres, one end bounded by Mr. Wade's marsh, the other end by the 
Pines, one laid out to me in my own right, the other by purchase," Feb. 
28, 1708(54:24G). 

Some years after, the brothers John and Joseph agreed to a division of 
the farm, "their father and they now dwell on, adjoyning to Andrew Burley'fl 
land." A dividing line was established, beginning at the spring about the 
west end of the great hill, running in a general easterly direction to the wa II 
that parted Goodman Burley's field from the farm. Joseph quit-claimi d 
all north of this line; John quit-claimed to Joseph 16 acres of marsh, five 
acres of upland in the field near Joseph's dwelling, I acre upland in pasture, 
etc. all south of this line, " also a point of land on the north side of the line, 
from the great spring, running north on a line to a stake by the river side, 
otherwise bounded by the river and fence by the marsh, about an acre and 
a quarter, which is chiefly for a landing place, & all the drift stuff the tides 
shall bring on John's land from ye place commonly called ye Dock, till it 
comes to a stake by the river, ye north Corner of ye point of land by ye 
spring," "also a privilege to cart said drift to his land to go west round 
the hill,' ' " and also a cartway from ye point of land said Joseph his landing 
place, 22 feet wide, where most convenient to go to his land, except the 
privilege of the highway from my land to ye lane that goes to Town." 
July 31, 1712 (20:29). 

Joseph executed a similar quit-claim to John's part (27:215). John, 
the owner of the northern half of the farm, had married Mercy Adams, 
daughter of Nathaniel, Feb. 4, 1702-3, and their children were: 

Mercy, born April 11, 1705; married Nathaniel Treadwell, intention, 
May 20, 1725. 

John, born Jan. 23, 1707-8. 

Nathaniel, born Feb. 27, 1710-11. 

Cheny, born March 2, 1712-13. 

John Smith died on May 20, 1713 at the early age of 36 years. II is 
will, signed April 20, 1713, proved June 27, appointed Mercy, executrix, 
until the five year old John came of age, (311 :4&5). The widow, Mercy, 
and Arthur Abbott were married Sept. 10, 1716. Their children were 
Arthur, Sarah and Frances. Mercy Abbott died Sept. 11, 1733. 

The boy, John, in due time became a prosperous man and seems to 
have acquired the whole of the Smith farm. He rejoiced in the titles » f 
Lieutenant and Captain. He enlarged the farm by the gradual purchase 
of the Burley land on the north cast. A series of executions was levied 
upon the estate of Andrew Burley, deceased, by his creditors. The widow 
Sarah Clenton recovered judgment and 1 1 acres were set off to her, abut- 
ting on Smith's land on the southwest and south, and on the way to Jeffrey's 
Neck, Nov. 15, 1757 (105:21). She sold to John Crocker, Nov. 25, 175$ 
(108:163) who conveyed to Captain Smith, Feb. 14, 1700 (10923). 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 41 

Three acres and twenty-five rods were set off to Abraham filton, 
running northwest from the highway to a stake a little to westward of a 
well by the stone wall, parting the premises from land in the possession of 
Sarah Clcnton, thenon Smith's land, etc., which he sold to John Smith, 
April 24, 1758, (107 :20). Dorothy Clark of Topsfield, spinster, "an infanl 
under the age of twenty-one years, who sues by Mary Clark, widow, her 
guardian," recovered judgment, and 2\ acres were set off to her, bounded 
by the way to the Neck and Tilton's lot, Dec.2G, 1757 (105:28). She -old 
to Captain John, August 20, 1700 (1 10:71). Joseph Appleton was appor- 
tioned an acre, measuring 20 rods on the highway and 8 rods on the south- 
west on the Clark lot, Nov. 15, 1757 (105:10), which he sold to Smith, 
April 19, 1759(108:14). 

Mary Trcadwell, spinster, was allotcd 5 acres of upland and marsh, 
measuring 6 rods on the road, southwest, to the land laid out to Appleton, 
April 26, 1760 (108:257). She sold to Daniel Giddings, May 1, 1761 (109:- 
225), who conveyed to Smith, May 23, 1763 (112:129). Andrew Burley, 
the executor of the estate, sold Captain Smith, 1 acre 60 poles, bounded west 
and north on Smith's land, east on the road, Nov. 16, 1764 (115:98). This 
seems to have completed the purchase of all the Burley land on the north- 
west side of the road. No mention of the old Hodges farm house occurs, 
and it had undoubtedly disappeared. It was located apparently opposite 
the way laid out to Treadwell's Island farm. 

Captain John chose for his first wife, his life-long friend and neighbor, 
Hannah Treadwell, daughter of Nathaniel and Hannah, who was born on 
Sept. 25, 1709. She lacked four months of nineteen years on her wedding 
day, May 27, 1728, and the youthful bridegroom had passed his twentieth 
birthday only four months before. 

Happily the young bride in her new home was hardly out of sight of her 
mother, and in the month of October, John Treadwell brought his girl bride, 
Hannah Boarman, to the Island. Between the two brides, we easily im- 
agine a warm friendship wa's inevitable, and a constant interchange of 
neighborly calls brightened every day. Each was burdened with the con- 
stantly increasing cares of a growing family. But Hannah Smith was 
spared the anguish that was allotted to Hannah Treadwell. Once only 
death came to her household when the baby, John, her first-born was 
taken. Twelve children came to them: 

John, baptized June 1, 1729; died July 12, 1730. 

Hannah, baptized March 21, 1730. 

Mercy, baptized June 10, 1733. 

Sarah, baptized May IS, 1735. 

Charles, baptized Feb. 27, 1736-7. 

John, baptized Mar. 5, 1737-S. 

Cheny, baptized April 1, 1739. 

Abigail, baptized June 7, 1741. 

Eunice, baptized March 17. 1744. 



42 JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 

Aaron, baptized April 5, 1747. 

Josiah, baptized April 23, 1749. 

Samuel, baptized Nov. 24, 1751. 

Hannah died Aug. 18, 1750, in her forty-first year. He* neighbor, 
Hannah, had died three years before in her thirty-sixth year. The marvel 
is, that they lived so long, rather than they died so young. Though the 
dreadful throat distemper that swept away Hannah Treadwell's children 
spared the Smith household, the mother's anxiety must have ben almost 
unendurable, and her two score years were filled with toil and care, scarcely 
equalled in a life of four score years in our easier times. Bol h were women 
of strong character, if the excellent quality of their sons and daughters may 
be relied on as our criterion. Hannah Smith's daughters were all sought in 
marriage at an early age. 

Hannah married Isaac Burnham, and Mercy, William Dodge, Jr. and 
as both intentions were published on Feb. 3, 1753, a double wedding may 
have taken away these two eldest children on the same day. Sarah became 
the wife of Seth Dodge, of Lunenburg, (int. March 11, 1758; and her 
younger sister, Abigail, married Thomas Dodge of Lunenburg (intention 
Nov. 13, 1762). Eunice and Joseph Wells were married in 1706, (int. 
October 24). Charles, Major Charles as he was known, became a 
prominent citizen. Cheny and xVaron were worthy men. But her two in- 
fants would have filled their mother's heart with pride, if she couid have 
lived. Samuel was graduated from Harvard College in 1772 and Jo>iah 
in 1774, and both became physicians. Their neighbor, John Treadwell, 
had led the way, graduating in the year 1758, and entering the ministry. 

Lieut. John Smith did not make haste to marry again. No doubt his 
capable daughters took up the work their mother had laid down and moth- 
ered the younger children affectionately, but after three of them had mar- 
ried, he took to wife the widow, Susanna How, on Jan. 2S, 17G2. Two years 
before, he had purchased the Andrew Burley mansion on Green St., still 
a comfortable dwelling, now owned by the Perkins heirs, and opened a 
tavern. Increase How, the former husband of Susanna, had bought the 
house on the corner now occupied by Dr. William E. Tucker's residence 
in 1724 and become an inn-keeper. The widow's long experience in the 
South side inn served her admirably, no doubt, in the new establishment, 
and we can believe that many patrons, who had enjoyed her good cheer, 
followed her to the new tavern. 

Captain Smith died on July 11, 176S at the age of 62 years; his widow, 
on Dec. 26, 1781 at the age of 82. In his will, signed June 20, 176S, (345:- 
oOj, he made ample provision for his widow and his eleven children. To 
her he gave " all the tavern stores that shall be in the house at my decease." 
and his "riding chaise,"; to Cheny, he gave the house and land where he 
lived, a half interest in Grape Island, and half the wharf and storehouse he 
owned in partnership with Dr. Calef; to John, "the cash which I paid 
fur his house at Worcester" etc.; to Aaron, his interest in "the house 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 43 

that was Francis Cogswell's" and the remainder of his interest in the 
wharf; to Josiah, "the east part of my farm with barn, hounded on the road 
that leads to my son Charles's house, and thence by said road to the bars or 
causey and by said causey to the Fish Island (also one-half the said 1 ii h 
Island and Fish House to be my son Josiah's), and from the river on marsh 
of Josiah Herrick and Dea. John Patch and Mr. Andrew Burley till it comes 
to the road leading to Jeffrie's Neck, and by said road to first bounds/' 
possession to be given when he is twenty-one; to Samuel, land, near the pre- 
sent Methodist meeting house, on the Corner of Green St., and £266-13s-4d 
in money when he comes of age, the interest to be used for his educal ion at 
college, a silver can, etc. ; to his daughters, Hannah Burnham, Mercy Dodge, 
Sarah Dodge, Abigail Dodge, and Eunice Wells, each a sum of money, a 
silver spoon and porringer; to his son, Charles, "the west part of my farm, 
bounded on Capt. Treadwells's land till it comes to the marsh of Nath. 
Kimbal's, by Kimbal to the River at a place called Candlewood Island, 
and by said river till it comes to Fish Island, with a half ownership in 
the island, by the causey to the upland, and by the road or cartway that 
leads to the road, that goes to Jeffries Neck, and by this to the first, "also his 
large silver tankard, a silver spoon and his best cloak. 

The inventory contains items of especial interest. 

The farm, one house, 2 barns and about one hundred acres, upland 
and marsh, £1000-0-0, -| Grape Island about 20 acres upland and marsh, 
12G-13-4, with other real estate. His clothing was costly and fine. 

One claret colored suit 120s 

One light colored suit 60s 

One blue colored suit 20s 

One blue cloak 40s 

Three wigs 30s 

Two pair silver buckles 1 os 

Gold buttons 18s 

A camblet cloak 8s 
The tavern equipment is very suggestive of thirsty patrons. 

Tavern measures 8-1 
Ten tables 7G-8, 24 chairs, 30s ) 

Six feather beds, 6 bedsteads > 26-15-0 
■ Twenty-four pair sheets, 536s ) 

China and delph ware, decanters and glasses 3-S-4 

200 gallons rum ® 2-8 26-13-1 

25 gallons brandy S9-9 4-9-9 

45 gallons wine 200-8 10-6-8 

3 hhds of cyder 72s 4 gals, gin 20s 4-12-0 

2 hundred of sugar 80s 4-0-0 

150 wt of flour 24s l-l-O 

8 cord of wood 5-6-8 



44 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING 



THERETO. 



Dr. Josiah Smith, of Newburyport, sold to John Heard of Ipswich, 
Gentleman, "for £1025 in gold and silver," "the whole of my farm where- 
on Mr. Eben Caldwell now liven, consisting of 33 acres of upland and 2 I 
acres salt marsh" with all the buildings, lying "immediately between the 
roads leading to Jeffries Neck and my brother Charles's house, 1 ' 6 acres of 
marsh at Plum Island, Neck rights, etc., inherited from his father, Mar. 
17,1781(140:159). 

Mr. Heard bought of Major Chas. Smith, his half interest in Fish 
Island and an acre of marsh adjoining, July 7, 1702 (271:101;. Following 
his purchase of the Smith farm, Mr. Heard, as has been noted already, 1 
bought Gj acres of pasture from Moses Smith, bounded by the road to 
Jeffrey's Neck and the lane to the Island farm, and 7 3 acres of marsh on 
March 3, 17S3 (140:160); 7 acres, 20 rods of pasture adjoining the above, 
5 acres of tillage land and 3| of marsh from Jabez Smith, Dee. 5, 1 7^7 
(191 :202); 4 acres of upland, all that remained of the original Paine pasture, 
and If- acres in the north east side of the Plain, of Moses Smith, Oct. 22, 
1789(191:204). 

The will of Hon. John Heard, signed May 15, 1830, proved Sept. 2, 
1S34, (409:175 Pro. Rec), gave his estate to his son, George W. and his 
daughter, Mary, as his sons, John and Augustine, had requested no legacy. 
The farm then comprised 60 acres of upland", 40 acres of marsh wii h bull 1- 
ings, and 8 acres of dike marsh, (87:319). Geo. \V. Heard of Boston, mer- 
chant, 6old his half interest to his brother Augustine, including half of 
32 old upland rights in Jeffrey 's Neck pasture and 44 new upland right s in 
the same, Feb. 19, 1S38 (329:238), and Mary Heard sold her half to him, 
Sept. 1, 1S38 (329:233). Augustine Heard conveyed this and the Island 
farm, known as the Treadwcll or Wade place, already mentioned, 2 to George 
William Brown, Nov. 30, 1861, (031:46), and marsh and thatch, (631:43), 
who sold the same to Warren Nourse, March 23, 18GS (742:151). 

Mr. Nourse sold to William Sutton, commonly styled Gen. Sutton, 
10 acres of upland and marsh, bounded by the road to Jeffrey's Keck, 
the lane to Smith's Island, land of Aaron Treadwell, etc., June 4, l s 72, 
(857:290). He sold to George W. Caldwell, 14 acres of mowing and tillage 
land with the buildings, bounded by the highway and the road to Singh's 
Island, who conveyed the same to George L. Ross of Danvers, Dcv. 9, 
1874, (918:213), who sold to Gen. Sutton, Oct. 21, 1S70 (963:186). Mr. 
Ross had previously sold him If acres on the south east side of the lane to 
Smith's Island, Dec. 15, 1S74 (91S:274). Mr. Nourse sold to Aaron W. 
Hubbard, about 53 acres, 21 acres upland, 33 marsh, with a barn, e\u i 1 g 
along the road to the Neck to the marsh of George Hodgdon, extending by 
various courses to the lane to Smith's Island and the laud sold George 
W.Caldwell, April 17, 1S74 (919:283). 

» Page 22. 
1 Page 35. 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 45 

Gen. Sutton had bought of George Hodgddn 2$ acres on* 'Smith's Hill/ ' 

July 4, 1845 (,53S:190), which he had bought of Thomas Harris, Feb. 28, 
1855 (516:292). He acquired the William Treadwell farm in 1870, and 
built up a large estate on the north and south sides of the Aaron Treadwell 
farm. He bought 1\ acres of salt marsh near Smith's Inland of Oliver 
Underhill, Nov. 10, 1S72 (869:102) ; 3 acres of Elizabeth K. Low, v.idow of 
Jacob S. Low, bounded north west by the " Island Bars,' ' so called, by the 
river,and the causeway to Fish Island, April 21,1873 (879:34 );of John K. 
Chapman, 2\ acres of marsh on the river side, July 10, 1873 (885:182); 
of the widow Alice L. Baker, woodland called "Baker's Island' ' \\ acres, in 
"Baker's marsh," being the same that Richard Sutton, Esq., of Ipswich 
bought of William Brown of Hamilton, Dec. 16, 1801, (169:249) on April 
9, 1875 (925:297); of Aaron W. Hubbard, 2| acres of tillage land, adjoining 
the land of Geo. W. Caldwell, and salt marsh adjoining, May 26, 1874 
(904:209), and 5f acres with a barn, part of the original Heard farm, on 
Nov. 2S, 1876 (967:254), Warren Nourse giving his quit-claim (967:255^; 
and of John Dane, 3 £ acres of marsh, Dec. 2S, 1877 (992:96). 

Gen. Sutton, of Peabody, conveyed to Eben Sutton of North Andover 
all his real estate in Peabody, Ipswich and elsewhere, Nov. 30, 1881 (1072 :- 
42), who conveyed to Susan M. Sutton, wife of William, on the same day 
(1078:177). Mrs. Sutton sold the farm to Frederick G. Stevens, April 
24, 1885 (1149:235) who conveyed to Robert B. Hawley, Jr., Nov. 17, 
18S6 (1186:41). Mr. Hawley sold to Seymour I. Hudgens, the land and 
buildings ''part of the Heard farm and the Smith's Hill land,' ' the same 
conveyed to him by Frederick G. Stevens, Dec. 3, 18SS (1242:108). 

Aaron W. Hubbard sold to Warren Nourse, 24 acres upland and marsh 
on the north side of the Sutton or Hudgens farm, April 17, 1879 (1894 :40S) 
and his heirs sold to Mrs. Nourse and her son, John W. Nourse, all that 
remained of his purchase from Mr. Nourse, on Sept. 27,1897 (1533:182). 
John W. Nourse, sole heir of Warren Nourse, sold to Nathaniel T. Low, 
there two lots, measuring about 37 acres, with a barn on the opposite side 
of the road, Sept. 5, 1907 (1894:410). Fish Island, as it is called in early 
deeds, was included in the William Treadwell farm, later owned by Gen. 
Sutton, which Mr. Low purchased from the Savings Bank. He conveyed 
it to the present owner, Mr. Perley B. King, Oct. 31, 1905 (1799:175). 

The Nathaniel Treadwell Farm. 

No. 7. 

The original ownership of the land on the west side of the highway 
between the John Perkins grant, which included part of the William Sutton 
farm, and the Gillman-Smith farm, known later as the Heard farm, is diffi- 
cult to decide. The record of land grants mentions that to Robert Lord, 
there was "at three several tymes granted a psell of land pt meadow 



46 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 



and pt upland about ten acres more or less which together with a plan 
lott bought of John Wedgwoods maketh about sixteen acres mor< 01 '• ■ 
as it lycth together at the east end of the Towne bounded all bul on< 
a half by the common fence on the East and Northeast having Hugh 
ratts planting lot on the Northwest the other pt about one i ere a 
lying without the common fence in the way to Jeffries Neck bounde 1 by 
the same highway on the west and by the land of John Perkins the elder 
on the southeast." This lot, together with the Hugh Sherrat planting 
and the lots of Nathaniel Bishop and Roger Lankton adjoining were ac- 
quired probably by Thomas Treadwell, as has already been noted. 1 
His eon, Nathaniel, the gunsmith and selectman, bought of Dr. John 
Bridgham, an additional 16 acres, more or less, "land purchased by my 
father, Henry Bridgham, of William Buckley, bounded by land late of 
Thomas Treadwell, deceased, south and east, etc., 1G71 (Ips. I >eeds, 3:207). 

The deed of the executor of Matthew Whipple to John Anniball, dated 
1 day, 10th mo., 1G47, of 7 acres marsh in the North Common Field, lying 
upon the ground of Edward Gillman toward north and south, upon 
Thomas Treadwell east on John Morse west, shows that Thomas Tread- 
well had acquired land on the west side of the highway very early. 

Nathaniel, son of Nathaniel the gunsmith, born in 1077, 2 built his 
dwelling here, which is probably identical in part, at least, with the sub- 
stantial dwelling, known as the Aaron or Micajah Treadwell house. 

He married Hannah , and their children were: 

Jacob, born Jan. 24, 1G98-0. 

Nathaniel, born 1700. 

Charles, baptized Sept. 23, 1705. 

Nathan, born March 7, 1707-8. 

Hannah, born Sept. 25, 1709. 

Jabez, baptized Aug. 9, 1713. 

He died on Aug. 17, 1723, and his inventory taken Oct. 30, 1723 (313:- 
734), included a mansion house, tillage and pasture land, 

one negro boy slave, abt 5 yrs, £20 

one ditto garle £30. 

The estate was divided among the heirs, and the widow; to Jacob, 
the eldest eon, 2 shares, £187; to Nathaniel, Charles, Hannah and Jabez, 
£93-18 each (315:01-2). Jacob and Sarah, his wife, then of Portsmouth, 
a tailor, sold their interest to Nathaniel, a full half, and his interest in what 
his grandfather conveyed to his father, half of buildings, etc., July 0, 1727 
(50:2). 

Nathaniel Treadwell, Jr., married Mercy Smith, int. May 29, 
1725. She was the daughter of John and Mercy Smith, their next door 
neighbor, sister of Captain John who married Hannah, sister of Nathaniel 
Treadwell, May 27, 1728. Thus a double tie bound these families, and a 

i Page 13. 
2 Page 14. 






JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEA DINT; THERETO. 47 

third young bride found delightful company in the neighborhood. Afl 
the young Nathaniel had acquired the home property before hi- marriage 
and he did not buy his tavern property until 1712, undoubtedly he I 
his bride of twenty years to his own homestead, only a gunsl 
from the place of her birth. Family cares soon followed. 

Nathaniel, the first bom, baptized June 20, 1726, died July 2, 1720. 

Nathaniel, baptized Sept. 14, 1720, died April 25, 1 730. 

Nathaniel, baptized Aug. 27, 1732. 

Jacob, baptized Oct, 27, 173 1. 

Hannah, baptized May 21, 173S. 

Mercy, baptized April 25, 1741, married Samuel Fellows of Glouces- 
ter, 1 int., April 15, 17G3. 

Aaron, baptized Sept. 4, 1743. 

Moses, bom Sept. 20, 1746. 

Mercy died after his birth, and in the third home in this little group 
of farm dwellings, the mother was taken, very near the death of Hannah 
Treadwell and Hannah Smith. 

Nathaniel, then Captain, married second, Mrs. Hannah Endicott, 
int. July 28, 1750. Captain Treadwell acquired a large property, the 
Tavern house, (the Joseph Baker house, now owned by Miss Lucy 
Slade Lord,) a residence on the lot now occupied by the Public Library, 
the ancestral farm on the east side of the road to Jeffrey's Neck, and his 
father's farm on the west side of the road, in which a dwelling had been 
built by his father, then occupied by his son Aaron. He died on January 
31, 1777, at the age of seventy-seven, leaving to his son Jacob, his "Tavern 
house" and buildings, with land in Manning's Neck; to Aaron "all that 
part of my farm he improves with dwelling and barn," with land in Man- 
ning's Neck; to Moses, "that part of the farm he now occupies," with house 
and barn, his residence on Meeting House Hill and land on Manning's 
Neck; to grandsons, Nathaniel Treadwell Fellows and Samuel Fellows, sons 
of his daughter, Mercy, £40, and the residue to Moses and Aaron. (352:- 
316Pro.Rec.) 

Aaron Treadwell, to whom his father, Captain Nathaniel, gave his 
farm on the west side of the road, married Mrs. Elizabeth Appleton, 
int. April 18, 17G7 and he was then living in the roomy and comfortable 
mansion, which still gives promise of another century of usefulness. 

Their children were : 

Nathaniel 4th, born April 18, 1769; married 1st, Thankful Dennis, 
Aug. 28, 1791, their son William Jr., birth not given, married 
Sarah Philips Farley, April 10, 1S15, who married 2d, William 
Oakes Esq., April 12, 1S25; and 2nd, Liefa Homans of 
Beverly, inten., Oct. IS, 1834. 

Aaron, born June 21, 1771. 

* Nos. XVI— XVII Candlewood Page 77 



48 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 



Elizabeth, born August 13, 1775; married William Sutton, April 14, 
1799. 

Hannah, born August 7, 1779; married 1st Nathaniel Treadwcll 3d, 
her cousin, eon of Jacob and Martha, born June 5, 1765, a 
, second wife, Dec. 23, 1798. His first wife was Priscilla Dodge, 
married Nov. 13, 17S8, who died April 15, 1796, aged 33, leaving 

three children, Nathaniel, born Jan. 17, 1790, Rogers, born 
April 25, 1792 and Priscilla, born Feb. 5, 1794. By 1 

marriage he had ■ • and Lucy Appleton, born Aug. 

4, 1802. Nathaniel 3d died Feb. 22, 1804, aged 39 years, and 
his widow, Hannah, married Capt. Daniel Lord, Jr., Dec. 29, 
1S19, who had a family of six children by his former marriage. 

Aaron was a prosperous farmer and increased the home farm by 
many purchases. His brother Moses quit claimed to him 23 acres, and be 
executed a deed of quittance to Aaron of 15 acres of pasture, reserving 
privilege of passing from the road through the lane between Moses 'close 
and his orchard, Dec. 26, 1782(140:92). 

In 1789 he began a series of purchases from Major Charles Smith, 
who had inherited the south side of his father, Capt. John's farm. 
On Dec. 3d, he brought 1G acres upland and marsh, at the west end of 
Smith's farm, beginning at the north east corner and running south across 
the great hill, various ways being reserved (151:211); on April 4, 1791, 
10^ acres upland and 1 acre marsh and thatch adjoining, on t lie river 
and the road to Fish Island (154:273); on April 28, 1792, 3 J acres salt 
marsh, Major Smith reserving the privilege of using the southernmost 
spring in the above premises with a convenient way to the same (157 255 ; 
on March 7, 1793, 2| acres, 2\\ rods o-f upland, the north part of Smith's 
farm, "running southeast by the way to Smith's island," and 3.} acres, 
25 rods salt marsh (150:225); on Nov. 2, 1793, 3-? acres 17 rods, on the south 
side of Smith's hill with a barn thereon, measuring 16 rods, on the road 
to Smith's Island, and 2»\ acres and 15 rods, south on land of Moses and 
Aaron, east on the Neck road 16 rods (157:250); on Nov. 10, 1794, an 
acre and a half of upland, including a pokit of marsh, beginning at the 
north west corner of Treadwell's barn (157:2S4); and on April 14, 1797, 
Major Smith 6old 10 acres of upland and marsh, "being the remaining part 
of my farm not before sold' ' to Aaron Treadwcll Jr., bounded by the road 
to Jeffrey's Neck, and the lane leading to the landing place (104:121). 
No mention is made of the dwelling on this farm and it undoubtedly had 
disappeared. Its site may be indicated by a hollow in the hill side, west 
of the lane to Smith's Island. 

Aaron Treadwell died on March 4, 1S25, aged 82 years, in the house 
in which he was born, his widow, Elizabeth, surviving until April 27. 1827, 
when she died at the age of 79 years. His will directed that his wearing 
apparel should be distributed between his sons, Nathaniel and Aaron. 






JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 40 

He provided for Lis widow the life use of the half of his dwelling lie occu- 
pied, and of all the residue of his real estate, except the other half of the 
house. 

To his son, Aaron, he gave the half of the dwelling in which he lived, 
and after his mother's decease, the half she occupied, with the land under 
and adjoining, about 30 acres, and his pasture, adjoining his brother Moses 1 
land containing 23 acres. After his decease, the house and lands were 
bequeathed to his grandson, Micajah, son of Aaron. To Nathaniel, he 
gave his Neck rights, and a piece of marsh at the Neck gat e. To Nathaniel, 
and his daughters Elizabeth Sutton, and Hannah Lord, and "grand- 
daughter, Lucy Tread well, daughter of my said daughter, Hannah," all 
that part of real estate, heretofore given to his wife, except what was 
specifically devised; to Nathaniel and Elizabeth, each a third, to Hannah 
and Lucy each a sixth. "(404:430). (Signed June 20, 1821). 

The inventory (34:79) included, beside the dwelling and 30 acres, 
&2400, Smith's Hill, so-called, with marsh adjoining, being about 47 acres, 
§1970, 22 acres pasture, and an acre of marsh adjoining, $1345 and one- 
half of the livestock, etc., owned probably in common with his son, 
Aaron. 

Lucy Appleton Treadwell, daughter of Nathaniel and Hannah, mar- 
ied Israel K. Jewett, Jan. 28, 1830. In consideration of a quit-claim deed 
by Mr. Jewett, the other heirs of Aaron quit-claimed to Lucy, his wife, 
as her sixth portion, 4 acres on Smith's Hill, "beginning at a stake by the 
south side of the hill by marsh and upland, now set off to Elizabeth Sutton, 
then N. E. by said Sutton 8 chains 25 links to a stake on the hill at the 
corner of Mrs. Sutton's land, and land now set off to Hannah Lord, thence 
by said Lord's land 7 chains 85 links to a stake by the marsh and said 
Lord's land, thence by marsh and upland, S. E. 7 chains 75 links to marsh 
now set off to Mrs. Sutton, etc." and about 2\ acres of marsh at the west 
side of the upland, March 10, 1835 (304:141). This is still owned by the 
daughters of Mr. Jewett and is frequently called Jewett's Hill or Tread- 
well's Hill. 

Aaron Treadwell, Jr., who came thus into life use of the dwelling and 
adjoining lands, married Elizabeth Kilburn of Rowley, Dec. IS, 179G, who 
died June 15, 1811, at the age of 39 years. He married again Mrs. Polly 
Rust, Nov. 16, IS 12. 

Their son, Micajah, baptized Nov. 27, 1803, was the only child, who 
came to mature age, but Aaron's account book contains the item: 

"Feb. 1, 1816, Miss Naby Hammons took our William to scool." 

A daughter, Elizabeth, died on Feb. 23, 1802, aged 7 mos. and Lucy 
died on Feb. 25, 1802, aged 3 years. 

The old account book, already alluded to, in which he jotted down 
many entries, reveals the many demands made upon him and the lad, 
Micajah. Their oxen and horses were in constant use in plowing and 
teaming for the neighborhood, and whenever a journey was necessary to 



50 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 



Rowley or Newbury, Cape Ann or elsewhere, the horse and chaise v ere 
hired. But moat entertaining of all the varied items are the notes he n 
of his horse trades, for the Deacon must have been a master hand a* 

cunning art. 

"Dec. 2, 1795, Brother Nat. Deter to me for swoping horses, teen 

pounds lawful money 1796. Brother Nat to Swoping horses, £0-0-0. 1790 
brother Nat Deter swoping again £2-2-0." 

Indeed he prided himself on his skill to such a degree, that 1. 
voted the last page of the old book to the record of an endless chain of bis 
transactions, beginning, 

"I Bought a mair of Sir for forty Dolers then Swoopt with D 
Forster and give £7, then Swoopt with Sir for thirteen pounds ten then 
the old hors with Mr. Caldwell for £150' ' and so on through a bewildering 
maze of more than a dozen trades. In one particular, he failed to gratify 
our curiosity. He forgot to enter dates, and we are at a loss to know I 
long a time was requisite for all this swapping. Perhaps his father f< 
the possible consequences of his mania, and secured the farm in such wise 
by his will, that he would always have a roof over his head. 

Strangely enough, this master trader was very deficient in very practi- 
cal ways. He persisted in putting the button on the barn door and had 
to call neighbor Scott to explain why the door wouldn't stay shut, and the 
same good neighbor furnished the practical wit for many simple problems. 
The worthy couple both clung to the old ways, the old lady loving h<-r 
snuff, and he, the regular eleven o'clock toddy, which was served without 
fail. But he was a worthy man, withal, a Deacon of the First Church, 
regular at the services of worship on Sunday, and not ashamed of his 
religion on week days, for he used to pray aloud in the fields. 

Deacon Treadwell sold a two-acre lot on Jan. 9, 1850 (422:212) to 
Nathaniel Scott, Trustee for Hannah Aspell, wife of Larry, which Mr. 
Scott conveyed to Hannah, Dec. 13, 1S54 (004:85). She sold to Mary 
Jane Lombard, wife of Samuel Lombard of Boston, June 29, 1SS1 (1074:- 
109). 

Under the will of his grandfather, Micajah Treadwell, son of Deacon 
Aaron, came into possession of the old farm. He married Rebecca Fuller, 
Oct. 2, 1826, and established himself in the west end of the homestead. 
No son was born to them and thus the Treadwell name was near its end. 
Two daughters, however, were born: Mary in 1828, who married Oliver 
Sanborn, March 31, 1850; and Elizabeth in 1831, who married Jacob S. 
Low, Oct. 10, 1858. Their sons were Jacob Story Low, born April 14, 
1859 and Nathaniel T. Low born Nov. 4, 1861. 

Micajah Treadwell conveyed the dwelling and land about it to his 
grandson, Nathaniel T. Low, son of Jacob S. and Elizabeth, Oct. 12. 1SS1 
(1108:25). Mr. Low bought a marsh lot of 6 acres adjoining, of Jacob 
S. Lowe, May 23, 18S3 (1108:49), salt marsh lots of Susan M. Sutton. 
Jan. IS, 1SS3 (1101:252) and a six-acre field on the road to Jewett's hill of 




X 



U 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERE! 0. 5 1 

Mrs. Sutton, Feb. 13, 1S83 (1101:293). He conveyed his whole interest 
in the farm to Harriet P. Poore of Boston, Jan. 7, 1888 (1214 :94), who 
to Alexander B.Clark, July 9, 1889, (1252:324); Mr. Clark sold to Nathaniel 

T. Low, May 13, 1901 (1041:284), who had acquired the William Treadwell 
farm as has been noted already in 1889. 1 Mr. Low sold the two farms to 
Charles P. Searle of Boston, a lawyer, and a graduate from Amherst College 
in the class of 1S70, June 16, 190G (1829:99). 

Mr. Searle enlarged the estate at once. On the south side of his holi ling 
he bought the lot of Irving Brown 2 and the house and land which George O. 
Sanborn conveyed to Frank C. Sanborn June 18, 1899 (1580:513), which 
he conveyed to Alice O., wife of George O., on the same day (1580:514), 
was sold by Alice O. Sanborn to Mr. Searle Nov. 2, 190S (1941:203). 
He bought of Justin J. Hull three-fourths of an acre at the east end of 
Town Hill, Aug. 16, 1907 (1886:408), and a house and land, about five acres, 
of Pauline L. Neidhart and Clara H. Madeira of Philadelphia, June 11,1 9( )9 
(1972:247). This property, owned originally by Rev. D. T. Kimball, 
abutted on Spring St. and on his own land. Exchange of land was made 
by Mr. Searle with Mary A. Hodgdon and George A. Hodgdon, heirs of 
George Hodgdon, of upland and marsh, July 27, 1906 (1834:276), July 
30, 1906 (1834:278). He also bought marsh lands of N. T. Low, Oct. 20, 
1909(1992:50). 

By these purchases, Mr. Searle completed his title to a large portion 
of the original John Perkins farm, the original Thomas Treadwell lands 
on the west side of the way to Jeffrey's, and a portion of the original Richard 
Smith farm on the northern end of the road, with smaller lots granted to 
other individuals. 

On a commanding site on the hill slope, Mr. Searle has built his 
beautiful dwelling. The name, "Inglisby" which he has given to the 
ancient lands of the early settlers, fitly betokens the change from the hard 
and toilsome life of generations of those, who wrung a scant living from 
these fields and marsh lands, to the leisure and luxury of his country home. 

The old winding road is full of memories. It was an eventful day 
when the young man, Andrew Burley, tramped up from his father's farm 
in 1075, gun on shoulder, shouting his farewells to the neighbors; and when 
he came back, his tale of the horrors and hardships of the Narragansett 
campaign was a never ending theme of discussion at every fireside. 

In the summer of 1082, the startling story went up and down, that 
James Donyhow, man-of-all work for Nathaniel Treadwell, John Yell, 
the hired man at Richard Smith's, and the nineteen year old Benedict 
Pulcifer, scarcely bright, the frequent dupe of bad companions, had run 
away, having robbed Mr. Treadwell of thirty-seven silver shillings and 
Mr. Smith of a coat and shirt. They then stole a boat from Thomas 
Clark and a sail and oars from Robert Cross, and sailed down the coast 
to York, where they left their boat and went over land to Dover. There 

» Page 11. 
2 Tage 7. 



52 JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 

young Andrew Burlcy, who had pursued the fugitives on horseback, 
overtook and arrested them. Donyhow escaped at the "Great Island 
in Piscataquay,' ' but Yell and Pulcifer were brought to bar. 

Pulcifer related how Donyhow and Yell "made themselves merry ar.d 
naid that Nathaniel Treadwell would pine at the loss of his money y* they 
two took from him." They were fined 40 shillings in money for their 
offence and £12-10-02 costs, the whole payable to Mr. Treadwell. But Yell 
was unable to pay and went to the whipping post. 1 

Finer interest attaches to the going away of Elder Paine's son, Robert, 
and the farm lads, Aaron Smith and John Treadwell, and the brother.-, 
Sarnud and Josiah Smith, to the college at Cambridge, exciting the envy 
of every ambitious boy by their release from the drudgery of the farm and 
their pri vilege of entering the company of the elect in Cambridge. 

Every Sunday saw the great families trooping out of every farm, 
the father on horseback, with the mother riding on a pillion behind, and the 
boys and girls afoot, and sometimes barefoot, when economy required 
that the shoes should be carried until they arrived near the meeting-house. 
Dame Treadwell went with pride to occupy her place in the new pew, and 
it was a brave sight, when Captain John Smith, with his good wife and 
eleven boys and girls, came up the road on a fine Sunday in his claret colored 
suit, splendid with gold buttons, silver buckles, and full wig. The pastors 
and teachers of the church, Rogers and Norton, Hubbard and Cobbett, and 
all the rest of the long and brilliant line of Ipswich ministers rode down the 
road at frequent intervals, calling on every family, catechizing the children 
and tasting their good cheer. 

The Revolutionary War brought sorrow and trouble. Their lands 
lay so near the sea board that they were never free from anxiety and 
many eyes were set on Castle Hill, where a watch was maintained to light 
a beacon fire if a hostile ship drew near. Young Moses Treadwell marched 
on the Lexington alarm as a private in Capt. Daniel Rogers's company, 
and was commissioned 1st lieutenant in Capt. William Wade's company in 
1776. Elisha Treadwell hurried away in Capt. Thomas Burnham's 
company to Lexington. Charles Smith, too, marched in Captain Burn- 
ham's company. He and others raised a company for sea coast defense, 
and he was commissioned captain. He was 1st major in Col. Jonathan 
Cogswell's 3d Essex Regiment and commanded a regiment a short time 
guarding Burgoyne's army to Prospect Hill. 

The quiet road was the scene of the whole drama of life of multitudes. 
In infancy they were carried up to the meeting house for baptism, invariably 
on the first Sunday after their birth, though the snow was deep and the 
meeting house so cold that the communion bread froze on the table; in 
merry childhood they travelled leisurely to school and drove the sheen 
and cows to pasture; anon they kept their lovers' trysts, and by and by 
as heads of families had their own homes; and at last, they were borne up 
the shady road to their final rest in the old burying yard. 

'Court Records and Files. Aug. 1682. 



JEFFREY'S KECK. 

William Jeffrey came over in 1623 in the company of Robert Gorges 
and settled in Wessagussett, now Weymouth. Thereis no evidence that 

he was ever a resident in ancient Agawam after Winthrop's arrival, hut in 
some manner he acquired from the Indians a title to the great neck of land 
still called by his name. He may have been one of the squatter settlers, 
regarding whom the Court of Assistants ordered on Sept. 7th, 1030, " that 
a warrant shall p'scntly be sent toAggawam to comand those that art- 
planted there forthwith to come away.' ' 

The name, Jeffrey's Neck, was well established at the beginning of 
the settlement by Winthrop's company in 1G33, and although the Town 
occupied it and assumed all rights of ownership, Jeffrey evidently con- 
tested the claim and in the year 1GG6, the General Court voted him 500 
acres elsewhere " to be a final issue of all claims by virtue of any grant here- 
tofore made by any Indians, whatsoever." Eagle Hill had been a favorite 
residence of the Agawams for many generations. The great deposits of 
clam shells, the fragments of pottery, and the extraordinary number of 
arrow heads and stone implements which have been found there, attest 
the presence of large companies of the Indians. The name "Indian spring" 
still remains. 

It may have been due to the Indians that a considerable portion was 
already cleared of the forest and made ready for tillage. Capt. John Smith 
landed in Agawam in 1614 and observed: "here are many rising hills, and 
in their tops and descents are many corn fields and delightfull groves." 
The commanding slopes of Castle Hill and Sagamore Hill on the south 
side of the river and Great Neck on the north naturally caught his eye. 
Certainly "the delightfull groves" of Jeffrey's Neck were a valuable asset 
for many years. 

The original plan of the settlers seems to have been to assign the Neck 
in tillage lots, as Manning's Neck in the near vicinity and other portions 
of the public domain were divided. In 1635, record was made of a grant 
of ten acres to Christopher Osgood and a similar grant to Hugh Sherratt. 
Edward Cachan, John Hassall and others had also received grants. But 
in 1637, Robert Bartholomew "resigned" his ten acres and Philip Fowler 
gave up his ten acres for a lot of equal size beyond Muddy River. Pre- 
sumably all "resigned" their lots, as no trace of individual ownership 
appears in later years. 

(53) 



54 JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE W 



\Y LEADING THERETO. 



The great value of this broad areaof field and forest as a common pas- 
ture was soon recognized. Enclosed on every side by water and mai 
save one narrow space which could be easily fenced, the Neck afforded far 
more secure feeding ground than the great areas of unfenced comi 
lands, with their swamps and dense forests. On Jan. 13, 1639-40, the 
Town 

"Ordered that Mr. Payne Mr. Tut tell and John Per- 
kins the elder shall see that a sufficient fence and gate 
shall bee made in the way to Jeffrey's Neck over the 
creek to serve for this year and the charges of it bee layd 
upon the owners of the cattell that go in the neck this 
year this to bee done by the 20th of Aprill next coming.' ' 

It was ordered as well that only mares and colts, and steers above two 
years old should be put there. Again, on March 11, 16-17-S, the Seven 
men, as the Selectmen were then called, ordered that 

"no cattle shall be put to Jeffrey's Neck before the time 
the Towne herd of cows be putt before the herdsmen and 
that whatever cattle shall be found there before such 
time shall forfeit 12d. a head for every beast and this 
order is intended for all other common necks of land." 

It had been agreed with George Farough that he should be cow herd 
for the south side of the river from the 20th of April to the 10th of Novem- 
ber. It would savor of cruelty in these days if young cattle should be 
driven to an unprotected pasture before the 20th of April. But the far- 
mers and owners of cattle in these early days felt no such scruple, and the 
records of the Town, and the subsequent records of the Proprietors of the 
Great Neck pasture, abound in rules against the custom of driving cattle 
to the Neck before the proper dates of entry, to gain a crafty advantage 
over more honorable and more humane neighbors. 

In 1647, provision was made as well for a gate upon the causeway 
leading to the Neck, and in October, it was ordered that any one who left 
open "any of the two gates leading to Jeffrey's Neck" should forfeit 5s.; 
"and further if any shall leave any cattle within the 
said two Gates in either driving them to the Neck or 
bringing from it shall forfeit 5s for every offence and 
what cattle shall be found on the Neck from the first of 
November till the cow herd go out are trespassers upon 
the forfeits above mentioned of 12s. per head.' ' 
The habit of leaving cattle on the Neck beyond the prescribed date 
as well as driving them too early required constant notice in the annual 
rules of the early Town meetings, and in the annual regulations of the 
Proprietors. 

The Seven men proceeded on Feb. 2, 1651-2, to appoint a resident 
cow herd. Robert Roberts was probably occupying a house on Little 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND r IUE WAY LEADING THERETO. 55 

Neck and they agreed to allow Lim to mow two loads of bay upon any part 
of Great Neck, 

"which he shall solely enjoy during the pleasure of the 
town and for w'cfa he shall be, ready to serve the town 
in taking care that no trespass shall be done upon the 
sd neck by any other cutting grass or by hogs rool ing, as 
he shall receive directions from the Town from time 
to time." 
By vote of 1G, 12, 1G51-2 all hogs were forbidden entrance. 
Mr. Roberts's monopoly proved to be of short duration. In August, 
1G52, the Selectmen granted "liberty to Sergeant Clarke to plant 2 
acres of tobacco at the Great Necke for three yeares and then to sow it with 
English grass and lay it open again." Though the using of tobacco pub- 
licly was forbidden by the law, the social pipe was dear to many, and the 
reverend pastor, Nathaniel Rogers, loved it as well as any of his flock. 
The reason of this reversion temporarily to the system of private lots is 
suggested by the vote of November, 1G53. 

"It is ordered that Mr. Hodges with one other of the sur- 
veyors calling John Perkins Sen. with y m shall call out forty of 
the Inhabitants of thisTownetogoe to Jefery's Neck with howes 
to how up the weeds y l spoyle the neck and sow some grass 
seeds (one day next week).' ' 

In later years the thistles were a great pest, and very likely they 
invaded the pasture land so vigorously at this time, that the most stringent 
measures were necessary to cope with them. In February, 1654-5, the 
Town voted "that part of Jefery's Neck and some other places of the 
common land" should be broken up and seeded with English grass. But 
this method of improving the pasturage evidently did not commend itself, 
and in February, 1G58-9, the Town voted to let Sergeant Clark, whose 
earlier lease had expired, six acres for seven years at an annual rental of 
fifteen bushels of hayseed, and also authorized the Selectmen to let out 
other parcels. 

Accordingly on March 21, 1GG0, as several had desired to plant on the 
north side of the Neck, they granted two acres apiece to twelve different 
individuals for tillage purposes, with the proviso that four bushels of hay 
seed per acre should be sown with the last crop. A conditional grant was 
made to eight others, if the land available should prove sufficient. In 
November of the same year, a Committee was appointed to "view the land 
that is to be planted on the Neck and measure it and see what can be 
spared." 

In December, fifteen individuals formally agreed to take lots on the 
condition imposed by the Town and subscribed their names, 
his 

Robert X Whitman Francis Jordan 

mark 

John Lighton Thomas Fowler 



56 JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 

John Morse Obadiah Wood 

his 

Thomas X Treadwell Samuel Taylor 

mark hia 

Thomas Harris John X Pindar 

mark 

Theophilus Wilson Reinld Foster 

his 

Thomas X Willson Nathaniell Piper 

mark 

Francis Wain wright 

The Town further ordered on April 5, 1661, 
"that first lotts lay d out at Jefery's Neck (this year) shall have 
there highway at the head of these lotts as they were lay d out." 
Being informed that several men had taken in more ground within 
their fences than was laid out to them the Selectman ordered on June 17, 
1661, 

"that such as have taken in any such p'sell of ground — shall pay 
a fine of twenty shillings a man unless they shall sow the sd. ground 
after the rate of 6 bushels p acre with good English hay seed.-; at 
or before the 29 th of September next and remove the fences.' ' 
Robert Dutch received liberty in Dec. 1061, to fence and plant two 
acre3 for five years "provided he doe ingage to clear it," sow the pre- 
scribed four bushels, and keep up the fence a year beyond his lease to 
let the grass, "getthead." 

But the experiment proved unsuccessful. The Town voted in Febru- 
ary, 1GG2-3, that the Selectmen should not let out any more of the com- 
mons. Evidently those who engaged to take the land made light of their 
pledges. The sowing of grass seed was evaded by many. Sergeant Clark 
needed a public admonition to pay his rent, and even Dea. Goodhue was 
reproved in 16G9, for his neglecting to sow with hayseed. 

In 1055, sheep were allowed to go on Jeffrey's with the working cattle 
and saddle horses, and sheep owners were allowed the privilege of fen 
in about half an acre as a sheep fold in 1G5G. On Dec. 24, 165S, Mr. John 
Payne was allowed to provide a fold and a "house for folding' ' the sh< • p 
upon the Neck, with liberty to fold them on his farm, 1 one-half the time. 
In 1GG0, there were about 400 sheep on the Neck, 200 on the north side of 
the town, and as many on the south side, and the Selectmen agreed v. i*.h 
Thomas Manning and Kobert Whitman to keep the sheep in three flo. ks, 
from the 9 th of May to the middle of November. But Bobert Roberts 
continued at his task and on April 5, 1G61, the Selectmen agreed v\ itli him 
to keep the flock on the Neck from April b rh to the end of Octul »er, 

"to have one following them constantly that is sufficient to a] rove 
himself allwayes to the discharge of his trust faithfully and to 
have for his wages thirteen pounds to be payd halfe in merchant- 
able Indian corn and half in English at the current juice. ' ' 

^'ovv owned by Major Guy Murchie. 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 57 

The lonely shepherd, following his flock from the time the sun was 

half an hour high until it set, must have kept tedious vigil. Nov, and then 
a wolf sprang out of the wood and drove them in panic before him or 
attacked them under cover of the night. Frequent menl ion of i be d 
from wolves is made in the records of the Town. Bounties were paid to 
the bold hunters, who brought in a wolf's scalp, a pound sterling to I 
Perkins in 1G77 for two, the same to Isaac Fellows in 1686 for the same 
service, and in 1712-13, the Town voted 30 shillings more than the Province 
allowed for the killing of a full grown wolf. Frequent complaints were 
made that the sheep fold was not sufficient for safet y . 

By the Town's order, rams and wethers were separated from the 
flocks and sent to the Neck as the most isolated pasture, and the ewes 
were placed in the Town flocks. Henceforth, every year, the Bhepherd 
was appointed. Roberts served many years and after his deal h the Tow n, 
in very gallant fashion, appointed Jacob Perkins to keep the flock "on 
behalf of the widdow Roberts,' : and he was ordered to perform the difficult 
task of separating the rams and wethers and bringing them away from the 
Neck, and carrying all the ewes thither. Thomas Perrin succeeded to the 
lonely house on Little Neck and the shepherd's daily task, and Robert 
Starkweather, in 1G73, under a seven year contract. Finally the ap- 
pointment was left to the Selectmen. 

One of these shepherds, Capt. John Ayers, who had been driven from 
his home at Quabaug by the Indians, losing most of his property, and 
had sought refuge in his old home town, had a grievous experience in 
June of 168G. The old man "had gone to bed in his shepherd's hut." 
Then, as he made deposition, 1 

"Robert Cross, who lives upon ye Little Neck came to my house 
& beat upon it as if he would have beat it to pieces & then brake 
open my door which was tycd fast & getting out of my bed he fell 
upon me violently & beat & ill used me & cutt or broke in}* face 
& brused my head with something y l he had in his hand & also 
brused my thigh & back & right side & oft sed he would be my 
death & y l he would kill me & y l I should never goe from the side 
of my house.' ' 

The old shepherd broke away from his drunken assailant, and all 
bruised and bloody, hatless and clothes torn, made his way to Town to 
arouse the constables and make complaint against his assailant. 

The care of the forest that covered a considerable portion of Great 
Neck was a constant problem. As early as the 4 th of March, 1650-1, the 
Town ordered that no man should fell any timber on "Jeffries Neck, 
Castle Neck, Hog Island, or in the thick woods near Mr.Saltonstall's anil 
Mr. Rogers's farm", without leave from the Seven men. In December, 
1651, the surveyors were ordered to "appoint a considerable company oi 
men to fell the small wood upon the Eastern syde of Jeffrye's Neck to 



'Court Files 46:48. 









58 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 



prepare it for sowing of hay seed," before the first of March. Nathaniel 
Tread well received permission on Nov. 27, 106S,to fell six trees on the Neck 
for posts, and in the following February to fell for a house, and 100 mils 
and posts for them. The Constable was ordered in 1669 to distrain Jona- 
than Clarke for felling five trees for firewood, for which he was fined ten 
shillings each. 

On Feb. 29, 1G71-2, the Town ordered that no wood or timber should 
be felled at the Neck nor on any of the sheep walks near the Town, nor in 
any place that is above three miles and a half from the meeting house. 
"But it shall be lawful for every Commoner to supply himselfe 
with wood and timber for hisown necessary vocations out of any 
other parts of the common, p'v'ded he make no spoyleor wast, 
either by taking over large quantities or misimproving it as by 
making firewood of that w ch is or might be used for timber, w ch if 
any shall, he shall forfeit five shillings for every tree so spoyled, 
provided also that no man shall fell any young oakes for rayles or 
spar3 or studs for building under a foote owverunder the penalty 
of ten shillings a tree. And all trees felled before this order, 
above three myles and a halfe from the meeting house, shall be 
cutt bodys and tops as in the order made March 15, 1GG0, as 
provided and under the penalty therein exprest." 

"And to prevent further spoyl and loss of wood or timber that 
is allredy fallen shall be lawful for any commoner to make use 
of the firewood after the end of March next and timber after six 
months." 

"And for such as shall be hereafter fallen and let lye on the place 
it shall be lawf nil for any commoner to make use of aft er i t hat h 1 yen 
one month, except firewood, w'ch shall be cut out and piled up or 
layd on heaps allwayes p'v'ded it shall be lav,- full for any commoner 
to take the top of any tree that he finds fallen at any time, unless 
he that felled it be first at work upon it." 

"Provided if any man have necessary use of pine wood, it shall 
be lawfull for the Selectmen to grant to pticular men small 
quantityes for their own use.' ' 

Thus with zealous care the Town was anticipating the modern move 
for the conservation of the forests in the most minute and exacting fashion. 
These forestry laws were well enforced. Thomas Newman Sen. felled 
two trees at the Neck in Feb., 1073-4 and the constable was ordered to 
distrain twenty shillings. John Leighton dwelt near by and he had no 
scruple against earning a lawful penny when he caught his neighbors in 
the act of transgression. On his information, Thomas Treadwell was 
apprehended for felling two dead trees, and he was ordered to pay five 
shillings to Leighton or appear before the Selectmen. Dea. Pengrey or 
his sons, then in charge of the flock, cut down some trees on the sly. but 
Leighton was too cunning for them, and they paid ten shillings to him for 




94 ~ 8 



°i ?'-■= I . 



tf. u — 






JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 59 

his complaint. Richard Smith paid twenty shillings for two trer * cut 
illegally in 1G7G-7, and Thomas and Nathaniel Treadwell were both in- 
volved. The order was passed that no person should carry any wood 
off from Jeffrey's Neck by water or land under penalty of ten shillii 
load. Dead trees are alluded to in 1700, and the Selectmen were ord- . - 1 
to dispose of them for the Town's benefit, and again in 1707, provision v. as 
made for guarding the trees in the sheep walks and at Jeffrey's Neck, and 
even lopping of branches or barking a tree was reckoned as gross an 
offence as cutting a tree down. 

Andrew Burley petitioned for liberty to make a kiln of bricks on the 
Neck in March, 1687, "because it will be near to my land by Jeffrie's 
causeway where I propose to build a house for to dwell there, 1 engaging 
to make no pit holes for to do any damage thereby." He bound himself 
not to cut any wood but to procure what he needed from the drift stuff 
or elsewhere. He received permission, his location to be approved by the 
Selectmen. 

In March, 1669-70, it was voted that fishermen and seamen, "so long 
as they follow their employment in this Town" should be allowed to cut 
wood on the commons for "necessary building and firing and feeding for 
one cow in the common for every boat's crew, but not to claim the right 
of commoners.' ' A fishing station may have been established on the Neck 
at this time under this grant, but there is no definite mention of it until 
June 4, 1696. The Town then voted: 

"That Mr. John Appleton Merct. Mr. Andrew Dyamond Mr. 
Francis Wainwright be appointed and impowered a Committee to 
lay out the severall lots that shall be desired by persons to carry on 
the Fishing design att Jeffries Neck for flake room & erecting of 
stage or stages the said Lotts to run up and down y e Hill fronting 
to y e River on y e South side & those that have already built 
flakerooma to order their orderly setting the same up and down 
said Hill & that no flakeroom shall lye along y e River to debarr 
others from carrying on y e said design of fishing." 

These lots are still marked roughly by the lines of stones on the hill 
hide. In due time, wharves or landing stages with fish houses standing on 
piles were built, and the flakes for drying the salted fish were set up on the 
neighboring hill slope. An ancient panel in the House of the Historical 
Society preserves in a rude way the appearance of this fishing station, prior 
to the Revolution. Four fish-houses are seen and several schooners lie 
at anchor, presumably waiting their cargoes for shipment to the Spanish 
Main and elsewhere. 

The beginning of the eighteenth century brought great changes in the 
holding of the common lands. In 1702, the first move toward individual 
ownership was made and the outlying commons were divided into large 
sheep pastures. "The Great Neck by some cal d Jefferie 's Neck, now named 



GO JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 

y e Ram Pasture being part of y e sheep walks on y« northerly side of the 
River' ' headed the list. It was called the Rani pasture as all 1 he ram - 
gathered there in midsummer, and pastured by themselves, the i 

placed in the other flocks. 

The Selectmen were authorized by vote of the Town Meeting, March 

3d, 170G-7. 

''to settle a person in a house upon ye Neck called Jeffrie's Neck 
to look after s d Neck & to allow him four or five acn s of upland & 
soe much marsh to enable him to look after y c gate & fence to 
keep such creatures on y l come as shall be allowed to goe on sd 
Neck this year & as may be allowed from year to year." 
At a "general meeting of the inhabitants of Ipswich" on March 9, 
1707-8, it was voted: 

"That all y l are Householders in their own right shall be Com- 
moners." 

"That a Committee of five persons be chosen to examine y" 
Rights & bring in a List of such are now Householders in their 
own Rights." 

"That Lt. Col. Samuel Appleton Esq., Capt. Wm. Goodhue, 
Dr. Philemon Dean, Mr. John Knowlton and Mr. Joseph Whipple 
Jun. be y l Committee to attend y e Vote as above." 
Acting in accordance with this vote, the Committee proceeded to pre- 
pare a "list of y e Commoners made at y e General Town Meeting, y e Uih 
of March, 1707-8, both of Commoners and Freeholders" which was entered 
in full in the Town Record by order of the Town at a meeting held on 
Aug. 5, 1708. 

Evidently there was much bad blood at this time between the Town 
in its corporate capacity and the body of Commoners. For many years, 
each had resented the assumption of authority by the other. The Com- 
moners made regulations for the wood land, as well as the Town, and the 
rules and regulations for sheep and shepherds were made by both bo lies 
in some years. The Town had voted on March 9, 169S-9, that the wood 
lands in Chebacco etc. should be apportioned to every Commoner and had 
appointed a Committee, Major Francis Wainwright and others to make 
the division. The Committee had taken no action and on March 3, 1700-7, 
the Town repeated its vote, and instructed the Committee to proceed to 
make division. 

The Commoners felt aggrieved at this action and at their meeting on 
Feb. 14, 1707-8, after this Committee had made its report, they cxpivs>ed 
themselves to the effect that the Town had "assumed to themselves a 
liberty to vote the dividing of the wood land, etc." ^'nevertheless we though" 
"accounting that said Town of Ipswich had nothing to do or to be concern 

about ordering the Division of said Land to us," yet ''seeing that 

division has been made and future trespassing has been guarded against, 
conclude that the vote be approbated, allowed and excepted." 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING! THERETO. 61 

So when the Town had enlarged the body of Commoners and record* d 
them on Aug. 5 lh , Col. John Applet on Esq., the acknowledged leader of the 
Commoners and the regular moderator of their meetings, Col. Francis 
Wainwright Esq. and others, "entered y r protest against y e Legality of y* 
Meeting and all y e proceedings thereof.' ' 

At a general Town Meeting on June 6, 170S-9, it was voted that ( !ol. 
Samuel Appleton, Capt. Wm. Goodhue and Doctor Philemon Dane be a 
Committee to treat with the "antient Commoners at y c next meeting in 
order to try whether any agree 1 can be made about theComon lands." 

A Committee was chosen by the old body of Commoners on Jan. 11th, 
and the joint Committee of Town and Commoners presented a series of 
"proposals" at a Town meeting held on Jan. 11th, 1708-0. 

1. "That there be the following Inhabitants and Freeholders here- 
after mentioned in this List annexed to have such an interest in y r Common 
lands as shall be complyed w th by the Commoners." 

2. "That all y e Common lands shall be divided into eight parts 
(except what is hereafter excepted) as near as may be to accommodate y e 
old lV: new Commoners according to Quantity and Quality to bee managed 
by y m according to their interest to lye & remaine to sd proprietors it 
belongeth to untill y e major part of y e interested in each part or dividend 
agree to divide.' ' 

3. "That ye Woodlands at Chebacco Ponds etc. under former di- 
vision y e Thatch banks & y e Lands above Mr. Baker's Pond & Samuel 
Perley's & Jeffries Neck & Paynes Hill being accounted our Woodlands 
or Equivalent y r unto for present benefitt be divided into lotts according to 
y c rule agreed on fr division of y e rest of y e Commons yMsto say2-5 ths 
to the ancient Commoner 3 & 3-5 ,hs to the ancient Commoner 8 and those 
annexed to them in said list before mentioned by a Committee y l shall be 
Chosen by y e Commoners.' ' 

4. "That the rest of the Common Lands in Ipswich shall be divided 
into Eight parts as before mentioned & shall be divided as followeth. 

That is to say 2-5 th3 to y e ancient Commoner 3 as listed, y c other 
3-5 ,hd into y e antient Commoner s & new Commoners alike for quantity 
and quality as near as may be for y e accommodating such as live nearest 
to buch division." 

5. "That if any person Dye y* is a new Commoner his heirs y* 
enjoy y e freehold he now lives in, shall Improve said Dividend land & If 
he remove out of Town & y e interest be sett to saile y e proprietors in said 
Dividend shall enjoy y e same .aying y c Value it may be sold for. Nor 
eliall any of antient commoners sell y e interest in said Dividend land to 
out of Town p r sons nor to any in y e Town until some one of said pro- 
priety In €iich Dividend have had y e refusall y r of upon paying as before 
nor any house be built on any part without Leave of y e majo r part inter- 
ested in said Division.' ' 









62 JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 

G. "That in each Division there be some overplus added to ye value 
of 5 or G Common rights y* so if any Ant ient Commoners may be forgoi I en 
or hath not yet made out y« Title there may in Each Division be a supply 
for such or for such poor Inhabitants as will need to be relieved by each 
Dividend." 

7. "That there may be a Committee appointed to Consider of such 
as may be added either to old Coinone™ or new in Each Division & p r .-ons 
to be relieved." 

8. "That every Common 1 " y l hath one Common' right o r two or 
more and haveing built a new house or more in y e room of y e old shall not 
claime or have any but one right to y e old and new by such edifice.' ' 

9. "That all ye Cost expended formerly upon ye Division of said 
Land & hr after shall be Expended in ye Divisions according to said pro- 
posals shall be borne equally by all antient Commonesr cV. new Com- 
moner according to their Interest now granted & settled.' ' 

To this series of proposals, there was appended a list of names of those 
who were entitled to have an interest in the common lauds. 

The whole body of Commoners met on Jan. 25, 1708-9, and ratified 
these proposals, and continued their Committee. The inhabitants of the 
Town met by themselves on the same day and concurred in this vote. 

Then the ancient Commoners and the Commoners now admitted met 
in joint assembly, and voted that no person should fell any green tree or 
other standing wood upon "any of y e common 9 of Ipswich butt at y e 
penalty formerly sett 20 9 per tree above a foot over & 10 3 p tree under a 
foot untill a Division of said Commons be made according to agreement.''" 

Under this agreement, the list of old and new Commoners and old and 
new Jeffries Neck Commoners was decided on, and thousands of acres of 
common land in all parts of the Town were withdrawn from the public 
domain. These lands were divided into eight parts. 

1. "Convenient for Chebacco, about Chebacco Pond." about 873 
acres. 

2. "Convenient for the inhabitants of the llamblett" about 470 
acres. 

3. "From Chebacco Pond running north westerly, taking all the 
Common lands between the two lines to Cow Keepers' Rock and all that 
piece of Common up to the highway by Tanner Norton's and by the fence 
to the Gate by Appleton's Mill" about 1181 acres. 

(This was known as the South Eight and included much of the land 
in Candlewood, reaching to the Bay Road. See Candlewood, No. XVI., 
XVII.) 

4. "Thick Woods and Pigeon Hill' ' near the Applet on Farm. 

5. "Beginning at Kimball's corner. . .Warner's or Day"s gate. . ." 
about 946 acres. (Pine Swamp.) 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. G3 

G. "From Goodhue's corner to Day's corner, by the River, etc.," 
about 578 acres. (5 and G including Bush Hill & Turner's hill.) 

7. "Turkey Hill and land about Egypt river,' ' 95 1 acres. 

8. "Toward Rowley line," 850 acres. 

The Committee proceeded to assign the Commoners to their proper 
Eighths and each man's right was decided as accurately as possible. The 
proprietors of these Eighths held them as distinct corporate bodies, and in 
due time, sold their lands to individuals. In the same manner the wood 
lands at Chebacco, the lands about Baker's pond and Paine's hill 1 passed 
into private hands. 

At a meeting of the Proprietors of the common lands on the 21 lb of 
March, 1709-10, it was voted: 

"That Col. Samuel Appleton, Capt. "Win. Goodhue, and Mr. 

Jonathan Wade be a Committee to divide JeiTries Neck, <k Thatch 

banks & Common marsh.' ' 

"and every ancient Commoner and new Commoner shall have 

respective lotts in y e Necke & also in y e banks A: marsh accord- 
ing to voat of 25-1 1-170S-9.' ' 

The great work of division into lots was completed in the spring of 
1710, and on April 14th at a meeting of the Commoners and Proprietors 
"assembled to draw y e several lotts upon Jeffries Neck as layd out by a 
Committee appointed and impowered for y l service," assignment was 
made by lot, probably, as the phrase " the lot that fell to me' 'is frequently 
found in deeds of conveyance of these lots. 

The old upland "rights" are described as containing about 13G rods 
and the new upland rights, about GO rods. The Commoners' Record shows 
that 264 persons actually drew old rights, the highest number drawn being 
No. 2G8, and that 210 persons drew new rights. The "proposals" made 
provision that a number of rights should be left undrawn to provide 
for various exigencies, and frequent allusion is made in the records to these 
"supernumerary' ' iots as they were called. 

The list of the old Commoners with the number of the lot drawn by 
each and the list of new Commoners with their lots were entered in full 
in the Commoners' Record. No plan or description of the lots on the Neck 
lias been preserved, though the description of the marsh lots and the 
division lots of wood land, etc., were entered on the Commoners' Record. 
We may presume that the value of the Neck as a pasture was greater than 
its value as tillage or wood land. It was too remote to be readily available 
for cultivation and probably the forest had no such value as the great 
woodlands in Chebacco. Hence, this great tract of three hundred and fifty 
acres was saved from division. When lots were sold, generally only the 
number of the lot was given. Sometimes allusion is made to the original 

1 Between the present town lines on the Topsfield road and the residence of John S. 
Lawrence. 






G4 JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADIXl 



THERETO. 



owner, who drew the lot on April 14th, 1710, and sometimes the lot il 

described as a half acre lot of upland, etc., hut no particular hounds are 
given. 1 

The patient investigations of Mr. John W. Nourse have brought to 
light many deeds, which afford interesting and valuable details regarding 
these lots. The numbering of lots began apparently on the western side 
of the " North Ridge" as it is named in the Anderson map of 1832, or the 
"Great Hill" or "Manning's Hill" as the ancient deeds recite. The Iota 
that bear the highest numbers were located on the slope of the hill, where 
the fishing stages were located. 

Joseph Whipple conveyed to James Whipple, "in consideration of 
new lot, No. 206, it being adjoining to y e Stages my new lot, No. 27, 
laid out by y e Committee on y e Great Hill near y c Indian Spring.' ' Feb. 
16:1715-16(58:66). 

Thomas Emerson and Philip Emerson conveyed to John Emerson an 
old lot, an acre more or less, No. 28, "lying on Manning's Hill," and a 
new lot No. 200, lying on y e Hill next y e Stages, half an acre more or less.' ' 
May 22, 1713 (37:153). 

John Hovey sold Andrew Burley the new upland lot, No. 44, about 60 
rods, lying on Manning's Hill, January 12, 1715 (39:80). 

Abraham Howe deeded to Nathaniel Tread well an old upland lot, Xo. 
134, 136 rods, lying on the middle hill, lying South from the Great Spring, 
entered to James Howe's right. May 20, 1715 (59:201). 

Matthew Whipple et al sold to John Adams, old lot, No. 188, "next 
y e Fishing Stages, about an acre, more or less." Feb. 15, 1717 (35:233). 

Matthew Hooker's deed to Symonds Eppes of new lot No. SO, locates it 
"upon the entering of Buckley's Point upon Jeffries Neck." March 4, 
1711-12(26:49). 

But the crowning interest attaches to old lot No. 253, drawn by John 
Adams Sen. in the original divsion. Daniel Choat sold to Nathaniel 
Knowlton "half an old upland lot laid out to John Adams Sen., and drawn 
by my father-in-law, John Adams," also "half of y e dwelling house on 
said lot, being y e west end or half of sd house, also half y c well, also upland 
lot, No. 212." Nov. 5, 1728 (58:8). 

Nath. Knowlton conveyed to Nath. Emerson "the south west half 
of a messuage, mansion or dwelling house and about half an acre of land 
adjoining and on which the said mansion is standing being one half of an 
old Neck lot, the said house and land being in present tenure & possesion 
of sd Nathaniel Efcnerson, bounded by the stake fish fence & other neck 
lots Southwest and northwest and northeast on the other half of sai 1 
Neck lot and dwelling house, south east by the River." Jan. 15, 1730 
(55:177) 

'See Reg. of Deeds: 60:137,57:21, 90:254,99:200, or simply as" rights"in uj 

or elsewhere as 100:2-16, Feb. 1, 1759. 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 65 

Nathaniel Emerson acquired the other half and hold to Stephen Emer- 
Bon, with a house, barn and 20 acres on Plum Island, "one other house and 
barn on Jeffrey's Neck, so called, in Ipswich, with one old Neck right on 
which said house stands, No. 253, bounded by lot, No. 207 including 
a highway:" 

"also one new upland lott, No. 20G, the said new lot adjoining to y e 
said old lott on y e westerly side & partly on a lott of Capt. King's, 
No. 252, extending northeasterly to the way afore mentioned," 
"with my whole interest in the supernumerary lotts and highway 
belonging to Jeffreys Neck aforesaid, with all my rights in any of 
the Narragansett townships, whether drawn or undrawn.' ' April 
11, 1738(75:243). 

This is the only dwelling erected on these Neck lots, of which record 
remains. The lot adjoined the fishery, and Mr. Nourse surmises that it 
may have afforded lodging for the men employed in the flake yards. It 
cannot be identified with the shepherd's house. A large depression re- 
mains in the hill side, probably the cellar, east of the lines of stone that 
parted the flake yards. 

The last deed is of especial interest from its mention of the highway, 
which adjoined the lots, and also of his interest in the supernumerary lots, 
which he seems to include with the highway as the common possession 
of the lot owners. In the same fashion, Nathaniel Warner, conveying 
to Thomas Dennis half an old lot, No. 207, which was drawn by Daniel 
& John Warner, April 14, 1710, appends, "together with one half of all 
rights, ways, waters, etc." July 21, 1729 (53:258). 

Much litigation followed this division of the Neck and other landa. 
Thomas Lufkin brought suit against "the Commoners and proprietors of 
y e Common Land of the Town of Ipswich,' ' in the Inferior Court of Com- 
mon Pleas at Salem, Dec. 28, 1714, on the ground that he was a house- 
holder in 1708, that he had received no proper right in the distribution, and 
that the Commoners "still neglect and refuse, although often thereunto 
requested.' ' He claimed £50 damage. 

The jury found for the defendant. The plaintiff appealed. Some 
memoranda were jotted down by Judge Paul Dudley on the writ. 

"2. Commoners and proprietors are summoned and yet the title the 
pi. sets up is by a grant at a Town meeting, now there is a known difference 
between the proprietors and inhabitants of a Towne.' ' 

The appeal was entered on the docket of the Superior Court, but the 
case seems to have been dropped. 

Daniel Gage of Bradford brought suit against the Proprietors of 
common lands, as administrator of John Gage, late of Bradford, formerly 
of Ipswich, to secure a right in the Neck and other divisions, in the same 
Court at Ipswich, March 1717-8. The jury found for the plaintiff. It 
was carried to the Superior Court on appeal, where the decision was sus- 
tained. The Commoners voted on Jan 31, 1720, to settle with the heirs. 



6G JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 

Claims were multiplying and the Commoners voted, on Feb. 1 1, 1720-1: 

"That every eighth of common land both of the North & South 
divisions, which has been proportioned to the commoners of late, 
shall bear their proportionable parts out of the supernumerary 
lotts in the Eighths in the wood lands, Jeffries Neck, Thatch 

grounds or elsewhere to all that shall recover any claim in said 

common lands." 

Christopher Osgood, heir of Christopher Osgood, brought .suit, in 
September, 1721, and recovered. It was carried to the Superior C 
which sustained the decision (May, 1722). 

The Commoners voted on June 11, 1722, to "enter the right of the de- 
ceased in Bush Hill Eighth and Turner Hill Eighth, to have one of the 
supernumerary divisions therein laid out and to allow a draft to sd Osgood's 
right in the Neck, thatch or wood divisions." Mr. Osgood drew No. 34, 
old upland lot on Jeffrey's Neck, and lots in the thatch and Chcbacco 
Woods divisions. 

Major Matthew Whipple's suit at Newbury Court, Sept. 25, 1722, 
failed, "for uncertainty of writ." He appealed and the Superior Court 
decided that the "writ was good and well-brought, " and reversed the deci- 
sion of the lower Court. He brought suit again in the Salem Court, Dec. 
25, 1722, and the Jury found for plaintiff, "the land sued for or £138 and 
cost9 of Court." The defendant appealed and the Superior Court reversed 
the judgment of the lower Court. 

Joseph Lampson of Charlestown, son of William Lampson, who died 
Feb. 1, 1658, recovered judgment at the Ipswich Court of General Sessions, 
March 27, 1722, and the Superior Court sustained the decision on appeal. 
The Commoners, on June 11, instructed their clerk to enter his right and 
allow a draft in the Neck, Thatch and Wood divisions. They had previously 
granted an upland lot to John Wainwright, clerk of the Commoners, for 
his services. 

William Hardy of Boxford lost his suit in the upper Court. Joseph 
Whipple recovered £140 or several divisional lots in March, 1723. The 
Commoners appealed, and one of their reasons for appeal reveals the bit- 
terness that had sprung up in these repeated contentions: 

"y c cottage or dwelling house by virtue of which y e appellee 

claims was but a little neglected timber without any ground thereto 

pertaining or so much as ever inhabited and was purchased for a 

trifle by y e appellee in order to raise strife, controversy and a 

lawsuit." 

The Superior Court reversed the judgment. Every suit was taken to 
the highest Court, known as the Superior Court, by appeal. Though they 
seem identical, and though the lower Court found invariably for the plain- 
tiff, the higher Court sometimes sustained, sometimes reversed the decision. 
The case of John and William Brown, sons of John, decided in their favor, 
in July, 1723, failed in the higher Court, but William Brown's suit, Dec. 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 67 

27, 1723, recovered judgment in the Superior Court of May, 1721. Sam- 
uel Tilton gained his suit against the Proprietors in the Ipswich Court, 
March, 1723. The defendants appealed, claiming "that sometime before 
the date of act the lands of Ipswich were by vote at a legal meeting fully 
disposed of & appropriated so that at the time mentioned the Commoners 
and Proprietors had no common lands to dispose of and so could give the 
appellee no right having in themselves nothing to dispose of." Notwith- 
standing this plausible defence, the Superior Court confirmed the judg- 
ment. 

A committee was appointed by the Commoners on March 8, 1721, to 
hear and examine claims, which had not yet been presented. Appeal for 
recognition was made on various grounds. Samuel Fellows asked for a 
grant in 172G, because he had faithfully served his country in his younger 
years, and was now advanced in years with a numerous family; and Daniel 
Smith petitioned for a common right in 1728 "to enable him to bring up 
one of hia children 1 to Learning, who is a descendant by his late wife of 
Elder Paine, late of Ipswich, in consideration of the great and valuable 
donations of the said Elder Paine to Ipswich Grammar School in his life 
time.' ' These petitions both failed. 

Alexander Lovell received No. 212, old upland lot, as heir of Theophilus 
Wilson, in 172G. William Searle acquired No. 79, by vote of the Common- 
ers, March 14, 1727. 

The Commoners laid out to Daniel Smith on May 23d, 172S, as an 
equivalent of lot No. 73, a piece of thatch and flats near the stages about 
one and a half acres, between the channel of Ipswich River and the channel 
running out of Neck Creek. They assigned to Andrew Burley at the same 
time for his equivalent, "two acres in said broken marsh, including the 
ponds therein, beginning at the head of the marsh lots formerly laid out 
and from thence extending up the Cove of marsh toward the Spring, leaving 
a rod wide of marsh by the upland on each side, until it shall make up the 
two acres.' ' It may be presumed that this reservation of a rod wide was 
the common way by which the marsh owners gained access to their lots. 

The pressure of claimants for ungranted common rights became so 
insistent and so burdensome, that a meeting of the Commoners was called 
On Feb. 3d, 1728, 

"to pass some proper vote or application to be presented to the 
Great and General Court desiring they would take the difficult cir- 
cumstances of the Commoners under their wise and equitable 
consideration and by some act or resolve, determine the pos- 
session of proprietors of lands in common and undivided, which 
we humbly apprehend as necessary as the quitting and settling 
the possession of particular men or persons.' ' 

A year later, March 24, 1729, they appointed a Committee, Hon. Col. 
Theophilus Burrell, Jonathan Remington Esq., Col. Win. Dudley, Col. 

'Aaron Smith, p. 21. 



08 JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 

Francis Fullam and Capt. Joseph Hale, to hear and receive claims to any 
old common right, and to report to them "which shall be final and con- 
clusive, obliging and absolutely binding on the parties respectively." Every 
claimant was bound to abide by their decision. 

The intense interest of the community in these suits against the Com- 
moners is manifest in the case of Sarah Knowlton, appealed from the Court 
of Common Fleas at Ipswich on March, 1732. Col. Burrell and Col. 
Kent sat as special judges in room of Col. Appleton and Col. Wainwright, 
whose local prejudices may have rendered them incapable of unbi. 1 
judgment, and Robert Auchmuty,the most brilliant advocate of the day, 
was attorney for the plaintiff. Richard Dana frequently appeared. In 
every suit, the ablest counsel available was employed. 

Turning now from this tale of contention for titles to the adminis- 
tration of the Proprietors of Jeffrey's Neck, their ancient records afford 
interesting and valuable information regarding this great and beaut if ll 
tract of highland, marsh and shore. They began on April 9, 1713, when 
CoL John Appleton was elected moderator and John Stamford, clerk. It 
was voted that no geese nor swine should go on the Neck, that all creatures 
then on the Neck should be taken away by the 13 th inst. and that it 
should be opened for pasturage on the 10 th of May. On May G ,h , the 
various holdings were appraised: 

an old upland lot at 4s G d . 

a new upland lot at 2s 

an old marsh lot at 2s 

a new marsh lot at 10 d 

The right that any individual had in the great pasture was thus de- 
termined according to the number of the various lots he held. A tariff for 
pasturage w r as also decided. 



a horse 


14s 


marc & colt 


16s 


an ox 


12s 


heifer or steer, 3 yrs. 


Ss 


a cow 


10s 


2 yr. old 


6s 


a 3 yr. old colt 


12s 


yearling 


4s 


a 2 yr. old colt 


9s 


calf 




a yr. old colt 


7s 


ram 


12s 






weathers 


lsG d 



Every Proprietor was ordered to bring to the clerk a list of his lots 
how derived, and the number and kind of the creatures driven to the Neck, 
and it was ordered that no Proprietor "turne on creatures exceeding 12 d 
above the price of his lots." No dogs were allowed and orders were given 
to kill any that were found there. 

The Committee appointed to regulate the bounds of the fishery met 
at the fishing stage on April 18, 1715, 

"and viewed y e ground whear they had built theire flakes & sett 

out six rod by y e banke syde & so run up y e hill with theire flake 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. GO 

to Stakes & stones layd for two boates room y e persona that bad 
built weare viz: 



Richard Goss, 


2 boats room 


rods 6 


Phillips & Spiller, 


2 boats room 


do 6 


Mr. Wade, 


2 boats room 


do 6 


Thos. Newmarch I 






Silvanus & Tobiah Lakeman, ) 


3 boats 


do 9 


Merrifield alias Holland, 


2 boats 


do 6 


Richard Lakeman, 


2 boats 


do 6 



13 boats 39 rods 

To bee Improved by y e sd persons during y c pleasure of y e proprietors 
of ye Neck." 

The report of this Committee shows that the land occupied by the 
fish flakes or stages was not granted to the fishermen in the division of 
1710, and that their tenure was only "during the pleasure of the pro- 
prietors." In later years there were frequent disagreements, as will be 
noted, regarding the ground rent for the fishing privilege. The proprietors 
of these fishing stages conveyed their holdings to others, however, as though 
the title to the ground resided in them. Thus James Brown conveyed to 
William Harris his 

"fishing stage, with privilege of stake room, now or late in tenure 
of Jos. Holland & is next to stage of Wm. Willcomb on the South 
side of y e neck adjoining to y e River of Ipswich." Jan. C, 1721-2 
(3S:271) 

Francis Crompton conveyed to Richard Rogers "a certain stake- 
room and a stage standing on the same boundry south on Ipswich 
River, about half an acre.' ' Nov. 5, 1731 (CO :92) 

The fence between Jeffrey 's Neck and Manning 's Neck, about 120 rods, 
was ordered, and another between Jeffrey's and Cross's Neck, as Little Neck 
was then called. Andrew Burley, by permission of the proprietors, fenced 
in a small piece on the north east side of the way in 1727. The proprietors 
met annually, chose their officers, and determined the dates of opening and 
closing the Neck, took action regarding the gate and the fences, which 
were built in such flimsy fashion that they needed repair or rebuilding 
every year, prohibited over pasturage and instructed the two "pounders" 
as to their duties. Regulations regarding the cutting and carrying away 
of wood were continued for many years, but finally old wood and dead wood 
only are mentioned, and after 1759, no allusion is made. At that time, pre- 
sumably, the forest growth had completely disappeared. 

Difficulty of some sort with the fishermen is indicated by the vote of 
May 4, 1738, authorizing the pounders to take up the fence inclosing the 
space occupied by the fish flakes, and lay the land open to pasture, and in- 
structing the pounders to do this though the fishermen attempt prosecu- 
tion. "The affair with Nathaniel Cross," about Little Neck was to be 



70 JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 

Ecttlcd by allowing Cross the value of 25 old upland rights for throwing open 
the whole of Little Neck for pasturuge. 

Action was taken every year subsequently by the Proprietor*, deter- 
mining how many upland rights would be allowed the lessee of the Neck 
or the Town, as an equivalent of Little Neck, thrown open with J' ffrcy'a 
Neck for pasturage. On March 4, 1779, they voted "the Ton n be allow* d 
to feed 30 old rights under the same regulation as the rest of the Neck.' ' 

In 1745, a Committee was appointed to see what those who improved 
the flake ground were willing to pay, and on March 13, 1740-7, Francis 
Cogswell, Esq., and Capt. Silvanus Lake-man offered to pay 30 shill 
Old Tenor a year. Edward Eveleth Jr. petitioned for a location in 17 18. 
Capt. Jeremiah Staniford was allowed to set up a ware houte for storing 
fish in 1765. 

The stone wall was located below the bank at high water mark in 
1748 and it was completed in 1753. No fisherman was allowed to take 
ballast or gravel without permission. On March 29, 1750, Dea. Aaron 
Potter was appointed overseer of the work "braking the Dong to pieces 
on sd Neck." Fifteen pence of "Neck Stent" was allowed to each man 
who should appear with a good "banday?" or beetle, and Deacon Potter 
was directed to provide a gallon of rum and a pound and a half of sugar 
" to refrash the pople with in the above work.' ' 

Under date of March 26, 1764, it is recorded : 

" Inasmuch as there is a frequent trade to Halifax from this town 

& often sheep are drove through the pasture of Jeffries Neck 

and taken off from ye same pasture, it is ordered that no person 

shall drive any sheep or ship them aboard any vessel without the 

consent of the proprietors.' ' 

By vote of Mar. 30, 1767, no person was allowed to take gravel on the 
easterly side of Eagle Hill, but it might be taken on the northwest side. 
A bridge at the creek across the causeway was provided for at the annual 
meeting in March, 1775, and in the following year, it was voted that every 
person bringing a load of hay or gravel from the Neck should be obliged 
to bring a load of gravel to the causeway to make it passable. 

In 1777, Rev. Nathaniel Whitaker of Salem petitioned for a grant of a 
large section of "sunken marsh" that he might erect and carry on large 
salt works, "which all must see is most necessary for the Publick Safety in 
the Present crisis.' ' Favorable action was taken but the scheme lapsed. 

Beginning with the year, 1786, repeated mention is made of the thistles 
which had invaded the Neck to such a degree that the pasturage was much 
impaired. Men were paid 90 cents a clay in 1797 for cutting them down. 
Early in the 19th century, the drift stuff along the shore attained a market 
value. The Proprietors began to sell it at auction in 1S0S, and in 1820, 
the practise was inaugurated of laying out the seaweed and drift stuff in 
3 sections. No. 1 included the south side of the Neck to Indian Spring; 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 71 

No. 2 from the Indian Spring to the run below Butler's Point; 1 No. 3 from 
the run to Little Neck. It was then Bold at auction to the highest bidder. 
For many years after the division of the common lands, an has b< en 
observed, the Commoners were involved in much litigation with parties 
sueing for their right of commonage, chiefly in the Chebacco \\ oods divi- 
sion, the Thatch division and Jeffrey's Neck. But toward the middle of 
the eighteenth century, contention with regard to title arose between the 
Commoners and the Proprietors. 

The first note of this new conflict was the vote of the Commoners on 
March 2 nd , 1737, by which a Committee was appointed to make inquiry into 
the divisions of Jeffrey's Neck, Thatch and Woods, and " in the commoners 
name demand the possession of any lot or lots in any of said divisions, be- 
longing to them and in the possession of any person or persons without 
leave, and to proceed by process of law to recover.' ' 

This Committee or a similar one reported on Aug. 2 nd 1744, that "they 
found by records in Jeffries Neck division 3 old lots and 13 new lots not in 
the particular improvement of any body." Similar lots were found in the 
other divisions. 

The Proprietors on their part had required every Proprietor as early 
as 1713 to bring a list of his lots, and the source from which they were 
derived, and similar action was taken in 1724. In 1732, the Committee 
of the Proprietors complained that people would not prove their title. 

The Commoners were evidently convinced that some parties were 
claiming right in these divisions without warrant, and in 1755 they issued 
orders that such parties be ejected from the Thatch and Woods' division, 
but no mention was made of Jeffrey's Neck. In 1757, William Caldwell, 
feeling that he was entitled to another Neck right, as he was an heir of 
Thomas Lull, departed from the custom of bringing suit against the 
Commoners and made application to the Proprietors. A committee was 
appointed to go with Caldwell to the Clerk of the Commoners 

" to see that old Thomas Lull has a proper Demand to draw another 
Neck Right, he having been alowed by the Commoners of Ipswich 
two drafts in each division of the Common land but att y e Neck 
and if the matter Douth appear cleare to sd Committee then to 
let the proper heirs of the sd Thos. Lull Dec'd to improve one super- 
numerary on sd Neck.' ' 

On April 20, 1758, the Proprietors allowed the heirs of Lull to draw. 
A Commit t ee of t he Commoners reported on July 29, 1707 : 
''We find in Jeffrey's Neck, 16 new rites undrawn and 5 old ones.' ' 
At a meeting of the Proprietors on Feb. 25th, 1708, 
"the Committee appointed to sarch the records find that G old 
rights are allready taken up on sd Neck, which was all originially 
laid there: but there is a number of New Rights seem to appear 
to be undrawn. But the major part of them will or are like to be 

1 This is probably identical with Buckley's Point, mentioned on page 04. 









72 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 



taken up by- 



te) satisfy the Graitc Mistakes Relaiting to the 



Drafts originally in the Commoners Records.' ' 

The next move in the game was made by the Commoners on April 16, 
1770, when they appointed another Committee "to inquire into the un- 
drawn lots on Jeffrey's Neck and that they confer with a Committee of 
the Proprietors of sd Neck, if they see cause and make report." The 
records do not show that such conference was held. 

At the same meeting, Nathaniel Farley presented a petition to the 
Commoners "praying for a draught of a new right on Jefferies' Keck, 
deeded to his father and is undrawn." Daniel Choate and his wife, hi irs 
of Robert Lord, presented a similar petition. 

Their petitions were referred to a Committee which reported that 
both petitioners had just right. The Commoners then granted No. 40, 
New Right, to Mr. Farley and instructed the clerk to issue numbers to 
Mr. Farley and the heirs of Mr. Samuel Lord. 

The attention of the Commoners was now diverted to Castle Hill 
and the adjacent beaches. A Committee was appointed on Aug. 9, 17S4, 
to look up its interest and bring a suit of ejectment if necessary. The 
Town united with the Commoners by its vote, on Sept. 21, 17S5, 

"That a Committee be chosen to examine the Records Respecting 
Cedar Point and the Beach mentioned in the warrant and to report at the 
adjournment of this meeting." This Committee reported on Oct 5, 17S5, 
but their report was recommitted. On the 12th of October, 1785, they 
reported again, 

"We cannot find any grant or Vote in the Records that entitles any 
one person whatsoever to hold the said Cedar Point and Beach, therefore 
we are of the opinion that it is the Town or Commoners' property.' ' 

The report was accepted, and the Town chose a Committee to join 
with the Commoners' Committee in taking legal counsel and to confer 
with Squire Patch thereon. 

On the same date, the Commoners passed a similar vote. Allusion is 
made tothesuit John Patch had brought against Samuel Lord, one of tii* 
Committee of the Town. On Jan. 31, 17S6, the Commoners voted to 
bring suit of ejectment against Mr. John Patch and prosecute the same to 
recover the said Neck of land. 

In the year, 1788, the heavy Revolutionary war debt was a muttrr 
of grave concern, and the Commoners were moved to a very patriotic 
act in this connection. At a meeting held on June 9th it was 

"Voted by the major part of the Interest present of the Com- 
moners of the Common and undivided lands in the Town of 
Ipswich that they will and they do hereby make an absolute grant 
of all their interest both Real and Personal lying within the 
Town of Ipswich unto the Inhabitants of said Town of Ipswich 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 

and do also invest thorn with the same Powers, Privileges* Im- 
munities that the said Commoners were previous to this grant in- 
vested with." 

''Provided that the said Town will except of sd. interest on the 
following Conditions, viz: that they will pay and make good 
all lawful demands that may be made against said comn 



oners 

ic 



and that they will sell as soon as they can without prejudice to ti. . 
sale all the Lands in sd Town, (sand and clam flatts excepted), 
and the money arising from such sale together with what is now 
in the Treasury and what is due to sd. Commoners after paying all 
just demands upon said Commoners be appropriated solely to the 
payment of the Town debt in such way and manner as that the 
Polls in said Town receive the whole advantage in equal pro- 
portions." 

A Committee was appointed to make sale of these lands. On Nov. 
15, 1790, this Committee made a final report to the Town, that they had 
sold the same "excepting as it is excepted by the aforesaid grant," (i. c. 
clam flats and sands) amounting to 264 £2s. 

The list of lands sold was appended : one old right at Timber Hill, one 
at Turner's Hill, four old rights at Chebacco, various "nubs" and thatch 
banks, and an old right at Bull Brook, sold to the Line brook Parish. 

The Town accepted this gift very gratefully on June 23d, 17SS, and 
on the same day, appointed a Committee "to look up a piece of land in 
Squire Patches, which is Commoners' interest." Report was made on 
July loth, that the piece of land in Mr. Patch's farm was bargained for and 
sold to Mr. Patch some time ago and the Commoners' Treasurer was 
instructed to give him a deed. No mention is made of any interest in 
Jeffrey's Neck or at Castle Hill. 

The question of the Town's interest in the beach and pines at Plum 
Island under the title conveyed by the Commoners to the Town soon 
arose, and in April, 1701, the Selectmen were instructed to make an in- 
vestigation. They reported at length on Sept. 20 th , giving a summary of 
records, with their opinion that they belonged to the Town. If there had 
been a common opinion that a residuary interest in Jeffrey's Neck had been 
included in the Commoners' grant, it seems probable that some investiga- 
tion would have been made. On March 12, 1S16, a Committee, 
appointed to look up the property of the Town in the hands of individuals 
or otherwise, reported that "It appears that the following are a number 
of undrawn and unclaimed Rights in Jeffery's Neck which appear to your 
Committee by the Grants of the Commoners to become the property of 
the Town." Eleven old rights and twenty-one new rights were specified 
by their numbers. In 17SS, Hon. John Choate, Hon. Stephen Choate and 
others, the Committee of the Town to receive the grant of the Commoners, 



74 JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING TIIEIiETO. 

reported that the list of Commoners was entered in the Commoners 1 record 
in the year, 1702-3, 

"but the alterations and shift of property since that time mali 
extreamely difficult if not altogether impossible, to ascertain the 
present proprietors, f or allthough in a few instances the right may be 
traced to particular persons, yet in most cases, the Right is derived 
by Heirship as Intestate estate, and therefore one single share 
divided and sub-divided to that degree that the present owners 
can not be found." 

They concluded that it would be impracticable to ascertain all the 
proprietors and determine all claims, and that it would be unnecessary to 
make any further investigation with regard to the title of the Commoners. 
It would seem that the same uncertainty would exist in the ease of the 
proprietary rights in JeiTrey's Neck, and in even greater degree in 1816 
than in 1788. Whatever may have been the basis of the report of 1816, 
James Burnam conveyed to Abram Tilton, Oct. 1 1, 1731, a fourth of an old 
right, No. 219, drawn by Abr. Tilton, Jr. & Wells, April 11, 1710 (74:19); 
Chambers Russell conveyed to Nath. Treadwell old upland lot, No. 223, 
May 5, 1740 (S0:1S5); Jacob Treadwell conveyed to Nathaniel Treadwell 
new upland lot, No. 134, July G, 1727 (50:2); Matthew Perkins, Jr., con- 
veyed to Joseph Smith new upland lot, No. 175, laid out to house I live in, 
Oct 16, 1729 (53:215); Stephen Minot conveyed to Francis Cogswell, new 
lot, No. 133, March 12:1732 (05:151). 

These five lots are all included in the list of "undrawn and unclaimed 
rights.' ' No action seems to have been taken by the Selectmen to recover 
to the Town these rights and the records of the Proprietors reveal no more 
on their part to defend their title. Undoubtedly there was a current belief 
that the Town had an interest, and as many of the Town's people were en- 
gaged in clamming on the flat s adjoining Eagle Hill, the legal right of entrance 
was an important factor in this industry. 

The issue became critical in 1S35. On April 20th of that year, the 
Proprietors voted that the owners of clam houses on Eagle Hill should pay 
25 cents a year for each house as ground rent. In the following year, the 
clerk was requested to take legal advice respecting the removal of the clam 
houses. 

On March 2S, 1837, the Proprietors organized as a corporation, "in the 
manner and for the purposes mentioned in Chap. 43 of the Revised Statutes," 
and at the same meeting, they proceeded to notify the owners and occupants 
of clam houses to remove them forthwith and to discontinue trespass] ng 
on the Neck. The directors were authorized to make the necessary ar- 
rangements for removal, or to settle on a ground rental. 

The volume and importance of the clam fishery at Eagle Hill at this 
time is revealed by the fact that public notice of this vote was sent in Sept. 
1S3S to the following parties : 



JEFFREY'S XECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 



t ■> 



Thomas Burnham William Lakcman 

Asa Butler William Lent herland 

Francis Caldwell Joshua Lord 

Jos. Caldwell Wm. Lord Jr. 

Alden Davis Wm. As. Lord 

Amos Diekerson W r m. Lord 4th 

Manning Dodge John Perkins 

John 11. Dimnels Wm. Rust 

John Harris Cyrus K . Say ward 

Thomas Harris Horace Searl 

David Jewett John Stone 

Moses Jewett Wm Stone 

Nathan Jewett Benj. Wells 

John Wise 
Some amicable settlement seems to have been made, as no allusion to 
the alleged trespass occurs again for many years. But in April, 1877, the 
old quarrel broke out afresh, and it was voted that the directors should 
proceed at once to summary action in regard to unauthorized buildings on 
the Neck. No resort to the Law was made however. Again in 188-1, the 
demand for rent was made, and again in 1887 and in 1888, the question 
reached an acute stage. At the meeting of the Proprietors on April 3, 1888, 
the directors reported that there was a general unwillingness on the part of 
the owners of clam houses on Eagle Hill to pay rent, and that it could not 
be collected without litigation. They were instructed to proceed to remove 
these houses or other personal property, and one or more houses were torn 
down by their order. 

A Town Meeting was called on June 20th, the Warrant being 
'"To see what action the Town will take in regard to the unlawful 
acts of certain parties engaged in tearing down buildings at Eagle 
Hill and to authorize the Selectmen to bring suit to try title to the 
ownership of said Eagle Hill and to see what title the Town has 
to the ownership of Jeffries Neck, so called, and to employ counsel 
to conduct said suit or suits and to raise money to pay the expenses 
of said suit or suits." 

At this meeting, the Selectmen were instructed to take possession in 
the name of the Town of that piece of land near to Jeffrey's Neck, known 
us Eagle Hill, and hold the same as part of the property of the Town, and 
they were authorized to employ counsel to defend the Town in any suit 
that might arise. 

On Aug. 3, 18S8, the Proprietors brought suit against the Inhabitants 
of Ipswich to compel the respondent to try the title to certain lands alleged 
to belong to the petitioner. Hearing was held before Judge Devcns of the 
Supreme Court, who reserved the case for the hearing of the Full Court. 
Hon. Charles A. Sayward appeared for the Proprietors, and Hon. William 
11. Moody, who has recently resigned his judgeship in the Supreme Court 



76 JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 

of the United States, appeared for the Town. The case went to the Full 
Bench. "The respondent contended that the petitionee was not a person 
within the meaning of the Statutes, C. 17G, § 1. The petitioner introduced a 

record of proceedings of incorporation, which took place more than fifty 
years ago, and are regular and perfect in form. The opinion of the Court 
was that the Corporation could legally bring this petition." 

"The respondent questioned whether a corporation regularly organized 
under the statute by proprietors of common lands has such a title that it 
can maintain a petition of this kind. The opinion of the Court was that it 
could maintain it. The respondent contended that there lias been a pos- 
session on the part of the Town which prevents the petitioner from showing 
an exclusive possession against the Town." 

"The Master found that for more than fifty years the petitioners had 
occupied the land, had enclosed it and maintained a fence and gate, and 
had exercised jurisdiction and control over the whole property. The only 
actual occupation or use of any part of the premises under the authority 
of the Town was the taking of gravel from Eagle Hill by the Selectmen for 
the repair of the roads for three days in Aug. 1888. This use of a part of 
the premises, continued for so short a time, was no more than a continuing 
trespass, and it was not such an interference with the petitioners' pos- 
session as to put the respondent into joint possession with the petitionei 
at the time the petition was brought." 

"The evidence offered to show that the selectmen and surveyors of 
highways had for thirty years taken gravel from Eagle Hill under a claim 
of right in the Town was rightly excluded. The selectmen and surveyors 
were public officers, who acted independently and who could not in a mat- 
ter of this kind affect the Town by their action. As they could create no 
liability against the Town by entering on land of another, the Town could 
not without a corporate vote, acquire rights in the land by virtue of such 
action. Individuals who had entered upon the land and had openly and 
notoriously used and occupied for their own purposes were not agents or 
legal representatives of the Town in its corporate capacity." 

"It was admitted that the Town in its corporate capacity had never 
claimed the land or taken any action in regard to it until June 30, 188S." 

The decision was, the respondent must be ordered to bring an action 
to try its title within such time as a single justice of this Court may de- 
termine. The case was decided on Jan. 9, 1S91. 1 

At the annual meeting of the Town on March 9, 1S91, it was voted 
that the Selectmen be a committee to confer with the Proprietors of Jef- 
frey's Neck in relation to the rights of the clammers and to their claims to 
the landing at Eagle Hill. They reported at the adjourned meeting on April 
Cth, that the counsel for the Proprietors declared that any person, who 
claims rights, must assert them. They reported as well that they had 
advised with the Town's counsel, as to the advisability of the Town's 

1 Mass. Reports 153 p. 42. 



I 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 77 

taking any further action, whose opinion was that it would be impracticable 
for the Town to undertake to prove their title to the ownership of the land. 
Also that the rights of the clammers in Eagle Hill cannot be determined in 
any proceedings to which the Town can be a party. Those rights can only 
be determined by an action between the Proprietors of Jeffrey's Neck and 
one or more clammers. If such action is begun then the Town can consider 
the advisability of taking the land for a public Park or to lay out a Town 
way to the landing. 

Further action was indefinitely postponed. The Proprietors of the 
Neck at their meeting on June 20th, 1891, leased Eagle Hill to J. B. Thomas 
and others for two years, with the right to collect all rentals for houses on 
Eagle Hill, to relocate said houses, the Pioprietors reserving the right to 
the feed, the right to enter and take gravel, mulch and drift stuff, and the 
right to pass over and construct a road across the same. The directors 
were authorized to build a road from the house of Mr. Hudgens to Eagle 
Hill, and thence across the pasture to Plum Island river, near the house of 
Joseph Hoyt, and a thousand dollars was appropriated for this purpose. 

The question of Town ownership was raised again at the Town Meet- 
ing on July 25, 1892, under an article in the Warrant, "to see what action 
the Town will take in regard to the eleven Old Rights and twenty-one New 
Rights in the Jeffrie's Neck corporation which were given to the Town by 
the Commoners, Oct. 6, 17SS." The Selectmen were authorized to take 
legal advice and any action that might be necessary to secure the rights 
of the Town in regard to these undrawn rights. 

The Park Commissioners reported at the same meeting recommending 
the purchase by the Town of the shares in the Jeffrey 'a Neck Corporation 
owned by the Feoffees, who would sell for $50 a share, and also asking 
authority to purchase Jeffrey 's Neck for Park purposes. Their report was 
accepted and S2,000 was appropriated. The Selectmen were instructed 
to take advice in this matter. 

The Town failed to secure the rights held by the Feoffees, who sold to 
the Proprietors of the Neck. The Park Commissioners began negotiations 
with the Proprietors, who voted on Jan. 14, lS93,to notify the Park Com- 
missioners that they were ready to sell the whole of Jeffrey's Neck to the 
Town for Park purposes only at the rate per acre assessed by the Town for 
1892. 

The Commissioners reported at a Town Meeting on Jan. 31, 1S93, 
recommending laying out a Park on Eagle Hill, and another on Jeffrey's 
Neck next to Plum Island river, and the necessary appropriation. Action 
on each item was indefinitely postponed. 

At the meeting of the Proprietors on April IS, 1893, notice was received 
from the Selectmen that they demanded the right to appear as representa- 
tives of the Town, being entitled to such right by virtue of the ownership 
of the old undrawn rights. The Proprietors refused to admit them. On 
May 27, 1S93, the Proprietors instructed their directors to take legal 



78 JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 

measures to remove any buildings, illegally kept in the pastun 

authorized tbem to complete their suil in the Supreme Court . 

The Selectmen reported to the Town on April 2, 1894, thai th< 
been refused recognition by the Proprietors. It was voted that th« y be 
made the agents and representatives of the Town in the Jeffrey's Neck 
Corporation, with full power to act for the Town, "and that they be and 
hereby are authorized and empowered to take any sueh action and bring 
any such bill, petition or suit in court as they may think proper to . 
to the Town its full rights in said Corporation or in said Pasture.' ' 

As the summer settlement at Little Neck increased in size and attract- 
iveness, there was a corresponding increase in the volume of travel by 
cottagers and others over Jeffrey's Neck. The Proprietors of Jefl 
obstructed this approach to Little Neck by erecting a fence and digging a 
ditch across the narrow isthmus, near Little Neck, making it impo 
for any wheeled vehicle to pass. The Feoffees brought suit against r| 1L - 
Proprietors and Judge Richardson of the Superior Court, found for the 
plaintiff. Appeal was made and the case went to the Pull Bench of the 
Supreme Court in Nov., 1899, which sustained the judgment of the lower 
Court, that there was a right of way across Jeffrey's Neck to Little Neck. 
This judgment did not determine where the way was. (Mass. Reports, 
174:572) 

Mr. Alexander B. Clark had gradually bought the interest of the 
Proprietors, and at the meeting of the Proprietors on August 20, 1896, he 
held 400 shares, only four other shares being represented. It was voted 
to sell the whole real estate to him for $8,000, and he gained pos^e.-.-ion. 
He claimed sole possession under his deed, and the long standing variance 
with the Town was soon revived. 

At the Town Meeting, on March 13, 1899, the Selectmen were in- 
structed to investigate and ascertain if the Town owns a landing and way to 
Eagle Hill, and the meeting voted, as an expression of the common feeling, 
that there should be a public landing place at Eagle Hill. In the Fall of 
the same year, Mr. Clark caused the arrest of two citizens for alleged 
trespass. The Town adopted a spirited Resolution on November 10th. 
"That Whereas William IT. Jewett and Justin J. Hull, citizens of 
this tow r n, engaged in the business of clamming have recently been 
arrested on criminal process for alleged trespass upon land of A. B. 
Clark, by reason of their using in the ordinary course of their 
business of teaming clams toTown from Eagle Hill landing, the old 
way leading from said landing to Town, and Whereas, the imme- 
morial rightof all citizens and of the public to use said way is put 
in jeopardy by said proceedings and it is for the public interest 
that the rights of said defendants and other citizens be effectively 
tested and maintained. 

Now be it Resolved and Voted, 
"that the Selectmen be authorized and instructed to assist said 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 79 

defendants and eueh other citizens as may be arrested for like 

causes to maintain their defence and to employ counsel therefor.' ' 

They were adjudged guilty. An appeal was entered and the action was 
not pressed. The case of Clark vs. Hull was commenced in theSuperiorCourt, 
the defendant cont ending t hat he was in the rightful use of a public highway. 
The jury found for the defendant. Exeeptions were taken and the case 
was argued before the Full Bench of the Supreme Court, which overruled the 
exceptions. (Nov. 1902, Sept., 1903, Mass. Reports, 184:104.) This de- 
cision established the fact that there is a public highway to Eagle PI ill 
Landing and that there is a public landing at Green's Creek on Eagle Hill. 

In the Spring of 1903, Mr. Clark laid out a way through Jeffrey's Neck 
to Little Neck, leaving the old road a little beyond the Pound and skirting 
the shore at the base of the hills. Remonstrance against this proposed 
change was made at the Town Meeting on June 20, 1903, and strong prefer- 
ence was expressed for the old way. The new way, however, was built 
and is in common use. 

On Oct. 20, 1904 a plan of the Town way from Neck gate to Eagle 
Hill landing was presented, and the Town voted to accept the relocation 
and lay out of the public way from a point near Neck gate to the public 
landing at Eagle Hill. A private way to the land of Thomas C. "Wilson, 
20 feet wide, was laid out by vote of Dec. 12, 190G. Contention arose 
between Mr. Clark and the Town regarding the action of the Town in 
entering on the Neck and opening a gravel pit. The plaintiff made no 
denial of the existence of the public highway and eventually the i^ue 
was made on the damage sustained by the removal of gravel. In the 
Superior Court, Nov., 1910, $912.07 damage was awarded, and due 
payment was made by the Town on Dec. 27, 1910. The latest phase of 
this ancient controversy over Jeffrey's Neck, which has been waged at 
frequent intervals for two hundred years is the contests the Town of 
Ipswich is now making, one in the Superior Court forEssex County, and one 
before the Land Court, against the legality of Mr. Clark's title. 

Mr. Clark built two summer houses on the sightly hill, overlooking 
Plum Island River, one of which has recently been destroyed by fire. A few 
Email cottages have also been erected on leased lots, fronting on Ipswich 
river. 

Some trees have been planted, and a few have attained considerable 
size and vigor but with these slight exceptions, the great uplands and the 
water worn, boulder strewn elopes and gulleys remain as they have been 
since the ancient forest disappeared, still furnishing pasturage to the great 
herd of cattle and a few sheep and horses. 

But these bare moorlands, with their grand outlook over leagues of 
land and sea, their fertile soil, easily accessible over a substantial and at- 
tractive road, some day, it is to be hoped, will be utilized for the summer 
homes of many who love Nature, and need the joy and refreshment Nature 
is waiting to bestow. 









LITTLE NECK. 

Fishing was the great business of the early settlors and Little Neck, 
conveniently near the fishing grounds and affording a safe and commodiout 
landing on its sheltered beach, became a busy center for this industry as 
a very early period. Under date of January 11, 104O-1, the Town Record 
reads : 

"There is a committee appoynted with full power to dispose [of] 
the little Neck for the advancing of fishing. The names be these 
viz. Mr. Bradstreet, Mr. Hubbard, Mr. Symonds, Mr. Robert. 
Payne and John Whipple." 

"Agreed that the little Neck of Land where the fishing stage is 
shall be sequestred and sett apart for the advancement of fishing 
and that the fishermen shall there have liberty to inclose it from 
the other Neck where the Cattell goes and it is agreed that every 
Boat that comes to fish there shall have sufficient roome to make 
their fish in as also every Boat gang shall have liberty to break up 
and plant an acre of ground which they shall enjoy during the 
pleasure of the Townc. The like encouragement the Towne intends 
to give to any other Boat that shall hereafter come to fish there 
and it is the professed desire and agreement of these fishermen that 
are already settled there that those that shall hereafter come 
to fish there shall have equal privileges there with themselves. Also 
it is agreed that the fishermen shall have liberty to build them 
such houses as they will be willing to resign to the Towne when- 
ever they desert the place and they are to have the places assigned 
them for building their houses by some that the Towne shall 
appoynt.' ' 

It is doubtful whether the industry, so generously fostered by the 
Town ever attained the magnitude which was hoped for by the broad 
minded men, who planned so wisely for the future, but it was an important 
factor in the economic affairs of the Town for many years. 

A little later, on the 22nd day, 12th mo., 1640-1, the Town voted: 
"That Mr. William Payne should have £30 payed him for his 
farme lying beyond Gravely Brook at or before this tyme twelve 
month or else he the sd. Mr. William Payne is to have little 
Neck. Also the barne and his 2 acres of ground at Liitle Neck 
is to be prized by indifferent men (and payed to him besides 
his £30)one chosen by the Towne and one by Mr. Payne and if they 
agree not then they are to choose a third man.' ' 

(SO) 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 81 

No reservation was made for the fishing privilege on the beach, and 

it was only natural that in due time, friction .should arise bel ween the owner 
or lessee of the Neck andthe fishermen on the shore. 

Mr. William Paine was brother to Robert Paine, the Elder of the 

church. In 10. 72-3, the latter had provided a house and land for the 

Grammar School, and William shared his interest and enthusiasm. Lie 

removed to Boston about 1G5G. 

Robert Roberts was appointed shepherd on Jeffrey's in 1651 and it 

is probable that at that time he was living on Little Neck as Mr.Paine'a 

tenant. In 1660, he renewed his rental or lease. Robert Day made 

depostionin 1662: 

"that aboute 2 years since being at Mr. William Paine's at 
Boston, Robert Roberts, being alsoe there at the same time, 
the said Roberts desired Mr. Paine to hire the little neck lying 
here in Ipswich of him. Mr. Payne consented he should have it 
of him for one hundred years, the said Roberts was to paye the 
sum of six pounds a yeare and then to return to the former rent, 
which was seaven pound a year and further this deponent saith 
that Mr. William Paine did give the full rent of this neck unto 
t he scoole here in Ipswich from that time forward.' ' • • 

Sworn in Court held at Ipswich, the 17th of April, 1GG2, p. me. 

Robert Lord, Clerk. 
Ipswich Deeds, 2:167 and 278. 
Mr. Paine died Oct. 10, 1GG0. In his will, signed Oct. 2 1GG0, he made 

generous remembrance of the school. 

" I give unto the free scoole of Ipswitch the little neck of land at 
Ipswitch commonly knowne by the name of Jefery's neck. The 
which is to bee and remaine to the benifittof the said scoole of Ips- 
witch forever as I have formerly Intended and therefore the sayd 
land not to be sould nor wasted. I give unto the college at Cam- 
bridge the some of Twenty pounds not to be expended but to re- 
main as a stock to the College aforesayd forever." 

Suffolk Reg. of Probate, 1 :346. 
On the death of Robert Roberts, his widow retained the lease, which 

passed to Thomas Perrin, 1 a son-in-law. On Feb. 27,1672, 

''the Town declared that the half acre of land that Robert 
Roberts hath liberty to fence in and build upon (while he held the 
Little Neck the Neck being out of their hands, the lease being out) 

The Feoffees and the Town arc willing that Thomas Perrin 

should hold the land one year more etc." On Feb. 10, 1673, 
"Robert Starkweather desired in a paper to have liberty to hould 
the house of Thomas Perrin and Little Neck, for seven years, etc." 
lie died in the following year. Deacon Moses Pengry succeeded 
him as the shepherd, and the Town ordered that he should have like 

i He married Susan Roberts, Feb. 2S, 1GGG. 



82 jki ■Hci-.Y'tt NECK AND THE WW LEADING THERETO. 

liberty that Robert Starkweather had in Little Neck and Perrin'i 

house for seven yearn, "the administratrix having assigned it ovci 

to him." 

The Feoffees made formal lease to John Pengry, son of Deacon M 
in 1680. 

This Indenture made the five & Twentieth day of Mai 
in the yeareof our Lord one thousand six hundred & Eighty 

Between Majo r Denison M r Thomas Cobbett M r William 
Hubbard M r Robert Paine Sen r Capt John Applet on M r John 
Rogers Capt. John Whipple M r Robert Paine Jun r cV Richard 
Hubbard of Ipswich in New England Feoffees of the I • 
School of thesd Towneof Ipswich on the one party & John Pingry 
of the same Towne Husbandman Witnesseth that, the sd Maj 1 
Denison M r Tho 3 Cobbett etc. have Devised Granted & to 
farme Letten (?) aparcellof land called the Little Neckscituate 
& being in Ipswich afores d To the sd John Pengry his heires & 
Assignes for & during the space of sixty yeares next insuing the 
day of the date hereof to bee fully cumplied & Ended Yielding 
& payinge Therefore yearly during sd Space the full sum of 
Seven pounds in Pork Wheat Barly or Indian Come. Pro- 
vided that not more than one halfe of the sd Rent bee paid in 
Indian Come at or before the fifteenth day of March yearly unto 
the sd Majo r Denison etc or their Assigns or their Successor 3 
or Assignes At the meeting house in the sd Ipswich or any other 
place in Ipswi eh where the s d Majo r Denison M r Cobbett & their 
Assignes or Successors or their Assignes shall appoint. And 
what part of the sd Rent shall bee payd in Porke shall bee yearly 
payd at or before the fifteenth of January. And for the payment 
of thesd Rent at the day of payment yearly the s d John Pengery 
doth by these p r sents Bind himself his heirs & Assignes to the sd 
Majo r Denison M r Cobbet & their Successor and theire As- 
signes during the sd space : And if it shall happen sd Rent or any 
part thereof shall bee behind more than one month after the day i »f 
payment yearly then it shall or may be lawful! for the sd Majo* 
Denison & their Successor or Assignes to Reenter the premises w lh 
the Appurtenances and the Same to Rcpossesse Any thing in 
these p r csents Contained to the contrary Notwithstanding. 
And in witness hcerof the parties above sd have to these p r esents 
interchangeable sett their hands in day — yeare abovesd. In 
p r esence of us 

SAMUEL ROGERS 
MOSES PINGERY SEN 1 
JOHN DENISON 
Ipswich Deeds— 5:124. 



JEFFREY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 



83 



Pcngry conveyed this lease to Robert Cross Jr., Dec. 18, 1080. (Ips. 
Deeds 5:125) Robert Cross conveyed to Ralph Cross, "the parcel of 
planting land at Little Neck, which is the living I now live upon/' Pay- 
ment was to be made to the Town and to his son Nathaniel. June 3, L707. 

(10:172.) 

During Nathaniel Cross's tenure, as the result of a controversy 
the Proprietors of Jeffrey's Neck, the division fence was taken down, and 
the cattle roamed over Little Neck as well. 1 It was not restored fur m my 
years and the lease hold system expired with. it. 

The story of Robert Cross's unprovoked assault upon the old shepherd 
on Jeffrey's Neck -'reveals his quarrelsome temper, and it was very natural 
that he should clash in due time with the fishermen on the beach. The 
trouble came in 1691, on the occasion of the putting up of a building fur 
the fisheries by the order of John Wainwright. The depositions made at 
the trial of this case are of particular interest, as they sketch the history 
of the industry from the beginning and afford many personal detail-. 
Deposition of John Pengry, age about 3S years. (Ips. Deeds, 5:502.) 
''This Deponant Testifieth & saith that about fifteen or sixteen 
years since when my father Improved ye Little Neck, The 
fishermen had S tages there & made fish & so was y e stages then 
Improved as Comon Lands & we know nut any thing to the 
Contrary for the fishermen Informed us that so it had allwayes 
been from y e first Improvement of Stages There & we did not 
molest Them In said priviledges dk when my father Gave y e Little 
Neck to me I Left it & it was so Improved, as a Comon Interest 
of the Towne Then: 

Swornc in Court at Ipswich, Sept y e 29, 1G91 as attest. 

Tho 3 Wade, Clerk. 

The Deposition of William Hodgkins Sen 1 ", aged about G'J years. 
(Ipswich Deeds, 5:503.) 

"This Deponant Testifieth that he with Divers other persons 
hath occupyed, used tt Improved ye beach adjoyneing to the 
Little Neck In Ipswich as a Towne privilidg & Comon Land 
for makcing & cureing fish above fiftye years more or less A: never 
was demanded anything for Rent Either from M r William 
Paine nor Robert Roberts, said Pains Tenant, nor from widow 
Roberts, nor from John Roberts, nor from old father Stark- 
weather, nor from John Pengery, which persons all did in their day 
Improve both y e plow land & pasture land, appertaining to said 
neck, but none of them did either directly or indirectly demand 
anything for rent, either of me or any person else that I know of 
for using & improving the afforcsaid Beach, but did allwayes owne 



i Pages 09, 70. 
* Pago 57. 



84 



JEFFREY 



;eck and the way leading thereto. 



it to be a privileged place to make & cure fish upon, nor hind 
for eroding & building stages & other houses thereupon untill 

this present year, 1691.' • 

"John Roberts aged about 45 years, Testifieth thai to hi i Ivi 
Ig, what is above written is Certenly True for Thirty-seven years 
past, and further adds that his father Robards did Tel] him this 
deponant that Mr. William Payne had forbid him hindering a fish- 
ing Trade upon ye Little Neck beach, because it was a Town prive- 
ledg & therefore my father gave me this deponant, the like charge, 
that I should not Intercept so beneficial! a designe, which I 
always at tended." 
Sworn in Court at Ips. Sept y e 29, 1691 by both parties as at test 

Tiio s Wade, Clerk. 
The Deposition of Abraham Perkins aged about 50 years. (Ips. Deeds 
5:503). 

"This Deponant saith That upon his Certaine Knowlege A fish- 
ing designe of making fish hath been managed upon y c beach on 
ye south side of y e Little Neck adjoyneing toy kit tie Neck hill in 
Ipswich for above forty-one years more or less & I never under- 
stood but that y e said BeachewasaTown privlidg& Comon Land, 
which I affir m to ye. best of my knowledge allwayes Lay open, un- 
fenced as Comon, & no Tenant did Improve it asaTown privili g 
untill this present year Anno Domini 1091." 

"John Clark Senior aged about 50 years testifieth to yc Truth of 
what is above written.' ' 

Sworn in Court at Ipswich, 7:29:1091 for both parties, as attest 
Thos Wade, Clerk. 
Deposition of John Clarke, aged 53 yrs. (10:101) 
"That upon his certain knowledge ye Beach upon Little Neck now in 
possession of John Wainwright hath been improved as Towne privilege & 
common land for curing & drying fish by Quarm r John Perkins. Win. Ilodg- 
kins, Giles Cowes, John Dutch & John Wainwright for above forty and 
seven years & allwaies lay common and unfenced." 

"At a general sessions holdcn at Ips. March 26, 1095, John Clarke made 
oath. Rev. M r Hubbard made oath to truth of above, they possessed 
the beach for above fifty years past this 29 March 1095." 
Same deposition in Ips. Record 5:503, etc. 

Capt. Thomas and Daniel Staniford received permission from the 
Town on March 22, 1750, to build a wharf on the westerly corner of Little 
Neck, not exceeding GO ft. front, and a warehouse on the upland, not ex- 
ceeding 30 ft. square, including convenient room about the house, bounded 
on the edge of the bank, provided the warehouse be erected within 18 
months. 

Nathaniel Smith had a fishing stage there in 1703, and Nathaniel 
Farley and others petitioned for a piece of flats near Smith's stage for 



JEFFPEY'S NECK AND THE WAY LEADING THERETO. 85 

building a large wharf. This was referred to a Committee, which r< ported 
at the Town Meeting, May 10, 1703. Their report states, thai "tin y 1 
laid out a convenient place on the Little Neck for the purpo: e oi building 
a wharf and warehouse and have sett oil the same by Med.-, and boui I 
follows, viz:" 

"Beginning at a stake at Low water mark near the Neck Cose, thi i 
running N.E. to high watermark to a stake and stones, thence running S. I .. 

by high water mark 100 ft. to a stake and stones thence running X. \V. 

by low water mark 100 ft. to first, and that sd. Petitioners have- two years 
from the date of their petition to complete the sd. wharf and warehouse, and 
to he to the use and benefit of the Petitioners and their heirs and assigns for 
so long a time as they or any of them shall maintain and keep the same in 
good repair and no longer.' ' 

Abraham Choate conveyed to John Patch, all his right and title in a 
sixth part of a wharf with the appurtenances at Little Neck, Jan. 0, 1 7 '. ■ _' 
(107 :03), and Robert Farley conveyed to Richard Lakeman hah' a warehouse 
and wharf at " Jeffries or Little Neck" 1808. Ips. Deeds, o:ol)5. 

The heavy timbers and the great stones which remain from one of 
these old wharves show that a very strong structure was built here, and 
surest that the trade in fish, which warranted the building of such a wharf, 
must have been large and important. 

All business of this kind ceased many years since. Fifty years ago, a 
solitary building used for the storage of porgies was the only frame structure 
on the Neck. The white tents of occasional camping parties skirled the 
blope of the hill near Stony Point and about the well, and as the great, 
natural beauty of the spot and its easy access by the river came to be ap- 
preciated, a few cheap houses were built near the rocky beach at the foot 
of the Hill. Larger and more convenient cottages began to be erected. The 
Feoffees granted the lease of lots at moderate rates and the popularity of 
the spot grew rapidly. Within a few years the Town water has been 
introduced, permitting and encouraging the building of summer homes, with 
all modern conveniences, and the village has now covered the sightly slope 
to the very summit and is rapidly occupying every available spot. William 
Paine 's generous gift to the free school of ancient Ipswich has already net ted 
results far beyond what that shrewd merchant ever dreamed, and the 
prospect of greatly increased financial return is sure and gratifying. 



ANNUAL MEETING. 



At the Annnal meeting of the Historical Society held 
December 4 ; 1911, the following officers were elected: 

President.— T. F. Waters. 

Vice Presidents. — F. R. Appleton and J. H. Proctor. 

Clerk.— J. W. Nourse. 

Treasurer. — T. F. Waters. 

Directors. — C. A. Sayward, Henry Brown 

and James S. Robinson. 



(86) 



ANNUAL REPORT OF THE TREASURER 

OF THE IPSWICH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

READ AT THE ANNUAL MEETING, 

DECEMBER 5, 1910. 

Dr. 

To Annual Membership Fees, 

•' Life Membership Fees, 

" Gifts, 

11 Sale of Publications by mail, 

" Subscription for illustrations in No. XVI-XV1I, 



Receipts from Historical Pageant, 



Receipts from "Whipple House, 
Door Fees, 
Sale of Publications, 
Sale of Pictures, 
Supper, 



189 03 

8.50 

9.40 

101.00 



Total receipts, 
Balance in Treasury, Dec. 1, 19u9, 



Cr. 



Paid on Mortgage, Jan. 1, 

Interest on mortgage, Jan. 1, 
" " " July 1, 

on Mortgage, Nov. 1, 
Int. on " "' ' " 



100.00 
3G.00 

34.00 

1,000.00 

10.00 



Insurance, - 

publishing No. XYT-XVII, printing reports, etc. 
Salary — President, .... 

Books, Envelopes, Postage, 
Incidentals, ------ 

House account, 
Paid for fuel, 

" " water, 

" (i repair, ----- 

" " table-ware, - 

" " pictures, 

" " incidentals, - 

" " gratuity to curator 



09.02 
12.48 
22.52 

10.35 
0.59 
8.7G 

10.00 



$447.00 

200.00 

5)5.00 

35.94 
45.00 



*22.9i 
974.04 



308.53 

2,105.51 

020.01 

2,720.12 



1,180.00 



20.40 
712.00 
250.00 

54 45 

35. 15 



14G.32 



146.32 



Balance in Treasury and 
at Whipple House, 



(87) 



B0 



hu: 






KEPOKT OF THE TKEASUHEU OF 'JIN' 

IPSWICH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

DECEMBEK l, 1911. 



Ipswich Historical Society in account with T. F. Wutei 1 ri i 

Dr. 

Annual Membership fees, 
Life Membership fee, .... 

Sale of publications by mail, 
Subscription for Illustration 

From Whipple House 

Door fees, ------ 

Publications and pictures, 

Supper, --..-. 



Total receipt- 



8434.00 




50.00 




17.70 




\:> oo 




510.70 


610.70 


$158 13 




10.40 




90.94 






271.47 




7*8.17 


Dec. 1010. 


327 SO 



Cr. 



Interest on Mortgage, 

Publication account, 

Books, Envelopes and Post; 

Pageant account, (19 10 } 

Incidentals, 

Salary of President, 



Whipple House 
Fuel, 
Water, 

Cleaning and repair, I 

Tables and book case \ 

Gas, 

Gratuities, 

Pictures, 

Moth cleaning, 



§28.00 


8*5 25 


37.32 


13.05 


10.00 


250.00 


44. 1"J 


10.15 


107.74 


11.00 


15.00 


8.00 


2.00 



1,115.9 



432.02 



Cash in Treasury, 



6:10.70 

4-:.. l*7 



1,115.97 



(>$) 



MEMBERS. 






Life Members. 



Mrs. Alice C. Bemis 
Richard T. Crane, Jr. 
John Hogg . 
Miss Katherine Loring 
Mrs. William C. Lorii g 
William G. Low- 
George Prescott 
James H. Proctor 
Thomas E. Proctor 
Charles G. Rice 
Charles P. Searle 
Mrs. Charles P. Searle 
John Car>" Spring 
Mrs. Julia Appleton Si 
Eben B. Symonds 



.Col. 



lo Springs 


, Col. 


Chicag 


o. 111. 


Boston. 


Ma,,. 


Pride's Crossing 


Boston, 


Mass. 


Brooklyn, 


X. Y. 


Rowley, 


Mass. 


Ipswich, 


Mass. 


Topsfield, 


Mass. 


Ipswich, 


Mass. 


Boston, 


Mas,. 



Sal< 



Mass. 



Re 



Charles L. Appleton. 
Francis R. Appleton. 
Mrs. Frances L. Appleton 
Francis R. Appleton, Jr. 
James W. Appleton. 
Randolph M. Appleton. 
Mrs. Susan A. R. Appleton. 
Miss S. Isabel Arthur. 
Mrs. Elizabeth 11. Baker. 
Rev. Frank H. Baker. 
John II. Baker. 
CharKs W. Bamford. 
George E. Barnard. 
Miss Caroline T. Bates. 
John A. Blake. 
Robert W. Bolles. 



Warren Boynton. 
Albert S. Urown, Jr. 
A. Story Brown. 
Charles W. Brown. 
1 lenry Brown. 
J 'rank M. Burke. 
Ralph \\". Burnham. 
Mrs. Xellie Mae Burnham. 
Miss Sarah P. Caldwell. 
Charles A. Campbell. 
Mrs. La\ inia Campbell. 
Edward W. Choate. 
Philip E. Clarke. 
Mrs. Marv E. Clarke. 
Miss Harriet D. Condon. 
Miss Roxana C. Cowley 



(S'.») 



90 



Resident Members. 



Arthur C. Damon. 
Mrs. Carrie Damon. 
Mrs. Ellen C. Damon. 
Miss Edith L. Daniels. 
Mrs. Howard J )a\vson. 
George G. Dexter. 
Miss C. Bertha Dobson. 
Arthur \V. Dow. 
Dana F. Dow. 
Howard X. Doughty. 
Mrs. Charles G. Dyer. 
Mrs. Emeline F. Farley. 
Miss Lucy R. Farley. 
Miss Abbie M. Fellows 
John S. Glover. 
Charles E. Goodhue. 
Frank T. Goodhue. 
John W. Goodhue. 
William Goodhue. 
Mrs. Annie T. Grant. 
Mrs. Caroline B. Gray. 
George Harris. 
George H. \Y. Haves. 
Walter E. Havward. 
Mrs. Alice L. Heard. 
Miss Alice Heard. 
John Heard. 

Mrs. Caroline G. Hodgdon. 
Miss Mary A. Hodgdon. 
Miss S. Louise Holmes. 
Benjamin R. Horton. 
Miss Lucy S. Jewett. 
Mrs. Harriett M. Johnson. 
Miss Ida B. Johnson. 
Miss Ellen M. Jordan. 
Charles M. Kellv. 
Fred. A. Kimball. 
Robert S. Kimball. 
Mrs. Isabel G. Kimball. 
Mrs. Mary A. G. Kinsman 
Miss Bethiah I). Kinsman. 
Miss Rhoda F. Kinsman. 
Mrs. Susan K. Kinsman. 
Dr. Frank \V. Kyes. 
Mrs. Georgie C. Kyes. 
Miss Sarah E. Lakemail. 
Mrs. Mary S. Langdon. 
Austin L. Lord. 
Miss Lucy Slade Lord. 
Thomas H. Lord. 
Mrs. Lueretia S. Lord. 
Charles L. Lovell. 
Mrs. Mary 15. Maine. 
Tames F. Mann. 
Joseph Marshall. 



Everard H. Martin. 

Mrs. Marietta K. Martin. 

Herbert W. Ma, -a,. 

Dr. M. Charles McGinley. 

Mrs. Mabel McGinley. 

Daniel E. Measure.-,.' 

George V. Millett. 

Miss Abby L. Xewman. 

\\ illiam J. Norwood. 

Mrs. Elizabeth B. Norwood. 

John \V. Xour-e. 

Mrs. 1 larriet E. Xourse. 

I. E. B. Perkins. 

Augustine 11. Plouff. 

William H. Rand. 

Mrs. Frances E. Richardson. 

William J. Riley. 

James S. Robinson, Jr. 

Mrs. Anna C. C. Robinson. 

Frederick G. Ross. 

Mrs. Mary F. Ross. 

Joseph F. Ro>s. 

Mrs. Helene Ross. 

Daniel Safford. 

Angus Savory. 

Charles A. Sayward. 

Mrs. Henrietta W. Sayward. 

Harrv M. Sayward. 

George A. Scholield. 

Amos E. Scotton. 

Dexter M. Smith. 

Mrs. Fanny E. Smith. 

Fred A. Smith. 

Mrs. Elizabeth K. Spaulding, 

Frank R. Starkev. 

Dr. Frank H. Stockvvell. 

Mrs. Sadie B. Stockwell. 

Edward M. Sullivan. 

J- ihn J. Sullivan. 

Arthur L. Sweetser. 

Samuel H. Thurston 

k. Eli ert Titcomb. 

George W. Tozer. 

Miss Ellen R. Trask. 

Jesse 11. Wade. 

Miss Nellie F. Wade. 

Miss Emma E. Wait. 

Luther Wait. 

Rev. T. Frank Waters. 

Mrs. Adeline M. Waters. 

I ieorge F. Waters. 

Mr.. E. H. Welch. 

Mrs. Marianna Whitticr. 

.Miss Eva Adams Willcomb. 

Chester I'. Woodburv. 



Non-Resident Member: 



[>l 



H. B. Alexander 

Frederick J. Alley 

Mrs. Mary G. Alley . 

Mrs. Clara R. Anthony 

William S. Appleton 

Mrs. S. Reed Anthony 

Eben H. Bailey . 

Dr. J. Dellinger Barney 

Josiah H. Benton 

William F. J. Boardman 

Albert D. Bosson 

Mrs. Alice C. Bosson 

Hervev Burnham 

William H. Buzzell 

Rev. Augustine Caldwell 

Eben Caldwell 

Miss Florence F. Caldwell 

John A. Caldwell 

"Mrs. Luther Caldwell 

Miss Mira E ; Caldwell 

Mrs. Fannie E. Carter 

Rufus Choate 

Alexander B. Clark 

Rev. Edward Constant 

Mrs. Lina C. Cushing 

Charles Davis 

Maj. Gen. George W. Davis 

Henry L. Dawes 

Mrs. Catherine P. Dawes 

Joseph D. Dodge 

Mrs. Edith S. Dole . 

Miss Ellen M. Dole . 

Mrs. Grace Atkins Dunn 

William W. Emerson 

Joseph K. Farley 

Miss Harriet D. Fellowes 

Mrs. Pauline S. Fenno 

F. Appleton Flichtner 

Stanwood E. Flitner 

William E. Foster 

Mrs. Julia A. Foster 

Amos Tuck French 

Edward B. George 

Dr. J. L.Goodale 

Snmuel V. Goodhue 

William E. Gould 

Mrs. Amy M. Hagecrty 

Dr. Francis B. Harrington 

Miss Louise M. Hodgkins 

Augustus T. Holmes 

Mrs. Gertrude F. Hooper 

Joseph Increase Horton 

Rev. Horace C. Flovey 

Miss Ruth A. Hovey 

Gerald L. Hoyt 

Mrs. Mary Floyt 



Kol 



Geneva, 111,. 
Hamilton, Mass. 

Brookline, Ma-s. 

Boston, Ma 



Flartford, Conn. 
Boston, Mass. 

Essex, Mass. 

orth Adams, Mass. 

Eliot, Me. 

Elizabeth, X. J. 

Philadelphia, Penn. 

Winchester, Ma^s. 

Lynn, Mass. 

Salem, Mass. 

Essex, Mass. 

Peabody, Mass. 

Fairmont, Minn. 

Washington, D. C. 

East Milton, Mass. 

Washington, D. C. 

Pittsheld, Mass. 



Lynn, Mass. 

Newbury, Mass. 

Salem, Mass. 

. New York, X. Y. 

. Haverhill. Mass. 

vauai, Hawaiian L.lands 

Cornwnll-on-Hudson 

Rowley M.ass. 

Southboro, Ma>s. 

Englewood, N. J. 

Providence, R. 1. 

. New York, N. Y. 

. Haverhill, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 

Salem, Mass. 

Brookline, Mass. 

Washington, D. C. 

Boston, Mass. 

Wilbraham, Mass. 
Engineer S. S. Ligurnier 

Boston, Mass. 

Somerville, Mass. 

Newburyport, Mass. 

Lake Mohonk. N. Y. 

. New York, N. Y. 



02 



Non-Resident Member ,. 



William P. Hubbard . 
C. Whipple Hyde 

Arthur S. Kimball 

Benjamin Kimball 

Right Rev. Frederic J. Kin -man 

Curtis E. Lakeman 

John S. Lawrence 

J. Francis Le Baron 

"Charles T. Libby 

George R. Lord 

Mrs. Mary A. Lord . 

Miss Mary L. Macomber 

Mrs. Francis E. Markoe 

Miss Mary F. Marsh . 

Miss Ellen 1). Martin . 

William P. Morgan . 

Guv Murchie 

Caleb J. Norwood 

Mrs. M. Abbie Norwood . 

C. Augustus Norwood 

Mrs. Anna W. Osgood 

Joseph B. E. Osgood . 

Dr. Robert B. Osgood 

Rev. Reginald Pearce 

Moritz B. Philipp 

Mrs. Marion K. Pillsburv 

Mrs. Julia B. Post 

Dr. Edward Quintard 

A. Davidson Reniick 

James E. Richardson 

Dr. Mark W. Richardson 

Mrs. Lucy C. Roberts 

Charles E. Rogers 

Derby Rogers 

Miss Susan S. Rogers 

Albert Russell 

Charles P. Searle, Jr. 

Miss Corinna Searle 

Richard W. Searle 

Mrs. Daniel Denison Shade 

Mrs. Emma M. H. Slade . 

Miss Elizabeth P. Smith 

Mr. Hcnrv P. Smith 

Mrs. Caroline P. Smith 

Rev. R. Cotton Smith 

Harry C. Spiller . 

Mrs. Mary If. Swain 

Dr. E. W. Taylor 

Rev. William G. Tbaver 

Dr Harvev P. Toule 



iviisj : ranees i .. o \vnsci 
Bayard Tuckerman 
John A. Tuckerman 
Mrs. Ruth A. Tuckerman 
Charles H. Tweed 
Harry \Y. Tyler 



Wheeling. Wt-t Va. 
Webster Grove, Mo. 
Obcrlin, Ohio 
Boston, 
Wilmington, D< 1 
New fork, 
Boston, 

( harrion, Ohio 
Portland, Me, 
Salem, ' 
Boston, 

Penlynn, Pa. 

Lvnn, M 

Salem, ! 

Short Hills. X. J. 

Boston, Mass. 

Hamilton. M; ss. 



South Orange. N. J. 
Salem. Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 
So. Framingham, Mass. 
New York, N. Y. 
Allston, Mass. 
New York, N. Y. 

Boston, Mass. 

Salem. Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 

Cambridge, Mass. 

New York, N Y. 

New Canaan. Conn. 

Boston, Mass. 

Portland, Me. 

Boston, Mass. 



Chestnut Hill. Mass. 

New York. >.'. Y. 

Salem. M iss. 

Brookline, M; ss. 

Washington, 1 ' C. 

Boston, M ss. 



Southboro, Mass. 
Bosl n. M .-- 



New York, N. Y. 
Hamilton. Mass. 

Boston. Mass. 
New York, N. Y. 

Boston, Mass. 



Non-Re sid e n t -\ I e m i 



Mrs. Margaret Wade 
Major Chas. W. Whipple 
Henry M. Whipple 
George Willcomb 
Wallace P. Willett 
Mrs. Elizabeth Willett 
Egerton L, Winthrop, Jr. 
Frederic Winthrop 
Thomas Lindall Winthrop 
Chalmers Wood 
Joseph F. Woods 
Mrs. Margaret H. Wright 



i . i • i 



:< .n, M; 

. New York, \\ V. 

Hackett ton, X J. 

[>< >: i'. ii. 

East (nan..,-, X. J 

New York, X. Y. 
Boston, M 
Boston, ?.!. 

New- York, X. Y. 
Boston, Mass 

Cambridge, Ma>s. 



Honorary Member 



John All tree, Jr. 
Frank C. Farley 
Mrs. Katherine S. Farley 
Mrs. Eunice W. Felton 
Reginald Foster 
Augustus P. Gardner 
Charles L. Goodhue 
Miss Abide A. Gray 
Miss Emily R. Gray 
Arthur W. Hale- 
Albert Farley Heard, L'nd 
Mrs. Otis Kimball 
Miss Sarah S. Kimball 
Frederick J. Kingsbury 
Henry S. Manning 
Mrs. Mary W. Manning 
George von L. Meyer 
Mi>s Esther Parmenter 
Richard M. Saltonstall 
Denison R. Slade 
Joseph Spiller 
Miss Ellen M. Stone 
Albert Wade 
Edward P. Wade 
W. F. Warner 



Swampscott, Mass. 

So. Manchester, Conn. 

Cambridge, Mass. 
Boston, 
Hamilton, " 
Springfield, 

Sauquoit, X. Y. 

Winchester, Mass. 
Boston, 

Salem, 
Waterbury, Conn. 
New York, X. Y. 

Washington, D.C. 
Chie< ipee, M;i<s. 

Boston, 
Brookline, " 
Boston, " 
East Lexington, 

Alton. 111. 

St. Louis, Mo. 



The Ipswich Historical Society was organized in 1890, 
and incorporated in 1S9S. It has purchased and restored 
to its original architecture the ancient house it now occu- 
pies, one of the finest specimens of the early Colonial style. 
It has issued a series of Publications which have now 
reached to No. XVIII which are of general interest. 

Our publications should have a wider circulation, the 
mortgage of $700 which now burdens us, should be dis- 
charged, and a beginning should be made of collecting 
funds for our fire-proof Memorial building for our collec- 
tions and various uses. We wish to commend our work 
and our needs to our own citizens, to those who make their 
summer home with us, to all, scattered throughout our land, 
who have an ancestral connection with the old Town, and 
to any, who incline to help us. We can use large funds 
wisely in sustaining the Society, in erecting our new build- 
ing, and in establishing a permanent endowment. 

Our membership is of two kinds: An annual membership 
with a yearly due of $2, which entities to a copy of the 
Publications as they are issued, and free entrance to our 
House with friends; and a life membership, with a single 
payment of S50, which entitles to all the privileges of 
membership. 

Names may be sent at any time to the President. 
Orders for the publication will be filled at once. 

(04) 



PUBLICATIONS OF THE IPSWICH 
HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



I. The Oration by Rev. Washington Choate and the Poem by 
Rev. Edgar F. Davis, on the _O0th Anniversary of the 
Resistance to the Andrps Tax, 1887. Price l.'5 cents. 

II to VI inclusive. Out of print. 

VII. "A Sketch of the Life of John Winthrop the Younger," with 
portrait and valuable reproductions of ancient documents 
and autographs, by Thomas Franklin Waters. Price $1.50. 
Postage 14 cents. 

VIII. "The Development of our Town Government" and "Com- 
mon Lands and Commonage," with the Proceedings at the 
Annual meeting, 1S99. Price 25 cents. 

IX. "A History of the old Argilla Road in Ipswich, Massachu- 
setts," by Thomas Franklin Waters. Price 25 cents. 

X. "The Hotel Cluny of a New England Village", by Sylvester 
Baxter, and the History of the Ancient House, with Pro- 
ceedings at the Annual Meeting, 1900. Price 25 cents. 

XI. "The Meeting House Green and a Study of Houses and Lands 
in that vicinity," with Proceedings at the Annual Meeting, 
Dec. 2, 1901. Price 25 cents. 

XII. "Thomas Dudley and Simon and Ann Bradstreet." A Study 

of House-Lots to Determine the Location of Their Homes, 
and the Exercises at the Dedication of Tablets, July 31, 
1902, with Proceedings at the Annual Meeting, Dec. 1, 
1902. Price 25 cents. 

XIII. "Fine Thread, Lace and Hosiery in Ipswich" by Jesse Fewkes, 

and "Ipswich Mills and Factories", by Thomas Franklin 
Waters, with Proceedings at the Annual Meeting. Price 
25 cents. 

XIV. "The Simple Cobler of Aggawam," by Rev. Nathaniel Ward- 

A reprint of the 4th edition, published in 16-17, with fac- 
simile of title page, preface, and headlines and the exact 
text, and an Essay, Nathaniel Ward and the Simple 
Cobler, by Thomas Franklin Waters. 110 pp. 75 cents. 
Postage 10 cents. A limited edition, printed on heavy 
paper, bound in boards. One dollar, postage prepaid. 

XV. "The Old Bay Road from Saltonstall's Brook and Samuel 
Appleton's Farm" and "A Genealogy of the Ipswich De- 
scendants of Samuel Appleton", by Thomas Franklin 
Waters, with Proceedings at the Annual Meeting. Price 
75 cents. 

XVI and XVII. Double number. 
"Candlewood. 

An Ancient Neighborhood in Ipswich." 

With Genealogies of John Brown, 39 pp., William Fellows, 

17 pp. and Robert Kinsman, 15 pp. 100 pp., octavo, 

with maps, full p;ige illustrations and complete index, by 

Thomas Franklin Waters. Price $1.50. Postage S cents. 



ALSO PUBLISHED UNDER THE AUSPICES OF 
THE IPSWICH HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



IPSWICH 

IN THE 

MASSACHUSETTS BAY 

COLONY 

1633-1700 



BY 



THOMAS FRANKLIN WATERS 



5S6 Pages, Octavo, Gilt Top, Rough Edges, with Maps and 
Full Page Illustrations and Full Index 



Part I. The History of Ipswich to the year 1700 

Part II. The Land Grants, from the beginning to the present day 



SUPPLEMENTARY APPENDICES WITH VALUABLE 
ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS 



Price, $5.00 










jeu/eft 



Tk.eo\ 
\Ni 



PUBLICATIONS OF THE IPSWICH 

HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

XIX 



IPSWICH VILLAGE 



AND THE 



I 



L? 



OLD ROWLEY ROAD 



Printed for the Society 

1914 



PUBLICATIONS OF THE IPSWICH 

HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

XIX 






IPSWICH VILLAGE 



AND THE 



OLD ROWLEY ROAD 



By THOMAS FRANKLIN WATERS 



Printed for the Society 

1914 



NEIVCOMB & GAUSS, Printers 

Salem, Mail. 

1914 






1 1 i 



CONTENTS 



Ipswich Village and the Old Rowley Road 

The Norton-Paine Farms 

The Foster Farm . 

The Tiieophilus Shatswell Lot 

Robert Lord's Pasture 

The John French Lot . 

Caleb Kimball's Pasture 

John Tuttle's Pasture 

John S hats well's Pasture 

Lot No. 1 

Lot No. 2 

Lot No. 3 

Lot No. 4 

Lot No. 5 

Lot No. 6 

The John Tuttle E 

Lot No. 7 

Lot No. 14 . 

Lot No. 15 

Lot No. 16 

Lot No. 17 . 

Lot No. 18 . 

Ipswich Village 

The Pengry Farm 

The Bradstreet Farm . 

The Ho pert Muzzey Farm 

The Jeremiah Jewett Farm 

No. 19 . 

The Twiford West Farm 

The Thomas Emerson Farm 



9 
12 
13 

14 
15 

15 
17 

20 

22 

22 

23 

24 

25 

26 

31 

32 

32 

32 

33 

33 

34 

34 

38 

40 

45 

49 

61 

62 






PREFACE 

Although the story of the Village will be regarded probably 
of greater interest and value than the history of the pastures 
and house lots that intervene between it and the Town proper, 
it has seemed best to make this study of all the lots that the 
land holdings may be well covered, and to trace the lands on 
both sides of the road, before the group of ancient farms that 
form the Village is considered. 

No section of our Town has more substantial and picturesque 
interest than this quiet neighborhood. Its close eonnection, 
geographically and socially, with Rowley, separated it from 
Ipswich to such a degree that the Town Clerk of the olden time 
made very incomplete entries of the births, marriages and deaths, 
which have been preserved fortunately in the Rowley church 
records. To supply this deficiency in some degree, and to give 
living personal interest to the ancient families, the family his- 
tories have been sketched with considerable detail. 

The author is indebted to Dea. A. Everett Jewett for many 
items of especial interest, and to Mr. John \V. Nourse for his 
contributions to the story and his skilfully drawn diagram. 



Ipswich Village and the Old Rowley Road. 

At the north end of High street anciently known as the "West 
end", in distinction from the "East end", which is still recalled by 
the name East street, three ancient highways diverge like the 
ribs of a fan. 

On the right, the road to the Town Farm opens, at the foot of 
Town Hill, runs through the open tillage lands, and by many side 
roads affords access to the vast area of salt-marsh, level, green and 
beautiful. Tidal creeks and ditches wind their tortuous courses 
and divide its outer edge into many points and islands, each bear- 
ing the name, given centuries ago, of the ancient land holder, or 
some quaint appellation, which pleased the fancy of the early 
settlers and still abides. 

Here are Payne's Creek, Green's Creek and Green's Point Land- 
ing-, the convenient dock where the olden scows or "gundaloes" 
with their freights of thatch and salt-hay from Plum Island and 
elsewhere were moored and their savory loads transferred to the 
clumsy ox- wagons. 

Near by are Cross's Bank, Bagwell's Island, Rogers's Island 
and Holy Island, Stacey's Creek and Six Goose Creek", Deacon 
Sam's Point, Hart's Creek and Hart's Xubs, the Window Frames, 
Wattle's or Wadleigh's Neck', Kimball's Point and other points, 
coves and creeks innumerable, The road ends at last at the great 
farms, granted to Rev. John Norton, Pastor of the Ipswich Church, 
one of the most famous ministers of his time, and Mr. William 
Paine, patron of the Grammar School, whose gift of Little Neck 
is gaining larger value year by year. 

At the very beginning of the Town, this was the road To 
Newbury or "the pathway leading toward the River of Merrimac." 
Under date of Jan. :2G, 1634, record is made of a group of lots, 
granted to Anthony Short, Robert Mu/./ey, John Muzzey, and John 
Shatswell, which are described as "northward of the Town in 
20 rood breadth, North and South to extend west to the pathway 
leading toward River of .Merrimac." The Shatswell lot was laid 
out at Green's Point, and the others were located on the slope of 

present road, and crossed Muddy river -u.A i-.g\ pi river and led 
through the .Muzzey farm. 

Midway between the Town Farm road and the Rowley road 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEI KOAI) 

is Locust street, now a mere lane, shorn of all its dignity by the 
fence, which was made across it when the railroad bridge was 
built, and a new entrance was opened from the main highway. 
Anciently it was the thoroughfare which Led into the Common 
Fields, and was known as the highway to .Muddy river, or the way 
to John Tattle's farm, or Col. Dodge's, as the farm changed owners. 
'"The way in the Common field on the North side the River from 
the Comon gate leading to Muddy River is to be -1 roads over soe 
farr as leadeth to Mr. Wilson's ground"', by vote of July 5 1 *, 1642. 

The way to Green's Point Creek and the Town landing there 
was frequently in debate. Richard Shatswell made petition in 
March 1723/4, "setting forth that by order of the Selectmen Anno 
1GG7 Reginald Foster and others laid out a highway to Green's 
Point Creek, which took up about an acre of land of the peti- 
tioner's grandfather, Richard Shatchwell", for which he asked 
satisfaction. An interesting explanation of the origin of the name, 
Green's Point, is given in the following deed : 

"Richard Shatswell, now living near Chelmsford, in considera- 
tion of goods granted me by Joane Green, my mother, which were 
formerly bequeathed by will unto sayd Joane Green, by John 
Green, formerly Ruling Elder of Church in Chariest own, and in 
consideration of 25 acres made over to sayd Joan Green by the la^t 
will of John Shatswell, her former husband .... conveys to 
said Joan all aforesaid 25 acres (allways excepting 4 acres at the 
upper end of sd. 25 acres adjoining to the highway lately by 
sd. Richard sold to Joseph Quilter of Ipswich) within the common 
fence now known as Green's Point. July 12, 1067 (Ipswich Deeds 
3:255). A Committee appointed "to inquire into the circumstances 
of the highway at Green's Point or the Town Dock" reported on 
March 6, 1744, that a way had been laid out and a record made of 
it, but that it was necessary that the way and the landing be 
staked out. The record of the Town Meeting on March 22, 1753. 
shows that a way had been staked out, from the North Common 
Field gate, "over Ready Marsh bridge," "Belcher's Hill," '"Green's 
Point Path", etc. down to Col. Berry's farm. May IS, 175G, the way 
was again in question, and the lay out was reported again. May 
10, 1703. The staking out of the landing was reported to the 
Town on March 19, 1770, and the bounds were renewed, June 6, 
1777. A Committee was appointed "to treat with Mr. Shatswell 
respecting the gate across the road leading to the Town Dock at 
Green's Point" on March 6, 1787. Once more on April 11. 1S03. a 
Committee was instructed "to lay out and ascertain the way from 
the gate leading to the North Common fields and Town Dock at 
Green's Point." The names "Common Fields'' and "The Hundreds", 









which still attach to these unfenced areas of tillage land and 
marsh, are most interesting- reminders of the ancient system of 

land-holding', which prevailed in Old England, centuries before the 
Puritan migration. "The Hundreds'' is of Teutonic origin. In 
the days of the Roman Empire it signified undoubtedly a hundred 
soldiers or a hundred families or a hundred hides of land, but in 
later times it came to have a geographical significance only, de- 
noting the territorial division between the township or parish and 
the County. The name Chiltern Hundreds still survives in Eng- 
land. 

Sir Henry Maine in his Lectures on the land system of the 
Middle Ages, states that the territory occupied by any community 
was divided into the following parts: 

1. The township, where the houses held b}' heads of families in 
severalty were located. 

2. The tillage land, divided into plots, but subject to regulations 
regarding common cultivation. 

3. Meadow land, which in like manner was common for a period 
after hay harvest, but was fenced off afterward in allotments 
for the new crop. 

4. Common or waste land, not appropriated for cultivation, over 
which the community had rights of pasturage, wood-cutting, etc. 

The division of the land in Ipswich by the first settlers has 
very suggestive resemblance to this. The town lots were assigned 
first, and every man (and a few women) who built and owned a 
house, became forthwith a Commoner and had certain definite 
rights in the Common land. Tillage lots, usually about six acres, 
were then assigned to the householders in certain localities set 
apart for this use, as "Manning's Neck", the "North Common 
Fields" and elsewhere. These lots lay in common, that is, they 
were unfenced and the bounds were determined simply by stakes 
or bound-stones. In the North Common fields the lots still remain 
unfenced I'm' the most part and the marsh lots in every locality. 

To separate these tillage lots from the neighboring tracts of 
wild land, the great Cow Commons, in which the herds of cattle 
and flocks of sheep found pasturage under the watchful eye of the 
cow keepers and shepherds, a common fence was built by order of 
the Town. 

"January the 10 th 1G37 Att a Town Meeting. Voted that a 
generall fence shall be made from the end of the Towne to Egypt 
River with a sufficient fence, and also from the East end of the 
Towne in the way of Jefery's neck . . . This fence to be fenced 
by y e first day of June next ensueing upon the penalty of five 
shillings for every rod that shall then be found unfenced. This 



4 Il'SWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 

fence to be done at the charge of all those that have land within the 
s'd compass according to their several] shares of Land and hy 
them to be maintained and there is liberty granted to all BUCb 
p'sons to fell any trees for this use as they shall find most con- 
venient in the Land ungranted." 

This fence was built forthwith, and straightway in the assign- 
ing of tillage lots in the Common fields, it is further specified 
that they are "within the Common fence", and as there- was a con- 
siderable space in one locality between the Common fence and 
the high road to Ilowley, this was divided into past m-. • lot-, and 
assigned to individuals with the specification, that they were 
•'without the common fence." On the left side of the highway a 
large section remained common and undivided. 

Working cattle were allowed to roam in the Commons ;> t 
night and on Sundays and wet days, when they were not in use; 
and as the tempting tields of Indian corn, wheat, rye and barley, 
lay just the other side of this barrier, it was a matter of vast 
concern that it be strong and high and always in good repair. Na- 
thaniel Stow brought suit in March, LG5G, against Thomas Smith, 
William Marchant, liiehard Shatswell and John Newman for in- 
jury to his corn. Samuel Yonnglove deposed that he helped bring 
fifty head of cattle out of the corn-fields owned by these men, and 
that one post and two lengths of rails were down. Henry Kimball 
ran to drive out the marauders, and he deposed that as he went to 
get Thomas Smith's steer he leaped over the five railed fence of 
Alexander Knight. Another suit resulted from the ravaging of the 
corn fields on the Argilla road, when twenty-two head of cattle 
leaped the fence. 

Keeping of cattle within the Common fence was strictly for- 
bidden, and this restriction seems reasonable ami necessary, bat 
some of the most prominent citizens of the Town. Mr. Hubbard, 
Mr. Knight, Mr. Jiradstreet, Mr. Tattle and John SJiatswell, per- 
sisted in bringing their cattle within Hie limit and they answered 
for their offence in December, 1641, before the Quarter Sessions 
Court. 

The vote of the Town on Jan. 11, 1040, is of singular interest, 
as it shows that the Middle -\<j;e law, which reserved certain 
common or public rights in lands, which were held in severalty, 
was still recognized to a certain degree. 

"For encouraging of people to sow [ ] and securing the 
same it is hereby ordered that every one that hath part in any 
Common about the Towne shall keep his part of fencing in good 
and sufficient repair at all times as well winter as summer under 
the same penalty as is now in force for default thereof. And far- 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY LOAD. 5 

ther it is ordered that after harvest the Cow keepers shall have 
special charge given them to keep their herds in the marsh mead- 
ows and upland implanted as much as they can till 20th of Octob 
after which tyme it shall not be lawful for any man to putt in any 
Cattell in the said Comon fields under the penalty of 5 s. apiece 
unless the Towne make an order to give liberty for some 1 vine so 
to do when snow is upon the ground that the Cattell may eat the 
Indian corn stalks without spoyling the english corne.i Also it i 
ordered that it shall be sufficient to agree upon the putting in or 
restrayning of the Cattell into these Common fields upon the stay- 
ing of the freemen after a Lecture from tyme to tyme." 

The Norton-Paine Farms. 

Now Known as the Poor Farm. 

Rey. John Norton received from the Town a grant of "a 
farme of one hundred and fifty acres, more or less, lying upon the 
necke of land neare the North Liver hounded on the southeast by 
the Land of Mr. Payne above written, on the North by the North 
Liver," and forty acres more, bounded southwest by land of Mr. 
Payne, former!}- granted to Mr. Dillingham deceased. (Entered 
April 16, 1038). A committee was instructed to lay out a high- 
way to these farms by March 1, 1042, "with the rest of the high- 
ways that branch from it within the fence." 

Mr. William Payne and Mr. Norton each built a dwelling and 
the necessary barns and outbuildings on his farm and tenants 
were installed, who carried on the work'. In September, 1093, a 
dispute arose regarding a portion of the Norton farm, and the 
depositions made by some of the elderly people reveal some in- 
teresting facts. Mary Edwards, aged about fifty-six years, who 
lived with Mr. William Norton, brother of Lev. John, about 
forty-two years before, mentioned that Samuel Ayers Sen. was 
then a tenant on the John Norton farm. Abraham Poster, then 
seventy-six years old, had lived with Lev. John Norton about three 
years. He testitied that "Mr. Norton did improve all y e land 
within y c bounds of y l! Liver said to be called the Abith River, 
now called Egypt Liver & Mr. Brown's farm & a creek for 
at least, 48 years." Simon Stacy, aged about sixty years, and 
Samuel Hart, aged about fifty-two years, both alluded to John 
Ayres as tenant for many years; and Simon Chapman, aged 54, 
affirmed that his uncle, John Aires, was tenant, "as servant to 
Mr. John Norton", as the phrase was, for about twenty years. (1G: 
172). 

i Winter wheat, rye and barley were frequently called English corn. 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 

The neighboring farm passed to John Paine of Boston, s<m 
of Mr. William Paine, at his father's death and he mortgaged it 

to Mr. Norton, Oct. 14, 1662. The deed recites that it contained 
250 acres, upland and meadow, "with the mansion, dwelling house 
and barns, outhouses etc. now in possession of Edward Allen." 
Mr. Paine bound himself to pay as rental to Mr. Norton £22-10.*., 
"•10 bushels of good sweete & well-winnowed marchentable wheat 
in Boston" on Nov. 10 th of each year, and also "at current mar- 
chentable price in Ipswich in good porke, wheat, mault, pease 
and Indian corn, proportionally to make up the ten bushels of 
wheat, every tenth of November the sum of £22-10s." (Ipswich 
Deeds 2: 111). 

Rev. John Norton died in Boston, April 5, 1GG3, having re- 
moved there on his call to succeed Rev. John Cotton, in 1656. He 
bequeathed the Ipswich farm to his wife, Mary Norton, ''provided 
always that after the decease of my wife I give my farm at Ips- 
wich with the dwelling house, barn or barnes, outhouses and what- 
soever els then shall belong thereunto . . . unto the children of 
my brother, Mr. William Norton, to be divided equally among 
them, his eldest son having a double portion out of the same." 
lie also ordered that his library should be given to any one of 
his nephews who should "be trayned up unto the ministry." 

William Norton had two sons, John and Bonest or Bonus, and 
a daughter Elizabeth. John was graduated from Harvard Col- 
lege in 1071 and was invited to the Pastorate of the Hingham 
church, where he was ordained, Nov. 27, 1G73. Elizabeth was 
married to Col. John Wainwright, March 10 th , 1G74. 

The widow, Mary Norton, conveyed the 40 acre lot to Mr. Wil- 
liam Hubbard of Ipswich and John Hull of Boston, Goldsmith, 
Jan. 7, 1G70 (Ipswich Deeds 4: 131), but with that exception, the 
farm passed to the heirs at her decease. Mr. Bonest Norton sold 
his quarter interest in the John Norton farm, also "ye 40 acres", 
and upland and meadow, inherited from his father, to his 
brother-in-law, Col. John Wainwright April 9, 1695 (11:1), and 
Rev. John Norton of Hingham made similar conveyance of his 
half interest in the farm and the 40 acres, May 25, 170G. (IS: 19S). 
Col. Wainwright was already in possession of the adjoining- 
William Paine farm. John Paine had sold it to William Brown 
Sen. of Salem, on March 28, 1672, the mortgage being discharged 
on the same date. (Ipswich Deeds 3 : 229). Mr. Brown bequeathed 
it to his son, William Brown Esq., a Salem merchant, and he sold 
to Col. Wainwright, April 3, 1G99 (]3: 2G1). He died o;i August 
3, 1708, in his GO 1 " year, leaving three sons, all under age, Francis, 
John and Samuel, and three daughters, Elizabeth, wife of Adding- 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 7 

ton Davenport, Ann, wife of Col. Adam Winthrop and Lucy, wife 
of Paul Dudley, all of them men of great prominence in the 
affairs of the Colon}-. He gave all his real estate to his sons, 
Francis receiving a double portion, ''and doc Entaile said Leal 
Estate to y e male heirs of my said sons." (Will, signed April 
20, 1T0G. Pro. Pec. 310: 19, 21). 

In the division of the estate, the two farms, Air. Norton's and 
Air. Brown's, were assigned to Francis, Harvard College, 1707, who 
died at Boston on Sept. 4, 1722. He seems to have made convey- 
ance to his brother John, Harvard College 1711; and his mother, 
who had married Hon. Isaac Addington of Boston, one of the most 
eminent lawyers of his time, Nov. 19, 1713, "in consideration of £5 
paid by my loving son. John Wainwriglit of Ipswich, but more 
especially for y° Good Will and Affeccon which I bear unto him 
and for his advancement in this world,'' conveyed to him the 
quarter interest in the farm, which she had inherited from her 
uncle, Rev. John Norton, "in the present occupation of John Ford." 
April 10, 1717 (32:02). 

Air. Wainwriglit attained the title of Colonel, as his father be- 
fore him, and tilled many public offices, Town Clerk for many 
years, Representative for nearly twenty years consecutively, 
Clerk of the House for eight years and Justice of the General 
Sessions Court. He married Christian Newton jr. of Boston at 
Boston, Feb. 11, 1723-4, and the births of three children are re- 
corded: John, born Dec. S, 1724. Christian, born and died June 
9, 1731, and Francis, born June 30, 173G. Col. Wainwriglit died on 
Sept. 1, 1739, in his forty-ninth year. The great fortune left by 
his father, Col. John, Senior, had been impaired to such an ex- 
tent that the widow, Christian, petitioned the General Court in 
1743, to take off the entail imposed by Col. Wainwriglit, grand- 
father of her minor sons, that the lands might be sold to pay for 
their education, and the Court granted the petition. Thus the 
grandfather's fond purpose to retain the land forever in the family 
name came to naught, and the great Wainwriglit family sank 
into insignificance and disappeared. 

Chambers Russell, Esq. of Charlestown. and Alary, his wife, 
sold the farm to Col. Thomas Berry for the sum of £22 10s. in 
Bills of Credit, Old Tenor, for every acre of land comprised within 
the specified metes and bounds, "in their own proper right as a 
good perfect and absolute Estate of Inheritance, in Fee Simple." 
April 23, 174G. (99:199). 

Col. Berry was prominent in the affairs of the Town and the 
Province, and was a man of varied attainments. He practiced as 
a Physician, was Colonel of a Regiment, Judge of Probate for 



8 IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 



the County of Essex and Chief Justice of the Courl of Pleas, Im- 
portant public commissions were frequently assigned him. lie 
lived only ten years after he acquired the farm, and died at the 
age of sixty-two on August to. 175G. lie bequeathed the farm to 
his family, and to the South Church, of which he was the most 
conspicuous member, the sum of fifty pounds, Old Tenor, to pur- 
chase a piece of plate. He remembered the minister, llev. John 
YValley, with a legacy of fc'20. 

Again the fine farm proved to be the grave of buried hopes. 
The inventory reveals the pride lie had in improving it. It con- 
tained 41G acres, upland and marsh. There was a spacious farm 
house, large enough to have four rooms on the lower floor in tin- 
southeast end, and a great barn with several sets of doors, 
cider-mill, shop, and corn-barns. A score of cows and heifers, 
red and red-pyed, black and black-pyed, a half dozen pairs of 
steers, and sixty sheep foraged in the broad pastures. His slaves, 
George, Peter and Scipio, ami Flora, Scipio's wife, found plenty 
to do in house work here and in the mansion on 11 i 14 li Street and 
in the barns and fields and the mighty salt marshes; and Se.ipio's 
little Andrew and Tamasin, no doubt, drove the cows to and from 
pasture and hunted for eggs in the hay-mows. 

Shortly after his death, the Colonel's only daughter. Eliza- 
beth, became the bride of the young school-master. Joseph Howe, 
on January 9th, 1750, but she died in the middle of May. only 
four months from her wedding day. John, the only surviving 
child, fell far short of his father's standard of manhood. Credi- 
tors were importunate and one execution at least was granted by 
the Courts. The farm became a burden and the widow, Madame 
Elizabeth, and John soon began to sell portions. Norton's Island 
went to Ebenezer Lord. John Totter and Aaron Lord. March IS, 
17G7 (124: 49). Madame Berry conveyed her interest in 150 
acres to Dr. John Manning \o\. 5, 1708 (125: 171). John Berry 
quitclaimed to him as well. (125: 142), and sold to John Potter 
five-sixths of SO acres, with all his interest in the buildings, Dec. 
7, 17G8 (125: 172) ; and to John L animus bis interest in 104 acres, 
May 14, 1770 (12S: 27) and 52 acres more. (129: 6G). Mr. Lummus 
acquired a large portion of the farm eventually. In his will, 
which began with the sage remark, "seeing nothing is certainer 
than Death, nor anything more uncertain than the hour of Death." 
he devised the farm to his widow and sons. John, Samuel. Aaron 
and Porter. (Pro. Tec. 357:479). John bought the interest of 
the other heirs, but the glory of the olden days had departed. In 
Lnmnius's time the farm house became the pest-house, when 
the scourge of small-pox was abroad. Tradition has it that he 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 



9 



was a gambler and that on oik- occasion the stakes ran so high 
that he put up the farm and lost to Billy Lhnerson, the Topsfield 

trader. It is a matter of record that lit- mortgaged the farm to 
him, and conveyed the title to him in 1814. Emerson sold to the 
Town of Ipswich in 1818. 

For a century nearly it has been the Poor Farm, the final port 
of many a helpless moral derelict to whom the i'03'age ot life 
has been only a record of disaster. 1 he abiding place of helpless 
lunatics, the last quiet home of not a few worthy bill friendless 
and forsaken ones, the innocent victims of cruel Fate. Indeed. 
Fate has been strangely cruel for many generations, and the 
grand breezy hill and sunny fields and pastures have witnessed 
many sad reverses of human hopes and expectations. 



The Foster Farm 

Only one farm was located on the Muddy river road and that 
was not a unit, granted to a single person as the Norton and I'aine 
farms, but resulted from the gradual addition of lot to lot. Wil- 
liam White sold his six acre lot. granted by the Town, to Ralph 
Dix, March 8, 1G47. (Ips. Deeds 1:39) which Dix conveyed to 
Reginald Foster on the same date. (Ips. Deeds 1:40). On March 
ID. 1GG8, Mr. Foster bought another six acre lot of Henry Kings- 
bury of Rowley, "sometimes Nathaniel Hows." (Ips. Deeds 5:1*28). 
His town residence was on Water St. 1 but he built a dwelling ap- 
parently here in the Common fields and his son Jacob occupied 
the homestead. He devised to his son Abraham, "my now dwell- 
ing, orchard, and ground about it. 3 acres more or less, and half 
that land in the field lyeing between the land of John Denison and 
Philip Frown and John Edwards' land"; to Reginald, he gave his 
land at the Falls where Reginald had already built a house; to 
"William, the G acres bought of Thomas Smith; and to Jacob, the 
house he occupied, two lots beyond .Muddy river and the pasture 
by Caleb Kimball's. (Will proved June 1), 1G81). 

Jacob Foster, known as Dea. Jacob, bought of John Tuttle, 
his house, barn and an acre of land, owned originally by his 
father, Simon, and grandfather, John Tuttle. 

Mention of this sale occurs in the agreement between the 
widow of Simon Tuttle and her children, and the agreement de- 
fines John Tuttle's portion as including the homestead "y* he sold 
to Deacon Foster," and adds "one third of the common right of 
said homestead, bounded by the highway from Bisgood's bridge 
to the stonewall y l fenceth sd. orchard, thence by pasture land 

1 Ipswich in Mass. Bay. p. 41S. 



10 IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY LOAD. 

to Dea. Foster's, thence by Deacon Foster's land to Bisgood 
Bridge." 

Oct. 28, 1701. (Pro. Rec. 308: 243-8), Dea. Foster had bought 
S acres of John Brown of Wapping, England, bounded by his 
land, west and the highway east, Any. 13, 1683. (Ips. Deeds 4: 
533). 

Dea. Jacob Foster married Abigail, daughter of Robert Lord, 
Feb. 26, 1066. Their children, as recorded, were Abraham, born 
Dec. 4, 16G7, Jacob, born March 25, L670, Sarah, Abigail, born 
July 3, 1G74, Nathaniel, born Oct. 7, 1G7G, died June 20, 1702, 
Joseph, born Sept. 14, 1GS0, James, born Nov. 12, 1GS2, Mary, born 
Dec. 25, 1G84. Dea. Foster died July 0, 1710 in his seventy-fifth 
year, leaving his widow, who survived until June 4, 172'J. His 
will devised to Abraham and Jacob, the 12 acre pasture by land 
of Caleb Kimball and the highway, and '•all my land at Muddy 
River that was my father Foster's"; to Joseph and James, his 
house, barn, commonage etc. (Pro. Pec. 310: 263-4). Joseph and 
James Foster conveyed their title in the homestead and lands to 
their brother, Abraham, house carpenter, bounded by his own 
land southwest, February 2G, 1710-11 (77:44). 

Abraham Foster, brother of Dea. Jacob, had received from his 
father Reginald, it has been said, his dwelling and half the land 
in the Common Field. His sons, Ephraim of Andover, blacksmith, 
and Benjamin of Rowley, weaver, conveyed to their cousin Abra- 
ham, son of Jacob, the house carpenter, 10 acres, land and 
meadow, "north or northeast from said Abraham Foster's d writ- 
ing house, . . . which was given by Reginald Foster Sen. to his 
son, Abraham, .... and from said Abraham now to his sons, 
Ephraim and Benjamin, as appears by his deed to them." May 
5, 171S (36:122). 

Abraham Foster died Dec. 25, 1720 aged 53 years, 21 days. 
The inventory of his estate contains t lie items, dwelling and build- 
ings and 26 acres of land, 6 acres at Muddy river, etc. July 3 T 
1722 (Tro. Pec. 313:325). The Committee on the division of the 
property reported many years afterward, that it was incapable 
of division, and the whole was settled on Jeremiah, the eldest 
son, he giving bond to pay to the rest of the heirs their propor- 
tion, Abigail, Sarah, Abraham and Nathaniel, March 9, 1735-6. 
(Pro. Pec. 325:4S4, 5). 

Jeremiah Foster Jun r . sold the same to Francis Cogswelh 
March 1G, 1742 (90:205). Elizabeth Cogswell, executor of the will 
of Francis, sold the same to William Dodge (exclusive of the 
highway running thro the land, of a rod and a half wide.) April 
27, 1750 (105:280). 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 11 

Mr. Dodge enlarged the farm by the purchase of adjoining 
lots and bequeathed to his son, Col. Thomas Dodge, (Pro. Reo. 
352s375), who sold to Dr. John Manning. (1(17:133). Dr. Manning 
made further enlargement and when he conveyed to his son Dr. 
Thomas Manning, it contained 80 acres, and buildings, March 
IS, 1819 (220:50). It passed successively to Michael Lord of 
Salem, (March 31, 1S42, 335:251); to Thomas I). Pousland of Sa- 
lem, Nov. 21, 1853 (241:124); to Thomas T. Florence of Salem, 
April 11, 1S57 (487:1); to Moses A. Shackley of South Dangers, 
now Beabody, Nov. 10, 1858 (578:02); to William J. Tarr, March 
23, 1SG7 (720:142) and to John B. Mitchell, June 11, 1870 (700:151), 
who has recently died, leaving- the ancic-nt farm to his son, Wil- 
liam A. Mitchell. 

Coming now to the Rowley road, it has been remarked that 
the original way to Rowley and beyond was over the Town Farm 
road and then across the Muzzey farm. But as early as 1638, 
this is called the "onld road to Newbury," and evidently travel 
had already been diverted to another road. The Common fence 
was built in 1G38 from the end of the Town to Egypt river, and 
when the surveyors reported to the General Court, beginning 
Oct. 7, 1640, they had laid out the highway "from Mr. Nelson's 
dwelling house pale by the end of Mussie's Hill to the newe bridge 
over the North Ryver & so to the newe bridge over Muddy Ryver 
& so by the comon fence to Ipswich towne ....." As will be 
• seen later, land owned by Thomas Scott and John Cage beyond 
Egypt river was condemned for this new location, but from 
Muddy river to the town it followed the Common fence. 

The wedge shaped lot between the Rowley road and the road 
to Muddy river was owned in 1G53 by Moses Pengry and subse- 
quently by Ilaniel Bosworth, the cowherd, and here he dwelt. 
Ever}' morning in Summer, he rose before the sun, and having 
received the herd of cows at Mr. Paine's, now Dodge's Corner, he 
and his helpers drove the herd with sounding horn and clanging 
bells up High street and out into the great Cow Commons, where 
they watched them all day, and at sunset, brought them home 
again. His two daughters presumed to wear finery beyond their 
station in life and were summoned to court in 1G75. The widow 
Abigail Bosworth sold her dwelling and about an acre of land to 
William Baker, Aug. 3, 1702 (16:61), and at that date, the sharp 
end of the wedge was owned by Richard Sutton. John Baker, son 
of William, succeeded in the ownership, but the Sutton family 
gained possession and Ebenezer Sutton sold the lot and buildings, 
measuring about two acres, to Jeremiah Day, Dec. 27, 1794 (243: 
3). William Gould bought the property, July 10, 1826 (212:64) 



12 IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY LOAD. 

and sold half: the house and pari of the land to Timothy Ro 
July 13, 1832, who acquired the remainder Iron. Jo epb Wait, 
Dec. 3, 1838 (310:113). When the Eastern Railroad was built in 
1840, Mr. Ross was building a new house on the opposite side 
of the street still known as the "Uo^s house," and conveyed part 
of his land to the Railroad Co. .June 20, 18 10 (320 :27 ) . He sold 
his former dwelling to Ebenezer Kimball. June 30, 1840 (320:59), 
and it came through several owners to Asa Lord, April 22, L880 
(1030:108), whose son, Thomas 11. Lord, inherited and -tilt owns. 
The age of the present house is uncertain, but it appears to be 
comparatively modern. A part of the lot was acquired by tin- 
widow Elizabeth Fellows, Jan. 21, 1850 (423:101). She built a 
dwelling and bequeathed it to her daughters, Anna Uaraden and 
Lucy Lane, July 27, 1858. (Pro. Rec. 420:227.) Lucy Lane con- 
veyed to Almira L. Shattuck, wife of Milton B., Oct. 25. 1859, 
(599:105) and her daughter, wife of Nathaniel Burnham, still 
owns. The building- of the bridge over the railroad a few years 
ago, with the elevation of the highway, has obliterated the oriiri- 
nal house lots, and occasioned the removal of several of the 
dwellings from their original locations. 

The Theophilus Shatswell Lot. 

The house of Ilaniel Bosworth was the only dwelling on this 
side of the road for nearly a century. The adjoining six acre 
pasture or tillage lot was owned by Theophilus Shatswell, brother 
of John, avIio removed to Haverhill prior to 1650. 1 He sold the 
lot to William Marchent, with all his Ipswich estate, Mar. 29. 
1053. Mary Marchent, his only child and heir, married Henry 
Osborne and their son, John, eventually received this lot, bounded 
on one side by the Common fence and on the other "by the way 
y* leads into y° field to Mr. John Tuttle's," April 20. 1094 (11:147). 
He sold to Col. Francis Wainw right Feb. 18, 1090/7 (11:202). 
whose heirs divided it, selling four acres to Dillingham Caldwell. 
Nov. 28, 1713 (27:128) and an acre, bounded northeast "by the 
way to Muddy River" to Joseph Foster, Dec. 28. 173.2 (65:212). 

Mr. Foster was son of Dea. Jacob of the John Tuttle farm 
and he built his dwelling on his new lot a little way from the 
homestead. Here his six sons grew to manhood, and then they 
sought their fortunes. Joseph, a cordwainer by trade, as his 
father before him, settled in Beverly. Jacob, also a cordwainer. 
and Isaac, a joiner, "went to Billeriea. Abraham, a joiner, re- 
moved to Boston. Nathan, the third son to choose the trade of 

1 Files of Quarterly Court (printed) 1:191. 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OlA) ROWLEY LOAD. 13 

cordwainer, remained in Ipswich, and so did James, who became a 
shop-keeper, the first , post-master and one of the early Deacons of 
the South Church. The Foster heirs sold their old home to John 
Hodgkins 4 th Nov. 12, 1760 (163:3), and his heirs conveyed to Philip 
II. Kimball, in 1825 (240:12, 243:82), who quitclaimed to .John 
Lunimus, and he, in turn sold to Joshua Lord, April 30, 1833 
(270: 189). He sold to William Lakeman 4 lh and the old uiansion 
is still known as the Lakeman house. 

William Lakeman sold a small lot to Daniel Richards, who 
erected a building' and sold to Joseph King', April :;, IS5G (585: 
122). Mr. King built a brick house on the lot, which proved to he 
upon the site of the raised roadway and it was removed to 1 lie 
opposite side of the road. 

The Dillingham Caldwell lot was held by several generations 
of Caldwells, Samuel Lord, 4 1 ", called "Tory Lord" to the day of 
his death, March 29, 1819, in his ninety-tirst year, boughl ii from 
John Hinge, May 14, 1801, (167:281), and a portion of the lot 
passed from the Lord heirs to Albert P. Hills, and from him to 
John A. Brown, Nov. 18, 1874 (918:90). The substantial brick 
dwelling' and stable of the Brown brothers occupy this lot. 



Robert Lord's Pasture 

The earliest recorded owner was Itobert Lord, whose son 
Robert Jr., the Marshal, succeeded in the ownership of a part or 
the whole. Samuel Lord bequeathed his ten acre pasture near 
Nathan Foster, part of the original, to his son, Samuel, (1755. 
Pro. Pec. 333:217), Samuel married Aimer Nichols of llowley, 
int. April S3' 1 , 1743, Who married John Lull after the deeea.se of 
Mr. Lord, and in 176S, now twice a widow, she wedded Daniel 
Choate. }[ov son, Samuel, of Dumbarton, N. II., a tanner by trade, 
sold half the pasture to John Cole Jewett, a baker, Dee. :i, 1777 
(139:S3) and the remainder, four acres as it was estimated, to 
Dr. John Manning-. (151:17). .Mr. Jewett acquired the whole 
pasture, and sold part of it to Elisha Newman, now included 
in the Caldwell lot already • described ; five acres to Nathaniel 
Lord Jr. who owned the adjoining lot. Dec. 19, 1795 (18S:245) ; and 
an acre and a half to his son, Samuel, a mariner, Nov. 1, 180(1 
(183:4), who sold to William Newman, cabinet-maker, April 29, 
1S11 (193:86). Mr. Newman had already recovered judgment 
against Mr. Jewett and gained possession of land, Oct. 26, 1810 
(Ex. No. 1:115). John W. Newman, son of William, also a cabinet- 
maker, sold the lot to Sewall P. Jewett, a painter, July 0, 1850, 



14 IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY LOAD. 

(930:239), which he assigned to Nathan Jewett, July 22, 1853 

(4S4:23S), who bequeathed to his son Charles. 

Abigail Lord, daughter of Nathaniel, inherited the lot, which 
her father bought of John Cole Jewett, and sold to William Oal.es, 
April 23, 1839 (313:8), whose widow conveyed it to David Berry, 
brick-maker, March 29, 1849 (412:95). He acquired several lots 
and followed his trade here. The clay-pits are still plainly vis- 
ible. He sold part of this lot, 324 feet on the Rowley road, to 
John A. Brown, Oct. 31, 1871 (841:118), who built a small house 
and sold house and land to James W. Head}', Sept. 19, 1902 
(1685:316). Charles E. Brown, brother of John A., bought the 
adjoining lot. 

A part of the original Robert Lord pasture, known as "The 
Little Pasture" about seven acres, owned apparently by Mark 
Quilter in 1G77, was bequeathed by Robert to his son, Nathaniel, 
(1C83. Pro. Pec. 304: 16-18), whose son, Nathaniel owned it, and 
in the division of his estate in 1770. it passed to his son Nathaniel. 
(Pro. Bee. 346:366). His sons, Nathaniel and Joseph inherited, 
(1795, Pro. Pec. 363:402) and Nathaniel acquired the whole. His 
daughter, Anna, wife of Capt. John Kinsman, inherited the north- 
west portion; Lucy, the wife of Lieut. Aaron Kimball Jr., the 
southeast part; and Abigail, as has been said, received the field 
bought of John Cole Jewett. (1820, Pro. Pec. 393:239). 

Abigail, daughter of Lt. Aaron and Lucy Kimball, married 
William "Haskell. They sold the lot, inherited from her mother, 
to Sewali P. Jewett, June 7, 1852 (936:242), who assigned to 
Nathan Jewett, (484:238), who exchanged with David Berry, the 
brick-maker, for a lot adjoining- the land of the heirs of Nathaniel 
Caldwell, Jan. 12, 1855 (1229:332). 

Part of the Anna Kinsman land, 3 acres, was sold by Jacob 
Manning Jr. to Nathan Jewett, May 13, 1834 (936:241), which he 
bequeathed to his son, Charles. (1SS4, Pro. Pec. 440:296). The 
remainder was sold by Charles Dexter and his wife, Judith, of 
Boston, to David Berry, Aug. 3, 1850 (433:51). On this lot he 
built his dwelling. lie had married Mrs. Amy Gould, widow of 
William Gould, July 25, 1839. The later history of the lot is in- 
cluded in the record of the adjoining land, which was owned by 
Mr. Berry. 

The John French Lot. 

John French, tailor, sold to Robert Lord Jr.. marshal, 5 
acres, part of his planting lot, within the Common field, bounded 
by Caleb Kimball, north, the highway west and Mark Quilter. 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 15 

south, June 25, 1677 (Ips. Deeds 4:102). This lot ai>parently 
descended to Jeremiah Lord, who devised his estate to his chil- 
dren, August 1771 (Pro. Rec. 347:153). Jeremiah Lord and Re- 
becca, Beamsley Lord and Sally of Winchendon, conveyed their 

interest in the estate of their father, Jeremiah, and their grand- 
father, to Ebenezer Lord, Nov. 22, 1783 (155:201). Ebenezer 
Lord Jr. sold to William Newman, June 12, 1824 (295:54) and his 
heirs quitclaimed to David Berry, April 9, 1852 (480:7). He 
conveyed the lot, which measured acres, :i quarters, 1 ( J poles, to 
Susan M. Gould, Aug. 11, 1866, who conveyed to Mrs. Amy Berry. 
Conveyances and re-conveyances followed but Mrs. Berry owned 
at her death, and it was inherited by her daughter, Lucy A. Ru- 
therford, wife of Augustus Rutherford. Mr. Berry sold his dwell- 
ing with 2}i> acres to Rev. Richard Sutton Rust, D. D. of Cincinnati, 
Sept. 7, 1888 (1229:333), which he conveyed to his neice, Mrs. Rn- 
therford, and she sold to Joseph Begin, April 7, 1S93 (1385:89). 
In default of mortgage, Mrs. Rutherford sold to Charles E. and 
John A. Brown, Oct. 1, 1895 (1460:280). The house was par- 
tially burned, and the ruined house and the lot were mortgaged 
to Mrs. Rutherford. (1460:282). The cellar is nearly opposite the 
road to the Edmund Wile farm. 

Caleb Kimball's Pasture. 

Caleb Kimball was in possession in 1077, and bequeathed his 
estate to his son Benjamin, (1736, Pro. Rec. 320:261). Samuel 
Lord Jr. then owned, a portion being set off in 1773 to his widow, 
Jemima. Samuel Lord's inventory (1804, Pro. Rec. 371:32S) con- 
tains a three acre pasture, set off as the dower of his widow, 
Mary. (1807. Pro. Rec. 375:90). John Harris sold the lot to Na- 
thaniel Lord, April 30, 1833, (653:11), whose heirs eonveyed to 
Sarah It. Lamson, Jan. 18, 1SG3 (652:294), who sold to Moses A. 
Fellows. (840:264). lie sold to A. Augustus Rutherford, April 10. 
1874 (1641:510), whose daughter, Elizabeth S. s inherited, together 
with the adjoining land, owned by her mother. 

John Tuttle's Pasture. 

John Tuttle was one of the earliest settlers and owned va- 
rious lots granted by the Town. His farm included the tillage 
land now included in the Edmund Wile farm on the west side of 
the road, and a large pasture on the east side. This twenty acre 
pasture on the east side of the highway was inherited by his son. 
Simon Tuttle. In the division of Simon's estate, the widow Sarah 



1G IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 

and his son John received half the pasture, "bounded by the 
Common fence at the end next, the road to liowley, from Kimball's 
pasture corner to a white oak, between sd, part and Symon's 
part," etc. and Simon received the rest, hounded by John Roper's, 
that was Mark Quilter's, on the northwest, Oct. 23, 1707 (Pro. 
liec. 304:45). Jonathan Hale of Bradford, and Susannah, his wife, 
daughter of John Tuttle, convoyed to Dea. Mark Haskell, who had 
married Martha Tuttle, sister of Susannah, their interesl in the 
third part of the estate, set off to their grandmother, dan. 8, 
1730 (77:43), March 14 1731 (77:41). John Dennis and Remember, 
his wife, Thomas Dennis and Martha, his wife, the wives being 
grandchildren of Sarah Tuttle, conveyed their interest to Dea. 
Haskell, June 25, 1733. Joanna Whipple, widow of Capt. John, 
and Susannah Tuttle, singlewoman, daughters of Simon and Sa- 
rah Tuttle, quitclaimed their interest to Dea. Haskell, July 0, 
1732 (77:42). 

Simon Tuttle's half of the pasture was inherited by hi-- son, 
Simon, who had removed to Littleton, .Mass., and was sold by him 
to Dr. Samuel Wallis Jr., May 0, 1721 (40:12). Dr. Wallis died 
Oct. 17, 1728 in his 38 th year. Abigail, daughter of Dr. Samuel and 
Sarah (Pickard) Wallis, married Joseph Smith 3 d (intention, 
March 14, 1710.) Joseph Smith dr. and Abigail, of Sudbury, con- 
veyed the pasture lot, bounded northwest by dames Lord, to Dea. 
Mark Haskell and Mark Haskell Jr., Nov. 28, 1749 (120:12). Dea. 
Mark Haskell conveyed to his son-in-law Edmund Heard of tlolden, 
cordwainer, and Priseilla his wife, one undivided half of the whole 
pasture in common with Mark Haskell Jr., Feb. 2b 17G7, (130: 
192). The southeast half was acquired by Moses Lord, who may 
have been a son-in-law, as he married Lucy Heard, Nov. 1, 17^7. 
and his heirs sold the lot, 10 acres and 27 rods, to John ITarris, 
March 22, 1334 (286:287). Daniel Haskell, son of Mark, sold the 
other half of the pasture, about 10 acres, to Edward Harris, 
March 18, 1833 (208:187), who bought the whole Haskell farm. 
With the rest of the farm, it was sold by John Harris, dr.. to Joel 
Xourse of Boston, Dec. 9, 1852 (170:200), who sold to Edward 4". 
Trofatter, Nov. 23, 1857 (502:49), who conveyed to James Damon 
of Charlestown May 5, 1853 (570:52). A highway was laid out 
across this lot from the Rowley road, "nearly opposite Harris's 
lane" to the Muddy River road, in April, IS 19. 

James Damon sold to Josiah Low of Essex, April 29, 1865 
(087:02). Under the Harris ownership, the two parts of Hie 
Tuttle pasture had been reunited, and when George Low. son of 
Josiah, sold the 20 acres to John A. and Charles E. Drown, July 
13, 1S87 (1200:173), he conveyed the whole of the pasture lot. tie- 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD- 17 

vised to Iiis heirs by Simon Tuttle. Extensive excavations have 
been made here for clay for the brick-works, operated by Mr. 

John A. Brown. Before his death, Simon Tuttle sold l'^ acres on 
t he northwest side of his pasture to Andrew Peters, distiller, .Inn. 
22, 1GGS (Ips. Deeds 4:272). Frances Qtiilter, widow of Marl: 
Quilter, sold to John Layton, "the pasture my husband bought of 
Andrew Peters, about 3 acres," July 6, 1679 (Ips. Deeds 4:276). 

Mr. Tuttle also sold a 2 acre Jot , northwest of the above Jot, 
to Thomas Boardman, which he .-old to John Roper, Oct. :>..',, 
1701, Mrs. Sarah Tuttle, widow of Simon, relinquishing her dower 
in this lot which her husband had sold (20:132). Roper also ac- 
quired the Mark Quilter lot, as he is mentioned as an abutter, in 
the division of the Tuttle pasture. In his will, John Roper de- 
vised to his wife, Anna, the use for life and privilege to sell tin; 
tillage lot, and pasture lot adjoining Mr. Tuttle, 

"to my Cousin Benj. Dutch, the right of redemption of all my 
housing- and land. If he take it up, he is to pay to my sister Sparks, 
Susanna Annable, Margaret White, Hose Newman, Sarah New- 
man, Susanna Kinsman £20, and to Hannah Fellows £25." 

"to cousins Sarah Caldwell, daughter of John, Mary Poster, 
daughter of Jacob, 40s." 

signed Nov. 22, 1700 (Pro. Pec. 310:109) 
proved Dec. 12, 1700. 

Benjamin Dutch exercised his right of redemption and sold 2% 
acres of pasture land, bounded by land of Dr. Wallis, deceased and 
the Common fence, south, and 22 rods, bounded south by the 
County road and north by the Common Field fence, to James Lord, 
weaver, March 28, 1737 (97:120). 

Daniel Smith succeeded in the ownership, who manned Han- 
nah Lord, March 7, 17S2, and may have inherited. He also ac- 
quired the adjoining Shatswell pasture, and the later history of 
the lot is included in the history of the Shatswell lot. 

John Shatswell's Pasture 

John Shatswell received large grants from the Town, in- 
cluding the rather indefinite, "beyond Muddy River, next the 
Common fence within, a parcell of ground betwixt the Liver & 
the Land of the say 11 John 25 acres without the fence adjoining- 
thereto uppon considerations that he lay down 20 acres, granted 
to him, on this side the Liver ..." The Common fence evidently 
left the road side at Muddy river, and was located at some dis- 
tance from the highway. 

The will of John Shatswell devised to his son, Richard, his 



18 JTSWICII VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 

10 acre pasture beyond Muddy river, "if Richard shall not marry 
with Rebecca Tattle, which is now intended, my wife Joanna 
shall have her being* in the house, if lie die without issue, the estate 
is to be divided between my brother and sister's children that 
are here in New England, brother Theophilus, brother Corwin, 
sister Webster." 

signed Feb. 1 I, LG4G proved 30 
March, 1047. (Ips. Deeds 1:22). 

Richard Shatswell married Rebecca Tuttle, and children were born 
to them. He di.ed in LG94 and by will, bequeathed to hit son .John, 
with other gifts, "the outside pasture he now enjoys next the 
Rowley road"; to daughter, Johana ISO, to daughter, Sara hi in 
ease she quits her interest in that 2 acres marsh her late husband 
improved — ," and the rest to his son Richard. 

signed June 28, proved Aug. 0, 1G04 
(Pro. Rec. 303:238). 

John Shatswell sold the pasture, part to Jeremiah Dow, and 
10 acres to Francis Wainwright, bounded north and northeast by 
the Common Fields fence, east and southeast, by the land formerly 
sold to Jeremiah Dow, with the privilege of a brook running at 
the east end of said land, with all trees, timber, mines, mineral- 
etc. Oct. 1, 1700 (1G:3). He seems to have retained a portion, a-> 
a disagreement arose between John and Richard over their father's 
will and John agreed, "my brother Richard shall enjoy a highway 
of one rod wide through my pasture at Muddy Liver for y e driving 
of cattle," having- "bars next y" common." March 27, 1711 (24:40). 
Jeremiah Dow died on June 6, 1723, providing by will for hi.-, 
wife, Susanna, and bequeathing all the real estate to their only 
child, Margaret, wife of Henry (ireenleaf (Pro. Pee. 313:639). The 
Greenleafs sold their interest to Benjamin Dutch. Nov. 22. 1727 
(49:250). The widow, Susanna Dow, conveyed a two acre tillage 
lot, which had been set off to her, "to my loveing son, Richard Sut- 
ton of Charlestown, leather-dresser, March 31, 1735 (73:170). 

Francis Wainwright added to the ten acre Shatswell lot two 
acres by purchase from John Pengry, dan. 11. 1708 (22:46). hi 
the division of his estate, it was allotted to Ins daughter, Elizabeth 
Wainwright. (Pro. Lee. 310:407). This lot and the Jeremiah Dow 
lot adjoining were acquired by Daniel Smith, lie bequeathed his 
real estate in Ipswich to his three sons. Daniel P., Thomas, and 
Benjamin. (Will signed Jan. 20. ISM. proved March 5, 1844, Pro. 
Pec. 412:315). He owned 10 acres of mowing and tillage and 2 
acres woodland at Wadleigh's Neck, the 12 acre pasture on the 

1 Sarah, born Aug:. 19, 10 r .S. married 1st. Roger Ringe June 9, 16S4; 

2nd, Benjamin Newman, Jan. IT, 1704. 



i 



i 

I 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY EOAD. 19 

Rowley road, and 12 acres "Harris's fight." (Pro. Ree. 133:143). 
Benjamin and Daniel B. Smith quitclaimed their interest to their 
brother Thomas, Jan. 3, 1845 (917:194). Daniel P>. made a further 
quitclaim of one-third of this 12 acre pasture to Thomas and 
Benjamin H. Smith, May 1, 1862 (917:190). Thomas Smith be- 
queathed all his property to his nephew ('has. L. Smith, son of 
Benjamin (447:387). Lucy Smith, widow of Benjamin, bequeathed 
her interest in the 12 acre pasture to her daughter, Eunice K. 
Smith. (Pro. Bee. 439:345, Proved Feb. 4, 1884). 

Benjamin Smith had bought an acre and a half of orchard 
land of the administrator of the Isaac Kimball estate, adjoining 
the Daniel Smith 12 acre lot, April 7, 1824 (1148:100). This was 
included in the estate of the widow Lucy, which she bequeathed to 
her daughter, Eunice K. Smith. Charles E. Smith eons eyed to 
his sister, Eunice. K. his interest in the two lots, "all the interesl 
I inherited as heir at law from my father, Benjamin Smith, my 
brothers, Albert and Rufus Smith, and my sister Lucy A. Smith," 
March 25, 1885 (1148:161). Eunice K. sold 3 acres, adjoining John 
Dickinson's land on the northwest, and the driftway southeast, to 
Hannah M., wife of Charles E. Smith, July 7, 1897 (1519:150). 

Hannah M. Smith, widow of Charles E. Smith, sold this 3 acre 
lot to Wilbur E. Smith of Salem and Albert P. Quimby of Essex. 
Oct. 4, 1906 (1844:388). They laid it out in houselots and sold 
Lots 1, 2, and 3, to Benjamin Currier, Nov. 5, 1900 (1876:278), who 
built a small cottage and out-buildings. William II. Smith and 
Hannah M. Smith, of Ipswich, widow of Charles E. and her son. 
Chester II. Smith of Medford, heirs of Eunice K. Smith, sold the 
12 acre pasture lot to Annie E. Smith, wife of Joseph P. Smith of 
Somerville, Oct. 20, 1909 (1989:148). The lot was laid out into 45 
lots, part abutting on the Rowley road with about 50 feet frontage. 
the remainder, on a 40 feet way, laid out across the land. (2171 :1). 
Mrs. Smith sold Lots Xo. 1 to 10, abutting on the Rowley road and 
the new way, to Nicholas Chionopulos, March 1, 1913 (2201:450). 
Lots 22 and 23 to the Greek priest, Polyearpe Marinakis, on the 
same date (2201:488), Lots 24 and 25 to Louis Arbanitas, (2201: 
491) and Lots 26 to 31 inclusive to Leonidas Calanipakas. (2201: 
489). 

The Shatswell pasture adjoined the Pengry farm and with this 
farm the settlement, now known as the Village, began. It occupied 
both sides of the highway, and as it is desirable that the settle- 
ment should be studied as a unit, return will now be made to the 
west side of the Rowley road at the railroad crossing, that the lands 
on both sides of the highway may be considered before the story 
of the Village is begun. 



20 IPSWICH VILLAGE AND TJIE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 

'When the great area of common land was divided into eight 
parts in 1790, i Turkey hill and the land about Egypt river, 954 
acres, was set oil' as the seventh division and "Toward Howley", 
850 acres, was set oil' as the eighth. The North Division of Turkey 
Hill Eighth and the Eighth next Rowley were held however by a 
single body of proprietors, composed of tlie Commoners who lived 
adjacent to them. They had rights in the pasture and woodland, 
clay pits and gravel banks, subject to the rules and regulations 
made by the Commoners, but no division was made until 17:i">. 

At a legal meeting of the Proprietors of the North Division of 
Turkey Hill Eighth and the Eighth next Rowley on December 3, 
1725.- it was Voted: ''That Samuel "Wallis Jun r , Mr. Joseph Fowler, 
Mr. John Pengry, Mr. Aleeksander Love well and Mr. Benj" Dutch be 
and hereby are appointed a Committee to Lay out the North 
Division .... (excepting the strip of land lying on the northeast 
side of the Load to Rowley) Into thirty-eight old Lotts and seven- 
teen New 7 Lotts for the Thirty-eight old proprietors and the seven- 
teen new proprietors of said Division to Draw themselves into said 
Committee proportioning the old and Xew Lotts According to the 
proportion that the new Commoners were Admitted to have In- 
trest in the Commons of Ipswich According to Quantity and Quality 
in their Discretion Leaving out Convenient Loads and highways 
and Reserving y e places of Clay and (i ravel necessary for use of 
said proprietors or as hath been formerly Granted and Reserved 
for the use of the proprietors and Staking and Bounding out said 

places Reserved and the Roads and highways " 

The Report of the Committee was accepted and adopted on 
May 4, 1726. On May 9 th "sundrie of y° Lotts were Drawn as here- 
after set forth." On May 12 th , -Voted that the Supernumerary 
Lotts shall be scatered Into several parts of the division." 

Lot No. 1. 

This lot, measuring 40 rods on the Rowley road and containing 
about 4 acres, was drawn by Edward Chapman, who sold to Joseph 
Foster, cordwainer, Aug. 4, 1726 (40:17), who built his dwelling, 
as has been noted, on the opposite side of the road on a lot he pur- 
chased in 1732. He sold the southeast half of Lot Xo. 1 to John 
Kimball Jr. Tailor, Aug. 11, 1726 (55:103), who conveyed to his son, 
John, the southeast half of the lot, "on which my said son John's 
house and barn now stands, together with the orchard and build- 
ings on the premises," on May 25, 1752 (101:141). It continued 

1 See No. XVIII, pp. CO-6. .. "Jeffrey's Neck and the Way Thereto" 
for a full statement of the division. 

2 From the Records of Proprietors of North Division, etc. 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 21 

in the family line and was owned in later years by Charles Lord 
and his son in law, Eberi Kimball. The house still remains a 

comfortable home. 

The remainder of the lot was owned by Nathaniel Kimball in 
17G0 and subsequently by Joanna, daughter of Benjamin ami Lj]- 
Kimball, who married Timothy Ross, Feb. G, 1812. Mr. Uoss con- 
veyed land to the Eastern Railroad, June 20, L840 (319:80), and a 
small piece on the other side of the road, "from where 1 am now 
constructing- my new dwelling- house. "i (320:27). The house was 
mortgaged to Nathan Jewett, who gained possession and bequeathed 
to his son, Stephen. He mortgaged to Alexander B. Clark (1895, 
1542:463), who foreclosed and sold to Alfred Duguay, June 2, 1911 
(2089:364). 

The other half of the Joseph Foster lot was sold by his heirs to 
John Hodgkins 4 th , cordwainer, Nov. 12, 17G0 (103:3). The south- 
east half was in possession of John and Thomas Hodgkins in 1815, 
and later, of William Lakeman, whose heirs sold to Joanna I loss, 
Oct. 27, 1853 (487:259). It passed to Nathan Jewell, with the 
other Ross property, and a quarter acre was sold by his son, Na- 
than, to Mary J. L. Tibbetts, wife of Henry, Sept. 8, 18G0 (011:295). 
They built a house and sold to John J. Fowler, the present owner. 
April 26, 1864 (667:299). 

The northwest part of the Hodgkins lot was set off to 
Isaac Lunimus who recovered judgment against John Hodgkins. 
April 5, 1815 (Exec. No. 2:124). His sons John and Abraham 
Lummus, legatees under his will, conveyed the same to Joanna 
Itoss, wife of Timothy, Sept. 15, 1854 (501:30). Timothy and 
Joanna Ross sold to their son, Benjamin K. Ross of Biddeford, 
March 13, 1858 (570:217). He sold to Nathaniel Archer, who 
divided the "Lunimus lot" into three house lots. He sold a lot. 
48 feet front, to Samuel P. Rutherford, March 5, lSC.O. on which 
Mr. Rutherford built a dwelling. The executor of the widow, 
Martha J. Rutherford, sold the homestead to William F. Ruther- 
ford of Meredith Center, N. II., Dec. 27, 1899 (1599:62), who 
sold to Fred W. Turner, Sept. 29, 1900 (1622:232), and he con- 
veyed to the present owner, Joseph Martel, Aug. 2, 1906(1927:558). 
Mr. Archer sold a similar lot to Aaron A. Rutherford, who built 
the house now owned and occupied by his daughter, March 5. 
1860 (705:101). On the third lot Mr. Archer built a dwelling 
for himself which his heirs conveyed to Eliza J. Richer, wife of 
Charles, 6-7 of land & buildings, April 16, 1892. 

i Page 12. 



22 IPSWICH VILLAGE AND Til B OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 

Lot No. 2. 

This lot, described as "an old Lott containing about nine acres,** 
about 24 rods wide, was drawn by John Day by his grand- 
father's right. Benjamin Dutch, sadler, sold half of it to Joseph 

Holies, Dec. 8, 1737 (83:100) and conveyed to his son, Benja- 
min Dutch, joiner, "five full acres on the southeast side of my 
old lot No. 2," Oct. 30, 1741. (83:03). Major Thomas Burnham 
4th and Rebecca, his wife, in her own right, sold the lot to Ilobert 
YYallis, June 12, 1789 (150:152), who reconveyed to Major Burn- 
ham, Sept. 5, 1789 (159:102). Thomas Burnham 3' 1 Esq. sold it 
to John Hodg-kins 3 d , Gentleman, June 4, 1795 (100:29). John 
Hodgkins Jr., trader, conveyed to Moses Goodhue, shipwright, 
March 27, 1807 (180:153). Lewis Tit comb and Sarah his wife, 
heirs of Mr. Goodhue, sold to John D. Harris, May 31, 1876 
(954:227), who sold to Henry C. Jewett of Lynn, Oct. 2 1, 1S78 
(1007:70). Mr. Jewett sold a lot with house, to Aretas D. Wallace. 
June 23, 1908 (1927:381), the balance of the land having been sold 
previously to Philip Kimball and Gustavus Kinsman, Now 16, 1901 
(1057:295). The new owners opened up a way across this land to 
the Linebrook road and divided it into house lots. Lots 1, 2, 3, 4, 
on the plan recorded in the Registry of Deeds, were sold to Joseph 
A. King with right of way in the new road, Nov. 12, 1900 (1804: 
350). The brick dwelling of Mr. and Mrs. King, built on the east side 
of the road, was removed to this new lot when the bridge over the 
railroad was built, and Mr. King conveyed the title to Lots No. 1 
and .No. 3 with the brick house to his wife, Abbie P. King, March 
0, 1907 (1804:358). He sold Lot No. 4 to Tilden B. Haskell of Sa- 
lem, on the same date (1804:357). 

The Joseph Holies lot was inherited by his son, Charles Holies, 
and by his son-in-law, Dr. John Manning, who married Lucy Holies, 
daughter of Charles, Nov. 25, 1700. It was occupied by Major 
Lobert Parley in 1807, and was owned and occupied later by Ammi 
II. Smith, whose executors sold to Daniel L. Russell, Oct. 1, 1849 
(419:213). Mr. Russell erected the buildings and made his home 
here until his death. The heirs sold the estate to Matilda P., wife 
of Andre Woodbury, May 29, 1SSS (1224:559). 

Lot No. 3. 

An old lot, about 10 acres, was drawn by 

'"Perkins Abraham V- one at y Island & Jewett Neheraiah 
Esqr 9 J o one by the Town each one half Drew No. 3." 

Ephraim Jewett sold the half drawn by Xehemiali Jewett to 
Stephen Perkins, March 28, 1727 (19:175), ami Hannah Perkins, 






widow and executrix of Beamsley Perkins, mariner, Stephen Glaz- 
ier, fisherman, one of the children of sd Hannah Perkins and leg) I 
of Beamsley, Benjamin Glazier of Ipswich, another child of Han- 
nah and legatee, Thomas Tread well 3' 1 and Sarah, his wife, which 
Thomas is a cordvvainer, Hannah and Martha Perkins, spinsters 
and children of Beamsley, sold hall' of No. 3 to Stephen Perkins, 
shopkeeper, Jan. 25, 1727-8 (50:132). 

The other half had been drawn by Abraham Perkins, father of 
Capt. Beamsley. The deed recalls an interesting episode. On May 

27, 1700, Abraham Perkins complained that Lev. .John Emerson of 
Gloucester had married his son, Uea.msley, some two years before to 
Hannah Glazier "in private." She was the daughter of Nathaniel 
Emerson Sen. of Ipswich, and had married Zacherias Glazier April 
24, 16[86?]. The Quarter Sessions Court passed a severe sentence 
on June 25 th , 1700. 

"Mr. John Emerson of Gloucester, minister, being complained 
of by John Appleton, County Treasurer, for marrying Beamsley 
Perkins and Hannah Glasier, both of Ipswich, sometime in the year 
1697, contrary to the law of the Province, was sentenced to pay 
£50 fine and to be forever hereafter disabled to joyn persons in mar- 
riage & pay costs." He appealed to the next Superior Court, but 
lie died on Dec. 2nd. 

Anthony Loney gained possession of the lot and sold half to 
Joseph Holies, March 29, 1736 (75:210) ami two acres more, March 

28, 1738 (74:121). Mr. honey conveyed a quarter of the lot to 
John Gamage, Feb. 13, 1737 (75:218), which was sold by William 
Gamage of Cambridge, executor of the will of his uncle, to Charles 
Holies, son of Joseph, Oct. 20, 1753 (101:250), who was now owner 
of half of No. 2, the whole of No. 3, and as will be seen, a small in- 
terest in No. 4. His daughter Lucy, wife of Dr. John, inherited 
the land. The Manning heirs sold to Joseph Baker, July 31 and 
Aug. 16, 1826 (2-13:87, SS), who enlarged the farm by the purchase 
of the lots abutting on his land and the Linebrook road and sold 
his holding to William Oakes, July 30, 1836 (295:139). A fortnight 
afterward Mr. Oakes bought the adjoining lot, the history of which 
may be sketched very fitly at this point. 



Lot No. 4. 



"'Nathaniel Lord by Philip Lord. Drawn by Joseph Holies." 

His son, Charles, inherited, and bought from "John Kimball, 

Gent, and Elizabeth my wife, Dafter of Marcy Lord, deceased." a 

small interest, "an estate of inheritance." Nov. 7. 1744 (103:10). 

Dr. John Manning and his wife, Lucy, sold their interest to Dr. 



24 IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 

Thomas Manning, son of Dr. John, the famous physician of [pswich, 

August 1G, 1820 (249:88, 89). His dwelling is now the parsonage 
of the First Church, and his legacy resulted in the establishment 
of the Manning School. Dr. Manning sold to William Oakes, Aug. 
15, 1836 (295:142), who made further enlargement of his farm by 
the purchase of 2 6-10 acres, the western half of Lot No. 10, from 
the heirs of Daniel Russell, Oct. 21, 1840 (402:122) and 3 acres from 
John Lane and his wife, Mary, Dec. 7, 1839 (388:117). 

Upon the deatli of Mr. Oakes, his widow, Sarah P. Oakes, sold 
the whole farm, now 38% acres, mowing and tillage land, to Syl- 
vester Goodwin, March 29, 1849 (411:210) He conveyed to William 
J. Tarr, "excepting certain right of the Town to take gravel," made 
April 14, I860, on Dee. 3, 1870, and Mr. Tarr sold to Edward Dole, 
Nov. 18, 1874, (917:66) whose heirs still own. 



Lot No. 5. 



"Perkins Samuels widow to his heirs 
Rolf's right drawn by y e widow." 

Samuel Perkins married Hannah West, , 1677. The Town 

Records mention only three of the children, Samuel, born Nov. 26, 
1679; Elizabeth, born June 13, 1(385, married Nathaniel Hart, Jr., 
March 29, 1731; and John, born May 12, 1692. 

Samuel Perkins conveyed to Daniel Giddings his share in this 
lot, about an acre, August 11, 1755 (102:176). Francis Perkins of 
Newport, mariner, quitclaimed to Mr. Giddings his right in the 
estate of his uncle, John Perkins, of Ipswich, mariner, and his 
brother, John Perkins, late of Yalentown, Conn., mariner, August 
12, 1756 (103:186). John Harris, administrator of John Perkins, 
conveyed to Mr. Giddings an undivided three-fourths of the lot, 
April 2, 1760 (109:28). The widow Elizabeth Hart of Rowley sold 
her undivided quarter, June 13, 17(52 (116:19). 

Daniel Giddings of Chiremont, N. 11. conveyed the title to the 
whole nine acres, formerly the property of the late Daniel Gid- 
dings, to Dr. John Manning, Sept. 1, 1797 (167:135), who sold to 
John Lord, Jr., mariner, December 29, 1810 (195:151). lie sold 
the lot to his son, John Lord 3 U , mariner, October 8, 1831 (262:170). 
Elizabeth D. Lord, widow of ('apt. John Lord Jr.. ship mas- 
ter, and t he other heirs conveyed to Edward Ready, laborer, 
the lot with a barn, April 15, 1809 (770: 282), who sold 
the land with a house to James Ready, March 17, 1891 (1305: 
121). Mr. Ready bought the building used as a shoe shop by Asa 
Brown, on the County road, after his decease, moved it to this lo- 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 25 

cation and remodelled it for his dwelling, .fauns conveyed to' his 
son. James W. Ready, January 20, 1S99 (1567:482). 

Lot No. 6. 

Thomas Norton and James Brown, the Committee of the Com- 
moners, sold Xo. G. a supernumerary lot, at auction to tin; highest 
bidder, Benjamin Dutch, "bounded northeast by the County Road 
20 rods to a stake, then to the east corner of William Tut tie's land, 
so along by sd Tattle's land, to a stake 2 rods at y East side of 
y e Brook near y e barn and so to y c bridge over sd. brook t hence to 
a second stake No. 0. in y e centre line about 3 rods from Tut tie's 
door, then by the line to the lot No. 5, reserving 8 rods square at 
the clay pitt in sd. lott for y° use of y e proprietors for digging 
clay, making bricks, and y e privilege of a way granted and 
confirmed to Mark Haskell at proprietor's meeting, May 14, 1731." 
Dec. 22, 1731 (59:99). Dutch sold 2 acres on the southwest end 
of the lot, bounded northwest by the road reserved to Mark 
Haskell to Job Harris, Jan. 10, 1731-2 (60:50); 3 acres to 
William Sutton, bounded southwest by Harris, March 11, 1731-2. 
(59:266) and 2 acres more, reserving a convenient cartway 
from the road, and the privilege of digging clay and making bricks, 
Feb. 1, 1733-4 (08:125). The remaining 3 acres had been sold, 
prior to the latter sale to Sutton, to Nathaniel Lord. In the in- 
ventory of the estate of Nathaniel Lord the item occurs, "2 acres 
of land at Comfort, so called."' Oct. 26, 1770. (Pro. bee. 346:366). 
This was assigned to his son, Aaron. It descended to Nathaniel 
Lord and a part of it fell to his daughter, Margaret Lord. Na- 
thaniel M. Lainson recovered judgment against Margaret Lord of 
Lowell, and the lot on Comfort Hill was set ofE to him. (Execu- 
tions, No. 12:225.) Caleb Lord and others had previously sold to 
Sarah R. Lamson, wife of Nath. M. and daughter of Nathaniel Lord, 



acr 



part of this lot. June 18, 18G3 (652:294). Lamson sold 2 

at a place called "Comfort Hill", to Aaron Lord, April 29, 1S71 

(873:182), who sold to Charles E. Brown. Sept. 16, 1872 (916:2), 

who conveyed to his brother, John A. Brown, Jan. 29, 187S (1003: 

213). 

The Brown brothers were brickmakers, and they utilized the 
ancient clay pit and manufactured bricks for several years, until 
they established their new yard on the opposite side of the road. 

The William Sutton lot was inherited by his son, Richard Sut- 
ton. At his decease, an acre and a half pasture, part of this lot, 
was assigned to his daughter, Catherine, wife of Henry Russell, Jr.. 
and 3 1 -.' acres of mowing and tillage was assigned to his daughter. 



26 irSWICII VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 

Sarah, wife of Daniel Russell, July, 1820. (Pro. Rec. 405:504*7). 
The llusseM heirs sold to John A. Brown. 

The third lot, owned by Job Harris, passed to his son, .John 
Harris, cooper, by quitclaim deed from James, a hatter, and his 
wile Susanna, April 4, 1772 (131:124). II." sold to Mark Haskell 
Jr., May 0, 1795 (203 :207). The lot continued a part of the Haskell 
farm for many years, but was sold by George Low to John A. 
Drown, who thus acquired the whole of No. G, May 4, 1007 (l->7;: 
428). 

The John Tuttle Farm. 

When the lots were divided in May, 172G, the farm now owned 
by Mr. Edmund Wile, was owned and occupied by William Tuttle. 
in 1641, John Tuttle laid clown land on the South side of the river 
"in consideration of 30 acres of marsh and a parcel of land on both 
sides of Muddy River." (Town Record). His ownership of land in 
this vicinity may be due to this grant. John Tuttle was brother of 
Richard Tuttle, who settled in Rumney-Marsh, now Chelsea, in 
1G35, whose family became large and influential through many 
generations. 1 He was living in Ireland in 1 5 !i , but his wife, 
Joanna, remained in Ipswich. Before she sailed to join her hus- 
band she made an agreement, dated March 18, 1653-4, with Richard 

Shatswell, that he would pay £24 each year in corn, also 2 

and one cow, for the rental of her house and land, "also all her 
meadow, marsh and broken up ground within the common fence." 2 
Her son-in-law, George Giddings. who had married her daughter, 
Jane, and Joseph Jewett were appointed her attorneys. A few years 
later, several lawsuits arose concerning the ownership of a mare, 
which was claimed by her son, Simon, and later, for damages 
against Shatswell for his neglect or wanton injury of the prop- 
erty and non-payment of rent. These law suits were the occasion of 
the tiling of several letters from Mrs. Tuttle, which possess a quaint 
interest as illustrations of the letters and the literary style of the 
period, and shed much light on the family history. 

"To my Deare & honing Daughter Jane (lidding att Ipswich, in 
New England These : 

Dauter Jane hauing an oportunity 1 could nott omit to lett 
you understand that we are all in good health blessed be god. I 
hop you Reeeaved my last dated in february wherein [ wright 
largely which now 1 shall omit god hath dealt graecously with me 
and freel me of the troubles of the world the lord give me grace now 

1 History of Chelsea. Chamberlain, 1: ill', etc. 

- Ileeords and Files of Quarterly Court. Vol. II, p. 303. (rrintedi. 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 27 



to spend the litell time I haue to line more to his glory the 
letter 1 Reeeaved from you I lay by me as a cordial] which 1 often 
Refresh myselfe with. If you know how much it llejoyeed me to hear 
from you you would uott omite I pray Ietl me hear how your breach 
i^ made up in Respect of the ministrey which 1 long to hear if you 
haue M r Cobete 1 pray present my Ioiie to him and tell him 1 line 
under a very honst man wher 1 injoy the ordinances of god In 
new england way we want nothing but more good company the 
lord increase the number. Jaen I pray intreat your husband to 
looke to oure besincs I hear. Richard Sehwell hath paid noe 
Rent I pray speake to him "and get it. 48 li scud me word what 
increase ther is of oure mare and whether Thomas Buruam 
have groncelled the house ore not Simon deals very bad with Ins 
father he lies at Barbados and sends noe Retorns butt spends all, 
his father will have no mor goods sent to him. I could wish I had 
no such cause to writ 1 thinke he and John intends to undoe ther 
father. Jane you haue many sons the lord blese them & make them 
comforts to you & nott such afiictions as ours are I haue done 
only my dear and harty lone to your hussband & selfe and children 
I leav you to the lord how is abell to keep and preserve you to his 
heauenly kingdom which is the prayer of your dear and louing 
mother Joanna Tuttell. 

Carrickfergus, 
Oct. the 3 d , 5G 

my deare love to you yo r husband and yo r s 

J. T. 

The second letter is addressed, 

"To her lotting son Gorg Giding dwelling in Ips in Xew Eng- 
land these : 

JSone Giding and dauter 
these are to left you understand that the lord hath taken to 
himself my deare husband & left me disolat In a Strang land and 
in dept by llexon of Simans keeping the Returnes from barbadous 
grife that ||he|| hath taken for his to sonns hath brought jjupon 
him] | a lingring deseas lost his stomuee and pined away never sick 
tell the day before he died which wos the 30 th of december I 
pray talke ||with|| M r Jeuett about that which I left with you & 
him this 3 yeares. I have nott hard of anything that he hath done 
I cannot hear of the cattell nor what inercas the mare hath nor 
the Rent I pray left things be Ready for 1 have wright to John 
lawrenee to take them into his hands if Simon ore John should 
com lett nott them meddell with anything there my husband hath 
given them som thing in his will which I shall paie them now I 
will keep the state in my one hand as long as I live it may be I 






28 IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE 0\A) ROWLEY ROAD. 

may se new ingland againe J pray Louke to my house that it be 
not Eeuined. hanna is to he maried shortly to a good husband 

one that lous her well and a hansom man she is a great comfort 
to me. I sent Jane a smale token by M r weber that went from 
lienee to Jeimcas and so to new england. I like Ierland very well 
we liane nether frost nor snow this winter butt very tempeal 
weather which agrees with me well my husbands death went neare 
the lord give me good of it & make up 1113' losse in him sell'e a teach 

this sharp Rod to submit to the will of my god. that I 

had need of it I pray Remember me att the throne — I should be 
glad that you would Right to me that I may heare from you. I 
have not one letter this yeare which I wonder att. Remember me 
to all yours and to all my friends that aske of me no more att pres- 
ent butt the lord bless you with all sprit uall blessings in heavenly 
things in Christ which is the prayer of your afecinat mother 

Joanna Tuttell 

hanna Rem her kind lone to you & all yours 

Carrackfergus the G 1 " of Apriell 57. 

The third letter is addressed. 

"These For her beloued sonne M r George Gidding att Ipswich in 
New England" ; 

Carrickfargus, 20 March '57. 
Sonn Giding I Receaued 2 letters from you and am glad to 
heare of your welfear with yours I wonder I heare nothing from 
Mr. Juete I heare he improues my estaet to his one advantag I 
praid him to pay my son martin 12" in good goods and he lett him 
haue nothing butt beefe that none ellse would take 1 pray you to 
take care of my estat att Ips and lett nott him do what he list butt 
take a count of what he doth ther is 4 yeres Rent this march 
which coins to aboue a hundred pound and in depts ninty seauen 
pound and I heare my cossen John Tuttle would by the horse he 
will nott lett him without he pay him Englich goods I sent to 
deliuer goods to my sonn John lawrence to send me 50 li worth 
of beuar. I have depts to pay in london and want it much Thomas 
burnum wold know what to do with the mares if he can not keep 
them all lett John Tuttell ore you take to of them and for the 
Rest of the Cattell if they be chargabell sell them ore lett them to 
some that will haue care of them I am to remoue againe 10 mills 
nerer my sonn that maried my daueter hannah hath the imploy- 
ment that my husband was in the tresury is Remoued to another 
towne & we must goe with it the presence of the lord goe with us 
they are very louing to me and my life ther by Is very comfortable. 
If I should com to new Ingland I fare I should goe a beging if Re- 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 2!) 

portes be true my estate de Cays lipase for want of lookeing to 
I heare tlie house gos to Ruiue the land spends it selfe the cattell 
dye the horses eate themselves out! in keeping so I am lieke to haue 

a small a count butt I hop it will nott prone as J heart.', if it should 
he that knows all things will a veneg the widows cause I piny Rem 
me to your wife my Dear Child hannah Keni her lone to you all 
so doth M rs haries the poteearis wife that lined in saint Albancs 
she dwellse next house to me I haue nott ellse att present butt the 
blesing of the lord be with you & yours 

I pray send no goods to simon I heare that of him which will 
bring my gray head with sorow to the graue with tears J eon- 
clued and J tenia i ne 

Your poore mother 

Joanna Tnltell 1 
These letters of this heavy-hearted woman reveal painful fam- 
ily secrets, the selfish greed of the sons, John and Simon, the over- 
reaching of the trusted family attorney, the decay of the estate and 
keen parental anguish. The Tuttle homestead was on High Street, 
adjoining the Shatswell and Fowler homesteads, but these letters 
indicate that there were also farm buildings on Comfort hill or 
on the road to Muddy river. 

Simon Tuttle, son of John and Joanna, who had been engaged 
in trading ventures in Harbadoes, became owner of the Comfort 
hill farm and made his home on the hill. His wife, Sarah, 
was the mother of twelve children. The eldest, Joanna, whose 
name is recorded erroneously in the Vital Statistics as Hannah, 

born Sept. 4, 1(564, married, first, Piekard, second, Edmund 

L. Pottar of Rowley int. Nov. 20, 1701, and third, Capt. John Whip- 
ple Jr., April 14, 1703. Simon, the eldest son, was born Sept. 17, 
1G77. Following these were John, Elizabeth, Sarah, Abigail. Su- 
sanna, William, Charles. Mary, Jonathan and Ruth, the youngest, 
who was born on Aug. 10, 1GS5 and married Ezra Rolfe of Brad- 
ford, Sept. 17, 172S. Mr. Tuttle died in January, 1691, but his 
widow survived forty years. She died on Jan. 24, 1731, aged eighty- 
six. 

His inventory, taken March 25, 1692 t^Fro. Fee. 301:45). men- 
tions the dwelling, barn, and about 3 acres of homestead; "the 
house and one acre of land, y. 8 homestead John Tuttell lives in"; 
and various pasture and tillage lots. It has been said in the an- 
nals of the Foster farm, now known as the Mitchell farm, that 
John Tattle's dwelling was sold to Jacob Foster before 1701. The 
lands were divided by an agreement between the heirs on Oct. 28, 
1701. 

1 Records and Files of Quarterly Court: II, 1A'2 (printed). 



30 IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 

Simon Tuttle, the eldest son, married Mary [loggers. Sarah, 
the eldest, was born Oct. 11, LC97, followed by Margaret, Elizabeth, 
Hannah, Simon, Samuel, Lucy, Priscilla and John, who was born 
Oct. 20, 1718. Simon Tattle, then of Littleton, conveyed to Dr. 
Samuel Wallis Jr. the pasture lot he had received under his father's 
will, May 6. 1721 (40:12), from which it appears that he had re- 
moved from the old Ipswich home shortly after the birth of his 
youngest child, when he was more than fifty years old. 

John, the brother of Simon, married Martha Ward, Dec. 3, 
1G89, and their children were Martha, born in 1600, married Mark 
Haskell of Gloucester, int. Jan. 14, 1700; Mary, who married Na- 
thaniel Warner; Remember, who married Job Harris of Gloucester; 
Abigail, married William Haskell of Gloucester; William and Su- 
sanna, who married Jonathan Hale of Bradford, Nov. 10, 17:."j. 

The father of the family died on Feb. 2(5, 1715-0. in his 4'J !ij 
year. Shortly after, the widow addressed a petition to the General 
Court "setting forth that the said John Tuthill some time before his 
death made an exchange of a considerable Parcel of Lands with 
the Proprietors of Ipswich to the Value of about Two hundred 
Pounds & fenced in said lands with great charge but died before 
he had made a Conveyance of the said Land to the sd. Proprietors, 
praying that she may be enabled to make such legal conveyance. . . . 
" Her petition was granted. 1 

William, son of John and Martha, baptized on Sept. 30. 1705, 
had inherited the homestead and farm on Comfort hill. He died 
Dec. 10, 1726, in his 22nd year, leaving no direct heir. The estate 
included the house, barn and 34 acres in the homestead etc., a man 
servant called John Mark, a pair of gold buttons and 3 pair of 
silver buttons. (Filed Jan. 22, 172G-7. Pro. Lee. 315:445). 

Three of the sisters conveyed their 3-5 interest in the real 
estate of their late brother to their brother-in-law, Mark Haskell of 
Gloucester, April 13, 1727 (51:53) and Susanna Hale conveyed her 
fifth to him on Jan. 8 th , 1730 (77:43). Their grandmother, Sarah, 
wife of Simon Tuttle, died as has been noted on Jan. 2 4. 1731/2. 
holding title to a third in her husband's estate, which had been set 
off to her. Her daughters, Joanna Whipple, widow of Capt. John, 
and Susanna, single woman, quitclaimed their interest to Mark 
Haskell, July 6, 1732 (77:42); the grand daughters making sim- 
ilar conveyance (1731, 00:239, 240; 77:41; 1733, 77:42). 

Deacon Mark Haskell became a prominent figure in the town. 
He occupied the farm until his death, Aug. 25, 1775. in his nine- 
tieth year. His wife. Martha, .died in her 73 d year on May 15. 1763. 
He married the widow Elizabeth Burnham, int. Oct. 24. 1707. who 



1 Province Laws. 171G-17, Chap. 16. 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 



1 



survived him and lived until January, 1789, attaining the great age 
of 99 years 7 mos. 

His .son, Mark, who owned already some land in common with 
his father, succeeded to the ownership, and bongln adjoining lands, 
a two acre Jot of John Harris, May G, L793 (203:207) and 12 acres 
of William Horn an of Beverly, on the Linebrook road, Jan. o, 
1799 (203:207). Daniel Haskell, executer of the will of .Mark, con- 
veyed the farm, 57 acres including a ten acre pasture on the oppo- 
site side of the road to Rowley, to William Conant Jr. Dee. 1, 1823 
(240:31) who reconvened to Haskell (240:32). lie bought 5% 
acres on the Linebrook road from Edward Harris, March 11, 1833 
(208:187) and sold the whole to Edward Harris, about 70 acres, 
March 18, 1S33 (268:187). It passed to John Harris Jr., who sold 
to Joel Xourse of Boston, Dee. 9. 1832 (470:200), to Edward T. 
Trofatter, Nov. 23. 1857 (502:49) ; to James Damon of Charlestown, 
May 5, 1858 (570:52) to Josiah Low of Essex. (087:02). 

George Low, son and heir of Josiah. sold the 20 acre pasture 
on the east side of the Rowley road to John A. and Charles E. 
Brown, July 18, 1887. A lot in the lane was sold by George Low, 
son of George, to John A. Drown, May 4, 1907 (1873:128), and the 
remainder of his interest in the farm including the buildings, to 
Edmund Wile, March 13, 1908 (1913:411). The house and barn 
were totally destroyed by fire but Mr. Wile erected at once fine 
new buildings. 

The large field with a barn on the Rowley road, 19% acres, 
was inherited bj r Alice M. Scotton, daughter of George Low and 
wife of J. Frank Scotton, and sold by her to (1. Adrian Darker, 
Jan. 21, 1911 (2004:78). 



Lot No. 7. 

Isaac Jewett's new right, drawn )>y Samuel Rickard Jr. for 
Jewett's heirs, five acres, bounded by the road on the northeast 
side and the Haskell farm on the southwest, was sold by David 
Russell Jr. of Littleton and his wife. Mary, to Mark Haskell. Oct. 
20, 1735 (70:53). Joseph Tuttle Jr. and Abigail of Sudbury con- 
veyed to Mark Haskell and Mark Haskell Jr. a pasture near Muddy 
river, near the Rowdey road, 8% acres, Nov. 28, 1749, and Nathaniel 
Smith sold his interest in a half of a 10 acre pasture, lying between 
the Haskell farm and the Doxford road, July 21, 1758 (105:95). 
This lot thus became a part of the Haskell farm. 

After laying out No. 7, the Committee went to the Boxford 
road and laid out Lots Xos. 8 to 13 on that road, bounded by the 
divisional line on the southeast. "We made a center line from 



VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 

t lie westerly part of Tattle's kind to y" so Rod Slake, by the path 
up Peagry's Plain (now Mile Lane) and begau a third Uaoge of 
Lotts with No. 14." 

Lot No. 14. 

"bounded southeast and south partly by No. 7, partly by Lord's 
Little Pasture and partly by Tattle's land" was drawn by Alex- 
ander Lovell Sen. Alexander Lovell Jr. sold it to Benj. Dutch, "the 
original right of Moses Day," April 10, 1729 (51:43), who con- 
veyed to his son, Benj. Jr., Oct. 31, 1751 (104:78). Benj. Dutch, Jr., 
miller, and Sarah, sold to Mary Lord, "wife of James Lord, spin- 
stress," Maxell 7, 175S (104: 160). 

It passed by inheritance to Nathaniel Lord and his heirs. 
George W. Langdon and others quitclaimed to Caleb Lord, one half 
the eow-pasture about 1G acres, June 18, 1863 (653:164) and Caleb 
Lord and others quitclaimed to -Martha \Y. Langdon and others 
on the same date. (664:130). Nathaniel U. Lord and others sold 
the lot, containing 10 acres, to Aaron I) Wells, May 19, 1910 (2032: 
443). "Lord's Little Pasture", mentioned in the original division, 
is included probably in this lot. 

Lot No. 15. 

Drawn by John Lord, "by his father's Entry and Settlement." 
Samuel Lord, Jr. sold this lot, 9 1 - acres, to Benjamin Caldwell 
and son, Benj. Jr., June 1, 1791 (158:108) ; who conveyed the same 
to Benjamin Lord and Isaac Kimball, March 13, 1798 (164:36). In 
the division of the estate of Benjamin Lord, who died July S, ISIS, 
there was set off to the widow, Sarah, "a piece of pasture land in 
common with Isaac Kimball near Pingrey's Plain," all that part 
northwest of a straight line beginning at the highway and running 
straight to the land of Nathaniel Harris." (Pro. Bee. 394:207.) 
Benjamin Lord and Huldah, his wife, of Falmouth and other heirs 
conveyed to Nathan Jewett their interest in the dower of the widow. 
May 10, 1838 (930:235). In May, 1S42, Isaac Kimball sold to Mr. 
Jewett, "Giddings pasture," "being a cow-right therein." 2 ' L . acres, 
"known as the dower of late widow of Isaac Kimball." (930:230). 
lie also acquired Lot No. 10 in the original division. 

Lot. No. 16. 

A new lot, about 12 rods wide, "Shoreborne "Wilson's new right, 
drawn by Capt. Stephen Perkins." It was acquired by John Kim- 
ball, Jr., and was included in the inventory of his estate in 1757. 
(Pro. Bee. 337:15). 






IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 33 

Lieut. Jeremiah Kimball inherited from his brother, John, and 
his estate included a six acre pasture at Woods lot and an eight 
acre pasture at Pingrey's Plain, one half of No. 17, (1705, Pro. Ilee. 
342:395). In the division of the estate, his son Jeremiah received 
"2 cow rights in Woods Pasture in partnership with Daniel Ringe" 
(177G. Pro. Pee. 351:458). Charles Kimball, son of Jeeriniah, sold 
Woods Pasture, now described as containing 20 acres, to Nathan 
Jewett, May 4, 1S58 (930:237). His son Stephen inherited and 
mortgaged to Alexander B. Clark, Nov. 8, 1895 (1403:296), who 
foreclosed and took possession (1542:466). 

Lot No. 17. 

An old lot, about 32 rods wide on the road, assigned to Alex- 
ander Lovell, by his father's right. In consideration of a deed of 
quitclaim to Lot No. 9 by Thomas Boardman, Stephen Jewett, Na- 
thaniel Jewett and George Hibbert of Rowley, Alexander Lovel, 
cordwainer, quitclaimed to them his interest in No. 17, "that 
was my father Lovel's", May 19, 1732 (59:205). Andrew Hurley, 
Nath. Jewett and George Hibbert sold to Nathaniel Lord Jr. car- 
penter and John Kimball, tailor, No. 17, 10 acres, Jan. 7, 1733 
(82:79). 

John Kimball, it was stated in the sketch of No. 10, owned the 
''Woods Pasture", No. 10, adjoining-, and his half of No. 17 passed 
with No. 10, to his brother Jeremiah etc. The other half was 
owned b\y Mr. Lord at his death, and in the division of his estate, 
"half an old right in the square lots near Pingry's Plain," fell to 
Aaron. In the inventory it was entered as "8 acres pasture near 
Pingrey's Plain," Oct. 20, 1770 (Pro. Pec. 340: 300, 493). Stephen 
Lord, son of Aaron, sold the lot to Capt. Nathaniel Lord Jr., to- 
gether with "Harts Nubes, so called in Green Creek and the win- 
dow frames so called." Feb. 12, 1817 (212:202). Capt. Lord con- 
veyed to' his sons, Caleb and George A. of Ipswich and Nathaniel 
H. of Lynn, July 5, 185S (053:104). George A. and Nathaniel II. 
Lord sold to Frances Mary Smith, wife of Fred A. Smith, March 
18, 1910 (2144:414). 

Lot No. 18. 

An old lot, "bounded on the north east end by the Country Load 
about 34 Pod wide, . . to a stake at the corner where the way is 
Laved out from the Great Load over the Plains up toward turkey 
hill Poad to Chapman's, then on the north west side by the path 
up the plains . . . ." drawn by John West, by his father's right. 
It was inherited by Elizabeth, daughter of John, and widow of 



34 IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY LOAD. 

Head of Bradford and conveyed by her to her son, James 

Head of Bradford, who sold the lot, L5 acres* to Benjamin Dutch, 
April 1, 1734 (66:76). Doctor John Manning sold the lot, kn 
familiarly as the "Gallows Lot," to John Harris Jr. 20 acres, 1784 
(151:144). Upon the death of Mr. Harris, his land was divided 
into seven parts and assigned to his children, Rebecca, wife of 
Jonathan Haskell, receiving the lot on the corner of the Rowley 
road and Mile Lane. Adjoining- lots on Mile Lane were apportioned 
to Prue, wife of Ebenezer Harris; Joanna, wife of Stephen Pear- 
son, Jr.; Mary, wife of Robert Stone; Susanna, wife of John 
Raynes ; Sally, wife of John I). Cross, and his son, Edward Harris. 
(1814, Pro. Rec. 385:403). The corner lot, ten acres, was sold by 
Ebenezer Harris to William J. Tarr, May 13, 1870 (986:242), who 
conveyed to his wife, who sold his whole holding- in this locality, 
23 acres, to John Dickinson, May 3, 18SG (1172:75). In default of 
taxes, the lot was sold by the Town to John 0. Porter, July 23, 
1898 (1554:190), who sold to William H. Knowlton, February 26, 
1912 (2134:178). The name, Gallows Lot, was applied to the 2U 
acre lot on Mile Lane, the sixth from the Rowley road, which John 
D. Cross sold in 1849, and Mrs. Tarr bought in 1874 (953:210). 

Ipswich Village. 

Though the name, "The Village" or "Ipswich Village," as ap- 
plied to this neighborhood, is of comparatively modern origin, the 
settlement itself dates from the beginning of the Town. Robert 
Muzzey, Thomas Emerson, John Gage, and others received the orig- 
inal grants, and at a very early period houses were built, and 
Jewett's grist mill, on Egypt River, before the century was ended. 
The annals of this little community are of singular interest. 

The Pengry Farm. 

"Muddy river," to which frequent allusion has been made, a 
sluggish stream that drains the meadows and swamps on both 
sides the Rowley road, was Muddy river from the very beginning 
of our annals. The other stream or brook which crosses the road 
near the pumping station, has borne a multiplicity of names. Its 
upper waters were called Bull brook at a very early period, but the 
first settlers had a penchant for "rivers" and they named it the 
river Abith. There is a Hebrew word, abeth, which means a reed 
or bulrush, or the papyrus of the Nile. Reeds and bulrushes still 
abound in the lower reaches of the stream, and it may have pleased 
the Rev. John Norton, one of the most learned men of his day, 
whose farm was bounded by it, to recall the old Egyptian stream 
in the title of this humble water-course. In 1G40, the name North 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD KOWLEY LOAD. 35 

river was its recognized title, but Egypt river has been the favorite 
name from ancient times to this day, though it becomes Rowley 
river when the winding stream widens into a tidal estuary. 

Adjoining the Shatswell pasture, John Gage had a lot of generous 
dimension probably, as he built a house upon it, and Nathaniel 
Stow had a grant. Joseph Jewett, one of the most prominent men 
•of Rowley, bought these lots, June 12, 1656, (Ips. Deeds 1:173) and 
also part of the Shatswell land. At his death, his brother, Maxi- 
milian, was appointed overseer of his two youngest children, Joseph 
and Faith, and he accepted as the portion of Faith, who was then 
affianced to John Pengry : "the house that is upon the field that 
was formerly Goodman Gage's & Goodman Shatswells', together 
with the barne & the land afore mentioned and also that piece of 
land that lies betwixt y e house and Egypt River, together with 16 
acres of land that lies within the common fence that was bought of 
Goodman Lord & Goodman Kingsbury," with an interest in land in 
the vicinity of Wilson's Hill. (Ips. Deeds 2:187.) 

The house was then occupied by Aaron Pengry, son of Deacon 
Moses Pengry, the salt maker. 1 John Pengry and Faith Jewett were 
married on May 20 th , 1678. He had been enrolled as a soldier in 
the King Philip war in 1675 but his service is not recorded. In 
March, 1680, he leased Little Neck from the Feoffees of the Gram- 
mar School. ^ A painful duty fell to his lot in January, 1692-3,3 
when he was chosen a member of the "Jury for Tryalls," for the 
trial of the last of the unfortunates, who were charged with witch- 
craft. Three were found guilty and sentenced to death. 

The young bride, Faith Pengry, is the first woman who comes to 
our notice in the little hamlet, which had sprung up in these soli- 
tudes. She had never known the privilege of education which all 
children now enjoy. Certainly she had never learned to write, for 
when her husband sold some woodland in 1708, she could only make 
her mark. We hope she had learned to read, but reading brought no 
such comfort and diversion to the women of those times, as it af- 
fords the people of today. 

The wives and mothers had few moments that could be 
snatched from their endless toil by day or night for even the hum- 
blest literary pursuits. Could they read, they had their Bibles 
indeed and they prized them well, but there were times when they 
were too weary for the old Book. But newspapers were unknown, 
and the few books of the family needed no five-foot shelf. Some 
dull volumes of divinity were almost the only books that found 
favor in Puritan households. We look in vain in the inventories of 
the time for the great Puritan poet, John Milton. Shakespeare's 

1 Deposition. Moses Pingree & John— 16S4. 7:12. 

2 Publications of Ipswich Histor. Society, XVIII:S2. 

3 Ipswich in Mass. Bay Colony, p. 299. 



36 irSWICII VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 

plays hug-lit not contaminate the air by their presence. A modern 
novel, with its engaging- plot, its fascinating characters, its restful 
readableness, its witching power to beguile the weary brain and 
drive away care, had not been written, and had it been, it would 
have been reckoned a device of the devil to promote a tickle and 
wanton mind. ' Tis not strange, after all, that when Ann Brad- 
street, that other Ipswich wife and mother, burst into song, it was 
counted more than a nine clays' wonder that such poems could be 
written by a woman in the turmoil of a noisy household, and that 
she was hailed as the Tenth Muse by grave and reverend men. 

Faith Pengry had no fine parts and we know little about her, 
but a tender interest attaches to her and all the other wives and 
mothers of this quiet spot in these early days. One son, who bore 
his father's name, of course, came to them. Lj r dia, who died at 
the age of fifteen, Mehitable and another Lydia, who married and 
went to their new homes, were all the others that the Town 
Records mention. The boy John grew to manhood on the farm 
and on January 10, 1723-4 (43:66), the elder John conveyed to John 
Jr. his whole estate, real and personal, reserving possession during 
his life, and providing that he should pay £190 to his well-beloved 
daughter, Lydia, now the wife of Andrew Burle}', or her heirs. As 
no allusion is made to his wife, Faith Pengry had died probably 
before this instrument was made. 

Ensign John entered upon full possession at his father's death 
on June 15 th , 1723. No record of his marriage remains and at his 
death on August 22, 1732, in his forty-ninth year, his estate fell to 
Ins sister, Lydia. Her heirs, Andrew Hurley, Esq., Andrew Burley, 
Jr., gentleman, Samuel Williams, Jr., sadler, and Lydia, his wife, 
Mehitable Burley and Mary Burley, singlewomen, conveyed "Pen- 
gry's Farm," 80 acres less or more, with dwelling and outbuildings 
to Benjamin Dutch, February 20, 1746 (95:115). He sold the farm 
to Jeremiah Nelson of Rowley, August 24, 1747 (98:170), who be- 
queathed it to his sons, Jeremiah and Jacob (1773. Pro. Bee. 34S : 
59). His daughter Hannah had married James Pickard of Boxford 
and they gained possession. 

Financial reverses befell and the farm was seized bj r the cred- 
itors. The administrator of Dr. Sylvester Gardiner of Boston re- 
covered judgment against Mr. Pickard for £241, 12s. and there was 
set off to his estate, 51^ acres with all the buildings, "beginning 
at the corner of sd. Pickard's homestead, at the gate, on the road 
from Ipswich to NewburypOrt," extending along the road to Na- 
thaniel Smith's, northeast and southeast by Smith to the second 
gate on the way to Muddy River, and by various courses to the land 
lately set off by execution to John Killam, northwest by Kilhara to 
the Muddy River road, and by the wall to the first, September 11, 
1789. (150:222). 



f 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 37 



John Killam of Boxford sold the land he had acquired by the 
execution mentioned in the preceding deed, 33% acres, on the Row- 
ley road, to Benjamin Kimball, .July 20, 1790 (15:5:18). John Rot- 
ter brought suit against the estate of Jeremiah Nelson, and there 
was set oft to him 6 acres % and 32 rods on the corner of the Row- 
ley road and Muddy river road, adjoining that sold to Benjamin 
Kimball on the southeast, May 3, 1790 (152:31). 

The first of these lots, carved out of the old Pengry farm, was 
sold by the executor of the estate of Dr. Gardiner to Abigail Smith, 
wife of Isaac Smith, Jr., of Rowley, one tract of 51V_> acres and 
another of 9% acres 22 rods, January 2, 1800 (160:133). Isaac 
Smith and Abigail, in her right, sold to Isaac Rotter, 34 acres 
with house, barn, etc., bounded by the land of Daniel Nourse, Isaac 
Potter, "across the marsh road" etc., reserving- the Town way 
through the farm, .March 13, 1807 (180:97). 

Isaac Potter and wife, Joanna, conveyed their farm on the 
opposite side of the road to their son, Asa Rotter of Bridgton, in- 
cluding a tract "on each side of the road leading on Pingrey's Plain 
to Kimball's Point, 50 acres, more or less," beginning at Egypt 
river, Dec. 4, 1828 (253:183). There is no mention of any farm 
buildings and it. is probable that they had disappeared. The vari- 
ous deeds locate them in the pasture adjoining the land of Mr. 
John W. Nourse, but no trace remains. The lot was inherited by 
Asa T. Potter, and by his heirs. A nine acre field on the corner of 
Paradise road was sold by Lavinia D. Pickard to Mrs. Mabel V. 
Mitchell, Nov. 10, 1891 (1330:202), who conveyed two Lots to Annie 
Dodge of Reabody, Jan. 29, 1901 (1033:224). 

Benjamin Kimball sold his thirty-three acre lot, part of the 
Pengry farm to his sons, Isaac and Benjamin, (1797, 191:173: 1810. 
191:172), and an eleven acre held to Abraham Lord, March 1, 1S03 
(183:208). Benjamin Kimball sold his lot to Isaac, Jr. and his ad- 
ministrator conveyed 1 R> acres to Benjamin Smith, April 7, 1824 
(1148:100). The heirs of Isaac Kimball sold their interest to John 
Dickinson, July 28, 1875 (1170:204), whose dwelling was near the 
present cottage of Benjamin Currier. He was a man of quiet 
habit, who never married. He gained a competence by patient in- 
dustry and frugal living. Having money to lend, he walked one 
day to the house of Hon. Allen W. Dodge, the County Treasurer, 
in Hamilton, and as the day was warm, he went barefoot as he was 
accustomed, carrying his shoes in his hand. Mrs. Dodge spied 
the uncouth figure and cried to her husband, •'Here comes another 
tramp and I have given away all your old shoes." The seeming 
tramp had three thousand dollars in cash in his pocket, however, 
which the treasurer was glad to borrow. His house was burned 
some years ago. 



38 IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 

The six acre lot on the south corner of Paradise road was in- 
herited by Susanna, wife of Benjamin Kimball, Jr., and daughter 
of John Potter (1802, Pro. Pee. 379:535, G). She sold an acre on 
the corner of the Post Road and the road to Kimball's Point to 
John Rutherford, Jan. 2, 1843 (395:144), who acquired the. remain- 
der of the lot from her heirs, June 7, 1850 (1041:509), and V/j 
acres from Levi Lord, March 23, 1854 (587:275). Mr. Rutherford 
conveyed an acre with buildings to his son, John W. Rutherford 
(1S74, 925:209). He acquired the adjoining- land and conveyed 4% 
acres with buildings to his son, Augustus H. Rutherford (1089:160), 
and to the widow, Mary J. Rutherford (1193:174), who sold to 
Luther Nourse, April 29, 1890 (1490:194), and he to his daughter, 
the widow Caroline E. Pickard, Oct. 1G, 189G (1492:358). 

The Bradstreet Farm, 

Humphrey Bradstreet received a grant of 80 acres "beyond the 
North River," with other upland and meadow lots. John Bradstreet 
of Marblehead, planter, conveyed it to Joseph Jewett, Senior, of 
Rowley, who had already gained possession of several farms in the 
vicinity, July 4, 1657 (Ips. Deeds 1:203). The deed relates that 
part of the farm had been granted to his father, Humphrey, "and 
a part he had by exchange of Richard Hutley, and another part, 
being about 10 acres, more or less, he purchased of William Buck- 
ley." 

In the division of the Jewett estate, this farm was assigned to- 
Joseph, brother of Faith. (1677-8. Ips. Deeds 4 :332.) He had taken 
a valiant part in the King Philip War, serving in Major Appleton's 
company in the winter campaign of 1675 when only nineteen, and 
in the following sj)ring he was with Capt. Brocklebank and his 
Rowley men at Sudbury. Being stationed near Marlboro, he es- 
caped death, when the Captain and many of his men were slain by 
the Indians. He married Ruth Wood on January 16, 16S0, and as 
the farm was already in his possession, it may fairly be pres\rmed 
that they made their home here and that their oldest children were 
born here. The place of birth of Ruth, the eldest, is not recorded, 
but Joshua, born in August, 1683, and the twins, Hannah and Eliza- 
beth, born in April, 1685, are recorded as of Ipswich birth. Joseph, 
Sarah, Priscilla, Joanna and Joshua were born in Rowley, and it 
is evident that he had removed there prior to April, 1687. 

He sold the farm to Joseph Quitter, "in behalf of his cousin 
Abel Langley, who dwells with him, son of Abel Langley of Row- 
ley, deceased," with dwelling and barn, October 7, 1693 (11:152). 
It is now for the most part included in the farm of Mr. Charles Day, 
and w r as reached by the road, now called not inaptly Paradise 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 6 ( J 



road, for it is a very beautiful road, winding- through long stretches 
of woodland, where ferns and brakes grow luxuriantly, and every 
kind of wild flower finds congenial haunt in open glades or shaded 
nooks. In the earliest times it was styled "the road to Muddy 
River Bridge," or "the road to Kimball's Point," and sometimes, 
"the marsh road." The farmers of Linebrook and beyond found 
Mile Lane, also called "the marsh road," and "the road over Pin- 
gree's Plain," the only direct way to the Hundreds and other marsh 
lands and thatch banks. The old road, rarely used now, bears the 
marks of long and frequent use in past years, for it has been worn 
down by travel and rainfall three feet in many places below the 
level of the woodland. 

On this farm, shut in by the woods and the Rowley river, Abel 
Langley lived, and then Thomas Boardman, who seems to have 
married his daughter, Sarah Langley. Thomas and Sarah Board- 
man conveyed the farm to their son, John, on December 24, 1720 
(40:13), who had married Abigail Choate a month before, on No- 
vember 27 th . The young- bride went to her new home joyfully and 
hopefully, and it was well the future did not reveal its secrets. 

In the fall of 1737 seven children rilled the farm house with 
songs and laughter, and the thoughts of parents and children ran 
forward to the glad Thanksgiving Day, the great Puritan festival, 
with its family reunions and its unimagined stores of \nes and 
puddings and every New England dainty. But the dreadful throat- 
distemper was abroad, against which the pl^sicians of the day 
were powerless. In May, 173G, four children of Nehemiah and 
Katherine Jewett, their neighbors and friends, had died. John 
Boardman's cousin, Martha, wife of John Treadwell, of the Island 
farm on the road to Jeffrey's Neck had lost her four children in 
March and in November, the home of Cornet John was invaded. 

On one black and awful day, November 3 d , three children died, 
Lucy, four, Mary seven, and Sarah, nine years old; and on the 
following da}', baby Francis, fifteen months old, was taken. Cornet 
John's young brother, Langley, a lad of sixteen, died of the same 
disease in the following February. The older children, John, fifteen, 
Abigail, fourteen and Thomas, twelve, were spared. Happily, an- 
other Sarah was born a year later, and another Mary in 1742, and 
these children all grew to manhood and womanhood. The daughters 
all married. Abigail, the eldest, became the wife of Thomas Prime 
of Rowley in January, 174G-7. Mary married James Kinsman, a 
wealthy Candlewood farmer, in 17G0 and Daniel Noyes, schoolmas- 
ter, postmaster, Register of Probate and one of the most prominent 
men of the town, came to the old farm house for Sarah, in 1703. 

Young John Boardman stayed by the farm, and when his wed- 
ding day was close at hand, his father did by him as his own father 



40 IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD UOWLEZ LOAD. 

had done for him twenty-throe years before. Lie conveyed half the 
farm to him on November 23, 17b) ( 9 l :!)G) , and the other half in 
February, 1747-8 (90:204). He soon brought his bride, Mary Baker. 
Twelve prosperous years were allotted them. Five children were 
born, and John, now Lieutenant -John, had attained a goodly estate. 
But on March 10 th , 1755, two months before Ins thirty-third birth- 
day, he was "east' on shore on Castle Hill Beach and l'erish'd with 
the Cold and Snow." 

The inventory reveals an unusual wardrobe, his blue coat, 
breeches and red jacket, valued at £3 10s, his green and blue jackets, 
his dark coat, grey coat and great coat, his ribbed stockings, wigs, 
and silver watch, and the brass headed saddle and silver spurs, 
with which he rode to his place in the line of the militia. His 
slave, Seipio, was valued at £34, his "leading stall"' at 4s. and he 
owned a pew in the South Meeting house. 

The young widow mourned her husband for three years, and 
then John Potter came a wooing - , and they were married in the 
middle of June. 1753. There were four children by this marriage, 
Sarah, John, Susanna and Abigail. Sarah married William Ruther- 
ford, of Rowley, in 1731). lie built their home on the portion of the 
estate that fell to her, and there, presumably, she died at the age 
of ninety-one in 1840. The old house has o-one but the cellar re- 
mains. Abigail married Edward Jewet.t, son of Aaron, of the 
neighboring farm, in January, 170!!, and Susanna married Benjamin 
Kimball. Jr. Eventually the heirs sold their interest. The Dickin- 
sons and Rutherfords succeeded in the ownership, and finally the 
old Bradstreet farm was bought by its present owner, Charles C. 
Day, December 20, 1899 (1598:557). The old farm house with low- 
roof and great chimney was burned in 1895. The present dwelling 
was built on the same site. 



The Robert Muzzey Farm. 

Robert Muzzey, whose name still attaches to the noble hill, on 
the slopes of which his lands lay, received a grant from the Town 
of a hundred acres, bounded by the North river, southeast, and 
John Cage, southwest, and sixteen acres of upland, and ten of 
meadow, bounded north by the lot Edmund Gardiner bought of 
John Saunders. His will, drawn on January 5. 1642 (Ipswich Deeds. 
1:40), gave, "To Joseph, my eldest son, my l'arme with all the ap- 
purtenances lying on the other side of Egypt River only reserving 
a piece of land called the' Cow leas & a piece of meadow adjoining 
to it called the Roeke meadows, which may contain 20 acres"; to 
Benjamin, the Cow leas and Locke Meadow and a G acre lot, bought 
of John Newman, after his mother's decease, and made provision 
for his wife. Bridget, and his other children. 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY EOAD. 



41 



In Joseph Muzzey's time, it' not before, buildings were erected 

on the farm. An ancient cellar hole, near a greal spring far to the 
east of the present highway, indicates the probable site of the lone- 
ly farm house. The hill slopes gently toward the south, and the 
primeval forest on the neighboring ridges furnished shelter from 
the winter winds for the buildings and orchard. The approach to 
the dwelling is evident, but the original highway, "the old pathway 
to the Merrimac," can not be located. Joseph Muzzey sold "my whole 
farm, meadow and upland, 100 acres save only 9 acres of upland 
and meadow now in the possession of Twiford West," '"with the 
mansion house, barnes, stables, etc." and 6 acres, bequeathed to 
his brother Benjamin but bought by him, to Joseph Jewett of Row- 
ley, April 24, 1654 (Ipswich Deeds 1:137). Mr. Jewett was the 
great landed magnate of his time. He already owned land adjoin- 
ing- the farm of the Muzzeys, and soon added, as lias been noted, 
the Bradstreet and Pengry farms, giving him continuous ownership 
from the Rowley line beyond Egypt River, with large holdings on 
the west side of the highway. 

Joseph Jewett died on February 24, 1660-1. His estate included 
"the new house and barne and all the land within Ipswitch fence 
and without Ipswitch fence and meadows." A double portion was 
devised to his eldest son, Jeremiah, who accepted at the valuation 
of £500, required by his father's will, "the farm formerly Mussie's 
with all the land joining- to it on this side Egypt River," and 
meadow land on the other side. Jeremiah was born in Bradford, 
England, about 1037. He was betrothed to Sarah Dickinson of Bow- 
ie}' at the time of his father's death, and they were married on the 
first of May, 16(51. She was the daughter of Thomas Dickinson, 
and on February 13, 1 0(5 1-2, Jeremiah conveyed his farm to him, 
but it was reconveyed 1o himself. (Ips. Deeds. 2:51.) 

May-day was a dear old English holiday and it may have had 
some honor still in the land of the Puritans, though they frowned 
upon Christmas, as savouring of Popery. It was a blithesome wed- 
ding day, and an auspicious time for the young bride's coming- to 
the solitary home. The frogs were piping in the meadows, the 
violets were everywhere in bloom, and the oaks and maples and 
birches were beautiful with their fresh greenery. Winter was 
the long, cold, lonesome ordeal, but before a second winter, five 
days before Christmas, the baby Jeremiah came for care and com- 
pany, constant and engrossing, to the young mother, and in April. 
1665, Joseph was born. Thomas and Eleazer followed and the first 
daughter, Sarah, was baptized on November 23 d , 1673. Then came 
another daughter, Mary, and three more sons, Nehemiah, Fphraim 
and Caleb, the tenth and last in 1681. 

Six children were born and the oldest was twelve, when the 






42 IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 

King Philip War, with its unspeakable horrors, burst upon the col- 
ony. Jeremiah Jewett was enrolled in Capt. Samuel Appleton's 
company, which made the march to Connecticut in December and 
fought the bloody battle known as the Great Swamp Fight. His 
service is not specified, but it may be presumed that he had part 
in it. We have noted that his brother, Joseph, then a lad of nine- 
teen was a soldier in that severe winter campaign, and young John 
Pengry, who married his sister, Faith, was also enrolled. There 
were many anxious days for the young wife and mother, but the 
soldier came back safely, and the years of peril passed slowly 
away. 

When his sons had grown to man's estate, Jeremiah divided his 
farm and gave the northern part, along the slope of Muzzey hill, 
to his namesake, Jeremiah, and to Ephraim, then twenty-four years 
old, "the whole farm I am now possessed of that I have not disposed 
of to my son Jeremiah," reserving the easterly end of the house and 
half the cellar, May 12, 1704 (22:88). He lived ten years longer, 
and in his will, proved in June, 1714, devised a pound sterling to 
each of his children, and with a tender regard, rarely manifest in 
the wills of the time, bestowed the remainder of his personal estate 
upon his beloved wife, Sarah, "to be at her dispose either in Life 
or at her death." (Pro. Pec. 311:136.) 

Ephraim Jewett married his friend and playmate, Elizabeth 
Hammond, from the adjoining farm, int. June 11, 1709, and again a 
young bride came to the old homestead. Again a brood of little 
ones grew apace, but when the last baby, Elizabeth, was baptized 
on December 26, 1725, of the eight children, three had died in in- 
fancy and Elizabeth only attained her twelfth year, and when the 
father signed his will on October 23, 1739, only Sarah, Hannah and 
Ephraim were living. Ephraim gave his wife the improvement of 
the whole estate until his son, Ephraim, a lad of sixteen, came of 
age, when he was to receive two-thirds of the real estate, and the 
remainder at his mother's death. (Pro. Pec. 324:35.) The dower 
of the widow was set off, a tract of woodland, pasture, tillage and 
meadow, beginning at the highway near Egypt river bridge, 
and the heirs of Ensign John Pengry, the line running down the 
river for the most part to a stake, "thence to the corner of the 
fence about 3 feet to the northward of the great Spring near 
the dwelling house," April 25, 1745 (Pro. Pec. 326:322). This 
division line, with its mention of the great spring near the dwelling, 
is the final and conclusive evidence that here was the old home 
of two generations of Jewetts and presumably of Joseph Muzzey. 

Ephraim, son and heir of the elder Ephraim Jewett, married 
Margaret Wood, in the spring of 1742, when he was only a few 
months beyond his nineteenth year and his bride lacked two months 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 43 

of sixteen. The young- husband died on September 17, 174 7, in his 
twenty-fifth year. The widow was allotted £110 for her mourning 
and out of the personal estate she took i'u'07 13s. The Judge of 
Probate drew the line at £120, showing that she had overstepped 
her right by £147, 13s. Thus the account stood in November, 1747. 
The reason for the excessive allowance for the widow's weeds and 
her seeming avarice in seizing upon her husband's estate may be 
found in the significant fact that the girl-widow, now only twenty- 
two years old, had become the wife of John Burnham, before the 
final account was rendered on July 18, 1748. 

John Burnham and Margaret conveyed to Nathaniel Smith, 
tailor, who had married Hannah, sister of her late husband, all 
their interest in the farm, December 16, 1748 (92:53). The widow 
Elizabeth conveyed to her daughter, Hannah Smith, half the farm, 
"1 became and was entitled to at the death of any son Ephraim, 
after his decease," September 2, 1752 (99:79). Nathaniel Smith, 
the sadler, son of Nathaniel, the tailor, sold the whole Ephraim 
Jewett farm to Daniel Nourse of Boxford, April 10, 1790 (152:30). 
He was the son of Benjamin Nourse and was born in Salem Village, 
now Danvers, January 9, 1733, when the witchcraft horrors were 
still vividly remembered. He married Eunice Perley of Boxford, 
August 9, 1759. He sold his Boxford farm April 20, 1789 and re- 
moved to Ipswich in the following year. A new house nearer 
the road, a little in the rear of the present dwelling had been 
built by Nathaniel Smith, and to this Mr. Nourse came with his 
good wife, Eunice, and six marriageable daughters, for the sixteen 
year old twins, Hannah and Huldah, were reckoned of fit age for 
matrimony at that period. The young swains of the neighborhood 
hailed the advent of such an extraordinary family with ill-concealed 
rapture, for there seems to have been a great dearth of eligible or 
attractive maidens. 

Straightway a new and festive social life was inaugurated. 
With six ingenious sisters to plan and execute, neighborhood merry- 
makings of every kind were possible. The Nourse mansion became 
the Mecca of love-lorn pilgrims. The inevitable began to happen. 
Uncle Ilervey Nourse, of beloved memory, used to sa3 r these buxom 
girls went off like hot cakes. Three were married in 1792, two 
years after their arrival ; Lucy to Josiah Fletcher of Chelmsford in 
March, Sally to the widower Stephen Pearson of the neighborhood, 
in October, and Eunice to Jonathan Pearson of Newburyport in 
November. What deft toil of busy fingers went on through the 
whole of that eventful year, at wool-wheel and flax-wheel and cum- 
brous loom, weaving long webs of plain linen and the beautifully 
figured quilts, table cloths and napkins, making sheets and towels, 
embroidering, hem-stitching, finally bleaching on the dewy grass 



44 IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 

and folding away the snowy whiteness in the great dowry-chests! 
What cutting and making of fine clothing and what delightful 
agonies of uncertainty in selecting the wedding dress, and the 

grand finery for the Sunday service, when cacti in turn would 
"walk bride," the observed of all observers, and the envied of not 
a few ! 

Aaron Jewett, Jr. of the neighborhood, waited for Hannah to 
grow five years older and married her in 1705. The son, Daniel, not 
to be outdone, yet making no haste, married Hannah Jewett, 
daughter of David, in 1801 when lie was thirty-one, and Jeremiah, 
brother of Aaron, had come for Hiildah, the other. twin, in February 
of the same year. Fanny, the youngest, became the wife of David 
Payson of Rowley, in 180G. 

After all this marrying and giving in marriage had been fin- 
ished. Mr. Xourse set himself the task of building a new house, and 
completed it in 1809, the comfortable and substantial dwelling- under 
the shade of the great trees, where his great-grandson, John W. 
Nourse, still abides. He was a man of great vigor. In his young 
manhood he had served as a soldier in the .French and Indian War. 
Pestered by the Vermin which infested the camp, he had slept un- 
der the shelter of a boat, so that he became a sufferer from phthisic, 
which burdened his latter years. Uncle Hervey Xourse, who re- 
membered him well, used to remark that he died when he was 
"only eighty-seven." 

His son Daniel inherited the homestead. He had a goodly fam- 
ily of sons and daughters, but the glory of the latter house was 
not like that of the former. There were but three daughters. 
where there were six before. Two of them had compassion on the 
young men nearby, Harriet marrying John Potter, and Fanny, Dan- 
iel Poynton of Rowley, but Julia Ann refused all suitors and died 
in single bliss in her fiftieth year in 1855. Hervey, the eldest son, 
was proof against the charms of the fair ones, and despite all 
their winged shafts, attained the venerable age of ninety-five years 
in peace and comfort. Daniel Perley Xourse married Sarah South- 
wick of Danvers; Luther, Elizabeth Todd of Rowley; and Warren, 
Mary Ann Scott. John Warren, the only child of Warren and Mary 
Ann, with his wife and one young daughter, the third and fourth 
generations from Daniel Xourse, the builder, keep alive the tire on 
the ancestral hearth-stone. Daniel Nourse, Jr. conveyed 14 acres 
abutting on Egypt River, to his son, Luther, in September, 1S38, 
who built a house on the lot and dwelt there for many years. Late 
in life, he sold the land to his brother Warren, the house having 
been removed to Maple Avenue, February 0. 1884 (1667:479). By 
inheritance from his father, and by conveyance from his Uncle Her- 
vey, May 13, 1880 (1037:133) to whom Daniel Jr. had conveyed it 
(3120:205), John W. Xourse gained title to the ancestral farm. 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 45 

The Jeremiah Jewett Farm. 

Jeremiah Jewett, brother of Ephraim, received t lie remainder of 

their father's farm, as lias been noted. His wife was Elizabeth 
Kimball, daughter of Caleb and Anne Kimball, whom he married 
January 4, 1687-8; and of their eight children, six grew to mature 
age. Moses died, however, in his twentieth year, leaving- Aaron, the 
third child to receive the name, a lad of sixteen, the only surviving 
son and four daughters, Elizabeth, Hannah, .Mary and Mercy. The 
daughters all married and Aaron removed to Scarborough, Maine, 
where he lived many years, and served as town clerk, but returned 
to Ipswich and spent his last years here. 

Jeremiah Jewett died February J 5, 1731. He had married Eliz- 
abeth Bugg of Rowley, after the death of the mother of his children 
and in his will, he bequeathed to her "all she brought me and £20 
more, to be hers even if she marries again," to Aaron, ''my only and 
well beloved son/' the use of the estate during his life, and upon 
his decease to his son, Moses, then a boy of nine years. (Pro. Rec. 
319:267). Aaron Jewett survived his father only a little more than 
a year. He died at the early age of thirty-three on June 19, 1732, 
leaving a widow, Abigail Perley, and four young children, James, 
Moses, Rebecca and Abigail, the eldest, James, ten years old and 
Abigail, a baby of two years. As the widow married John Todd of 
Rowley, February 10, 1734, she probably removed with her young 
family to Rowley, and we may presume, that while the boy, Moses, 
the heir to the farm, was growing to manhood, the estate was oc- 
cupied by strangers. He married Abigail Bradstreet of the neigh- 
boring farm, May 13, 1741, a month after his nineteenth birthda}', 
and the young couple no doubt established themselves at once in 
the homestead. 

Moses Jewett was a man of courage and enterprise. He built 
a new dwelling in 1759, according to the family record, which was 
owned later by Daniel Boynton, and is known by many as the 
Boynton house, a comfortable and attractive mansion still. He 
was Captain of a Troop of Horse in Col. John Baker's Regiment, 
which marched on the Lexington alarm, April 19, 1775 and also 
marched to Gloucester on November 29 th of the same year. Xehe- 
miah Jewett, Nehemiah, Jr. and Aaron, son of Captain Moses, were 
all members of this Troop. 

Five sons and live daughters were born to Captain Moses and 
Abigail, Aaron, Jeremiah, Moses, Nathaniel and James; Jane. Han- 
nah, Abigail, Elizabeth and Sarah. When the farm came to Moses, 
it is probable that the northern bound was the original limit of 
the Muzzey grant, and it seems to have extended about four rods 
north of the brook by the Boynton house. He enlarged it material- 



46 IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 

ly. The adjoining- farm was owned by the heirs of John Pickard, 
who sold several lots. Samuel Smith sold Captain Jewett, 8 * 
on "Pickard's Hill," measuring 37 3 /£ poles on the highway, Sept. 23, 
1763 (120:188). 

Wallis Rust sold him a lot measuring 18 1-10 poles on the high- 
way, December 12, 1700 (120:108); Moses Smith, Jr. conveyed to 
him lot No. 3 in the division, 34 8-10 poles on the highway, May 23, 
1770 (129:48); and Samuel Rust conveyed 10 acres, adjoining his 
land on the highway, May 8, 1771 (129:218). Captain Moses Jewett 
died July 31, 179G, bequeathing to his five daughters, with other por- 
tions, "equally my silver tankard." and to his son, Aaron, all his 
estate, real and personal, not otherwise bestowed. (Pro. Pec. 3G4 : 
428.) 

Aaron found his bride in the family of Jonathan Pearson of 
the farm on the opposite side of the road and he and Hannah were 
married on April 20, 17G9. He built a new dwelling on the north 
end of the farm, about 1780, it has been said. Captain Moses deeded 
to him about an acre, "with house and barn said Aaron has built", 
measuring 13 rods on the Post Road, April G. 1792 (157:101). This 
is known now as the Cate house, and has taken on a new lease 
of life as the comely "Pose Tree Inn." Upon the death of his 
father, Aaron removed to the homestead. His wife, Hannah, 
mother of eight sons and daughters, died September 7, 1793, and 
about the time he removed to his father's dwelling, he married 
Elizabeth Bradstreet, daughter of Nathaniel Bradstreet of the 
neighboring farm, and two more daughters, Lavinia and Eliza, were 
added to the family group. After the long series of birthdays, in 
due time, came another series of wedding days in the family home, 
or the homes of brides nearbj r . 

Edward Jewett, the first born, married Abigail Potter, daughter 
of John Potter, of the Humphrey Bradstreet farm on Paradise 
road, on January 31, 1793, and on June 25th of the same year, 
Abigail, lacking six months of twenty, became the bride of John 
Pemberton Palmer of Rowley. Aaron wedded Hannah Nourse, 
daughter of their neighbor, Daniel, May 31, 1795 and Jeremiah 
married Huldah, Hannah's twin sister, on February 8, 1801. Moses 
married Abigail Pearson, daughter of Nathan, of the neighborhood, 
April 17, 1798, and Abigail Todd of Rowley in 180G. Hannah became 
the wife of Moses Hale of Rowley, May 19, 1S03, and in October, 
1807, Jonathan made the only departure from nearby marriages, 
taking Alice Davis of Lynnfield. The babies, who were born after 
the elder children's marriages began, had been married, Lavinia, to 
Moses Palmer Lowell of Rowley, June 1, 17S0, and Eliza, to Mark F. 
Cate of Rowdey, in the spring of 1821. 

Aaron Jewett died without making a will, and in June, 1826, 






IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 47 

the goodly farm of 145 acres, part of which had passed continuously 
for generations from father to son, was cut up into lots and as- 
signed to the numerous heirs. The northwest end of the Gate house 
was assigned to the widow as her home, with lands adjoining, and 
the other half was apportioned to Hannah Hale. The heirs of Jon- 
athan received some fields adjoining; the heirs of Jeremiah, the 
northwest half of the homestead; and Edward, the southeast half, 
the old ladies, Abigail and Betty, daughters of Captain Moses, re- 
taining the privilege of residence for life. 

Lavinia Lowell received a five acre field of tillage land adjoin- 
ing Daniel Nourse, Eliza Cate, a similar lot adjoining Lavinia's 
and the northwest end of the Cate house upon the death of her 
mother. The heirs of Abigail Palmer, Aaron Jewett and Moses 
Jr. received their shares in orchard or tillage land. (Pro. Rec. 405 : 
446.) Mark F. Cate and Eliza made their home in the house still 
called by the family name, and all their children except the two 
oldest were born there. Mr. Cate bought the interest of the widow 
Hannah Hale, April 3, 1832 (267:35). He sold a half acre house lot 
to his son, Aaron J. Cate, cordwainer, April 26, 1845 (363:189), 
which he sold to John Donovan, November 1, 1873 (892:204) and 
Mr. Donovan built his dwelling. It was destroyed by fire a few 
months ago. 

Mr. Cate died June 15, 1862. His sons, George D. B. Cate and 
Aaron J. Cate, conveyed their interest in the homestead and land 
about it to their sisters, Lavinia J. and Mary M., August 13, 1873 
(887:259), and they lived all their days in the house in which they 
were born. With these two sisters, the two brothers sold a 30 acre 
pasture on Muzzey Hill to Oliver A. Bailey on the same date (887: 
107), which Mr. Bailey conveyed to Harry E. Bailey, September 29, 
1899 (1596:336). Caroline Cate Colazo of Rowley and others sold 
their interest to Mary M. Cate, July 31, 1911 (2106:200), who con- 
veyed to her brother George, and his heirs sold to Sarah S. G. 
Houghton, who had repaired the venerable landmark with excellent 
taste, for its ver}' modern use as a tea-room and named it "The Rose 
Tree Inn." 

Moses Jewett, Jr. also called Captain, bought his brother 
Aaron's share in the farm. He died January 13, 1830 and his estate 
was divided between his widow and children, Benjamin T., Olive 
and Elizabeth T. Prescott, wife of Corrin Prescott, and upon the 
death of Benjamin, the sisters inherited his portion as well, and 
also the dower of their mother at her decease. Olive Jewett mar- 
ried Captain George W. Howe of Rowley, November 26, 1835, and 
Captain Howe built upon the lot, Mrs. Prescott quit claiming her 
interest in the land (344:222). Benjamin H. Smith and George K. 
Prescott sold other land owned by Mrs. Prescott to Captain Ilowe, 



48 IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 

May 18, 1858 (571:83), which he conveyed to his .sister, Appliia, oil 
the same date. At her death, the house and land was sold and 
passed through several hands to Deacon Amos Everett Jewett, 

"who.se daughter now occupies. 

The heirs of Jonathan Jewett, .John Jewett of Went worth, N. 
JL, clothier, and Jeremiah D. Jewett of Newbury, eordwainer, sold 
part of their interest to Mark F. Cate, beginning at a point on 
the Rowley road, "within about 2 feet of Gate's currier shop," April 
9, 1830 (257:1a), and part to Amos Jewett, son of Edward, June 1, 
1S32 (260:256, 267:164), who had already purchased the northwest 
half of the homestead from Benjamin K. Brown of New Chester, 
X. If. and his wife, Fanny, daughter of Jeremiah Jewett, Septem- 
ber 22, 1831 (202:97). 

Edward Jewett, son of Aaron, as has been noted, received the 
southeast half of the homestead, and bought the interest of the 
heirs of his sister, Abigail Palmer, who were all residents of the 
new state of Ohio, December 30, 1826 (310:221). He sold a small 
piece to the school district on which the schoolhouse then stood 
(1837, 301:110) and a small piece adjoining. 

Amos Jewett, youngest son of Edward, acquired his father's 
real estate and had already bought the other half of the homestead, 
which he sold to Daniel Boynton, eordwainer of Howie}', reserving 
a third of it to Abigail, sister of his grandfather, during her life, 
December 20, 1S35 (285:200) and the other half to him, March 14, 
1844 (342:201). Mr Boynton had married Fanny Xonrse, daughter 
of Daniel, of the farm near by, on May 12, 1831. Two children 
Daniel P. and Charles had been born in Rowley, but Warren was 
born in the old Jewett homestead, and his sisters, Harriet, Francis 
and Hannah Xonrse, who married Daniel S. Appleton of tha neigh- 
borhood, March 18, 1803. Warren Boynton bought the interest of 
the other heirs, the "eider-mill lot" and 4 acres on the highway 
from Susan O. Totter, daughter of Mrs. Prescott (1402:71, 143S: 
179) and sold the whole to Mrs. Fanny Smith, daughter of Daniel 
S. Appleton and Hannah X. Boynton. 

Amos Jewett married Phoebe K. Howe of Rowley, sister of Cap- 
tain Howe, in the autumn of 1829 and their only child was Amos 
Grenville Jewett, born September 21, 1837. Mr. Jewett built a 
dwelling on the lot purchased from the Jonathan Jewett heirs. 
Upon his death, on August 23'\ 1S50, the dwelling was assigned the 
widow for her life use. The land fell to the .minor son, and his 
guardian sold to Xo. 5 School District, a lot 33 feet wide. January 
4, 1854 (503:102). The schoolhouse was moved to this lot from its 
original location, and the former site was conveyed to Amos G., 
Jewett, on the same date (503:103). The old schoolhouse repaired 
and improved, was used until 1877, when a new building was 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 49 

erected. The old building was sold to David Pickard who enlarged 
it for his dwelling-. The new school building was removed a few 
years ago to a new site in the yard of the Paine school. 

Deacon Amos Everett Jewctt, son of Amos Grenville, acquired 
his father's estate by inheritance and purchase from his brother, 
and makes his home on the ancestral farm. Benjamin 1). Appleton 
bought the ten acre field adjoining- the Nourse farm of the Cate 
heirs August 13, 1873 (887:106), which was conveyed by his widow 
to their son, Daniel S. Appleton. 

No. 19. 

Reverting- to the division of the Common land in 172G on the 
west side of Rowley road, the last lot assigned was No. 19, which 
is described as an old lot, "bounded northwest on Egypt River to 
the Country Road, then northeast by the said road to the path up 
the plains (i. e. Mile Lane), then by said path about 80 rod to a 
stake No. 19, up the plains thence to a second stake No. 19, at the 
southerly corner of Benj n Dutch's Land Reserving Liberty for 
Benj a Dutch and Heirs and Assigns to pass aud Repass through sd. 
Lott to the Country Road from his house also Liberty for passing- 
and Repassing from the Country Road to the mill called Jewets 
Mill." 

This lot was drawn by Mr. Dutch and he already owned a house 
and land beyond Egypt river, the approach to which was over the 
lot now acquired. Beyond the Egypt river, the whole of the land 
to Rowley line had been granted to individuals, at the beginning, 
and a study of this original division is necessary before the later 
histor}' of No. 19 can be considered intelligently. 

Theophilus Wilson received a grant of 32 acres, which was 
known as Wilson's hill for many years. It is easily identified, a 
low hill covered with a young growth, somewhat back from the 
Rowley road, which is now owned in part by Mr. Fred A. Smith. 
An "Island" of ledgy upland and swamp, bounded in part by 
the Egypt river, was granted to the father of Samuel Varnham or 
Farnham, according to the deposition of Samuel, on September 25, 
1683 (Ipswich Deeds 5:14), and sold by him to Robert Payne. 
John Jackson's grant, which was acquired by Thomas Scott, 
John Gage's, John Woodam's, and Thomas Emerson's grants occu- 
pied all the land from Egypt river to the slope of Prospect hill. 
When the new highway was laid out in 1640, it crossed the land of 
John Gage and Thomas Scott, and Gage was allowed damage, but 
Scott received no equivalent and it remained for Nehemiah Jewett 
long afterward to make his claim. The Thomas Scott lot was 
purchased by Joseph Jewett, whose extensive holdings on the other 



50 IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 

side of the highway have been considered at length. Of Twiford 
West and his wife, Mary, he bought half "the 50 acres which was 
lately Thomas Scott's and sold to said West by Richard Kimball, 
Sen.", son-in-law of Scott, March 1, 1654-5 (Ipswich Deeds 4:112), 
and the other half from Thomas Kimball, wheelwright, "the 26 acres 
of upland which I purchased of Thomas Scott," .March 4, 1655-6 
(Ipswich Deeds 2:21). 

John Gage sold his 20 acres, bounded "by a river southeast," to 
Daniel Ross, and on the same date, John Woodam sold to Ross his 
20 acres adjoining-. Daniel Ross sold the 40 acre lot to Joseph 
Jewett (1G53. Ipswich Deeds 1:383, 385). 

Wilson's hill was purchased by Joseph Jewett from Theophilus 
Wilson, February 28, 1655, and in the same year, he bought the 
Island of Robert Payne. (Ipswich Deeds 5:135.) The half 
of the Thomas Scott lot, which he acquired from Twiford West, 
he sold to Richard Holmes of Rowley, 22, 12, 1658 (Ipswich Deeds 
2:138). 

Joseph Jewett died on February 24, 1660 and in the division of 
his estate, his son, Nehemiah, received the Island mid adjoining- 
lands. He lived in Lynn some years and married there Exercise 
Pierce on October 19, 1668. On March 10 th of 1068-9, he bought of 
Richard Holmes by exchange of land in Rowley, the 25 acre lot 
Holmes had bought of his father, Joseph Jewett, now having- upon 
it a dwelling-, barn and orchard. (Ipswich Deeds 3 :110.) He 
removed to Ipswich and their first child Mary was born here August 
9, 1673. Nehemiah, Joanna, Nathan, Mercy, another Nehemiah, 
Nathaniel, Joseph, Mehitable, a second Mehitable, Benjamin and 
Purchase followed. There were twelve in all, but Nehemiah, Nathan, 
Mercy, Mehitable and Purchase lived only a few months. The other 
sons and daughters found pleasant playmates with their cousins, 
on their Uncle Jeremiah's farm close by, and in due time married 
into other Ipswich families commonly, Mary choosing- Benjamin 
Skillion, Joanna, Thomas Varnum, Mehitable, Daniel Dow of the 
family which gives the name to Dow's brook, the source of the 
Ipswich water supply. The sons, however, found their brides else- 
where. Nehemiah wedded Katherine Garland of Salem, Joseph, 
Jane Hazen of Rowley and Benjamin, Reform Trescott of Milton. 

Nehemiah Jewett soon began to be the most prominent man 
in the neighborhood. The farmers were all dependent on the Far- 
ley grist mill or others farther away to grind their wheat and rye 
and corn, and here in their midst was Egypt river rippling down its 
rocky bed, serving no greater use than providing sport for the bare- 
foot boys, who fished for trout in its cool eddies. His land abutted 
on the stream and he conceived the scheme of building a dam and 
setting- the river at work. 



! 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 51 

In the spring" of 1673, Mr. Jewett appealed to the Town for the 
privilege of flowing- the land and establishing a mill, and a com- 
mittee of the town inspected the locality, but nothing- came of it. 
Then Richard Shatswell proposed to build a fulling- mill for finish- 
ing- and d} r eing- their homespun fabrics, and the Town granted him 
permission in 167G to build a dam. He went so far as to construct 
the dam but the mill apparently was never built. Then Mr. Jewett 
revived his scheme for a grist mill and in 1GS7 he secured permis- 
sion to flow four or five acres of the town land. Many years 
elapsed however before the mill was built, and his son Nehemiah, 
who was born in 1G83, grew to man's estate and associated himself 
with his father in the undertaking. His deed of his interest to 
his brother, Benjamin, in 1714 narrates the unforeseen and disas- 
trous difficulties that were encountered. 

The mill had been wrongly located. At much larger expense 
than was anticipated, a trench had been dug by burning- the rocks 
and breaking- them up and the mill had been built, but when all 
was done it was found that the builder has miscalculated his levels, 
and the water could not be brought to the water wheel. Nothing- 
remained but to remove the mill to another location, and as his 
brother Benjamin was "encouraged by Discourse w th other work- 
men y* upon y* R em o vail of sd Mill & house & Damming elsewhere 
y e said Nfill iiiai bi profitable." SVhemiuh I i-ery glatiiy conveyed 
hi^ interest to him, April 14, 171 J • nuved, 

as references to the place where the mill 
various deeds, and in its new location it was a vi\h i(>i«j a« 
the neighborhood. 

Villi Mr. Jewett had larger interests than his grist mill. He was 
bitterly opposed to the Andros government and was present at the 
meeting- at Lieut. John Appleton's in August, 1G87, when Rev. John 
Wise counselled resistance, and stood with him that night and at 
the Town Meeting- next day, for which he suffered arrest. In 16S9 
he was chosen Representative to the General Court, and served al- 
most continuously until 1709, and was Speaker of the House in 
1693, 1G94 and 1701. He was a Justice of the Sessions Court in 1711 
and 1712. 

Naturally he thought well of himself and in the humbler sphere 
of Town affairs he assumed lofty airs and was often involved in 
contention with the Town's folk. He suffered some loss from his 
connection with the Andros resistance and presented a claim for 
reimbursement which failed of favorable reception by the Town. 
His resentment of this unfair treatment as he regarded it was 
manifest in the amusing correspondence that passed between them 
in 1G94, while he was acting as Moderator of the Town Meeting. 



52 IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD EOWLEy ROAD. 

Ipswich, March y e 20, 1693-4. 

Mr. Jewett Sir : 

You are not ignorant we presume that you was chosen moder- 
ator for the year ensuing- & by your order y e Town meeting ad- 
journed from y° 13 th inst. to this day at nine of y* clock in y e fore- 
noon according to w ch notice y e Inhabitants are come & wait for 
your coming. Pray fail them not but afford your cumpany that y* 
affaires of y e Town may be attended regularly. If you are not 
disposed soe to do they desire you would please to send your mind 
in writing 

p r order of Selectmen 

Thomas Wade Clerk. 

This letter was sent to Mr. Jewett by a swift messenger, who 
brought back his reply : 

To y e Selectmen 

The within lines intimate my being chosen Moderator. I know 
not my duty in y e place & I have noe occation of my come to be 
at y e meeting. I have served y e Town longer than they have been 
willing to grattifie me or to grant me anything for what I have 
suffered on their acct. As it hath been usuall to choose one in y* 
place of any Moderator absent soe I hope you will doe now. 
If I warned y e meeting I had no such power only declared the mind 
of y e Town when they had declared they would meet againe. Not 
els but as y e Town uses me soe they shall find him who deserves not 
their abuses. 

Nehemiah Jewett. 

"About 12 or 1, Quar. Mas. Eobert Kinsman, messenger, deliv- 
ered this as Mr. Jewett's answer. 

March 20, at 2 or 3 oclock. 

The above being read by y e Inhabitants after their long wait- 
ing, then the Inhabitants made choice of Lieut. Andrews to be 
Moderator." 

Mr. Jewett had a further contention with the Town regarding 
the commonage, which belonged to Nathaniel Stow's house, pur- 
chased by his father and "y° twelve pounds which he was out in 
attending service in Sir Edmund's time." He agreed to settle all 
his demands for another portion of land on Egypt river, which was 
duly laid out and recorded on March 12, 1696-7; and a few da} r s 
later, forty rods more were granted to facilitate the straightening 
of his line and securing a watering place for the cow commons. 
(March 18, 1696-7.) This grant was bounded by the land of John 
Jewett and included land on both sides of Egypt river, running to 
"a great rock corner up the hillside as sd rock or ledge runs about 
a rod." A further grant of two or three rods was made to Mr. 
Jewett, March 10, 1702, adjoining his fence, "for y e more commo- 









dious standing of his house which he is about to erect att the end 
of his land next Ipswich"; and of an acre in 1703-G, bounded 
"southeast by the common land, Extending in breadth from y" 
corner of sd Jewett's fence near Egypt river before his new house 
door, 10 rods toward Rowley road, northeast by the Common, the 
other side by Jewett's land as fenced his new house stands on." 

His request for this additional acre was the occasion of the 
following communication to the town. 

March 12, 1706 
To Town of Ipswich. 

Hon'd Gentlemen — 

The humble petition of y e subscriber is y l w r as old Father 
Scott of sd Town had lot of 50 acres granted which my Father 
Jewett bought half of y* I am now settled on and after y e highway 
was removed out of Muzzy's farm it cut sd twenty five acres y* I 
have in two pieces & y e way is taken oft' my part & I never had any 
satisfaction for y e land of this Town, who pay d mee for w* share 
I left y* they desired & owned ye Land to be mine and having need 
of a small accommodation to my new house y e Committee hath laid 
me out one acre which I am obliged to pay for, unless the Town 
will allow it . . ." 

This request was refused. 

Some years before his death Nehemiah Jewett divided his estate 
between his sons, and his daughter, Mehitable Dow. The convey- 
ances to Joseph and Nehemiah are not recorded, but to his son 
Benjamin he deeded on November 28, 1712, "a certaine dwelling 
house that my son Nathaniel lived in in Ipswich with the barn 
my said son Nathaniel built," and about 30 acres of land, the 
bounds running to "Scunk Stump" and the middle of "Butterfly 
Rock." (27:14.) 

Benjamin Jewett married Reform Trescott in Milton, January 
12, 1714-15. They made their home in the house conveyed to him 
by his father, and here their son, Benjamin, was bom. At a house- 
raising, which was always a great event for a whole neighborhood, 
Mr. Jewett was killed b}' a falling log, on January 22, 1715-16, in 
his twenty-fifth year. The young widow married Nathaniel Ivnowl- 
ton in June, 1717. The baby Benjamin grew to manhood and re- 
moved to Pomfret where he followed the trade of a blacksmith. 
Nehemiah Jewett, Jr., brother of Benjamin, as executor of his 
estate, conveyed 6% acres back to their father, Nehemiah, Novem- 
ber 14, 1718. (44:02.) The elder Nehemiah in his deed of gift 
to the same daughter, Mehitable Dow, states that the lot was 
"bounded by my son Daniel's land from the ditch and place in it I 
dug and burnt the rock to let the water throw to where my mill 
first was set before I removed it to where it now stands." and that 



54 IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD JtOWLEV ROAD. 

Benjamin had failed to observe the conditions imposed by the deed 
of gift, April 3, 171G (28:119). 

Benjamin's homestead, with 3 acres and half the grist mill he 
had bought of his brother, Nehemiah, was sold by the executor 
to Abijah Howe, clothier, Dee. 23, 1717 (32:281), who conveyed to 
Thomas Cross, turner, April 5, 1723 (42:48). He sold to Benjamin 
Dutch, six acres, "beginning- at a stake about at a place called 
Setchwell's dam," by various courses, the final one being, "north 
as y c fence now stands to the middle of mill flume thence up 
stream by y e middle of y° brook or river to the first bounds," with 
house, barn an J half the grist mill," February 4, 1725-6 (84:132). 

Exercise Jewett, widow of Nehemiah conveyed to Benjamin, 
half an acre, "bounded north where y e mill formerly stood" re- 
serving liberty of passing over the land to the mill, November 26, 
172G (48:241). Evidently Shat swell's dam was higher up the 
stream, and it was probably this old dam that was utilized and re- 
built by the Town to hold back the stream and provide an auxiliary 
supply for the basin. 

Benjamin Dutch was already in possession of the house, built 
originally by Nehemiah Jewett, and six acres of land with half 
the grist mill, when he drew No. 19, adjoining this lot.i He bought 
half of No. 28, adjoining No. 19, of Nathaniel Jewett, February 28, 
1726 (48:242), and on December 11, 1727 (51:52) sold his whole 
holding, 27 acres, dwelling, barn and half Jewett's mill to Thomas 
Smith, Jr. But Mr. Smith conveyed the same back to him, March 
12, 1741 (84:132), and on March 10, 1742 (84:133), he conveyed to 
his son, Samuel Dutch, 50 acres, including land he had bought of 
Ephraim Dow with grist mill. 

Benjamin Dutch sold the remainder of his land, 8 acres ad- 
joining Samuel Dutch's, abutting on the northeast side "35 rods 8 
links on land formerly Jeremiah Dow's to the top of a rock called 
Onion rock," to Purchase Jewett, January 10, 1745 (90:151). Sam- 
uel Dutch, bricklayer, sold 20 Ms acres to Moses Davis. May 7, 1747 
(89:255) and on September 25, 1752, he conveyed to Purchase 
Jewett, "one half part of my grist mill and saw mill on Egypt 
River .... half the stream that carries sd mills and of the several 
Damms Relative to said Mills, with half the ground and bottom on 
which sd Mills and Dams stand, with half the ground under the 
stage leading to said saw mill with the privilege of passing and 
repassing for all persons carrying work to said mills and the meal 
and other stuff over my land with privilege of convenient land 
room before the saw mill for laying timber" (117:125). 

This is the first .mention of a saw mill and Samuel Dutch un- 
doubtedly added that industry to the Egypt river mill. He had 

1 Page 49. 



formerly owned a half interest in the Saltonstall mills on Ipswich 
river, including' two grist mills, a fulling mill and saw mill, for a 
few months in 1729, and Benjamin Dutch acquired a half ownership 
in 1746. The grist mill on Egypt river was disused and fell into decay 
long- ago, but the saw mill, in its romantic location, in a rocky 
glen, close by a huge ledge, was still standing within the memory 
of some who are now living. The way leading from the highway to 
the mill is easily traced. 

The Samuel Dutch estate, including a dwelling, half a grist 
mill and half a saw mill and 10 acres (Pro. Rec. 332:283), was sold 
by order of the Probate Court, issued on July 7, 1707 (Pro. Pec. 
344:113). It passed to Jeremiah Nelson, who sold the Dutch prop- 
erty to Neheiniah Jewett, "reserving the mills and stream and 
Dams, and the land which the mills and Dams stand on & Liberty 
to dig gravel at any time to mend either the dams & the privilege 
of the wash ways & a convenient road to each of the mills. "' April 
1, 1772 (130:109). The later history of the lot is included in that 
of the adjoining lands. 

It will be remembered that Joseph Jewett, Senior, bought 2G 
acres, half of the original Thomas Scott lot, of Thomas Kimball, 
March 4, 1655 (Ipswich Deeds 2:21). lie built a house on this lot 
and his executors sold to Luke Wakeling 10 acres and buildings, 
bounded by Egypt river, the brook known as how's brook and the 
highway, August 16. 1662 (Ipswich Deeds 3:48). Wakeling already 
owned land abutting on this lot. John Jewett had gained 'posses- 
sion in 1668 and he sold to Xehemiah Jewett by exchange, an acre 
on the west side of his planting ground, bounded by a brook and 
Egypt river, June 24, 1673 (Ipswich Deeds 4:372). Joseph Plum- 
mer of Newbury, who had married John Jewett's daughter, sold 
the house and 10 acres to Jacob Davis, a potter, October 19, 1710 
(22:194). 

Mr. Davis had sold his house lot on Market street, now occu- 
pied by the Tyler block and Central street, to Captain Peamsley 
Perkins in April, 1710, 1 and he probably removed his residence to 
this new location. His son, Moses, who had served in the expedition 
against Quel) ?c in 1690.- succeeded to the ownership, lie married 
Hannah Bailey of Rowley, int. 19: 11: 1711, and their children in- 
cluded Jacob, who died February 19, 1728. aged 16, and another 
Jacob, James, baptized 19: 7: 1717: Hannah, born December 15, 
1720; Moses, who died March 2, 1728 at the age of four years, and 
Mary, who died on February 20th of the same year. A second Moses 
was born February 11, 1725-6, and Zebulon. Captain Moses Davis 
died February 11, 1753. The estate of Captain Moses Davis, gla- 

1 Ipswich in Mass. Bay. P. 343. 
- Ipswich in Mass. Bay. P. 313. 



56 IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 

zier, including a house, barn, about 16 acres in the homestead and 
25 acres more was bought by Purchase Jewett, son of Nehemiah. 
Jr., from Jacob Davis of Gloucester, December 17, 1702 (117:124) 
and from Zebulon Davis, November 29, 1766 (124:216). 

Nehemiah Jewett. the legislator and judge, pride and ornament 
of the little community, died ou January 1, 1719-20, his wife, Exer- 
cise surviving until 1731. The widow conveyed to Nehemiah, Jr. 
title to some mineral land, which was imagined to be of value, 
"full power and liberty ... to Digg & Improve . . . all that mine 
& minerils & to digg the ground for said mine or minerilles & a 
cartway to take away sd. mine or minerills," April 20, 1724 (43: 
326). She gave him several other small lots and at last, on March 
23, 1730, the widow Exercise, "now laboring under y e infirmities of 
old age & being much impared by reason of sickness & rendered in- 
capable of doing much for my own maintenance & my sole depend- 
ence being upon my son Nehemiah Jewett . . carpenter, who has 
been a dutiful child to me" deeded to him all that remained in her 
control, March 23, 1730 (59:100). 

Nehemiah Jewett, Jr., the carpenter, married Katherine Gar- 
land, a native of the Isle of Wight, in Salem, the intention being 
recorded, October 8, 1709. There is a family tradition that the 
elder Nehemiah saw the young maid in Salem and was so enam- 
ored of her charms that he straightway wished her for a wife for 
his. son. The young man was dispatched to Salem forthwith and 
lost his heart but won his bride. The incoming of this English 
woman into the little circle of Ipswich and Rowley folk ,no doubt 
caused a distinct sensation and furnished fruitful theme for dis- 
cussion as one good wife met another, or for family chat by the 
fireside. 

Twenty-seven years ran their course and there is no record 
that death ever entered their household. The eldest of the nine 
children grew to manhood and womanhood. Katherine, the second 
daughter, was the first to marry, and she had wedded Stephen Cross 
in October, 1732, but at the new year of 173G. Purchase, John and 
James were still at home and five daughters, Mehitable, Patience, 
Joanna, Mary and Jane. The springtime had brought its blossoms 
and bird-songs, when sorrow settled heavily upon the household. No 
doubt the deadly throat distemper was the cause, though no record 
remains. Patience, eighteen years old, died on May first, and Mary 
the day after; Mehitable, twenty-five, her mother's companion, 
the staff and stay of the family, followed on May 10th, Jane on 
the 11th, and on the second of June, twelve year old Joanna. Pur- 
chase took Ruth Todd to wife, in October, and we may presume he 
went to a new home. Only John and James remained to the lonely 
and sorrowing parents at Thanksgiving. 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 57 

Katherine Garland lias ever been a cherished name in the fam- 
ily of Jewett. Fancy has pictured her as comely and sweet. But 
she was proud as well as fair and the grandmothers of later days 
told the tale they had heard in their childhood, that Dame Kather- 
ine coveted the best for her children and sent to her old home in 
the Isle of Wight for the same chalk she had in her childhood, that 
her children might have every advantage in their writing and 
ciphering-. She died in November, 1747, surviving by only a few 
months the death of her husband on August 24th. 

Upon the death of Nehemiah, Jr. and Katherine all his real 
estate passed by his bequest to his son, Purchase (Pro. Pec. 327: 
425), and on October 28, 1765 Benjamin Jewett of Pomfret, black- 
smith, sold to Purehase, "as he is executor to my uncle, Nehemiah 
Jewett, who was administrator of the estate of my father, Benja- 
min," all his title in the estate (124:216). 

Purchase Jewett was a prosperous innholder. By inheritance and 
purehase he acquired the whole of the Jewett land abutting" on the 
Egypt river, the mine and minerals, of which no further explanation 
can be found, the pasture lands, and the homesteads of Jacob 
Davis, Daniel Dow and his grandfather, Nehemiah. He married 
Ruth Todd of Rowley, October 28, 1736, and they had the rare good 
fortune of seeing every one of their seven children grow up in 
health and strength, Nehemiah, Purchase, Mehitable, John Cole, 
Katherine, Ephraim and Ruth, John Cole, baptized Jan. 29, 1743, 
enjoyed the distinction of being the first child in the neighborhood 
to have a middle name. 

Upon the death of Purchase, June 20, 1786, the great estate 
which he had built up slowly but surely was divided into the 
widow's dower and seven other equal portions. To the widow, 
Ruth, there was assigned for her life the homestead and 45% acres 
of land, beginning at the wall between the two barns, along the 
highway to Egypt river. Purchase received an 11 acre lot on the 
Rowley road adjoining his mother's, and 12 acres in the huckleberry 
pasture in "Marsh lain." John Cole's 12 acres lay next to Purchase's 
field, then the lot of Moses Smith and Ruth, his wife, daughter of 
Purchase, then Ephraim's, then Katherine's and Nos. 6 and 7, a 
double portion with buildings, assigned to Nehemiah, the eldest. 

The widow lived until October 4, 1799, and her dower was then 
divided into eight equal parts, measuring 5% acres each, with an 
uniform frontage of 8 rods 14 links on the Rowley road. Ephraim 
Jewett, then resident at Pleasant Mountain Gore, York County, 
sold his lot to Nehemiah, who had received two lots, in accordance 
with the provisions of his father's will. His three lots, comprising 
16 acres, were bounded by his other land, which he had purchased 
of Jeremiah Nelson* on the south side of Egypt River in 1772. The 

1 Page 65. 



58 IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY LOAD. 

fourth lot, adjoining- liis on the north, was assigned to Moses Smith, 
who had married Ruth Jewett, April 11, 1770; the fifth to John 
Cole Jewett, the sixth, to John Tuttle, who had married Mehitable 
Jewett, April 22, 1701; the seventh to [Catherine, and the eighth to 
Purchase, who had been allotted an eleven acre held adjoining in 
the distribution of his father's estate. 

Returning now to the corner of Mile lane, Xehemiah Jewett 
conveyed to his son, Xehemiah, Jr. a single acre on the corner, 
February 3, 1800 (189:270) and after his death, his administrator 
sold to Xehemiah, Jr. about nine acres more on the County road, 
May 7, 1816 (200:153). Xehemiah Jewett Jr. had married Sally 
Jewett, October 22, 1705. He built a dwelling on the lot and occu- 
pied it with his family until his death, liis heirs, Xehemiah and 
Moses, 3d., laborers, sold their half of the house and 10 acres to 
William B. Spill er, December 12: 1838 (321:151) and the guardian 
of minor sons, Thomas L. and Asa II., conveyed the other half on 
the same date (321:152). Mrs. .Mabel V. Mitchell, wife of William 
A. Mitchell, inherited a portion of this property from her grand- 
father Spiller, and bought the interest of his daughter, Lavinia 1).. 
wife of Luther C. Pickard, Xov. 10, 1891 (1330:202). 

William A. Mitchell and his wife, Mabel Y.. conveyed a lot on 
the County road, bounded by land of Mrs. Lavinia D. Pickard and 
their own, to Mrs. Annie C. Tenney, wife of John Tenney, August 
20, 1899 (1580:200). An attractive hip-roofed dwelling was built 
at once, which was completely destroyed by fire a few years ago. 

The administrator of the Xehemiah Jewett estate sold 9 acres 
bounded in part by Moses Smith's land to Jacob Pickard, Jr., May 
7, 1816 (222:144) and the heirs sold him a. 3 acre lot on May 3 
(222:143). Isaac Pickard, son of Jacob, Jr. inherited, and Luther 
Calvin, son of Isaac, inherited in turn. His widow. Lavinia D., sold 
to the Town of Ipswich-, the land where the pumping - station now 
stands and 7 acres in the rear, May IS, 1894 (1411:100). The land 
on the other side of Egypt river is still owned by her heirs. 

John Cole Jewett, it has been said, received the fifth lot in the 
widow's dower. He sold part to Moses Smith, whose lot abutted 
on the south side, and to John Tuttle. whose land joined his on the 
north, January 12, 1807 (180:152). The seventh lot fell to Kathe- 
rine, who bequeathed to Mehitable Tuttle "one half my brick-house 
lot," so called, and her silver tankard, and to Ruth Smith, the 
other half, with her gold necklaces, satin cloak and silver watch 
(February 21, 1814; Pro. Kec. 385:167-8). The widow of Pur- 

chase had received a house in her dower, and Katherine received the 
"brick-house lot 1 ' as her share of the dower. This was undoubtedly 
the same which Purchase had bought from the heirs of Captain 
Moses Davis, the << lazier, in 1702. His father, Jacob Davis, the 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD LOW LEY' ROAD. 









potter, had bought from the heirs of John Jewett in 1710. It seems 
very probable that Jacob Davis, the potter, accustomed to the man- 
ufacture of pots and various household utensils, and perhaps of 
bricks, built this brick dwelling. It had disappeared apparently in 
1814, and there is a neighborhood tradition that one day when the 
stage coach rumbled by, the whole gable end of the house fell in 
utter ruin. 

Patience, daughter of Moses and Ruth Smith, married Nathaniel 
Appleton, then of Path, Maine. She inherited the homestead and 
the adjoining- Tuttle land was acquired by purchase or inheritance. 
Returning to Ipswich, Nathaniel Appleton built his new dwelling- 
on this location, which was inherited by Benjamin D. Appleton, his 
only son. Daniel S., only son of Benjamin D. and Harriet Appleton, 
built a house on part of the homestead land in 1879. His mother 
deeded this to him, and he sold to Charles 13. Guilford, November 
12, 1880 (1049:168, 169). Mrs. Appleton also sold 8 acres to the 
Town for the Water Works, May 18, 1894 (1411:169). Daniel S. 
Appleton inherited and occupies the dwelling and land. 

Purchase Jewett, owner of the eighth dower lot and the adjoin- 
ing lot, assigned in the original division of the farm, marched on 
the Lexington alarm in Captain Daniel Rogers's Company but was 
credited with no further service. He married, a second wife, Joanna 
Todd of Rowley in 1788, and as the estate of his father was ap- 
portioned in 1789, he probably built his new dwelling here about 
that date. His daughter, Joanna, married Deacon Isaac Potter, 
March 8, 1787, and she inherited her father's whole estate in 1814 
(Pro. Rec. 386:278). 

Isaac and Joanna Potter conveyed to their son, Asa, then of 
Eridgton, Maine, the homestead farm, 40 acres and buildings, and 
land on the east side of the road, December 4, 1S28 (253:185). He 
returned to Ipswich and dwelt on the farm, which he bequeathed 
to his son, Asa T. Potter, who built the present dwelling on the 
site of the earlier house. His heirs sold to Osborne P. Perley, No- 
vember 2, 1907 (1950:199). 

North of the lot assigned to Purchase in the division of his 
father's estate, was John Cole Jewett's 12 acres, then the 11 acre 
lot assigned to Moses Smith and Ruth, and next to this, Ephraim's 
lot. Moses Smith and Ruth sold their 10 acre lot to John Cole 
Jewett, May 31, 1788 (188:114), and he also acquired Ephraim's lot 
(although the deed says it was inherited), and sold it to his brother 
Nehemiah, May 31, 1788 (188:114). John Cole Jewett sold his en- 
larged lot, 21% acres to Jacob Pickard, Jr., January 8. 1810 (189: 
109), and Nehemiah sold him the adjoining lot, 9% acres, March 26, 
1812 (196:254). He built a dwelling on this location. His son, 
Isaac, inherited the estate, which passed by inheritance to his son, 



J 



CO IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 

Luther Calvin Pickard. His heirs, Mrs. Emma Perley, wife of Os- 
borne P. Perley and Mrs. Elizabeth if. Haggerty, are the present 

owners. 

Katherine, the unmarried daughter of Purchase Jewett, built 
a dwelling- on the lot she received from her father, in 1789. In her 
will signed February 21, 1814, she bequeathed her dwelling- and ten 
acres to Elizabeth, Sarah and Kata Smith, daughters of her sister 
Ruth. (Pro. Ree. 385: 1G7-8.) On October 8, 1830, Elizabeth Smith 
of Ipswich, sing-lewoman, Nathaniel Pickard of Rowley and Cath- 
erine, his wife (Kata, as she is called in her aunt's will), Ed- 
ward Jewett of Rowley, and Sarah, the heirs of Katharine, sold the 
homestead to Oliver Bailey of Rowley, cordwainer (250:4), who 
built a new house on the lot, and took down the old dwelling-. His 
son, Oliver A. Bailey, sold 5 acres, on Bow's brook, included in the 
basin of the Ipswich Water Works, to the Town, May 18, 1894 
(1411:108), and with other heirs sold another small piece to the 
same, June 25, 1894 (1401:482). His son, Eben Howe Bailey, pur- 
chased the interest of his sister, Elizabeth B., wife of Joseph D. 
Dodge, of his brother, Oliver A., and the heirs of his deceased 
brother, Amasa P. (1023:21, 23, 24). 

To Nehemiah Jewett, by the will of his father, Purchase, was 
given the homestead, which was on the lot north of Katherine's. 
Purchase had inherited this from his father, Nehemiah, Jr., and it 
was undoubtedly the home of Nehemiah, Sen. and Katherine Gar- 
land. He married Margaret Hazen of Rowley, January 8, 1707 and 
for his second wife, Hannah Chaplin of Rowley, April 1, 17S4. He 
died November 8, 1815, leaving an estate of about 94 acres with 
buildings. (Pro. Rec. 388:150.) A portion of the dwelling was in- 
cluded in the widow's dower. Nine acres on the highway were sold 
by the administrator to Jacob Pickard, Jr., May 7. 1816* (222:144) 
and the heirs, Nehemiah, Abraham, Hannah and Jane, wife of 
Joshua Plummer, sold him three acres more (222:143). By mutual 
quitclaim. Abraham received the northwest half of the house, Nehe- 
miah the southeast, May 12, 1S31 (208:117, 271:20). Abraham mar- 
ried Judith Matson of Rowley. Their oldest child, Judith, married 
Jacob Bailey, March 30, 1824. Ebenezer Jewett, fisherman, son of 
Abraham, sold to John H. and Charles Bailey, sons of Jacob and 
his sister, Judith, 4% acres with the interest of his father in the 
house, November 2. 1859 (597:192), part of which they sold to the 
Town in 1894. (1401:480.) 

Nehemiah Jewett and his wife, Sarah, sold his father's part of 
the house to Joseph Wait, July 11, 1831 (207:71), who sold to Wil- 
liam H. Jewett, another son of Nehemiah. and he mortgaged to 
Samuel Hobson, May 11, 1850 (478:102). Hobson acquired posses- 
sion and conveyed to Elizabeth B., wife of William H. Jewett, De- 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY LOAD. 61 

eember 11, 1855 (645:44), who gave title to her daughter, Mrs. Nellie 
Claxton, wife of Thomas Claxton, May 7, 1895 (1443:542) who sold 
to Eben IT. Bailey, a small lot, December 7, 1904 (1846:388). 

Charles Bailey, son of Jacob and Judith. (Jewett), acquired his 
brother's interest in the northwest half, and the administrator of 
his estate sold this to Harry E. Bailey, November 28, 1'JUl (JS1G: 
385). He conveyed to James Dillon, December 1, 1001 (1869:558), 
who had married Mrs. Claxton, and the title to the ancient and 
Aveather-worn duelling being- now assured, Mr. Dillon built a new 
house a little way from the old house, and took down the ancient 
homestead. 

The Twiford West Farm. 

Twiford West bought of Thomas Scott his original grant from 
the Town, sold half to Joseph Jewett and retained half. He en- 
larged this by the purchase of Wilson's hill, and his widow, Mary 
bought a sixty acre lot from Joseph and Faith Jewett (1GS5, Ips- 
wich Deeds 5:383). John West, son of Twiford and Mary, suc- 
ceeded in the ownership and it was inherited, in part at least by 
his daughter, Elizabeth. The widow Elizabeth Head of Bradford, 
daughter of John West, conveyed to her sons, John and James Head, 
33% acres of mowing, orchard and woodland, which was two-thirds 
of John West's farm, May 3, 1744 (85:118), and the other third, 
15 acres of woodland, to Edward Eveleth and Col. John Choate, with 
a way over the front lot, May 23, 1744 (85:143). 

John Boynton and David Nelson sold the 33 acre lot with all 
the buildings to Jonathan Bearson of Eowley, February 20, 1750 
(96:217). He was the son of Lieutenant Stephen Bearson of 
Eowley, and Hannah, daughter of Jeremiah Jewett of the 
Muzzey farm. He had married Sarah Longfellow April 1G, 1740, 
and Anna, Edward, Hannah, Nathan and Mark had been born, 
while they made their home in Eowley. Amos came just as the 
new house was occupied. Jonathan, Sarah, Elizabeth, Stephen and 
Tabitha were all born in the Ipswich farm house. The coming of 
this fine family was a notable event in the annals of the village, and 
as the years passed, and the children grew to mature life, they 
found places of use and dignity. 

Hannah became the wife of Aaron Jewett, her neighbor, in 
1769, and the mother of eight sons and daughters. Stephen was a 
soldier of the Eevolution in Col. Wade's regiment. Deacon A. Ever- 
ett Jewett preserves with pride, the gun he took from the side of 
a dead Hessian, and the knapsack he wore with its initials, S. P. 
The family tradition is that he was one of the boat's crew which 
rowed Benedict Arnold to the Vulture. Tabitha married Jacob 



62 IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 

Pickard Jr. of Rowley in 1788, and her longing for her old home 
may have been one of the reasons why her husband bought John 
Cole Jewett's laud near by in 1810. 

Mr. Pearson bought back the 22 acres from Samuel Wain- 
wright, February 12, 17G0 (109:173) which John West had sold to 
Col. John Wainwright, September 27, 1703 (16:121), and other 
lots, and built a new house. An old cellar was urn-art lied when the 
basin was constructed and 1his marks the probable site of the Twi- 
ford West farm house, which was old when Mr. Pearson bought the 
place. He died on January 16, 1796 in his eighty-second year, his 
venerable wife surviving him. He devised the farm to his sons, 
Nathan and Steven. (Pro. Pee. 364:280.) 

The brothers both spent all their days on the home acres. 
Nathan married Mary Dradstreet, daughter f Lieutenant Nathaniel 
of the farm near by, June 20, 1774, and their children were Sewall, 
Betty, Abigail, Moses, Amos and Hannah. Abigail was the first 
wife of Moses Jewett, Jr. Stephen, after the War of the Revolution, 
returned to the quiet life of the farm, married Path Jewett in 1787, 
and after her early deeease, Sally Nourse, of the family of Daniel, 
wdio became the mother of seven. He and his brother bought sur- 
rounding- lands, and secured the farm buildings and a large portion 
of the Dresser farm, March 4, 1807 (180:145). The brothers made 
innumerable divisions and exchanges, and the original Jonathan 
Pearson farm passed through many different owners, members of 
the family for the most part, for the next twenty-five years. Stephen 
eventually owned the largest part, and upon his death on August 
8, 1831, his sons, Stephen and John Nourse, became joint owners 
and executed mutual quitclaims in the spring of 1S32 (2S3 :182, 183). 
Much of the farm passed to Dr. Manning- and other owners. The 
homestead was retained and occupied by Emily, wife of Oliver A. 
Bailey, the last surviving- daughter of John X. Pearson. She left 
it to her husband and he devised it to his brother, Ebeu H. Bailey, 
and Emma Hunt, his wife, who still own. 

The Thomas Emerson Farm. 

Under date of January 1st, 1G38, the entry occurs in the Town 
Records : 

"Granted to Thomas Emerson sixty foure acres of upland ad- 
joyneing to Goodman Mussies farnie and sixteene acres of medow 
as near as may be found." 

February 10, 1640. "Agreed that what lands Thomas Emberson 
shall want of his 80 acres (yielded to the Tow ne upon Rowley busi- 
ness) after the marsh is laid out to him. Mr. William Payne and 
George Giddings shall allow him in some convenient place." 



; 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 63 



February 23, 1643. "The coinmitty apoynted to laye out Good- 
man Emerson's farme did report to the Towne that they left two 

rod between it and the lyne that runs between Rowley and us for 
a highway for those farms that are shut from the Common." 

Thomas Emerson of Ipswich, a baker by trade, sold to Joseph 
Jewett of Rowley, his farm, "granted by the Town of [pswich, four 
score acres on the south side of Prospect hill, bounded southeast 
by Richard Kimball and John Pickard, northeast by John Cross, 
northwest by a highway 2 rod broad lying between the Towne of 
Eowley and said farm, southwest by the Cow common of Ipswich." 
June 13, 1650. (Ipswich Deeds 1:71.) 

The executor of the Jewett will sold 56 1 /. acres, all in Ipswich, 
bounded by the country highway, Twiford West and others, to 
John Dresser, Sen., March 2G, 1GG2 (Ipswich Deeds 2:235), and 17 
acres, part in Ipswich, part in Rowley (Ipswich Deeds 2:90). John 
Dresser, cordwainer, whose homestead was over the Rowley line, 
conveyed half his estate to his son, Nathaniel, "that lie may have 
settlement near him," May 25, 1706 (24:105), land of Samuel Dres- 
ser's widow, and her sons, Samuel and Joseph, abutting. 

Nathaniel Dresser of Rowley sold to Edward Eveleth of Ipswich, 
shop keeper/ his dwelling and land partly in Ipswich and partly in 
Rowley, 32% acres, adjoining land formerly in possession of Joseph 
Dresser, March 26, 1726 (45:251). 

The inventory of Joseph Dresser included a house, barn, l\'- 2 
acres of plow-land at home, and 14 acres tillage and pasture in 
Ipswich. (1718, Pro. Rec. 312:447). Abel Dresser, blacksmith of 
Boston, Jeremiah llobson and Jane, his wife, and Thomas Hobson 
and Hannah, his wife, daughters of Joseph Dresser, and Jeremiah 
Dresser of Rumford, quitclaimed interest in their father's estate 
to their brother, Dr. Amos Dresser of Rowley (1738-1740. 77:277, 
92:120, 93:35). The widow, Joanna Dresser, executrix of the estate 
of her son, Dr. Amos, conveyed 9 acres on the highway to Samuel 
Dresser, whose land abutted on this lot, October 12, 1742 (84:33). 

Samuel Dresser is the only one of the family apparently whose 
dwelling was on Ipswich territory. He conveyed a third of his 
dwelling with land to his son Daniel, April 14, 1730 (77:207). Dan- 
iel inherited the remainder and made a similar conveyance to his 
son John, July 10, 1762 (119:143). Daniel Dresser, son of John, 
apparently, who died March 10, 1782, acquired the estate, lie met 
with financial reverses and the property was completely lost. Eight 
and three quarter acres went to Stephen Pearson. December 15, 
1798 (164:282); five acres with buildings was set off to Jeremiah 
Pickard of Canterbury, who had married Mehitable Dresser, August 
1, 1800 (167:41) ; more land, including the lot, which he crossed in 
going from his house to the highway, was bought by the Pearsons, 



1 



64 IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 



March 22, 1802 (170:185), and all that remained, with his dwellling 

passed to Stephen Pearson, March 4, 1807 (180:145). 

Mrs. Hannah Dresser married John Bailey, 3d, of Rowley, (in- 
tention January 20, 1700). The widow, Hannah Bailey, conveyed an 
acre and a half with buildings to Pierce Bailey, cordwainer, Me- 
hitable and Elizabeth Bailey, spinsters, abutting on Daniel Dresser 
on the west, August 18, 1804 (175:78). Isaac Noyes is mentioned 
as the occupant in 1798 (104:282) and the .marriage intention of 
Isaac Noyes and Mrs. Abigail Dresser was published October 13, 
1772. Penben How and his wife Elizabeth, in her own right, sold 
a small plot, 32 feet wide on the road adjoining Pierce Bailey's, to 
Oliver Bailey, November 10, 1815 (208:208) and three quarters of 
an acre more May 21, 1824 (238:103). Oliver Bailey was one of 
the heirs of his father, Pierce Bailey. He quitclaimed to Lis 
brother, Jacob, his interest in 1% acres, and 12 rods of his own, 
with rights in all the buildings except the barn, November 19, 1827 
(240:213). John, Henry and Charles Jewett, sons of Jacob, in- 
herited, and Eben H. Bailey, administrator of the estate of Charles, 
sold 1% acres to his son, Harry E. Bailey, November 28, 1904 (1840: 
389). The house disarjpeared many years ago but trace of the cel- 
lar remains. 

Jeremiah Pickard, it has been said, recovered judgment against 
Daniel Dresser and five acres with a building were set oil* to him, 
August 1, 1800 (107:41), but Samuel Wallace and others of New- 
buryport quitclaimed their interest in the same lot apparently to 
Daniel Dresser, May 20, 1807 (198:279), Esther Dresser, widow 
and administratrix of Daniel, late of Newbury, sold four-fifths of the 
lot to Moses Jewett, Jr., May 5, 1S13 (200:21), and Jabez Farley, 
who had recovered judgment against John Dresser and secured a 
fifth of the lot, sold this interest to Mr. Jewett, January 30, 1815 
(200:22). Atj his death, this lot was set off to his widow, Abigail, 
as her dower, their children receiving shares in the Aaron Jewett 
farm, inherited by their father. (1832. Pro. Pee. 408:281.) Olive 
Jewett, who married Caj)tain Howe, one of the daughters, moved 
a little house upon the lot assigned to her mother, who lived here 
until her death, with her daughter, Mrs. Corrin Preseott and her 
children. Mrs. Preseott acquired the property, built a large addi- 
tion to the house, and bequeathed it to her daughter, Olive. She 
married first, Deacon Edward II. Potter and second Rev. Paul Gal- 
laher, and bequeathed her estate to Rev. Prank B. Sleeper, whose 
widow owns and occupies. 

In the earliest years, the life of this quiet village was simple 
and uneventful, but tense and thrilling experiences were at hand. 
In 1G75, the King Philip war brought terror to the Colon}'. There 
seemed no immediate danger to this vicinity, though a guard of 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 65 

soldiers was posted at Deputy Governor Syinonds's Argilla farm. 
Captain Samuel Appleton hurried with his company i«> Deerfield, 
and when he marched again in December, Joseph Jewett was in the 
ranks, as it has been noted, and his brother Jeremiah, and John 
Pengry, his brother-in-law, were enrolled in the company and prob- 
ably made the campaign. 

In the early spring of 1G7G, the danger was close at hand. 
Word came that Andover was in peril and Captain John Appleton 
hurried there with sixty men, though there was great complaint in 
Ipswich that its defenders should be taken from them in such a 
time of need. Captain Brocklebank of Rowley and many of his 
men were slain near Sudbury in April. Joseph Jewett was in his 
company, but was on guard near Marlboro and escaped death. In 
September, Exeter was attacked and the whole Piscataqua country 
was ravaged. Fresh tales of scalping, killing and burning, were 
brought from day to day. The fort about the meeting house gave 
some promise of security to the people of the more thickly settled 
community, but the dwellers on these outlying farms were without 
defence. The Thomas Dow farm was deep in the woods on the 
upper waters of Dow's brook, where two grass-grown cellars, a mile 
or more from nearest neighbors or the travelled highway, may still 
be seen. At any moment, skulking savages might shoot the farmer, 
working in his fields, or rush from the forest upon the defenceless 
dwelling. 

In March, 1677, Salisbury was in danger. Then came a few 
years of peace and safety, until the War of William and Mary in 
1G89. The grim tidings were brought by a swift messenger that 
Dover had been assailed by night on June 27th, twenty-three set- 
tlers killed and twenty-nine taken captive. Major Waldron was 
cruelly tortured in his own house and finally slain. Major Samuel 
Appleton led his company thither, and Mr. Nehemiah Jewett was 
his Ensign. Captain Moses Davis ami Benjamin Jewett were in 
the ill-starred expedition against Quebec. 

In the summer of 1G96, the swelling tides of danger rolled near- 
er and nearer. Newbury was attacked. Benjamin Goodridge of 
Rowley was killed and his family carried into captivity. ? Ipswich 
could scarcely hope to escape bloodshed but the summer wore away 
without an alarm. In March of 1697, the awful story reached the 
village of the attack on Haverhill and Hannah Dustan's slaughter 
of her Indian foes. 

The constant, wearing dread of the Indian foe, never relaxed 
by day or night, was hard and bitter enough to tax the nerves of 
the bravest, but their cup of trouble was not full. Mysterious foes 
from the invisible world warred against them. For years whispered 
tales had been told of Elizabeth Howe of the Linebrook neighbor- 



GO IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 

hood and her league with the devil. Samuel Perley's daughter, Han- 
nah, had been strangely afflicted and it was said that she had seen 
Goodie Howe coming- and going through a crack in the clapboards 
and hiding in the oven, and that her suffering was due to the 
witch's power. Horses and cows had been sorely abused by invis- 
ible enemies. 

The pastor and teacher of the Rowley church examined the 
charges and pronounced Mrs. Howe innocent and some of her rela- 
tives and friends dared to declare their esteem. But 1 the Elders of 
the Ipswich church refused her admittance to the church, and when 
the witchcraft trials began in 1692, she was arrested, condemned 
and hanged. A shudder of horror thrilled every household. The 
most natural events had a supernatural significance. The possibil- 
ity that the charge of being- a witch might be made at any mo- 
ment against one's self or one's dearest friend was a constant 
nightmare. 

Judge Samuel Sewall had conspicuous part in the witchcraft 
proceedings. He made his circuit on horseback until the infirmities 
of years grew upon him and he was obliged to journey in his calash, 
with black Scipio at the reins. No doubt he paid his respects to 
Mr. Nehemiah Jewett as he passed and had a word with the farm 
folk, but awe of his judicial dignity rested heavily upon them in 
those troubled years. It reached its climax when he sat in judg- 
ment on poor Esther Rogers in July, 1701. 

The Judge's Diary contains the record of her trial. On a Jan- 
uary lecture day as the custom was, she had been brought to the 
public lecture and "Mr. Rogers praid for the prisoner of death, the 
Kewbury woman, who was there in chains." In July, the Jury 
found her guilty of murdering her bastard daughter. "July 17. 
Mr. Cooke pronounced the sentence. She hardly said a word. I 
told her God had put two children to her to nurse. Her mother 
did not serve her so. Esther was a great saviour, she, a great de- 
stroyer. He did not do this to insult her but to make her sensible."' 

The Court Record contains the fatal entry : "Ordered that the 
sheriff should erect a gibbet within the Town of Ipswich at a 
Place called Pingry's Plain," and that she should be executed on 
Thursday, the, last of July, between the hours of ten and five. Xo 
doubt the same morbid curiosity, which drew the vast gatherings 
which Cotton Mather mentions as an incident to the frequent public 
executions in Hoston, gathered a great .multitude from all the 
surrounding towns at the "Gallowes Loot," as it is known to this 
day, on the corner of the County road and Mile Lane. 

Felt, the Ipswich historian, mentions the tradition that "she 
appeared very sorrowful for her iniquities and acknowledged her 
sentence to be righteous. She continued in deep distress for her 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 6l 

sins after she set out for the gallows; but when passing a hill, 
she was divinely enabled to east her soul upon Christ and to enjoy 
the consolations of a hope in him. This hill from that time has 
been called "Comfort Hill", because she there was comforted by 
the promises of religion to the penitent." 

One Sarah Pillsbury was tried for her life in 170G but happily 
was acquitted. Strangely and sadly, a third woman was summoned 
to the Bar, Elizabeth Atwood, who seems to have been living as a 
maid in one of the families in the neighborhood. One July morning 
in 1720, the dreadful discovery was made that she had taken the 
life of her babe. The fly-leaf of an ancient note book tells the tale 
of the discovery, and the hurried bearing- of the news to Judge 
Jewett. She was brought to trial and died upon the scaffold. The 
pathetic record remains of the jailer's charges for nursing while 
she lay in prison and for her execution. 

Mr. Felt records some tradition of the unfortunate woman's 
last hours. "She gave no signs of being properly affected by her 
crime, or by the realities of eternity. She put on, as many others 
in a similar condition have done, a mock courage, which set at 
defiance the retributions of both God and man. As an evidence of 
her callousness, tradition tells us that, as it was customary for 
the executioner to have the clothes of those whom he executed, 
she fitted herself out in the very worst of her apparel, and on her 
way to the gallows she laughed, so that a woman who attended 
her saw it and exclaimed, "How can you be so thoughtless on such 
an occasion?" and that she immediately replied, "I am laughing to 
think what a sorry suit the hang man will get from me." 

Late in the same century, Pomp, the half daft slave of Captain 
Furbush of Andover, killed his master while asleep. He was con- 
demned by the Supreme Court sitting in Ipswich in June, 1795. 
The Salem Gazette has the tale of the execution. On Thursday, 
August 6th, "he was carried into the meeting house at 11 o'clock. 
A solemn prayer was made by Rev. Mr. Frisby (Pastor of the First 
Church) and a judicious and well-adapted, sermon by Rev. Mr. Dana 
(Pastor of the South Church) from the solemn denunciation "He 
that sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed." Mr. 
Bradford of Rowley prayed at the place of execution. The negro 
remained unmoved through the whole scene, ne was directed to 
pray in his last moments, and he prayed with great solemnity." 

One of the neighbors, then a young girl, was within hearing dis- 
tance at least, and she used to tell in her old age that Mr. Bradford 
prayed so loud that his voice was heard in Rowley, and that a crowd 
of thousands was gathered to witness his death. Happily this was 
the last of these scenes of horror. 

In the year 1730 the Village folk began their contention to be 



G8 IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 

set off from Hie old First Parish of Ipswich and annexed to Row- 
ley Parish. From the beginning- their affiliations had always heen 
with Rowley. Nehemiah Jewett was an Elder in that church 
and he was buried in the Rowley burying- ground. Tiny worshipped 
in the Rowley meeting- house and their marriages were With Rowley 
men and maids. They paid regularly for the support of the minis- 
ter, but as they were residents of Ipswich, they were obliged to 
pay the rate assessed upon them by law for the support of the First 
Parish. The first petition in 1738 to be allowed to join the Rowley 
Parish failed. In March, 1740, Samuel and Daniel Dresser, Purchase 
and Moses Jewett, Captain Moses Davis, John Harris and Nathaniel 
Bradstreet again sought relief, and the General Court, in spite of 
the protest of the Ipswich people allowed these men and the es- 
tates of Francis and John Piekard to be annexed to the Rowley 
First Parish. i 

On May 5, 1784, David Hammond, Moses Bradstreet, Hannah 
Bradstreet, Timothy Harris and Nathaniel Bradstreet. petitioned 
that they might be incorporated with the town of Rowley, with 
all the land north of a stone wall on the north side of Muzzy Hill. 
Their petition was granted and the new line of division between the 
two towns was located.- Captain Moses Jewett and others peti- 
tioned to be set oft* to Rowley in 1791 but the Town Committee re- 
ported adversely. 

The old homesteads, the busy mills on Egypt river have disap- 
peared. The later dwellings, from which James Jewett went to die 
at Louisburg- and Stephen Pearson to his heroic service in the War 
of the Revolution have passed away. The home of Captain Moses 
Jewett, from which he rode to lead his company of horsemen to 
Lexington and Concord, is the only survivor. 

The humble Dow's brook has come to greater honor than Egypt 
river ever knew. The comely pumping station renders more benefi- 
cent service than the old saw mill and grist mill and Shatswell's 
scheme of a fulling mill, had it been realized. Its modern engines, 
never resting, provide water and light for all the needs of the 
whole Town. A State Highway with smooth macadam finish has 
supplanted the old road. The family horse, with saddle and pillion, 
the plodding farm wagons, the ancient post rider and the later 
stage coach, have given way to trolley cars and flying automobiles. 
The days of solitude have passed. The most secluded dwelling may 
be linked with the busy world by its line of telephone and the daily 
coming of the rural mail. The naive simplicity, which characterized 
the good dame of the village, who watched the newly erected tele- 
graph wire sharply, and exclaimed after weary days of fruitless 

i Acts and Resolves, Vol. xiii, p. 529. 

* Town Record, May 5, 178-1, Oct. 5, 17S5. 



IPSWICH VILLAGE AND THE OLD ROWLEY ROAD. 69 

vigil, "They can't be doing- much business for I haven't seen a single 
message go by," has felt the touch of cosmopolitan life. 

The great fireplaces and roaring - fires, the looms and spinning 
wheels, tallow dips and homespun clothes arc scarce remembered. 
The toil of home and farm has been lightened wondrously. The 
farmer rides to plough and harrow, mow and rake. Tlie good wife 
ma3 r be a patron of the great department store in the distant me- 
tropolis and the parcel post will bring- her purchase to her door. 
The Village has become part and parcel of the world. 



T. F. WATERS IN ACCOUNT WITH THE IPSWICH HISTORICAL 
SOCIETY FOR THE YEAR ENDING DEC. 1, 1912. 



Dr. 

Membership dues, .... 
Life membership dues, . , 
Legacy, Miss Elizabeth B. Jewett, 
Alexander B. Clark, contribution toward 
Guy Murchie, ditto, 
Books, etc., by mail, 
Whipple House: 

Door Fees, Pictures, etc., . 

Supper, 



printing 



No. XVIII, 



SS 20 
91 95 



$339 00 

100 00 

50 00 

100 00 

9 25 

10 75 



ISO 15 



£789 15 
Balance in Treasury Dec. 4, 1911, ...... 485 27 

■SI ,274 42 

Ck. 

Publication account, $452 10 

Salary of President, . . . . . . . . 250 00 

Books, Envelopes, Postage, 31 13 

Research, 10 00 

Insurance of Publications, 10 00 

Incidentals, 4 41 

Whipple House: 

Fuel, . . . . $25 70 

Water, .,..,... S 25 

Cleaning and repair, . . . . 10 35 

Pictures, . IS 01 

Gratuity, . . . . . .' 5 00 

73 31 



Cash in Treasury, 



183 98 

434 44 



$1,274 12 



(70) 



T. F. WATERS IN ACCOUNT WITH THE IPSWICH HISTORICAL 

SOCIETY FOR THE YEAR ENDING DEC. 1, 1913. 



Dr. 



Membership dues, 
Publications by mail, 
Whipple House : 

Door fees, publications, etc.. 

Lynn Historical Society, 

Supper, . 



Balance in Treasury Dec. 4, 1912, 





. $406 00 




7 39 


65 93 




2 14 




122 00 






190 07 






§603 46 




434 44 




$1,037 90 



Cii. 

Salary of President, $250 00 

Interest and payment on mortgage, 224 00 

Insurance, . . 24 00 

Books, 10 00 

Research, 9 50 

Compiling list Revolutionary soldiers, 10 00 

Envelopes, postage, 10 04 

Incidentals, 12 88 

Whipple House: 

Water, . $13 75 

Fuel, 85 34 

Rugs, 56 00 

Incidentals, 11 50 



Cash hi Treasury, 



\M 59 



9723 
314 


01 
89 


•51,037 


90 



(71) 



MEMBERS. 



r.iFi: MUM UK IIS. 



Mrs. Alice C. Bemis 

Richard T. Crane, Jr. 

John Hogg 

Miss Katherine Loring 

Mrs. "William C. Loring 

"William G. Low 

George Prescott 

James II. Proctor 

Thomas E. Proctor 

Charles G. Rice 

Charles P. Searle 

Mrs. Charles P. Searle 

John E. Searle 

John Cary Spring 

Mrs. Julia Appleton Spring 

Eben 1$. Symoiids 



Colorado Springs, < !ol. 

Chicago, 111. 

Boston, Mass. 

Pride's Crossing 

Boston, Mass. 

. Brooklyn, X. Y. 

Rowley, Mass. 

Ipswich, Mas.-.. 

Topsfield, Mass. 

Ipswich, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 



Salem, Mass. 



KESIDEN1 



Rev. Edgar E. Allen 
Mrs. Sheila F. Allen 
Charles L. Appleton 
Francis R. Appleton 
Mrs. Frances L. Appleton 
Francis R. Appleton, Jr. 
James W. Appleton 
Randolph M. A ppleton 
Mrs. Susan A. R. Appleton 
Miss S. Isabel Arthur 
Mrs. Elizabeth II. Baker 
John II. Baker 
Charles W. Bamford 
G. Adrian Barker 
George E. Barnard 
John A. Blake 
Robert W. Holies 
Warren Boynton 
Albert S. Brown, Jr. 
A. Story Brown 
Charles W. Brown 
Henry Brown 
Frank M. Burke 
Ralph W. Burnham 
Mrs. Nellie Mae Burnham 



Miss Sarah P. Caldwell 
Charles A. Campbell 
Mrs. Lavinia Campbell 
Jeremiah Campbell 
Mrs. Genevieve Campbell 
Edward W. Choate 
Philip E. Clarke 
Mrs. Mary E. Clarke 
Miss Harriet D. Condon 
Miss Roxana C. Cowles 
Arthur C. Damon 
Mrs. Carrie Damon 
Mrs. Ellen C. Damon 
Miss Edith L. Daniels 
Edward L. Darling 
Mrs. Howard Dawson 
George G. Dexter 
Miss C. Bertha Dobson 
Arthur \Y. Dow 
Dana F. Dow 
Howard X. Doughtv 
Mrs. Charles G. Dyer 
Mrs. Emeline F. Farley 
Miss Lucy R. Farley 
Miss Abbie M. Fellows 



(72) 



RESIDENT .MEM I3ERS, 



r.\ 






John S. Glover 
Charles E. Goodhue 
Frank T. Goodhue 
John W. Goodhue 
William Goodhue 
Mrs. Annie T. (J rant 
Miss Helen Haskell 
George II. W. Hayes 
Walter E. Hay ward 
Mrs. Alice L. Heard 
Miss Alice Heard 
John Heard 

Mrs. Caroline G. Hodgdon 
Miss Mary A. Hodgdon 
Miss S. Louise Holmes 
Daniel N. Hood 
Benjamin It. Horton 
A. Everett Jewett 
Miss Lucy S. Jewett 
Mrs. Harriett M. Johnson 
Miss Ida B. Johnson 
Miss Ellen M. Jordan 
Charles M. Kelly 
Fred A. Kimball 
Robert S. Kimball 
Mrs. Isabel G. Kimball 
Mrs. Mary A. G. Kinsman 
Miss Bethiah D. Kinsman 
Miss Rhoda F. Kinsman 
Mrs. Susan K. Kinsman 
Dr. Frank W. Kyes 
Mrs. Georgie C. Kyes 
Miss Sarah K. Lakeman 
Miss Ellen V. Lang 
Mrs. Mary S. Langdon 
Austin L. Lord 
Miss Lucy Slade Lord 
Thomas II. Lord 
Mrs. Lucretia S. Lord 
Charles L. Lovell 
Mrs. Mary l'». Maine 
James F. Mann 
Joseph Marshall 
Everard II. Martin 
Mrs. Marietta K. Martin 
Herbert W. Mason 
Dr. M. Charles McGinley 
Mrs. Mabel McGinley 
Daniel E. Measures 
George V. Millett 
Miss Abby L. Newman 



William J. Norwood 

Mrs. Elizabeth B. Norwood 

John W. Nourse 

Mrs. Harriet K. Nourse 

Rev. Robert P. Parker 

Mrs. Robert B. Parker 

Miss Charlotte E. Barker 

1. E. B. Perkins 

Augustine II. Ploul'f 

William IT. Rand 

William P. Reilly 

William J. Riley 

James S. Robinson, Jr. 

Mrs. Anna C. C. Robinson 

Frederick G. Ross 

Mrs. Mary F. Ross 

Joseph F. Ross 

Mrs. llelene Ross 

Daniel Safford 

Angus Savory 

Charles A. Sayward 

Harry M. Sayward, 

George A. Schofield 

Amos E. Scotton 

Dexter M. Smith 

Mrs. Fanny E. Smith 

Fred A. Smith 

Mrs. Elizabeth K. Snaulding 

Frank R. Starkey 

Dr. Frank II. Stock well 

Mrs. Sadie li. Stoekwell 

Miss Lucy B. Story 

Edward M. Sullivan 

John J. Sullivan 

Arthur L. Sweetser 

Samuel II. Thurston 

R. Elbert Titcomb 

George W. Tozer 

Miss Ellen R. Trask 

Jesse II. Wade 

Miss Nellie F. Wade 

Miss Emma E. Wait 

Luther Wait 

Rev. T. Frank Waters 

Mrs. Adeline M. Waters 

Mrs. E. II. Welch 

Mrs. Lena Wendell 

Mrs. Marianna Whittier 

Miss Eva Adams Willcomb 

Cliesier P. Woodbury 



7-1 



NON-RESIDENT MEMBERS. 



NON-RESIDENT MEMBERS. 



II. B. Alexander 
Frederick J. Alley 
Mrs. Mary G. Alley . 
Mrs. Clara R. Anthony 
Mrs. S. Reed Anthony 
William S. Appleton . 
Eben II. Bailey 
Harry E. Bailey 
Dr. J. Dellinger Barney 
Miss Caroline T. Bates 
Josiah II. Benton 
Miss E. D. Boardman 
Mrs. Ellen L. Burditt 
Ilervey Burnham 
William II. Buzzell . 
Rev. Augustine Caldwell 
Eben Caldwell 
Miss Florence F. Caldwell 
John A. Caldwell 
Mrs. Luther Caldwell 
Miss Mira E. Caldwell 
Mrs. Fannie E. Carter 
Mrs. Lina C. Gushing 
Charles Davis 
Maj. Gen. George W. Davis 
Henry L. Dawes 
Mrs. Catherine P. Dawes 
John V. Dittemore 
Joseph D. Dodge 
Miss Ellen M. Dole . 
Mrs. Grace Atkins Dunn 
William W. Emerson 
Joseph K. Farley 
Mrs. Eunice W. Felton, 
Mrs. Pauline S. Fenno 
F. Appleton Flitchner 
Stanwood E. Flitner 
William E. Foster 
Mrs. Julia A. Foster . 
Amos Tuck French . 
Edward B. George 
Mrs. Mary E. Gilman 
Dr. J. L. Goodale 
Samuel V. Goodhue 
William E. Gould 
Ralph H. Grant 
Mrs. Amy M. Haggerty 
Dr. Francis B. Harrington 
Miss Louise M. Ilodgkins 
Augustus T. Holmes 
Mrs. Gertrude F. Hooper 
Joseph Increase Ilorton 
Lawrence M. Hortoh 
Rev. Horace C. Hovey 
Miss Ruth A. Hovey 



Koloa 



Geneva, 111. 
Hamilton, Mass. 

Brookline, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 



Essex, Mass. 

North Adams, Mass. 

Eliot, Me. 

Elizabeth, N. J. 

Philadelphia, Penn. 

Winchester, Mass. 

Lynn, Mass. 

(i (i 

Salem, Mass, 

Washington, I). C. 

East Milton, Mass. 

Washington, D.C. 

Pittslield, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 

Lynn, Mass. 

Salem, Mass. 

New York, N. Y. 

Haverhill, Mass, 

Kauai, Hawaiian Islands 

Cambridge, Mass. 

Rowley, Mass. 

Southboro, Mass. 

Englewood. N. J. 

Providence, R. I. 

New York, N. Y. 
Haverhill, Mass. 
Pittsburg, Kansas 
Boston, Mass. 
Salem, Mass. 
Brookline, Mass. 
Dayton, (). 
Washington, D. C. 
Boston, Mass. 
Wilbraham, Mass. 
Engineers. S. Ligurnier 
Boston, Mass. 
Somerville, Mass. 
Cambridge, Mass. 
Newburyport, Mass. 
Lake Mohonk, N. Y. 



N ON - R ESI DENT MEMBERS . 



75 



i 



Gerald L. Iloyt 

Mrs. Mary Iloyt 

William P. Hubbard 

C. Whipple Hyde 

Mrs. Lucy M. Johnson 

Arthur S. Kimball . 

Benjamin Kimball 

Right Rev. Frederic J. Kinsma 

Curtis E. Lakeman . 

John S. Lawrence 

J. Francis Lo Baron . 

Edwin K. Lord . 

George R. Lord . 

Mrs. Mary A. Lord 

Miss Mary L. Macomber 

Mrs. Frances E. Markoe 

Miss Mary F. Marsh 

Mrs. Sarah L. Marsh 

Miss Ellen D. Martin 

Albert It. Merrill 

William P. Morgan . 

Guy Murchie 

Caleb J. Norwood 

C. Augustus Norwood 

Mrs. Anna W. Osgood 

Dr. Robert B. Osgood 

Moritz B. Philipp 

Mrs. Marion K. Pillsbury 

Mrs. Julia B. Post 

Dr. Edward Quintard 

Augustus N. Rantoul 

A. Davidson Remick 

James E. Richardson 

Dr. Mark W. Richardson 

Mrs. Lucy C. Roberts 

Charles F. Rogers 

Derby Rogers 

Miss Susan S. Rogers 

Mrs. Mary A. Rousmaniero 

Albert Russell 

Miss Corinna Searle . 

Richard \V. Searle 

Mrs. Daniel Denison Slade 

Mrs. Emma M. IT. Slade . 

Mr. Henry P. Smith 

Mrs. Caroline P. Smith 

Rev. R. Cotton Smith 

Harry C. Spiller 

Dr. E. W. Taylor 

Rev. William G.Thayer . 

Dr. Charles W. Townsend 

Miss Frances B. Townsend 

Frank II. Trussell 

Mrs. Fannie C. B. Trussell 

Bayard Tuckerman 

John A. Tuckerman 

Mrs. Ruth A. Tuckerman 



New Fork, N. Y. 

11 u 

Wheeling, West Va. 

Webster Grove, Mo. 

Someivillc, Mass. 

Oberlin, Ohio 

Boston, Mass. 

Wilmington, Del. 

New York, X. Y. 

Boston, Mass. 

Chardon, Ohio 

Boston, Mass. 

Salem, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 

New York, N. Y. 

Penlynn, Pa. 

Lynn, Mass. 

Salem, Mass. 

Hamilton, Mass. 

Short Hills, N. J. 

Boston, Mass. 

Hamilton, Mass. 

South Orange, N. J. 

Boston, Mass. 

New York, N. Y. 

Allston, Mass. 

New York, N. Y. 

Boston, Mass. 

Salem, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 

Cambridge, Mass. 

New York, N. Y. 

New Canaan, Conn. 

Boston, Mass. 

> t < < 

Portland, Me. 
Boston, Mass. 

Chestnut Hill, Mass. 
New York, N. Y. 
Brookline, Mass. 

Washington, D. C. 
Boston, Mass. 

Southboro, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 

Hamilton, Mass. 

New York, N. Y. 

Hamilton, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 



76 



NON-RESIDENT MEMBERS. 



Charles II. Tweed 
Harry W. Tyler 
Mrs. Margaret Wade 
George F. Waters 
Major Charles W. Whipple 
Henry M. Whipple 
Wallace P. Willett . 
Mrs. Elizabeth Willett 
Egerton L. Winthrop, Jr. 
Frederic Winthrop 
Thomas Line! all Winthrop 
Chalmers Wood 
Chalmers Wood, Jr. 
Joseph F. Woods 
Dr. Samuel Worcester 



IIONOl 



John Albree, Jr. 
Frank C. Farley 
Mrs. Katherine S. Farley 
Reginald Foster 
Augustus P. Gardner 
Miss Alice A. Gray 
Miss Emily II. Gray 
Arthur W. Hale 
Albeit Farley Heard, 2nd 
Mrs. Otis Kimball 
Miss Sarah S. Kimball 
Frederick J. Kingsbury 
Henry S. Manning 
Mrs. Mary W . Manning 
George von L. Meyer 
Miss Esther Parmenter 
Richard M. Saltonstall 
Denison R. Slade 
Joseph Spiller 
Miss Ellen M. Stone 
Albert Wade 
Edward P. Wade 
W. F. Warner 



YRY MEMBE1! 



New York, X. V. 

Boston, Mass. 

Newton, Mass. 

Fall River, Mass. 

Nov, York, N. Y. 

Hackettstown, X. J. 

East orange, N. .J. 

a ic n 

New York, N. Y. 
Boston, Mas-. 

( l u 

New York, X. Y. 



Boston, Mass. 
South Norwalk, Conn. 



. Swampscott, Mass. 
So. Manchester, Conn. 



Boston. Mass. 
Hamilton, Mass. 
Sauquoit, X. Y. 

Winchester, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 

Salem. Mass. 
Waterbury, Conn. 
New York, X. Y. 

Washington, I). C. 

Chicopee, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 

Brookline, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 

ast Lexington, Ma^s. 

Alton, 111. 

St. Louis, Mo. 



The Ipswich Historical Society was organized in 1890, and 
incorporated in 1898. It has purchased and restored to its 
original architecture the ancient house it now occupies, one of 
the finest specimens of the early Colonial style. It has issued 
a series of Publications which have now reached to ISTo. XIX, 
which are of general interest. 

Our publications should have a wider circulation, the mort- 
gage of $500 which now burdens us should be discharged, and 
a beginning should be made of collecting funds for our fire- 
proof Memorial building for our collections and various uses. 
We wish to commend our work and our needs to our own citi- 
zens, to those who make their summer home with us, to all, 
scattered throughout our land, who have an ancestral connec- 
tion with the old Town, and to any who incline to help us. We 
can use large funds wisely in sustaining the Society, in erecting 
our new building, and in establishing a permanent endowment. 

Our membership is of two kinds : An annual membership, 
with a yearly due of $2, which entitles to a copy of the Publi- 
cations as they are issued, and free entrance to our House with 
friends ; and a life membership, with a single payment of $50, 
which entitles to all the privileges of membership. 

Names may be sent at any time to the President. Orders for 
the publication will be filled at once. 



(77) 






PUBLICATIONS OF THE IPSWICH 
HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



I. The Oration by Rov. Washington Choate and the Poem by- 
Rev. Edgar F. Davis, on the 200th Annis'ersary of the 
Resistance to the Andros Tax, 1837. Trice 25 cents. 
II to VI inclusive. Out of print. 
VII. " A Sketch of the Life of John Winthrop the Younger," with 
portrait and valuable reproductions of ancient documents 
and autographs, by Thomas Franklin Waters. Trice $1.50. 
Postage 14 cents. 
VIII. " The Development of our Town Government " and "Com- 
mon Lands and Commonage," with the Troceedings at the 
Annual Meeting", 1899. Price 25 cents. 
IX. <l A History of the old Argilla Road in Ipswich, Massachu- 
setts," by Thomas Franklin Waters. Price 25 cents. 
X. " The Hotel Cluny of a New England Village," by Sylvester 
Baxter, and the History of the Ancient House, with Pro- 
ceedings at the Annual Meeting, 1900. Price 25 cents. 
XI. " The Meeting nouse Green and a Study of Houses and Lands 
in that vicinity," with Proceedings at the Annual Meeting, 
Dec. 2, 1901. Price 25 cents. 
XII. " Thomas Dudley and Simon and Ann Bradstreet. 1 ' A Study 
of House-Lots to Determine the Location of Their Homes, 
and the Exercises at the Dedication of Tablets, July 31, 
1902, with Proceedings at the Annual Meeting, Dec. 1, 
1902. Price 25 cents. 

XIII. " Fine Thread, Lace and Hosiery in Ipswich," by Jesse 

Fewkes, and <v Ipswich Mills and Factories," by Thomas 
Franklin Waters, with Proceedings at the Annual Meeting. 
Price 25 cents. 

XIV. " The Simple Cobler of Aggawam," by Rev. Nathaniel Ward. 

A reprint of the 4th edition, published in 1647, with fac- 
simile of title page, preface, and headlines, and the exact 
text, and an Essay, Nathaniel Ward and the Simple 
Cobler, by Thomas Franklin Waters. 116 pp., 75 cents. 
Postage 10 cents. A limited edition, printed on heavy 
paper, bound in boards. One dollar, postage prepaid. 
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PUBLICATIONS OF THE IPSWICH 

HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

XX 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE 

In Ipswich, Mass. 



AND THE 



PEOPLE WHO HAVE OWNED 
AND LIVED IN IT 



Printed for the Society 



PUBLICATIONS OF THE IPSWICH 

HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

XX 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE 

In Ipswich, Mass. 



AND THE 



PEOPLE WHO HAVE OWNED 
AND LIVED IN IT 



Printed for the Society 

1915 




o 



I 5 



PUBLICATIONS OF THE IPSWICH 

HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

XX 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE 

In Ipswich, Mass. 



AND THE 



PEOPLE WHO HAVE OWNED 
AND LIVED IN IT 

By THOMAS FRANKLIN WATERS 



Printed for the Society 

1915 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 



In the year l(J3-± when the land was being divided among 
the settlers, and homes were being built, a mill had already 
been erected by Mr. Richard Saltonstall, probably the 
wealthiest and most influential man of the town. Mr. Sam- 
uel Appleton had received a grant of six acres near the mill, 
part of which is now occupied by the railroad, and adjoining 
this lot, a house lot was assigned to Mr. John Fawn. He 
had received a six acre lot on Town Hill in December, 1634, 
and although the grant of the house lot is recorded under the 
date, "The 13 th of January, 1G37," it is probable that he 
received his house lot at about the same time, as tillage lots 
were granted only to house owners. The earliest records 
were made in various old books, which the Town Clerk of 
later years, Robert Lord, copied into another volume, and in 
many cases, it is evident that the record of the grant was 
made some time after the lot was assigned. 

Hie adjoining lot, including the square hounded by the 
present Saltonstall, Market and Union Streets, was granted 
to Mr. Daniel Denison, who came with his wife Patience, 
daughter of Governor Thomas Dudley, Simon Bradstreet 
and his wife, Ann, the poetess, sister of Patience, and the 
peppery Governor Dudley, to make their home in the new 
settlement in 1635. Undoubtedly the house lots were as- 
signed in that same }'ear, but no mention of Denison's lot 
is made until the memorandum, which follows Mr. Fawn's 
grant : 

"Granted to Daniell Denison a house lott next to Mr. Favrae's, 
to come to the scirt of the Hill next the swamp." 

Upon this lot, Mr. Denison, later the military leader of the 
Town and eventually Major General of the Colony, built his 
house and "paled in v his lot. He sold it to Humphrey Griffin 
on January 10, 1G41-2 and built a new dwelling on the lot 
now owned by Mr. Robert 8. Kimball and others on Green St. 

(l) 



2 THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 

Mr. Fawn also built a dwelling *>n his lot, but he bold it 
in a few years, as the record occurs: 

"Granted Mr. Samuel Appleton by Hie company of freemen, as 
followeth. Imprimis, Eight acres of I. a ml more or less as it lyeth 
above the Mill bounded on the Southeast by the Town River also 
having* a houselott formerly granted to John Faun on the north- 
east also on the northwest the highway leading in to the Com- 
mon." 

"Entered into the Town* books folio 16, the 20 U| day of Decem- 
ber 1638." 

Mr. Fawn, therefore, had disposed of his lot at that date, 
and a little later he was a resident of Haverhill. 

The new owner was undoubtedly Mr. John Whipple, who 
had received from the Town a six acre planting lot, and in 
company with his brother, Matthew, a two hundred acre 
farm in the locality now included in the town of Hamilton, 
recorded in September, 1C38. lie was certainly dwelling 
there in 1G42, as the Town Record contains the item. 

31 of the 8 th mo. 1042 
"Whereas it was ordered that John Whipple should cause the 
fence to be made betweene the house late Captaine Denisons ami 
the sayd Jo: Whipple namely on the side next Captaine Denisons 
and to be paid by the Towne for the one half e ; and the other half 
by the Captain; The said John brought in his accompt for his 
charge which came to 33 s. (', d. Whereof there is due to John 
Whipple 15 6 

and to Mr. William Payne 1 0"' 

Mr. Fawn conveyed his interest in the house several years 
later. 

Md. that T, John Fawne, gent, do by these presents, allow, 
certifie & confirme, unto Mr. John Whipple his heires and assigns 
forever, a certaine bargaine & sale of an house & house lott in 
Ipswich conteining by estimation two acres & a halfe. more or 
lesse, formerly sould unto Hie said John Whipple by John Jolly. 
Samnell Appleton, John Cogswell, Robert Muzzey, & Humphrey 
1'roadstreete & doe hereby release all my right and title thereunto, 
as witness my hand & scale, this 10th day of October. 1050 

John Fawne. 

Witnesses 

Kobert Payne 

Joseph Noyes 

This deed & release were acknowledged the day & yeare above 
written by the said John Fawne 

before me, Sam tell Symonds. 1 

1 Ipswich Deeds 1:89. 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 6 

The original deed is not to be found, and this qnil claim 
deed' only perfects the title to the property, which was pur- 
chased by Whipple from six well-known citizens acting in 
some collective capacity, not yet discoverable. But it is of 
great value as proving Fawn's original ownership. 

Is it possible that the bouse built by Mr. Fawn before 
163$, which passed to Mr. Whipple, is identical in whole or 
part with the ancient mansion, which beyond a doubt was 
owned by generations of Whipples, and has come at last into 
the possession of the Ipswich Historical Society ? By a happy 
accident, the record has been preserved of one Ipswich bouse 
of this period, which contains such minute details, that it 
affords a valuable criterion for comparison. This is the 
bouse which was built for Deputy Governor Symonds on the 
Argilla farm, which be bad purchased of John Winthrop, 
Jr., in 1637. There was no dwelling on the farm and Mr. 
Symonds wrote to Mr. Winthrop, requesting bis good offices 
in building a substantial bouse, which might serve the double 
purpose of a farm-dwelling and store-house. His letter is as 
follows: 

To John "Winthrop Jr. 

To the Plight Worshipfull his much honored brother, John 
Wenthrop of Ipswich, Esqr. Speed tins I pray. 
Good Sir : 

I have received your lettre, T thanke you for it, it hath bin my 
earnest desire to have had an oport unity longe ere this to have 
bene with you againe, but was hindered by the weather . 

Cohcerneinge the barg-aitie that T have made with you for Ar- 
gilla, my wife is well content, & it seems that my father Peter 1 
hath imparted it to the Governor, who (he tells me) approves of 
it very well, alsoe soe I hope I shall now meete with noe rub in 
that businesse ; but go on comfortablely according as I have & 
daily doe dispose my affaires for lpswieh. 

Concerneinge the frame of the house, I thanke you kindely for 
your love & care to further my bnsines. T could be well content to 
leave much of the contrivance to your oWne liberty vpon what we 
have talked together about it already. 

T am indiferent whether it be 30 foote or 33 foote longe. 16 or 
18 foote broade. I would have wood chimnyes at each end, the 
frames of the chimnyes to be stronger than ordinary to beare 
good heavy load of clay for security asrainst fire. You may let 
the chimnyes be all the breadth of the bowse if you thinke good; 
the 2 lower dores to be in the middle of the bowse one opposite to 
the other. Be sure that all the dorewaies in every place be soe 
high than any man may goe vpright under. The staiers I think 

1 Rev. Hugh Teter of Salem, who married Elizabeth, widow of Edmund 
Reade, and mother of Martha, the second wife of Symonds. 



4 THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 

had best be placed close by the dore. It makes no great matter 
though there be noe particion vpon the first floore; if there be, 
make one biger then the other. For windowes let them not be 
over large in any roome, & as few as conveniently may be : let all 
have current shutting draw-windowes, Inning respect both to 
present & future vse. 

I think to make it a girt howse will make it more chargeable 
then neede ; however the side bearers for the second story being 
to be loaden with corne, etc. must not be pinned on, but rather 
eyther sett into the studds or borne vp with false studds & soe 
tenanted in at the ends. I leave it to you and the carpenters. In 
this story over the first, 1 -would have a particion, whether in the 
middest or over the particion ruder, I leave it. Tn the garrett no 
partieion but let there be one or two Income windowes, if two both 
on one side. I desire to have the sparrs reach .downe pretty deep 
at the eves to preserve the walls the better from the wether. I 
would have it sellered all over, and soe the frame of the howse 
accordeingly from the bottom. I would have the howse 
st rouge in timber though plaine and well brased. I would have it 
covered with very good oake-hart inch board, for the present to 
be tacked on onely for the present, as you tould me. Let the 
frame begin from the bottom of the seller, & soe in the ordinary 
way upright for I can hereafter (to save the timber within 
grounde) run vp a thin brick work without. I think it best to 
have the walls without to be all clap boarded besides the clay 
walls. Tt were not amisse to leave a doreway or two within the 
seller, that soe hereafter one may make comings in from without, 
& let them be both vpon that side which the lucome window or 
windows be. I desire to have the howse in your bargaineing to 
be as completel}' mentioned in particulars as may be, at least so 
far as you bargains for, & as speedily done alsoe as you can. I 
thinke it not best to have too much timber felled near the howse 
place westward etc. Here are as many remembrances as come to 
minde. T desire you to be in my stead herein, <£: what euer yon 
doe shall please me. 

I desire you would talke with Mr. Boreman & with his helpe buy 
for me a matter of 40 bushells of good Indian corne of him or of 
some honest man to be paidd for now in ready money & to be de- 
liuered at any time in the sinner as I please to vse it. I would 
deale with such a man as will not repent if corne rise, as I will 
not if it fall. Thus acknowledging my bouldness, I desire to 
present our respect full love to you, my sister, & your little one. 
not forgetting my daughter, I cease, committing you to him that 
is mercy & wisdome it selfe & soe rest. 

Yours — ever 

S. Symonds. 

A lengthy postscript is appended which is omitted here. 
The letter bears no date, but was written evidently soon 
after the purchase of the Argilla farm, as it was called even 
in Winthrop's time, sometime before the spring of 1633. 
Its quaint and labored phrasing does not obscure the mean- 
ing. AYe can see the old farm house, with its over hanging 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 

caves and windows, few and small, oblong in shape, as we 
understand "the current shutting draw-wiudowes," its clap- 
boarded sides and enormous chimneys, one at each end, per- 
haps as broad as the house itself, its lutheran windows in the 
roof, and the low door on either side. Within, one greal 
room occupies the whole or the larger part of the ground 
floor. The upper floor, designed in part for the storage of 
corn, is divided into two chambers and the great garret is 
open throughout. The sides are filled with clay and covert' 1 
with "good oake-hart inch board/' and to secure proper 
strength for the floors, instead of the more expensive girth, 
upheld by studs, the studs are continuous from sill to plate 
and the "side-bearers," on which the floor joists of the second 
story rest, are let into the studs and securely fastened or 
held up by a second set of studs. The Deputy-Governor 
built a house in town on the slope of Meeting House Hill for 
his dwelling, and he was content to have his farmhouse strong 
and serviceable albeit crude and rough. 

Between this lonely farm house and the old Whipple 
dwelling there are very interesting resemblances. The origi- 
nal house, as the architecture plainly shows, did not include 
the heavily timbered east rooms, which with the chimney, 
are a later addition. In its original form the house was 20 ft. 
10 in. long and 17 ft. S in. wide on the ground. The chimney 
was at the end, as was frequently the case in houses of the 
first period. The door and stairway occupy their original 
place. There were only two great rooms, but these may have 
been divided by wooden partitions to secure necessary sleep- 
ing chambers. The most striking coincidence of plan is the 
long stud, which was revealed when the house was repaired 
and restored, into which a stout two inch oak plank is 
gained or mortised and secured by a wooden pin or tree-nail, 
precisely in the manner specified in the letter of Mr. Sy- 
monds. The windows are few and small. The walls were 
filled with bricks and portions of an ancient "daubing" 
with clay and hay were found in the inner plastering. The 
chimney is as large as the width of the house admits, allow- 
ing room for the entrance and stairway. 

Architecturally, therefore, the evidence is all in favor of 
the identity of the present west rooms of the old mansion 



6 THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 

with the John Fawn bouse. There is nothing in the wills 
or deeds of conveyance cr any local record which suggests a 

building of later date, and there is no reason why a well- 
built and until its hist years, a well-preserved wooden dwell- 
ing, should not have come down to us from the curliest years 
of our town, and should not survive, barring unforeseen ac- 
cident, for centuries to come. 

The individuals ami families, who have dwelt under the 
old roof tree in so many generations, are of unusual interest, 
and give a peculiarly tender sentiment to these old rooms. 
First of all in point of time and it may lx> of character, we 
may place John Whipple, as Mr. Fawn is known to us only 
by name. "Mr." John Whipple, he is called in the earliest 
mention of his name, the simple prefix indicating higher so- 
cial standing than the more humble "Goodman." In 1640 he 
was admitted to be a freeman, and henceforth could vote in 
the affairs of the Colony and was entitled to the highest civic 
privileges. That same year he was sent as Deputy to the 
General Court, and served until 1642, then in 1646, and 
again from 1650 to 1654. Tn February, 1640-1 he was 
chosen one of the "Seven Men" as the Selectmen were then 
called. In 1C>41 the Town appointed a Committee to fur- 
ther trade, and a group of notable men, Simon Bradstreet, 
Robert Payne, Captain Daniel Denison, Mr. Tuttle, Mr. 
Saltonstall and the brothers, Matthew and John Whipple, 
were authorized to look after buoys and beacons, to provide 
salt and cotton, to oversee the sowing of hemp seed and tlax 
seed and "cards wyer canes." That very important public 
service was supplemented by another in the same year. 

A special Committee was chosen to promote the fishing in- 
terest, the most important industry of the town, Mr, Brad- 
street, Mr. Hubbard, Mr. Symonds, Mr. Robert Payne and 
Mr. John Whipple, and to them was assigned the important 
function of carrying out the Town's order regarding the 
fishing settlement on Little Neck, the curing of the fish, the 
planting of the land by the fishermen, and the assignment of 
lots for the building of fishermen's houses. Mr. Whipple's 
account for the fence between his neighbor's land and his 
own, it has been noted, was 15 shillings 6 pence. The Town 
order of November 10th, 1642 is of particular interest: 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 



"It is ordered that the late Constables shall forthwith pay to 
our Deacon, Jo: Whipple 15 s. 6 d. according to money or in money 
being- due to him as appeareth upon the account of the said Jo: 
Whipple delivered in the 31th of the 8th mo. 1642." 

There is an affectionate touch in the words "our Deacon," 
which suggests that he not only held the office, but that his 
townsmen regarded him in his high estate with pride and 
esteem. 

When the first cart bridge was built in the year 1047, 
where the stone bridge now stands, he was one of the three 
honorable and competent men to whom the task was assigned. 
Ezekiel Cheever, the most eminent teacher of his day, came 
to Ipswich in 1050 to teach the grammar school, and in Jan- 
nary, 1052, 

"for the better aiding- of the schoole and the affaires thereof, 
Mr. Samuel Symonds, Mr. Nathaniel lagers, Mr. Jonathan Norton, 
Major Daniel Denison, Mr. Robert Paine, Mr. William Paine, Mr. 
William Hubbard, Dea. John Whipple and Mr. W m Bartholomew 
were chosen a Committee to receive all such sums of money as 
have and shall be given toward the building or maintaining of a 
Grammar schoole and schoole master. . . ." 

He was an agent for ''the Worshipful Mr. Saltonstall" in 
his business affairs, during his absence from the country. 
The note of warm personal friendship is evident in the power 
of attorney. 

7 ber 16491 
Being by Gods Providence upon a voyage for England I doe 
heerby constitute my very dea re & verye faithfull friends the pres- 
ent Pastor & Deacons of the Church of Christ in. Ipswich for me 
& in my stead to act & deall in & about all my estate and every 
part & parcel thereof in Ipswich (or New England) . 

Rich a rd S alto x stall. 

When the pastor of the Ipswich chinch, Rev. Xathaniel 
Rogers, lay on his death bed, he summoned Ezekiel Cheever 
and Deacon Whipple to take his will from his own mouth, 
and his will provided : 

"1 ordain my trnsty and well-beloved friends, Mr. Robert Payne 
and John Whipple to be the executors of my will." 

lie was called for friendly advice to the sick room of Rev. 
Ezekiel Rogers, the famous minister of Rowley. The bril- 
liant John Xorton, teacher of the Ipswich church for twenty 

1 Ipswich Deeds 2:6. 



8 THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 

years, was his near friend, and "William Elubbard, preacher 
and historian, who was graduated from Harvard in its firsl 
class in. 1G42 and spent his days as minister of the Ipswich 
church. President John Rogers of Harvard was a friend 
of his later years. Mr. Samuel Appleton, whose land ad- 
joined his own, and his sons, Major Samuel and Captain 
John, were neighbors and friends. 

The final honor of his life came to him in the year 1058, 
when he became a Ruling Elder as well. Hull's diary 
quoted by Mr. Felt, 1 states that "Mr. Hubbard was brought 
up under Mr. Norton" and "was ordained teacher" Novem- 
ber 17, 1G5S, and that the church chose two ruling elders 
which they never had before, to make up their want of Mr. 
Norton.'' Rev. John Norton was called to Boston on the 
death of Rev. John Cotton. Mr. Robert Payne was the other 
Elder. 

The Elder was a very important official, his duties being 
specified in detail in the Cambridge Platform. Leehford 
says : 

When a minister preacheth abroad in another congregation, the 
Hilling Elder of the place, after the Psalm is sung, says publicly: — 
Tf tins present brother hath any word of exhortation for the peo- 
ple at this time, in the name of God, let him say on." 

His seat was directly under the pulpit above the Deacons. 

The home and fireside of this devout, strong-minded, pub- 
lic spirited man must have been common ground, where in 
the changing years, minister and magistrate, soldier and 
merchant, the poet, Anne Bradstreet and school master Cheev- 
er, Winthrop, Dudley, Saltonstall, Denison, Symonds, Elder 
Payne, the Appletons, ' the Rogerscs, and the wise and gra- 
cious women of those early days often met and discussed the 
affairs of church and state, school and college, and the com- 
mon matters of their daily life. As to the family life that 
centred in the low-ceiled room and about the hospitable fire- 
place, we are left largely t<» our own imaginings. Of course 
there was the daily family prayer, and the instruction of the 
children in Mr. Norton's Catechism. The long hours of the 
Sabbath day from three o'clock on Saturday afternoon, were 
spent with Puritanical propriety, with much Bible reading 

1 ra?e :>ir,. 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 9 

and study at home, and the lengthy services in the meeting 
house on the hill. The children tiTew up, married, returned 
with their children at the great family Thanksgiving feast, 
and before the worthy Elder died there must have been a 
merry company. 

John Avas the only son but there were four daughters, 
Susanna, Elizabeth, Mary and Sarah. Susanna married 
Lionel Worth of Newbury and had a son and four daughters. 
Elizabeth married Anthony Potter and became the mother 
of seven sons and daughters. Mary married Simon Stone of 
Watertown and was the mother of his eleven children. Sarah, 
the youngest, was born in 1(541 and married Joseph Goodhue, 
son 'of Deacon William Goodhue, on July 13th, 1661. In 
accordance with the custom of the time Deacon Goodhue and 
Deacon Whipple made a formal agreement on the occasion 
of the marriage, whereby the young bridegroom was assured 
the possession of the house and land, then occupied by his 
father, but which his grandfather Watson in England had 
desired should be made over to bis daughter, Margery, wife 
of Deacon Goodhue, and to their eldest son Joseph. 1 

The document is lengthy and labored but is of unique 
value as a specimen of the ancient marriage contracts. Cour- 
tesy required Deacon Goodhue to wait upon the father of 
the bride, and we may reasonably believe that the terms of 
the settlement were discussed and the formal instrument 
drawn in the home of Elder Whipple. 

Agreem 1 between John Whipple & Will 1 " Goodhue, Entered Sepf 
6: 07 

Articles agreed upon between John Whipple Sen* of Ipswich in 
Xew England of >"' One party £ William Goodhue, Deacon of y 8 
church of Ipswich on y v other party in Consideration of a Mar- 
riage between Joseph Goodhue & Sarah Whipple thire children in 
Manner & forme following viz. that I William Goodhue doe prom- 
ise & Covenant that 1 will Settle my Eldest Son Joseph Goodhue 
upon my farme according to our Agreement already made & 
Signed upon his Marriage with Sarah Whipple which is now to be 
Consummated alsoe I John Whiple above named have Covenated 
&• Tn gaged to pay or Cause to be paid unto Joseph Goodhue forth- 
with upon his Marriage to my Daughter Sarah forty pounds In 
good & Marchantable pay alsoe I John Whipple doe Ingage that 
my daughter Sarah shall have an Equal Share of my household 
goods with her Two Sisters at my decease & my wife Susannah 

1 Essex Deeds 12:52. The lot included the present Giles Firmin Oar- 
den, and the land of the South Parish adjoining-. 



10 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 



Whiple, alsoe 1 y aboves' 1 William Goodhue & Margery Goodhue 
my wife doe Ingage & Covenant that our Eldest Son Joseph Good- 
hue now to be Marled to Sarah Whipple shall have & possess y' 
house that I now live in with all y e Orchards and buildings upon 
y e land belonging to Tt that I bough 1 of Mr. Giles Firman as it is 
bounded on y e other Side at my decease & his owne Mothers Mar- 
gery Gooclhues decease this house & land being payed for by his 
grandfather In England with that provisal that his grandchild 
Joseph Goodhue and his Should Injoy it after y" death of his 
father & Mother as an absolute & perfect Inheritance for Ever 
with percell of Salt Marsh of about 22 acres bought of Mr. Thomas 
Firman with Ten pounds of y e Twenty five pounds In Silver thai 
Our father Watson Sent over to me to purchase Meadow & upland 
to lay to y e house and land abovcs' 1 for his grand Child Joseph 
Goodhue to Inherit after our death & his hiers for Ever with Six 
acres of upland at Milebrooke of that land that I had in Exchange 
of Mr. John Appleton for land in y'' pequott lotts all this housing >.v_ 
lands aboves' 1 wee give grant & Confirm e with Our Son Joseph and 
his hiers for Ever after our deceases & if that he have Children by 
his Wife Sarah but if he have not Children or a Child by her Ihen 
after our Son Joseph death & Sarah his wife without Children 
it shall be to y" rest of Our Children that shall outlive them, 
furthermore I y° aboves' 1 John Whiple upon Deacon Goodhue & his 
Wife Owning & Confirming the house & lands aboves' 1 with thier 
Son Joseph Goodhue after thier death I doe promise & Ingage that 
at y e decease of my wife Susannah & my Selfe that I (Jive unto 
my Daughter Sarah Joseph Gooclhues wife now to be Confirmed 
Thirty pounds Tn good Currant Merchantable pay at y° Merchant- 
able price to be payed by my hiers or Executors within Six months 
after my decease & my wife Susannahs unto Joseph Goodhue or his 
hiers besides y e forty pounds first Agreed upon & y e Share of 
household goods above mentioned These Several Articles above 
Agreed upon between Elder John Whiple of Ipswich In y e County 
of Essex in New England and Deacon William Goodhue of y e Same 
Towne & County & his wife Margery Goodhue upon the Marriage 
of Joseph Goodhue & Sarah Whipple Our Children wee doe here 
witness & Continue our Agreements Each to y c other by Signing 
& Sealing hereof y 1 ' thirteenth day of July In y e yeare of Our Lord 
Sixteen hundred & Sixty Six 

John Whipple Sen 1 " <& 



W 



Sen' 



a Scale 
& a Se 



& a 



Goodhue 
her 

Marjery M Goodhu 
marke 
Witness 
Jn° Rogers 
I'obert Lord 
Samuel YoungliefE Sen 

This Instrument above written 
& Owned fry y e Several! partyes 
ment & act & deed before us y* 13 of July 1006 

Samuel Symokds 
Daniel Denison 
Essex Deeds 12 :52. 



Signed Sealed declared delivered 
ibove Named to be thiere a^rree- 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 



11 



The marriage was duly consummated and proved ideally 
happy. Ten children were born to them, but before the 
birth of the last, Sarah Goodhue was impressed that she 1 
would not survive. She composed therefore a "Valedictory 
and Monitory Writing," which was found after her death. 
It was published and republished and still remains a classic 
in the annals of the olden time. Her portrayal of her pro- 
foundly religious life, her joy in the Lord, her delight in 
sermons and all religious exercises, her affection for her 
husband and children, is unspeakably tender and reveals the 
depths of spiritual experience that underlay the severe legal- 
ism of the old Puritan religion. The literary style, more- 
over, is chaste and beautiful and betokens a cultured ami 
luminous atmosphere in her early home. The fine quality 
of that home life is well reflected as well, in the last item 
in the inventory of the Elder's household goods: "Item in 
Books £2 S o." ' 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 

THE COPY 

OF A 

VALEDICTORY and MONITORY 

WRITING, 

Left by Sarah Goodhue, 

The wife of Joseph Goodhue, of Ipswich, in 

N. E. and found after her decease ; 

full of spiritual experiences, sage 

counsels, pious instructions, 

and serious exhortations : 

Directed to her Husband and Children, with other near 

Relations and Friends, and profitable to all that 

may happen to read the same. 

She was the youngest daughter of Elder Whipple, 
born at the said Ipsioich, Anno 1641, and died suddenly, 
(as she presaged she should) July 23, 1GS1, Three Days 
after she had been delivered of two hopeful Children, 
leaving ten in all surviving. 



Cambridge, New-England '; Printed in 1GS1. 
Salem : Reprinted by Samuel Hall, 1770. 
Portland: Again reprinted by request, by 

Jenks & Shirley, 1805. 
Cambridge, Neiv-England : Again reprinted 
by Metcalf & Co., for David Pulsifer, of 
BOSTON, is:>o. 

THE COPY &c. 
DEAR and loving- Husband, if it should please the Lord to 
make a sudden change in thy family, the which I know not how 
soon it may be, and I am fearful of it : 

Therefore in a few words I would declare something- of my mind, 
lest I should afterwards have no opportunity: I cannot but sympa- 
thize and pity thy condition, seeing that thou hast a great family 
of children, and some of them small, and if it should please the 
Lord to add to thy number one more or two, be not discouraged, 
although it should please the Lord to deprive thee of thy weak 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 



13 



lielp which is so near and dear unto thee. Trust in 1 he living God, 
who will be an help to the helpless, and a lather to the motherless: 
My desire is, that it' thou art so contented, to dispose of two or 
three of my children: If it please the Lord that I should be deliv- 
ered of a living- child, son or daughter, my desire is, that my lather 
and mother should have it, if they please, I freely bequeath and 
give it to them. And also my desire it, that my cousin gymond 
Stacy should have John if he please, I freely bequeath and give 
him to him for his own if thou art willing-. And also my desire 
is, that my cousin Catharine Whipple should have Susanna, which 
is an hearty girl, and will quickly be helpful to her, and she may 
be helpful to the child, to bring- her up: These or either of these 
I durst trust their care under God, for the faithful discharge of 
that which may be for my children's good and comfort, and 1 hope 
to th}' satisfaction: Therefore if they be willing to take them, and 
to deal well by them, answer my desire I pray thee, thou hast been 
willing to answer nry request formerly, and I hope now thou wilt, 
this being the last so far as I know. 

Honoured and most loving father and mother 1 cannot tell how 
to express your fatherly and motherly love towards me and mine: 
It hath been so great, and in several kinds; for the which in a 
poor requital, I give you hearty and humble thanks, yet trusting 
in God that he will enable you to be a father and mother to the 
motherless: Be not troubled for the loss of an unworthy daughter; 
but rejoice in the free grace of God, that there is hopes of rejoic- 
ing together hereafter in the place of everlasting joy and blessed- 
ness. 

Brothers and Sisters all, hearken and hear the voice of the 
Lord, that by his sudden providence doth call aloud on you, to 
prepare yourselves for that swift and sudden messenger of death: 
that no one of you may be found without a wedding garment ; a 
part and portion in Jesus Christ : the assurance of the love of God, 
which will enable you to leave this world, and all jour relations, 
though never so near and dear, for the everlasting enjoyment of 
the great and glorious God, if you do fear him in truth. 

The private society, to which while here I did belong; if God by 
his Providence come amongst you, and begin by death to break 
you ; be not discouraged, but be strong in repenting, faith & prayers 
with the lively repeatal of God's counsels declared -unto you by 
his faithful messengers: O pray each for another and with one 
another; that so in these threatning times of storms and troubles, 
you may be found more precious than gold tried in the "fire. Think 
not a few hours time in your approaches to God mispent; but con- 
sider seriously with yourselves, to what end God lent to you any 
time at all: This surely I can through grace now say; that of the 
time that there I spent, through the blessing of God, I have no 
cause to repent, no not in the least. 

my children all, which in pains and care have cost me dear; 
unto you I call to come and take what portion your dying mother 
will bestow upon you : many times by experience it hath been 
found, that the dying words of parents have left a living impres- 
sion upon the hearts of Children ; O my 1 children be sure to set the 
fear of God before your eyes; consider what you are by nature, 
miserable sinners, utterly lost and undone ; and that there is no 
way and means whereby you can come out of this miserable estate ; 



14 THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 

but by the Mediation of the Lord Jesus Christ : He died a re- 
proaclifu) deatli, that every poor humble and true repenting sinner 
by faith on God through him, might have everlasting life: O my 
Children, the best counsel that a poor dying 1 Mother can give yon 

is, to get a part and portion in the Lord Jesus Christ, that will 
hold, when all these things will fail; () let the Lord Jesus Christ 
be precious in your sight. 

children, neighbours and friends, T hope I can by experience 
truly say, that Christ is the best, most precious, most durable por- 
tion, that all or any of you can set your hearts delight upon; I for 
ever desire to bless and praise the Lord, that he hath opened mine 
eyes to see the emptiness of these things, and mine own : and to 
behold the fulness and. riches of grace that is in the Lord Jesus 
Christ: T6 that end my children, I do not only counsel yon, but in 
the fear of the Lord I charg*e you all, to read Cod's word, and 
pray unto the Lord that he would he pleased to give you hearts and 
wisdom to improve the great and many privileges that the Lord 
is at present pleased to afford unto you. improve your youthful 
days unto God's service, your health and strength whilst it lasteth, 
for you know not how soon your health may be turned into sick- 
ness, your strength into weakness, and your lives into death; as 
death cuts the tree of your life down, so it will lie; as death leaveth 
you, so judgment will find you out : Therefore be persuaded to 
agree with your adversary quickly, whilst you are in the way of 
these precious opportunities: be sure to improve the lively dispen- 
sations of the gospel; give good attention unto sermons preached 
in pnblick, and to sermons repeated in private. Endeavour to learn 
to write your father's hand, that you may read over those precious 
sermons, that he hath taken pains to write and keep from the 
months of God's lively messengers, and in them there are lively 
messages: J can through the blessing of God along with them. say. 
that they have been lively unto me: And if you improve them 
aright, why not to all of you God upbraideth none of the seed (>f 
Jacob, that seek his Face in truth : My children be encouraged in 
this work, you are in the bond of the covenant, although you may 
be breakers of covenant, yet God is a merciful keeper of covenant. 
Endeavour as you grow up, to own and renew your covenant, and 
rest not if God give you life, but so labour to improve all the ad- 
vantages that God is pleased to afford you, that you may be fit to 
enjoy the Lord Jesus Christ in all his Ordinances. What hath the 
Lord Jesus Christ given himself for you? if you will lay hold upon 
him by true faith and repentance : And what will you be back- 
ward to accept of his gracious and free offers, and not keep in 
remembrance his death and sufferings, and to strengthen your 
weak faith; I thank the Lord, in some measure, T have found that 
ordinance, a life-making ordinance unto my soul. 

Oh the smiles and loving embraces of the Lord Jesus Christ. 
that they miss of, that hold off. and will, not be in such near rela- 
tion unto their Head and Saviour. The Lord grant that Christ 
may be your Portions all. 

M H children, one or two words 1 have to say to you more, in the 
first place, be" sure to carry well to your father, obey him. love 
him, follow his instructions and example, be ruled by him. take his 
advice, and have a care of grieving him : For T must Testify the 
truth unto you. and 1 may call some of you to testify against. 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 



15 



yourselves; that your rather hath been loving, kind, tender-hearted 
towards yon all: and laborious for you all, both for your temporal 
and spiritual good: — You that are grown up, cannot but see liow 

careful your father is when he comet h home from his work, to 
take the young ones up into his wearied arms, by his loving car- 
riage ami care towards those, you may behold as in a glass, his 
tender care and love to you every one as you grow up: 1 can 
safely say, that his love was so to you all. thai .1 cannot say which 
is the child that he doth love best'; but further I ,niay testify unto 
you, that this is not all that your father hath been doing for you, 
and That some of you may bear me witness, that he hath given 
you many instructions, which hath been to the end your souls 
might enjoy happiness, he hath reproved you often for your evils, 
laying before you the ill event that would happen unto you if you 
did not walk in God's ways, and give your minds to do his will, to 
keep holy his sabbaths, to attend unto reading God's Word, hear- 
ing it preached with a desire to profit by it. and declaring unto 
you this way that he had experienced to get good by it ; that was 
to pray unto the Lord for his blessing with it and upon it. that 
it might soke into the heart and find entertainment there: and 
that you should meditate upon it, and he hath told you. medita- 
tion -was as the key to open the door, to let you in. or that into 
your heart, that you might find the sweetness of God's word. 

Furthermore, my children, be encouraged in this work, your 
father hath put up many prayers with ardent desires and tears to 
God on behalf of you all: which if you walk with God, I hope you 
will find gracious answers and showers of blessings from those 
bottled tears for you. carry it well to your father, that lie may 
yet be encouraged to be doing and pleading for your welfare: 
Consider that the scripture holdeth forth many blessings to such 
children that obey their parents in the Lord, but there are curses 
threatened to the disobedient. 

My children, in your life and conversation, live godly, walk 
soberly, modestly, and innocently: be diligent, and be not hasty 
to follow new fashions, and the pride of life, that now too much 
abounds. Let not pride betray the good of your immortal souls. 

And if it please the Lord that yon live to match yourselves, and 
to make your choice: Be sure you chuse such as first do seek the 
kingdom of Heaven. 

My first, as thy name is Joseph, labour so in knowledge to increase. 
As to be free from the guilt of thy sins, and enjoy eternal Peace. 
Mary, labour so to be arrayed with the hidden man of the heart. 
That with Mary thou mayest find, thou hast chosen the better pari. 
"William, thou nadst that name for thy grandfather's sake. 
Labour so to tread in his steps, as over sin conquest thou mayest 

make. 
Sarah, Sarah's daughter thou shall be, if thou continuest in doing 

well, 
Labour so in holiness among the daughters to walk', as that thou 

mayest excel. 
So my children all, if T must be gone, I with tears bid you all 
FarcKcU. 

The Lord bless you all. 
Xoir dear Husband, I can do no less than turn unto thee, 
And if I could, T would naturally mourn with thee. 



1(3 THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 

And in a poor requital of all thy kindness, if I could, I would 
speak some things of comfort to thee, whilst thou dost mourn for 
me. 

A tender-hearted, affectionate and entire loving husband thou 
hast been to me several ways. If I should but speak of what I 
have found as to these outward things; I being- but weakly natured: 
Jn all my burthens thou hast willingly with me sympathized, and 
cheerfully thou hast helped me bear them: which although 1 was 
but weak natured; and so the more unabled to go through those 
troubles in my way: Yet thou hast by thy chearful love to me, 
helped me forward in a chearful frame of spirit. — But when 1 
come to speak or consider in thy place, thy great pains and care 
for the good of my soul. 

This twenty years experience of thy love to me in this kind, hath 
so instamped it upon my mind, that I do think that there never 
was man more truly kind to a woman: I desire for ever to bless 
and praise the Lord, that in mercy to my soul, he by his providence 
ordered that I should live with thee in such a relation, therefore 
dear husband be comforted in this, (although God by his provi- 
dence break that relation between us, that he gave being to at 
first) that in thy place thou hast been a man of knowledge to 
discharge to God and my soul, that scripture commanded duty, 
which by the effects in me wrought, through the grace of God, 
thou mayest behold with comfort our prayers not hindered; but a 
gracious answer from the Lord, which is of great price and re- 
ward. Although my being- gone be thy loss, yet I trust in and 
thro' Jesus Christ, it will be my gain. 

Was it not. to this end that the Lord was pleased to enable thee 
and give thee in heart to take (as an instrument) so much pains 
for his gloi'3 r and my eternal good, and that it might be thy com- 
fort: As all thy reading of scriptures and writing of sermons, and 
repeating of them over to me, that although I was necessarily 
often absent from the publick worship of God, yet by thy pains 
and care to the good of my soul, it was brought home unto me: 
And blessed be the Lord who hath set home by the operation of his 
spirit, so many repeatals of precious sermons and prayers and tears 
for me and with me, for my eternal good: And now let it be thy 
comfort under all, go on and persevere in believing in God, and 
praying fervently unto God : Let not thy affectionate heart become 
hard, and thy tears dried away: And certainly the Lord will ren- 
der a double portion of blessing upon thee and thine. 

If thou couldest ask me a reason why I thus declare myself? — 
I cannot answer no other but this; that I have had of late a 
strong persuasion upon my mind, that by sudden death I should 
be surprised, either at my travail, or soon after it, the Lord fit me 
for himself: although I could be very willing to enjoy thy company. 
& my children longer, yet if it be the will of the Lord that I must 
not, I hope I can say cheerfully, the will of the Lord be done, this 
hath been often my desire and thy prayer. 

Further, if thou could'st ask me why I did not discover some of 
these particulars of my mind to thee before, my answer is be- 
cause I knew that thou wert tender hearted towards me, and there- 
fore I would not create thee needless trouble. 

dear husband of all my dearest bosom friends, if by sudden 
death I must part from thee, let not thy trouble and cares that are 
on thee make thee to turn aside from the right way. 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 17 

O dear heart, if I must leave thee and thine here behind, 
Of my natural affection here is my heart and hand. 

He courageous, and on the living God bear up thy heart in so 
great a breach as this. 

Sarah Goodhue. 

Dear husband, if by sudden death I am taken away from thee, 
there is infolded among thy papers something that I have to say 
to thee and others. 

July 14, 1681. 

John Whipple made his will on May 10th, 1669. Rev. 
William Hubbard and Robert Day being with him in the 
upper chamber, no doubt, as witnesses to his mark which he 
appended, because of physical weakness. His signature is 
preserved in many documents. Mr. Hubbard wrote the will. 

WILL OF JOHN WHIPPLE, SENIOR. 

(Filed, not recorded.) 
In the name of God, Amen. I John Whipple Senior of Ipswich 
in New England being in this present time of perfect understand- 
ing and memory, though weake in body, committing my soule into 
the hands of Almighty God, and my body to decent buryall, in 
hope of Resurrection unto Et email life by the Merit and power of 
Jesus Christ, my most mereyfull Saviour and Redeemer, doe thus 
dispose of the temporall Estate w tM God hath graciousely given 
.mee. 

Imprimis. I give unto Susanna Worth of Newbery my eldest 
daughter thirty pounds and a silver beer bowle and a silver 
wine cup. 
Item. I give unto my daughter Mary Stone twenty pounds and 

one silver wine cup, and a silver dr amine cup. 
Item. I give unto my daughter S:ir;ili Goodhue twenty pounds. 
And all the rest of my household goods my will is that they be 
equally divided betwixt my three daughters afore sayd. Hut 
for their other Legaeyes my will is that they should be payd 
them wi"'in two yea res after my decease: and if it should 
so fall out y 1 any of my daughters above sayd should be taken 
away by death before this time of payment be come, my will 
is the Respective Legaeyes be payd to their lleyres when they 
come to age. Likewise I give unto Antony Potter, my son-in- 
law, sometime, fourty shillings. 

Moreover I give unto Jennet t my beloved Wife ten pounds 
which ray will is y l it should be payd her besides the fourteen 
pound, and v L ' annuity of six pounds a yea re engaged unto her 
in the Articles of Agreement before our Marryage. Concern- 
ing 1 the four-seore pound, which is to be Returned baeke to 
her after my decease, my will is y* it should be payed (both 
for time and manner of Pay) according to y'' sayd Agreement, 
viz: one third part in wheat, Mault and Indian Come in 
equall proportions, the other two thirds in neat Cattle under 
seaven yea re old. Further my will is y* no debt should be 
charged upon my said wife as touching any of her daughters, 



18 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 



until it be first proved to arise from the account of Mercy. 
Sarah or Mary. 

I do appynt my loving- friends, M r William Hubbard and Mr. 
John Rogers of Ipswich, the overseers of this my last will arid 
Testament, and I doe hereby give them power to determine any 
difference y* may arise betwixt my executor, and any of the 
Legatees, aforesayd, about y e payments aforesayd. Lastly I 
ordayn and Appoynt my son John Whipple the sole executor 
of this my last will and Testament. To whom I give all the 
rest of my estate, both houses, lands, cattle, Debts from 
whomsoever due and to his heyres forever. 

In confirmation whereof I have hereunto set my hand aud 
seale this 10th day of May, 1669. In the presence of 
William Hubbard The marke of 

Robert Day O 

The marke of | | J Edward Lummus John Whipple 

"This will was presented in court held at Ipswich 28 of 
September, 1669, by the oath of Mr. Wry Hubbard and Kob- 
ert Day to be the last will and testament of Elder John 
Whipple deceased to the best of their knowledge. As attest, 
Eobert Lord, cleric." 

"An inventory of the estate of Mr. John Whipple deceased 
the 30 of June, 1669." 

Impr. The farme contayning about three hundred 

and sixty acres 
It. The houses and lands in ye Towne contayning about 

one hundred acres 
It. In apparrell 
It. In Iinnen 

It. A ffeather bed with appurtenances 
It. In Plate 
It. In Pewter 
It. In Brasse 

It. In chavres, cushions, & other small things 
It. A still" 
It. Two flock Beds 
It. Two Tables 

It. One musquet, one pr of mustard quernes 
It. Andirons, firepan & tongs 
It. Two mortars, two spitts 
It. In Bookes 



150 





250 





9 





6 





7 





6 





4 





3 


10 


1 


7 




16 


1 


10 





11 




15 




14 




10 


o 


8 



444 1 



Ipswich July 15th, '69 
Bichabd Hubbard 
John Appleton 

(The originals are endorsed "Elder John Whipple.") 
"The inventory was delivered in court held at Ipswich 
the 28 of September, 1669, upon the oath of cornett John 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 19 

Whipple to be a full & true inventory of the estate of his 
ffather, deceased, to the Lest of his knowledge and if more 
appears afterwards it should be added. As attest, 

Robert Lord, Cleric." 

It appears from the will that Susannah, his wife and the 
mother of his children, who was living in July, 1666, had 
died and that he had married Jeimett . His daugh- 
ter, Elizabeth, wife of Anthony Potter, is not mentioned, 
and undoubtedly was not living. Her name appears how- 
ever, in a deed given by Mr. Potter, Dec. 22, 1664. * His 
"loving friends," whom he appointed the overseers of his 
will, were the ministers of the church. Mr. Rogers was 
called subsequently to the Presidency of Harvard College. 

An ancient document, which Mr. D. F. Appleton found 
in the shop of an antiquary in ISTew York City and pre- 
sented to the Historical Society, is of unique interest in this 
connection. It is a Petition of remonstrance to tbe Quarter 
Sessions Court, against the renewal of the license of Corpo- 
ral John Andrews of the White Horse Inn in High St., who 
had offended the sensibilities of his towns men by keeping 
open doors or open bar until past nine o'clock, and encourag- 
ing young men in devious way. It was drawn up and signed 
in June, 1G5S, by Ezekiel Cheever, the school master, and 
bears the signatures of Robert Payne, John Whipple, Senior, 
Deacon William Goodhue, Matthew Whipple, Samuel Ap- 
pleton, Senior, and his two sons, Major Samuel and Captain 
John. 

The humble peticon of Sundry of y e inhabitants of y e Towne of 
Ipswich whose names are subscribed 
Sheweth 

That whereas at y e last Court held at Ipswich, there was pre- 
sented to [ ] Hon d Court a serious & earnest request upon 
weighty grounds for removin & suppressing one of y e Ordinaryes, 
found to be many wayes prcjudiciall [ ] good of the place, 
Which peticon found such acceptance with this Hon [ ] as they 
were pleased to grant & continue no longer leave & liberty for 
f ] continuance of y e said Ordinary, then to this next Court at 
Salem. We are emboldned & encouraged (the causes of our griev- 
ance, still continuing- & increasing) to entreat this Hon d Court to 
recall & review our former requests & supplications tendred to 
• them in y* particular. And according to our hopes then conceived, 
no longer to continue or grant any license for upholding- & keeping 
y e same Ordinary. Which we verily beleeve will be an effectuall 

1 Ipswich Deeds 2:220. 



20 THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 

meanes for y e remooving- of much sin & evill, & minister cause of 

joy & thanksgiving- to many of good people, amongst us. 

Samuell Appleton Sen r Robert Payne 

Marke Simonds John Whipple, Senior 

Tho Smith William Goodhue 

John Appleton Moses Pengry 

Samuell Appleton Uichard Kemball Se Q 

William Adams Sen. William Ba r tholome\v 

Edward Chapman ? Kzekiel Cheever 

Anthony Potter 

lieienold Foster 

Thomas Knowlton ? 

Jacob Pearkins 

John Warner 

Edward Llamas 

Edward Browne 

Robert Day 

William Adams Jun r 

Daniel Warner 

Matbew Whipple 

Tho Stace 

John Adams 



CAPTAIX JOTTX WHIPPLE. 

Captain John was a man of different temper. His tastes 
were martial, rather than clmrchly, and he was distinctively 
a man of business. He received a license in 1002 "to still 
strong water for a year and retail not less than a quart at 
[i time and none to he drunk in his house." In May, 1663, 
Mr. Baker and Corporal Whipple had licenses renewed 
for another year. In the year 1667, two years before his 
father's death, he had already built a malt house on the 
homestead lot and may have been in occupancy. Captain 
Appleton, Cornet Whipple and Thomas L(owe) were 
granted liberty to fell some walnuts for their kilns in 1G67, 
and in 1073, Cornet Whipple had liberty to set up a fulling 
mill at the Little Falls. He had been chosen Cornet of the 
Ipswich Troop in 1008, under Captain John Appleton. 

In 1071 he was a Representative to the General Court 
and served until 1680 and again in 1082 and 16S3. In tho 
sharp division that separated the Town into Royalist and 
Colonial camps, prior to the loss of the Charter, he sided 
with General Denison, Captain John Appleton, Francis 
Wainwright and many others in a timid appeal to the King 
in 1000, praying that he would not suspect the Colony of 



. P ,*»„ ... ^ ,.,.^ ,„fy, ^ m 4 






•Tik'uvfiii'. 

7£vf l«Wt',*f. 






rx.Uufh, 



•if f ■ ' « 



f»" f? l«/tf. K>/> 



<;• ,'-jJ 






*;»., 






L_ 



-J 









PETITION OF REMONSTRANCE. 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 21 

disloyalty, while Major Samuel Appleton and Deputy Gov- 
ernor Symonds were bold and defiant in the opposition. At 

the outbreak of the King Philip War, he was early in the 
field as a lieutenant in Captain Paige's troop. Fresh levies 
of foot and horse soldiers were ordered in February, 1675-6, 
to repel the Indian foe, already at their very gates, and Cor- 
net Whipple was appointed Captain of the new troop of 
horse. His experiences in the field seem to have been rather 
unfortunate. 

Major Savage in a letter of instructions dated April 1st, 
1070, remarked, "touching that rebuke of God upon Cap- 
tain Whipple & y e poore people of Springfield, it is matter 
of great shame and humbling to us." The order from the 
Council to attack the Indians at Wachuset was discussed in 
a council of war at Quahaug, now Brookfield. It was de- 
cided to be impossible under the circumstances. 

Captain Whipple had good reason for this stand as he 
reported that half of his troop was not able to march, and 
the other half had but one day's provision for six days' 
march. Sixteen men under Lieutenant Flood had petitioned 
to go home and plant for the support of their families, as 
their poor horses were nearly worn out. The whole troop 
apparently returned. Among the spoils of the war were 
the Indian captives and the Captain purchased a lad named 
Lawrence. Major Appleton bought three and Governor Sy- 
monds paid £5 for an Indian boy and girl. If these Indian 
slaves were allowed to meet each other with reasonable fre- 
quency, the hardships of their servile life were alleviated in 
measure. 

In the summer of 1077 he led his troop to fight the In- 
dians at Salisbury. Captain Whipple was a Feolfee of the 
grammar school, and a prosperous man of affairs. He mar- 
ried first Martha Keyner, 1 daughter of Humphrey and Mary 
lieyner of Rowley, who died February 2-t, 1GT9-S0, and 
for his second wife Elizabeth Paine- June 28, 1680. 
His eldest son John, was born July 1,"), 1657, and there were 
other sons, Matthew, Joseph, born .March 0, 1G04, who died 

1 Ipswich Deeds 3:170. 

2 She was probably the widow of John Faine, eldest son of the Elder 
Robert Payne and Dorcas, who died at sea in the year Id 7. Ipswich 
Deeds 4: 133; 5, 209. 







THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 



in August, 1665, and another Joseph, born Juno 8, 1000; 
a daughter Susanna, who married John Lane of Billerien 
at Salem, December 10, 1GS3, and Sarah, who was born in 

September, 1071. 

lie was chosen Treasurer of Essex County and on April 
10th, 10S8, took his oath of office in open Court. He was 
taken ill shortly after as it appears from his will, which he 
signed on August 2nd, 1683, and died, as Mr. Felt says, oil 
August 10th. Capt. John Appleton was chosen his successor 
as Treasurer of the County in September. His will and in- 
ventory are of especial interest. The latter is very minute 
but is published in a very slightly abridged form. 

THE LAST WILL AXD TESTAMENT OF CAPT JOHN WHIPPLE 

SEX. OF IPSWICH. 

I. John Whipple, Sen. of Ipswich, having- not settled my estat" 
before, in case of death do thus order the estate which God hath 
graciously given me. Imprimis my will is y* Elizabeth, my well 
beloved wife, shall enjoy one halfe of my dwelling- house so long 
as shee shall see cause to live therein, and if my exeeut r> shall 
provide her y e going of a cow or two with y" use of an horse for 
her occasions during y* time: And my will further is y* my 
exeeut" shall pay or cause to be paid unto her fifteen pounds by 
ye year, besides w 1 is already mentioned during y e time of her 
natural Life. Item, my wilt is y T my da tight r Susan Lane shall 
have y e portion w 01 ' she hath already Received (which I judge to be 
about seaventy pound) made up an hundred and fifty pounds in 
like specie as before. I will also that my s' 1 daughter shall have y" 
remainder of her portion paid her within three years after my de- 
cease, my will likewise is, that my youngest daughter Sarah Whip- 
ple shall be brought up with her mother (if shee be willing there- 
unto) and my executors to allow her w l maintenance is necessary 
thereunto, & to have likewise an hundred and fifty pounds for her 
portion at the time of her marriage, or when she comes to one and 
twenty years of age. Concerning my three sons, it was my intent 
y l if my estate were divided into live parts y* my eldest son should 
enjoy two fifth parts thereof, y e other three to be left for y e other 
three viz. Matthew, Joseph & Sarah. Put apprehending that I am 
not like to escape this sicknesse, I thus dispose concerning the 
same, viz. 1 will that my son John and my son Matthew shall be 
exeeut™ of this my last will & testament for y e present & y* my 
son Joseph shall he joyned as an exeeut 1 " w th them two, as soon as 
ever he comes to be of age. And then my Will is that if my son 
John enjoys all y° Lands, houses, buildings & appurtenances, and 
I'riviledges thereunto belonging where he now lives together with 
y c Land in y c hands of Arthur Abbot to be Added thereunto: And 
that my son Matthew enjoyes y" Lands, houses, where he now lives, 
the appurtenances & privileges w t!l y° saw mill &, y" Land in v° 
tenure of Fennell Ross, y* then my son Joseph when he comes of 
Age shall enjoy y" houses, buildings, Malting office, w l " y e other 






THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. '16 

Lands, pasture, Arable & meadow where I now live as his right 
of Inheritance & portion, to him and his heires forever, provided y* 
my sou John do help him to order & manage y* same till he hiin- 
selfe comes of Age. And also my will is that then lie pay an hun- 
dred pound out of his estate to ids sister Sarah, and y" rest of her 
and her sister Susan's portion to In' paid out of y e Debts and other 
chattels which are found belonging to my estate. But if my two 
elder sons be not satistied with this Distribution of my Ileal! es- 
tate, my will is y l my whole estate (with what is in my son John's 
and Matthew's hands already of houses and lands) both reall and 
personal be equally divided by indifferent Apprizall into five parts, 
and if then my eldest son shall have two fifths thereof, my son 
Matthew another fifth, and if Joseph shall have another fifth and 
y l y° last fifth shall be improved to pay debts and other Legacies 
and y l w* ever land falls to any of my three sons shall be to them 
and their Heires forever. Tn witness whereof T have set to my 
hand & seale this second of August 1083. 

John Whipple. 
my will also is y* if my two sons, John & 
Matthew choose to enjoy y e farmes y* then 
jiio s h a }} also have y e ten acres of marsh by 

Quilters & Matthew as much of my marsh in JOHX WHIPPLE 
y e Hundreds to them and their Heires forever 
excepting y e marsh in y e Island w (h may be 
sold to pay debts. 

signed, sealed & Delivered in presence of us 

William Hubbard 
Samuel Phillips 
Daniel Epps 
[Probate Records 304:10.] 
An Inventory of the Estate of Captaine John Whipple of Ipswich, 
taken bv us whose names are underwritten the tenth of Septemb* 
16S3 
Impr 3 His wearing Apparell, Woollen & Linnen prized 

at £27 18 s 27 IS 

It. A feather Bed & Bolste r £5 curt ns vail ins. coverl u 

all of searge £12 17 

It. A Diaper tablecloth at £2 5s a shorter Diaper table 

cloth £1 2s Gd 3 7 6 

It. An old cupboard cloeth 2s Lesser cupboard cloeth 

5s Lowells 4s 11 

It. Three Pillow Beeres 9s 9 Diaper napkins 13s Gd 

8 napkins 7s 1 9 G 

It. Turkey worke for chairs & fringe & cloeth to 

make them £3 5s 3 5 

It. Linsy woolsey; cloeth 12s 3d a Remnant of Broad 

cloth 6s a yd Kersey 8s 16 3 

It. Fine cloth to bottom chairs £3 13s cushions 9s a 

chest of draws £2 15s G 17 

It. Two cushion stooles at Gs a great chaire 5s 

Brass cob irons £1 5s 1 16 

It. A looking glass 10s two wicker baskets 5s gloves 

3s four chairs £1 12s 2 10 

It. Two bolsters £1 5s coverlid £1 a blanket & sheet £1 3 5 






24 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 



It. A Bedstead & cover 16s 6 fine wrought chairs £2 

8s 
It. Three Leather chairs 9s fring ehaire Os a great 
chair 6s 

It. Fine Stool fringe 6s cushions 4s (covered) 

It. A tine wrought form & stoole 7s brass tire pan 

tongs & snutl*ers 
It. Two pair of iron tongs & a warming- pan 12s 

a case of knives 5s 
It. Pistolls, hoolsters & Belt £2 15s one cushen and 

mat 7s 
It. Brush & Broomes 2s 3 Pictures 3s a Book of 

Maps 5s 
It. Thirteen napkins & towells 10s a course table 

cloth 10s 
It. Two old table-cloths two towells & two cheese 

cloth 6s 
It. Three sheets 18s one sheet 8s one i:>air of sheets 

16s 
It. One pair of fine sheets £1 5s an old pair 6s old 

Books 2s 
It. Two course pillow beers 3s three bolster cases 

7s 3 pillow beers 1 sheet 
It. One sheet 12s 6d old sheet 4s another 4s one 

sheet 8s 
It. A sheet & Bolster case 3s 6d a Pillow case & 

drawers 2s 
It. A yellow silk scarfe 12s an old yellow scarf 10s 
It. A yard \- 2 fine holand 15s Benin* s of hol nds 3s 

yarns, thread tape 7s 
It. One chest 6s a Bapeyer & Belt £1 13s a cutlas 

15s a Bapeyer 10s 
It. Files and sawes 3s chissells, gouges, gimblets 3s 

8d 
It. Three pair of sheares 4s Od two locks 2s one 

auger Is 
It. One auger Is a span shackle & pin 2s old Iron & 

stirrup irons 6s 
It. Two old Bills Is whissells 3s Basket & Gloves 3s 
It. A Basket & yarne 3s scales & lead weights 12s 
It. A com pas 2s a tile Is A Razor & hone 3s Box & 

old iron 2s 6d 
It. A great Bible 16s in Books £5 8s 9(1 5 Bottles of 

syrrup of clove gilly 11 
It. Three bottles of Rosewater 6s two Bottles of 

mint water 3s 
It. A Glass Bottle of Port wine 2s Angelica water 
sirrup of gilli fl wr8 strawberry water 3 Bottles 
4s 3 pint Bottles a great Glass 4s 
It. Three greate Gaily Pots w Ul w* was in them 4s 

2 earthen chamber pots, etc 
It. A Box Drawers, two peices of twin? £1 2s a bag 

with sugar Is 6d 
It. Spurs and wyer Is 6d 2 caynes 2s croaper and 
a inrrile Is 3d 



3 


4 





1 


1 





1 


3 







17 





3 


o 







10 





1 










6 





o 


o 





1 


13 





1 


5 





1 


8 


6 




5 


6 


1 


o 





1 


5 





3 


4 







6 


8 




7 


6 




9 








7 








15 








8 


6 


7 


3 


9 




9 


.0 




10 







10 





1 


3 


6 





4 


9 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE 



25 



' 



I 



■ 



It. A Bedstead and cover above and below curtains 
and vallance £2 (id 

It. A cupboard with small tilings in it £2 3d A deske 
and drawers 12s 

It. A small Box Is a brush and a stock to do limmes 
Is 6d 

It. Seaven dishes of white earthen ware one Bason 
and a sully bub pot 10s 

It. One glass slick stone earthen porrenger and pot 
3s 2 flower pots Is 

It. eight cushens £1 10s table 10s great chair 4s 
3 small chaires 0s 

It. To a great chaire 4s window curtain Is Gd i>art 
of a Buriing cloth 8s 

It. Forty cheeses £5 an apple trough Gs two pow- 
dering tubs 6s Gd Lether 2s 

It. Three beer Barrells 8s a great glass Is a pow- 
dering tub 5s and old tubs 4s 

It. Two andirons 14s churn 4s firkin w th 4 lb of 
butter £1 5s — 

It. Two earthen pots 2s 4 pound candles 2s 8d 
hand jack Is 2d 2 p r scales gaily pot 

It. The best pewter 77 lb £7 14s 10 lb more of pew- 
ter £1 old pewter 15 lb £1 candlesticks £1 

It. a Bed pan 9s two basons 8s four old candle- 
sticks 9s 5 salt sellers 5s one more 2s 

It. Two Basons & 4 Pottongers one beaker 9s G new 
pottingers 7s Gd a pottinger 4s 

It. Two pint pots Gs flagon 14s 2 quart pots 6s 

It. Two old chamb 1 " pots 10s 4 lb old pewter & a 
3 qt bason 9s cop r pot Gs tin-ware Gs tin? 

It. Plate one bowle? £3 three spoons £1 10s silver 
cup 10s pair buttons 2s Gd three pair button 3s 
one buckle Is a pair of shoe buckles Gs 3 dozen 
of plate buttons £1 

It. a still with Instrum ts belonging £1 10s tin lan- 
thorn Is beams for scales & weights 

It. a Box iron 4s a smoothing iron Is a brass copp cr 
£7 a great Brass pan £2 lis 

It. Two small brass pans £1 12s Gd old copper kittle 
15s a brass kittle £1 5s 

It. Two small brass skillits Gs :> small brass Ladles & 
one skimmer 4s Gd 

It. A brass bason 4s skillet 5s a little brass kettle 
7s skillet 4s 

It. Wool combs w tu belongs to them 16s a brass 
chafeing dish 3s 

It. Two bell mettle pots one £2 5s y e other £1 5s 
an iron kettle 8s & lit 1 iron pot 

It. Two dozen of trenchers Is Gd one tray G old 
dishes w th other dishes 3s 4d two piggins Is Gd 

It. Three cheeshoopes Is earthen Pitcher 3d one 
payle, one piggin & strainer 3s 9d 

It. An iron pot & pot-hooks 9s Gd Two tramels w th 
irons to hang upon 12s 



o 


G 


o 


15 





2 G 





1G 





4 


2 


10 


(J 


13 G 


5 


14 G 




18 


O 


3 




10 5 


L0 


14 


1 


13 


1 

1 


6 
G 



1 11 

G 12 G 

2 10 

9 19 

3 12 6 
10 6 

10 
19 

4 4 
16 4 

5 
116 



26 THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 

It. a pair of bellows, meat forke, sugar augar & grid- 
iron 4s a trammel with hooks to it 12s 

It. a fowling piece £1 10s two carbine £2 a jack, 
weight & a spit £2 10 

It. a salt box & salt Is two old bibles Is 4 old 
chairs & old joynt stoole 4s 

It. a meale trouth Gs sives 3s Gd shreding knife Is 
frying- pan and marking- iron 4s 

It. a cushion 3s cap & fardingalls Is a kettle & skil- 
let 9 s 

It. a bed & bedding 15s old spinning wheel 3s an old 
chest 3s 

It. The Homestead at towne, dwelling house, kilne cl- 
ot her houses 

It. a great saddle bridle & breast plate, crouper w th 
a cover at £3 10s 

It. Pistols, holsters, breast plate crooper & simiter 
£2 5s 

It. a tramel & slice Gs 

It. two keelers 4s 

It. Lawrence y' Indian at £4 3 yds crape at Gs 

It. The farme Landes, Arthur Abbots housing & land 

It. Fennel Rosses housing- & land 

It. The saw-mill w th all implements belonging to it 

It. John's house & barne & kilne at 140 

It. Matthew's house & barn 

There was also the stock on the farms : 

4G sheep & lambs at % 15£ a mare 2£ 2 cowes 8£ swyne 
8£ 15s 

8 piggs £3 10s hay in v e Barn & marshes 35 load at 
£22 10s 

apples npon y e trees at £2 10s Irish yarn 24 lb at Id 
4s 7 cowes at £1 6 oxen at £5 per ox 2 oxen at 
4£ per ox 

bald hoarse £5 black horse £5 22 sheep £6 12s 

2 plows with Irons 8s harrow tooth and breaking up 
plow Irons 17s 
The total appraisal was £3314. 

The will lacks the invariable pious prelude, with which 
all wills of the period begin, and proceeds to the solemn 
business in hand with manly firmness, but the Captain chose 
for his witnesses, two ministers, William Hubbard of Ips- 
wich and Samuel Phillips of Rowley, and Captain Daniel 
Epps of Castle Hill, a fellow soldier and friend. Mr. Hub- 
bard wrote it as he had done for his father, fourteen years 
before. 

The homestead was apportioned to Joseph but in the final 
division as it. is recorded under date of October 31, 16S4, 
John received 

"the mansion house his father deceased in w th Barn, outhouses, 






1C 


f) 


o o 





G 




14 6 




13 


1 


1 


330 





3 


10 


2 


5 




6 




4 


4 


6 


190 





190 





40 





140 





140 





41 


15 


26 





33 


10 


16 


12 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 



kilne, orchards, & homestead w th commonage & privileges in and 
upon Two acres <fe a half of land be it more or less, called ye 
Homestead in Ipswich Tovrne. (1'rc. pec. 305:135.) 

This record makes it certain no1 only that Captain Whip- 
ple made his home and died in the homestead, though lie 
owned a large estate in houses and lands in the Hamlet, but 
also shows that the item in the inventory: "The homestead at 

towne, dwelling house, kilne & other houses £330 0" U 
identical with the homestead as described in the division, 
and that the words "other houses" have reference only to 
the usual out buildings. This large valuation, therefore, is 
in the main, the valuation of the dwelling as there were only 
two and a half acres of land, a barn, malt-kilne, and oth'u' 
ordinary out-buildings. 

General Denison's property was inventoried the year be- 
fore, TGS2, and his dwelling and lot were appraised at £160. 
He was a man of great prominence and comparative wealth. 
(£2105.) His house had been burned by an incendiary 
fire only a few years before, yet this new residence, fine as 
we may imagine it to have been, was reckoned to be worth 
less than half as much as Captain "Whipple's mansion. Dep- 
uty-Governor Samuel Symonds died on October 13, 1G7S, 
leaving an estate of £2531 sterling, but his bouse and about 
two acres on the Meeting House hill, in the very center of 
the town, were estimated at only £150. These valuations 
lead us naturally to believe that Captain Whipple's man- 
sion was far more elaborate and costly, and that it was the 
grandest dwelling in the town or the larger neighborhood. 

It is an easy conclusion that Captain Whipple, prosperous 
in Ins business affairs, and one of the wealthiest men in 
Ipswich, added to the plain and substantial house of the 
Elder, the elaborate and expensive eastern rooms, with mas- 
sive and finely carved oak summers, and heavy girth on the 
east end, allowing the moulded edge on the outside. The 
beds with great feather beds, and serge curtains, vallance 
and coverlid, a single equipment, valued at £17, the Turkey 
work for chairs and fringe, the fine wrought chairs and 
form, the leather chairs, the abundant silver ware, the great 
store of pewter, the books worth £5 S 0, reveal a home of 
luxury with large rooms adequate to hold such furnishings. 
The military equipments are everywhere in evidence, the 



- 



28 THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 

great saddle, bridle and breast plate, pistols and holsters, 
rapiers and cutlass. An ancient spur was discovered when 
the house was repaired and Ave query if it might not have 
been part of the trooper's military gear. 

We have no means of knowing whether the widow exer- 
cised her right under the will and made her home in half 
the dwelling, and whether the young Sarah was willing to 
live with her mother. It is a matter of record, however, that 
the young girl married Francis Wainwright, on March 12th, 
1G90, and made her home in the AVainwright mansion on 
High St., where her children were born, and where she 
died on March 16, 1709 in her thirty-eighth year. Col. 
Wainwright was a distinguished citizen, a Harvard graduate, 
Colonel of a regiment, Justice of the General Sessions Court, 
Feoffee and Representative. The most tragic remem- 
brance attaches to his death. He had covenanted marriage 
with Elizabeth Hirst of Salem and the intention had been 
published, but he was taken sick at home on July 29, 1711, 
and died on August 3d. Judge Sewall's Diary bears the 
entry : 

Tis the most compleat and surprising Disapointment that I 
have been acquainted with. Wedding Cloathes to a Neck Cloth and 
Night Cap laid ready in the Bride's Chamber, with the Bride's 
Attire. Great Provision made for Entertainment, Guests several 
came from Boston and entertained at Mr. Hirsts, but no Bride- 
groom, no Wedding. He was laid in a new Tomb of his own mak- 
ing lately and his dead wife taken out of another and laid with 
him. 

Sarah, daughter of Colonel Francis and Sarah AVain- 
wright, married Stephen Minot of Boston, who, with John 
Whipple, brother of Sarah, were the executors of the colonel's 
will. 

MAJOE JOTIX WHIPPLE. 

John Whipple, son of Captain John, was twenty-six years 
old when his father died, but he had been married two years 
and had a home of his own. We may presume he removed 
in due time to the stately mansion he inherited from his 
father. His first military office was that of Cornet, to which 
he was appointed in 16S9, and he may have had a command 
in the Expedition to Quebec. Ir is uncertain, also, whether 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 29 

the John "Whipple, who was one of the Selectmen, and met 
in the revolutionary caucus at John Appleton's house, dis- 
tant only a stone's throw from the Whipple dwelling, is 
Major John. 1 Several men of this family, hearing the same 
name, were then living. 

On July 0, 170G Captain John Whipple with his troop 
passed Haverhill ferry, on an Indian alarm. Later in life, 
he became Major, and a Justice of the Sessions Court. 

Major Whipple married Kathcrine Lay ton June 16th, 
1681, who died January 15th, 1720-21, in her 03d year. 
Their daughter Martha, married Rev. Richard Brown, Jr. 
of Xewhury, April 22, 1703, and had a daughter, Martha, 
and son William, at her father's death. Katherine, born 
August 25th, 1()S5 died in her seventeenth year on August 
10th, 1702. Elizabeth, died in 16SS and another Elizabeth 
on January 2, 1095-0. Mary, horn October 20, 1684, mar- 
ried Benjamin Crocker, intention December 12, 1710. Sarah, 
born December 10, 1092, died on July 4, 1713. Susanna, 
born April 3, 1090, married Rev. John Rogers of Kittery, 
son of Rev. John, pastor of the Ipswich church, intention 
September 0, 1718. Mercy was born February 7, 1097-8. 

"Major John Whipple, Esq.,'' as he is styled in the record 
of his death, "went to bed well at Xight & was found dead 
in the morning." June 12, 1722, in his sixty-fifth year. He 
had made his will in the previous year. 

Will of Ma. ma John Whipple. 

In the name of God Amen. The thirtieth day of August 1721. T 
John Whipple, of Ipswich, In the County of Essex in New Eng- 
land, being' sick & weak of I'.ody but of perfect. Mind & Memory. 
Thanks be Given to God therefore, Calling- to Mind y° Mortality of 
my Body & knowing y x Is Appointed for all Men Once t-o Dye Doe 
make and Orclaine This my hast Will & Testament; that Is to say 
principally & first of all I Give and recommend ,my Soul Into the 
hands of God that Gave it, and my P.ody T becomend to ye Earth 
to be buryed in a Decent & Christian Buriall att ye Discretion of 
my Exec., nothing Doubting lint att ye Genii Eesnrrection I shall 
receive the same againe by ye Almighty power of God: and as 
touching such Worldly Estate wherewith It hath pleased God To 
bless in This Life, I Give, Demise & Dispose of the same in the 
following Manner or Eorme. 

Impr. I give to my Daughter Mary Crocker & To the Ileirs of 
her Body Lawfully begotten my now Dwelling House &: Homestead 

1 Ipswich in Massachusetts Bay, pp. 23S, 241, 243, 249. 



30 THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 

with all the building- upon the same. Also I give to my Daughter 
Crocker all ye furniture both of the parlour and Parlour chamber 
also one Bed More such as shee shall Chuse with all ye furniture 
to ye same belonging-, also Three pair of Sheets, Two Large Table 
Cloths & Two Smaller Ones & Two Dozen of Napkins, also I give 
unto my Daughter Crocker all the utensills of y e Kitchen & Leantoe 

6 also my two Neb oxen & all ray utensills for husbandry, also 
One old Common Right & my Negro Man & Two Cowes. 

Item. I give to my son-in-law Benj. Crocker my and 

fouling piece. 

Item. I give to my Grandson, W m Brown, my pistolls and hol- 
sters. 

It. I give to my Granddaughter, Martha Brown, forty pounds. 

It. I give to Daughter Rogers my Negroe Woman Hannah. 

It. I give to my Grandson, John Rogers, twenty pounds and 
after all my Lawful debts and all y e above Legacies & my funerall 
Charges are all payd, the whole of my Estate which shall then re- 
maine Both real and personal, Bills, Bonds, Whatsoever to be 
honestly apprized & Equally Divided between my Three daughters, 
Martha, Mary & Susannah 

It. I do Hearby Constitute and Apoint my three Sons in Law, 
Richard Brown Benjamin Crocker &, John Rogers my Sole Execu- 
tors of this My Last will & Testament. (Probate Records 313:458.) 

An Inventory of the Estate of John Whypell, Esq., late of Ips- 
wich Desesed as* was presented to us, by his Executor, viz. 
Wareing apparell 
Books 

Bils & bonds 
one horse 
amore & Corlett 
one Cow 

five Cows a £3 10 p r cow 
two four year old Stears 
one 3 y r old Stear 

4 two year old hefers 

2 yearling Stears 

5 calfs 
houshold S.tuf in y e hall 1 clock 

1 payr of and Iorns 
tongs & fire pan 

7 lether Chairs 

3 woden Chairs 

2 tabels a Glas Case & J? Stool 
in the bead Room below 
2 bead Steads 
2 Cobard 
2 Chests 
1 Cloose Stole 
In the Chamber 

1 Chest 

2 baskets 

6 old chairs 
a looking glass 
in y e bead Room above 

1 bead stead. Coverled & b ts 3 15 



30 00 


00 


4 




82 14 


6 


10 




2 00 




4 00 




17 10 




7 10 





3 10 




7 12 




3 10 





3 17 




12 00 


00 


12 


00 


4 


00 


2 02 


00 


8 


00 


1 8 




10 





5 





4 





5 





8 





3 





6 





4 






THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 



31 



one bead Stead 





5 





3 chairs & a Stool 





8 





2 old chests 





2 





in y e kisliing Combr [Kitchen Chamber] 








1 bead stead & beading 


1 


10 





1 bead and beading- in y e [negro?] Chamber 


1 


10 





1 Chest 





3 





1 bead boulster & Coverled 


4 


5 





11 payr of Sheets 


5 


10 





a payr of Pelow bears 


1 








26 napkins 


1 


6 





8 table cloths 


2 








10 towels 





10 





12 yd of lining Cloth 


2 








12 yd of Drogett 


2 








20 yd of Cotten & lining 


2 








a Sute of old Curtains 





6 





2 blanketts, 2 Coverleads & 1 Ruge 


3 








1 baskett 





10 





lining & worsted yearn 


1 


18 





Corned wool 





10 





10 lb. of Cotten wole 


1 


10 





4 doz of bottels 


1 








1 plush Sadele 


1 








1 old Sadele 


1 


1 





12 barels 


1 


4 





2 tubs 





6 





5 Swine 


G 








a Calash & Tackeling 


7 








Slav 




18 





The Sum Total is 


£350 


6 


8 



As witness our hands this 7th day of August 1722. 
Edward Eveletii 
Moses Kimball 
Edmund Heaed 
personall Estate of John Whipple Esq. De- 
Subscribers April 17. 1723 



An addition of y' 
ceast. appriz'd by y e 
one Silver headed Cane 
one walnut Staff with a Silver head 
one old Desk 
1 pair Cards 
1 knife and fork 
about 50 groz buttons 
1 pair Shears 
1 old press 
1 pine chest 
1 Table 

1 Ditto 

2 old chairs 

1 pair old Stilyards 
As witness or hands 

Edward Eveleth 

Moses Kimball 

Edmund Heard 



1 15 





13 







3 







1 


4 




2 








6 











6 





18 








4 








4 








o 








1 








5 






32 THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 

Memorandum a mistake of 15s. in y 10 lb cotton wool to be 
rectifyd & 10i' in y° bonds overcharged & about 150£ of y* bonds 
not payable yet for several years, & y e intrest on y'" i.s at 5 1 ' p Cent 

per annum. 

(A later addition was tiled Dee. 11: 1722.) 

These thing's we would liectifie. 
an old saw mill on Ipswich River £15 

In this will and inventory mention is made for the first 

time of the various rooms. There are the parlor and the 
parlor chamber, the hall with its household stuff valued at 
£16 Ids. the kitchen and kitchen chamber, a bed-room 
below and one above and a leanto. We naturally identify 
the parlor and parlor chamber as the fine new rooms added 
by Captain John, and the kitchen and kitchen chamber as 
possibly the two rooms of Elder Whipple's. The hall was 
the seventeenth century kitchen, living room, often times 
sleeping room as well. Apparently the word kitchen, had 
about supplanted the old term, as the Major mentions the 
"kitchen" in his will, and the appraisers speak of the "hall" 
and the "kitchen chamber." 

When Captain John enlarged the house he simply doubled 
the size, as the old rafters still remaining in the attic are 
evidence. The Major made a further enlargement by adding 
a leanto. This may have been only eight feet wide, the 
width of the little room on the northeast corner, thus making 
a long, narrow room the whole length of the house. Such 
narrow leantoes are sometimes found in old time houses, 
and they were provided with fire places and might have 
served for kitchens or for laundry or other rough work, in- 
cident to the farm. But the inventory mentions a bed-room 
above in addition to the parlor and kitchen chambers, and it 
may be that Major John during the thirty-nine years L - 
owned the paternal dwelling, with his increasing family of 
daughters, six of whom wore probably living at home in the 
year 1700, may have been obliged to make another change 
by widening the narrow leanto, and running new rafters 
over the original ones, thus giving the house about the same 
outward appearance it now has and securing some second 
story bedrooms under the sloping roof. The negro man and 
Hannah, the slave woman, may have found their humble 
sleeping quarters in the spacious attic. 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 33 

The barn, in the Major's time, was well occupied with- his 
horse and mare, the two ''neb oxen," the cows, steers, heifers 
and calves. The calash and its tackling, the earliest form of 
two-wheeled carriages, which were affected only by the most 
wealthy, probably required a carriage house by itself. Per- 
haps the most singular item in the whole inventory is u l 
knife and fork." 

Major Whipple grieved bitterly, no doubt, that he had no 
son, but there may have been the greatest compensation 
possible under the circumstances, in the singular fact that 
all three of his daughters, who lived to mature age, married 
ministers. For Benjamin Crocker was educated for the 
ministry, and frequently preached in the Ipswich pulpits, 
and Mr. Rogers and Mr. Brown were regularly settled. Not- 
withstanding this fact, there was a deal of unbrotherly 
wrangling over the settlement of the estate which was com- 
plicated by Major Whipple's guardianship of his niece, Lucy 
Wainwright. 

BENJAMIN CROCKER. 

Benjamin Crocker, whose wife. Mary, inherited the Whip- 
ple family dwelling, was a graduate of Harvard, class of 
1713, a Representative to General Court in 1720, 1734 and 
173G, Chaplain in the Louisbourg expedition in 1745, and 
teacher of the grammar schools for many years. The records 
of the South church show that he preached frequently, and 
he was so insistent on the old order that he removed his mem- 
bership to the First church, because the Ruling Elders, who 
had been elected by the South church, were not ordained. 

A daughter, Mary, was baptized Nov. 6, 1720 and a son, 
John, on Sept, 21," 1723. His wife, Mary, died Oct. 25, 
1734 aged 51 years, 5 days. He married the widow Expe- 
rience Coolidge on May 17, 1736, who died Nov. 4, 1750, 
in her 67th year. His third wife was Elizabeth Williams 
of Weston, whom he married at Weston. Sept. 0, 1760. Mary 
Crocker, daughter of Benjamin and Mary, married Joseph 
Gunnison of Kittery, Sept. 10, 1738. Mr. Benjamin Crocker 
died April 9, 1767 in his seventy-fifth year. lie had made 
and signed his will just one year before. 



34 THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 

In the name of God. Amen. April 9: 1766. 

I, Benjamin Crocker of Ipswich in County of Essex, in New 
England, being- in Health of Body and Mind & Memory (thro the 
Favour of Almighty God) & calling To Mind the Uncertainty of 
Life and Certainty of Death, Do make and Ordain this my last 
Will and Testament, and Principally and above all I recommend 
my Soul into the Hands of God, Thro Jesus Christ, hoping for his 
sake and Righteousness to find acceptance with God at the great 
Day of his Appearing; and my Body to decent Christian Burial: 
and touching such worldly Estate as God been pleased to bestow 
upon me, I give and despose of the same in Manner following, \[z — 

Imprimis. I give to my well beloved wife Elizabeth fourteen 
pounds, and all that estate which she brought with her to me 
upon our Marriage: provided and on Condition she shall acquit all 
her Bight or Claim and Interest in & to all the rest of my estate. 

Item. I give to my daughter, Mary Gunnison, the two beet 
silver spoons, which, with what I gave her at her Marriage, to- 
gether with what she held of land which she and her Brother sold 
to Charles Tuttle after her Marriage, which I account of a sulli- 
cient Part of my Estate. (The particulars of which I have set 
down in a Pocket Book in my Desk.) 

Item. I give all the rest of my Estate both real and personal of 
what Nature soever to my son John Crocker, after my Debts and 
funeral Charges are paid by my said Son. 

Witness, Benjamin Crocker. 

Joseph Appleton 
Joseph Appleton Jr. 
Thos. Appleton Jr. 

(Probate Kec. 343: 481) 

]STo mention is made of Tom and "Flora, slaves of Mr. 
Crocker, who were married Sept. 6, 1726. In the long in- 
terval before his death the bondmen and their families may 
have received their liberty or may have been freed by Death. 
They are the last slaves who were kept in the old mansion. 

DEACOX JOHN CROCKER. 

This worthy man was a Deacon of the Sonth chnrch, and 
the distinctively religions tone which had characterized the 
home of so many generations of Whipples suffered no loss in 
his time. The memory of neighborhood prayer meetings 
held in the great old rooms still lingers. He married Mehit- 
able Burley, Dec. 3, 1747. She died Jnly 9, 1766 in her 
39th year. Her children were: 

Mary, born Xov. 4, 1748, who married William Wade, in- 
tention March 11, 1769, and died Dec. 22, 1771, leaving two 
sons, Thomas and Samuel. 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 35 

Mehitable, born Feb. 17, 1750, married Thomas Apple- 
ton, intention Nov. 20, 17(38. 

Hannah, born Dec. 29, 1752, married Edward Waldron. 
She died before her father and left two children, Mary and 
Abigail. 

Lydia, born Nov. 7, 1754, married Elisha Treadwell, 
June 21, 17S0, who died Dec. 19, 1792. She married Col. 
Joseph Ilodgkins, Dec. IS, 1804. 

Martha, baptized March 19, 1758. 

John, born March 13, 17G0, married Margaret Choate, 
May 25, 1780. 

Sarah, born July 11, 1702. 

Aaron, baptized Aug. 14, 1703. 

Eliza, baptized Dee. 10, 1704. 

Deacon John Crocker married again, Elizabeth Lakeman, 
intention Nov. 28, 1707. 
Her children w T ere: 

Joseph, born Oct. 22, 1770. 

Elizabeth, born Dec. 4, 1772. 

As his father, Benjamin Crocker, died in 1707, and the 

first marriage of Deacon Crocker's daughters occurred in 

1708, it is very probable that the old homestead was full of 

life and bustle. There were babies in their cradles, little 

children, with their sports, and older girls, who bad their 

daily stint of knitting and sewing and working of samplers, 

and the grown up daughters had the privilege of the parlor 

for entertaining their bashful lovers. By and by" there was 

much spinning and weaving and the making of the bride's 

great store of fine linen, and then the glorious excitement of 

the wedding days. Aaron, apparently died in early life and 

two boys only seem to have grown up in this throng of girls, 

John and Joseph. To them fell a daily round of chores in 

the barn and kitchen, for the great fireplaces were ever in 

need of wood, and there was much drawing of water from 

the old well by the door for the constant use of the large 

family. 

Deacon Crocker died on April 21, 1800, in his 83d year, 

having made his will in due form about two years before. 

In the name of Clod Amen. I John Crocker of Ipswich in the 

County of Essex as to my worldly goods and estate, 

fl] give, demise and dispose of the ^arae as follows — viz. 



36 THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 

Imprimis. I give and devise to my son Joseph his heirs & as- 
signs forever, my malt house and about one acre of land adjoining 

with the well and drane leading to said malt house, also 

a desk that his mother brought to me when we were married. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my daughter Elizabeth, the great 
Chamber in the west end of my dwelling- house so long as she shall 
remain single and unmarried. I also give her a case of drawers and 
a chest with two drawers, which was her mother's. I also give and 
bequeath to my said daughter, Eliz. one cow and two sheep, such as 
she shall choose, to be winterd and summerd for her by mv son- 
John, and also sixty dollars in money. Item. I give and bequeath 
to my daughter Mehitabel Appleton, sixty dollars in money. Item. 
I give to my son-in-law Thomas Appleton a note of hand T have 
against him dated April 28, 1795. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my daughter Lydia Treadwell, 
sixty dollars in money. Item. I give to 1113- grandson Thomas 
Wade and Samuel Wade thirty dollars each. Item. I give and 
bequeath to my grand daughters Mary Waldron and Abigail Wal- 
dron, thirty dollars each. I give and bequeath to my son-in-law, 
Edward Waldron, at my decease, my great Bible. Item. I give 
and bequeath to my daughter Elizabeth, one feather lied and 
bedding- which her mother brought to me, when I married her. 
Item. I give and bequeath to my three daughters and to my 
grand-children, children of my Daughters, Mary and Hannah, 
deceased, the whole of my household goods (excepting my silver 
tankard) to be equally divided between them. 

I give to my daughters aforenamed and my aforesaid grand- 
children, at my decease, all my boohs to be divided in same man- 
ner as I have ordered my household goods to be divided. Item. I give 
and devise to my son Joseph and to my daughter Elizabeth, and to 
their heirs and assigns in equal shares, my Pew in south Meeting 
House in this town. Item. I give to my sons John and Joseph all 
my wearing apparel and farming utensils to be equally divided 
between them. Item. I give and devise to my son John and to his 
heirs and assigns forever all my buildings and lands, excepting 
such parts of my buildings and lands as I have before given to my 
son Joseph and my daughter Elizabeth. I give and bequeath to 
my said son, all my stock of cattle and sheep, all 1113' notes of hand, 
my silver Tankard, and all the rest and residue of my estate. 
'May 3, IS 04. 

(Essex Co. Probate Records 374: 9, 10.) 
An inventory and appraisement of the estate of Deacon John 
Crocker late o*f Ipswich (Probate Records 374 : 81). 

In the West lower room 
a clock $16 1 look g glass $3 one desk $5 29.00 

a settee $3 black walnut table 4 foot, $2.50 5.50 

writing- desk $1 small round table $1, light stand 30 cts 

stand-' candlestk 1.25 3.55 

one great chair and small ditto viol back $3.50 1 round 

table $1.25 4.75 

one small chair turkey worked 33ets hand iron, shovel & 

tongs $2.50 2.83 

one feather bed, bolster and pillows $23, bedstead sacking- 
bottom $2 25.00 
curtains $1.50 3 blankets $4.50 calico quilt $2 8.00 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 37 

tea salver $1.25 great Bible $4 other books & paplits $6.00 11.25 

2 pair small seales & weights 80 cts hearth brush 25e 1.05 
Westerly bed room. 1 bed, bolster & pillows $27 under 

bed & bedstead $2.75 29.75 
2 blankets $2 2 do $3 1 bed quilt $2 1 coverlet $2 13 pr. 

sheets $22.75 31.75 
10 pair pillow eases $3.07 table cloths $4.75 12 napkins 

$1.75 0.50 
East room. 3 leathd chairs $1.50 round chair and cushion 

$1. 2.50 
four old chairs 67 cts small looking glass $1 1.67 
pair small hand irons 50 ct. small table 12 ct. .62 
East bed-room, nnderbed, bedstead & cord $1.25 3 cov- 
erlets $3.75 5.00 
two blankets $2 1 pair sheets $2. linen wheel and reel $1. 5.00 
tin pail 33 cts. scales and weights 50 cts. wearing apparel 

$25 25.83 

32 ounces silver plate $32.42 half dozen tea spoons $2.50 34.02 

1 pair shoe and knee bu"kles $3 set gold buttons $3.50 6.50 

West chamber. 1 case drawers $1.50 one ditto faneerd $7 8.50 

six leath'd ehairs $2.50 one great ditto $3 small cane 

back'd $1 6.50 

bed, bolster & pillows $22 under bed, bedstead & cord $3 25.00 

curtains and valions $3 one pair sheets $2.50 5.50 



289.07 

one blanket $1.50 coverlet $1 bed quilt $2 4.50 
small pair hand irons 50 ct. 1 maple table $1 small looking 

glass .25 1.75 
In the East chamber, 1 bed, bolster & 1 pillow $25. 

under bed, bed std. & cord 2.50 27.50 

3 blankets $3.25 three bed quilts $4 7.25 

square oak table 50 ets. old chest and lire screen 75 cts 1.25 

flax comb $1 iron-jack 75 ct. 1.25 

In the kitchen. 1 brass kettle $3 one brass pan $2 5.00 

Pewter $9 hand irons $2.50 shovel & tongs $1 12.50 

grid iron 50 ets. candlesticks 50 toasting iron 50 1.50 

1 pi*, brass candlesticks $1 iron and tin ware $6 7.00 

bell metal skillet. 30 cts. brass skillet $1 1.30 

tin ware $1.75 warming pan $1.00 pr bellows 25 ct. 3.00 

earthern ware & glass bottles $2. case with bottles $1.50 3.50 

crockery ware & glass ditto $3. 3 tables $1.75 4.75 

a mortar, 2 coffee mills, flesh fork, skimer and skewers 2.00 

3 iron bread pans $1 3 chests $1.50 meal chest 50 ct. 3.00 
kitchen chairs $1.50 old cask A: tubs $2.50 50 lb. salt 

pork $3 12.00 

cheese press $1.25 two spits $1.25 pails $1 3.50 

Two sons only are mentioned in the will, John and 
Joseph, allusion is made to Mary and Hannah, deceased, 
and the names of Eunice, Martha, Sarah, and Eliza, do not 
appear. They died in early life undoubtedly. 

Joseph received as his portion of the estate the malt house 



d3 THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 

and about an aero adjoining, the first division ever made in 
the original grant. The malt house stood where the brick 
machine shop of the Mill now stands, on the corner of Estes 
St It was taken down by Mr. Nathaniel Wade and removed 
and rebuilt on his house lot on the south side, in the rear of 
the residence of Jesse II. Wade. John, then living at London- 
derry, received the homestead, He sold, however, to his 
brother Joseph. The deed was not recorded but on the death 
of Joseph on Jan. 21, 181o, the inventory of his estate was 
recorded. 

Inventory of the estate of Joseph Crocker, malster. 

House and barn and malt liouse, with other buildings and 

land 000.00 

1 blue eoat $3.00 1 blue surtout coat $2.50 1 blue grate 

coat $3.50 9.00 

1 black waist coat $1.00 2 green waist coats $1 2 pair 

small clothes woolen and drawers $2 4.00 

1 pair kersey meer smale cloths 50 cts. 1 pair nankin jacket 

and breeches $1 1.50 

1 pair cotton and linen trowsers $1 8 shirts $0.50 8 pair of 

hose $3.50 11.00 

1 pr leather gloves 12 cts. 2 silk and one linen handker- 

chief $1.75 1.87 

3 pr. old trowsers 75 cts 2 frocks $1. 2 pair of boots $3.75 

2 pair of shoes $1.50 7.00 

2 felt hats 60 cts. 1 gun, bayonet & snap sack and cartridge 

box $5 5. CO 

1 gun & cartridge box, and 2 powder horns $2 live hare 

cleaned ? 60 cts. 2.60 

COLONEL JOSEPH IIODGKIXS. 

Col. Hodgkins had married for his third wife Mrs. Lvdia 
Treadwell, relict of Elisha Treadwell and daughter of Dea- 
con Crocker. On the death of Joseph Crocker the adminis- 
trator of his estate sold five-sixths of the dwelling and land 
about it to Col. Hodgkins, the deed of sale bearing date, May 
1G, 1813. It reserved for Elizabeth, daughter of Deacon 
Crocker 

the great chamber in the west end of the house, with the privi- 
lege of going* in and out at the front door, and a right to use the 
entry way and stairs in common, and a right to bake in the oven 
in the northeasterly room, to go to and from the well, and a privi- 
lege in the cellar to put and keep so much cider, vegetables and 
other necessaries sufficient for her own use, also liberty to pass and 
repass to and from the yard at the southwest end of said house, 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 39 

and to keep therein the wood for her own use. said reservations to 
continue so long" as she shall remain single and unmarried, as ex- 
pressed in the last will and testament of said John Crocker de- 
ceased. 

The oven in the northeast room was in place when the 
house was restored hy the Historical Society. It was not a 
part of the original construction, and was removed and the 
old lines of the fireplace restored. 

Col. Hoclgkms was an old man, seventy years old, when 
he bought the house in 1813, and his granddaughter, Miss 
Sarah Wade, used to say that he did not occupy it until 
1818, but he lived to be eighty-six years old, and he had 
dwelt eleven years at least in the old mansion. He was an 
interesting figure in his day, and his ownership adds to. the 
sentimental value of the house. He marched in Captain 
Nathaniel Wade's eonipanv of minutemen on the Lexington 
alarm, and was first lieutenant in Captain Wade's company 
at the battle of Bunker Hill. His letters from the field to 
his wife are still preserved. He wrote from Cambridge, 
on the 18 th of June. 

Dear Wife — 

I take this oppertnnity to inform you that I am well att Present 
I would Just inform you that wee had a verry hot ingagement 
yesterday. Put God Preserved all of us for whitch mercy I TVsire 
Ever to 'be thankfull. 

and again on the 23d. 

Have not time to write Pertickler of y p Engagement. But we 
whare Exposed to a very hot fire of Cannon & small armes about 
two ours. But we whare Presarved I had one Ball went under 
my arme and Cut a large hole in my Coate & a Buck shot went 
through my coate & Jacket. But neither of them Did me any 
harme. 

He served through the war with distinction, was at Valley 
Forge, and in the battles of Long Island, Harlem Heights, 
White Plains and Princeton, and at the capture of Bur- 
goyne's army. He won the rank of Colonel, and succeeded 
Colonel Wade as commander of the Middle Essex Regiment 
of the militia. From 1810 to 1816, he was a Representative 
to General Court. Miss Sarah Wade, daughter of Nathaniel 
Wade, Jr., who married Hannah Hodgkins, daughter of the 
Colonel, was a petted visitor at her grandfather's house when 
she was a little girl, and her recollections of the venerable gen- 



40 THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 

tleman and his home were very vivid. He was a very tall 
man, with strongly marked Roman nose and thin hair, which 
was gathered into a queue. To his last days, he would have 
his pewter plate, which was kept with the platters on a high 
shelf in the kitchen. 

The room furnished as a kitchen by the Historical Society 
was the parlor, and the only carpet in the house covered the 
floor. Some roundabout chairs and a pair of great brass 
andirons were included in the parlor furnishings, and a 
quaint colored English print of the Countess of Suffolk's 
house near Twickenham, published in 1749, hung on the 
wall. It was owned recently by the late Miss Xellie Wade. 
The west room was the family sitting room, and in this room 
the old soldier died, lying in a press bed in the centre of the 
room, on September 25, 1829. Sarah slept in a little bod- 
room, that opened then from this room, on: the night her 
grandfather died, and she remembered distinctly that the 
window in that room was diamond paned and opened like a 
door. Her brother, Mr. Francis IT. Wade, remembered a 
window of the same style in the front gable end. Miss Wade 
remembered as well, that her father, who w r as a carpenter, 
built on the addition, as a pantry, for the convenience of the 
old people, now occupied by the stairway. The upper east 
chamber was occupied by Miss Polly Crafts, who made her 
scant living by weaving towels on a cumbrous hand loom. 

One child alone of his great family of twelve children 
was alive at the death of Colonel llodgkins. His widow 
survived four years until June 21, 1833. Upon her death 
the ancient home of the Whipples for six successive gen- 
erations, three in the Whipple name and three in the Crock- 
er, passed out of the family. Mr. [Nathaniel Wade, whose 
wife was Hannah Hodgkins and other heirs of the Colonel, 
sold the house and an acre and 11 rods of land to Caleb K. 
Moore of Canterbury, X. II., a peddler by trade, October 
31, 1S33, for $501. (Essex Deeds 271:101). The same 
heirs sold tbe remainder of the lot, an acre and about eleven 
rods, on Aug. 11, 1841, to James Estes, for $300, 

beginning at the north east corner by the road & Caleb K. Moore's 
land, south east by the road to land and barn of Enoch Pearson, 
south west by said barn and a barn and land of Joseph Farley, 
thence South-east by Farley's land to the river, thence by the 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 41 

river to land of Samuel Wade, northwest by said Wade to Moore, 
northeast by Moore to first. 
(Essex Deeds 320: 215). 

Caleb K. Moore sold to Abraham II. Bond, manufacturer, 
one of the Nottingham stocking weavers, who colonized in 
Ipswich, on October 7, 1S41, for $900 (Essex Deeds 327: 
157). The property remained in the hands of Mr. Bond un- 
til his death. During his ownership an old house was re- 
moved by him from the estate now owned by Miss Lucy 
Slade Lord, it has been said, and located on the corner of 
Market and Saltonstall streets. Mr. James W. Bond, son of 
Abraham, acquired the homestead by inheritance and pur- 
chase from other heirs, and sold to the Ipswich Historical 
Society, the house and land about it on May 12, 1S9S. (Es- 
sex Deeds, 1549:6), the corner house with land, July 26, 
1899 (Essex Deeds, 1584:2(36), and the remainder of the 
land with an old barn, November 17, 1902. (Essex Deeds, 
1691:470.) 

THE IPSWICH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

On the evening of April 14, 1890, Bev. Augustine Cald- 
well, Hon. Charles A. Sayward, Mr. J. Increase Horton, 
Mr. John H. Cogswell and Mr. John W. Nourse, met at the 
residence of Bev. Thomas Franklin Waters to consider the 
organization of an Historical Society. Mr. Arthur W. Dow 
was unavoidably detained. It was the unanimous sentiment 
of this gathering that such a society should be organized to 
foster systematic and accurate historical studies and pro- 
mote a better acquaintance with the history of the town. 
They voted, then and there, to organize a society, to be 
known as The Ipswich Historical Society, and elected as its 
officers: Mr. Waters, president, Mr. Cogswell, secretary, Mr. 
Sayward, Mr. Horton and Mr. Cogswell, executive commit- 
tee. 

During the spring and early summer several public meet- 
ings were held in the studio of Mr. Dow, at which papers 
on the early history of the town were read and interesting 
reminiscence was in order. In the winter of that and sev- 
eral following years, occasional meetings were held in the 
vestry of the South Church. The president read a series of 



42 THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 

papers on the original locations of the early settlers and Borne 
studies on the old houses. Mr. Sayward contributed an in- 
teresting paper on the probable visits by voyagers to the spot 
now occupied by the town before Wmthrop's coining. Hon. 
AY. I). Xorthend of Salem read on several occasions some 
chapters from an unpublished work on early colonial history 
and Mr. Winfield S. Kevins gave a lecture on ''The Homes 
and Haunts of Hawthorne in old Salem." 

These meetings were well attended and it was evident the 
community was interested in the society. The membership 
enlarged gradually, but it was plain that the Society 
could not gain the success it desired until some permanent 
place of meeting should be secured, and the beginning of 
an historical collection should be made. Mr. Daniel S. 
Burnham very <r°nerouslv offered to give the half of the 
ancient house in East St., owned by him, provided that the 
Society should acquire the remainder. The old mansion 
would have been admirably adapted to our use in many ways 
but its location was unfavorable, and later investigations 
robbed it of its association with Rev. Mr. iSTorton and Rev. 
Mr. Cobbett. jSTo active steps were ever taken toward secur- 
ing this property. 

The removal of the post office from the Odd Fellows' 
building opened a more promising opportunity, and at a 
meeting in the early autumn of 1895, the project of renting 
the vacant portion was enthusiastically approved. A gener- 
ous subscription was made at once and in a short time suffi- 
cient funds were collected to provide a cabinet and table case 
for expected gifts. The first meeting in the new room took 
place on Friday evening, January 3, 1896. It was well at- 
tended and plans for the development of the society were 
adopted. Gifts of objects of interest, books and documents, 
began to be made. 

In his address at this first meeting the President expressed 
the hope that some suitable monuments or markers might 
be put in place near the meeting house of the First Church, 
and on the South Green to recall and perpetuate the great 
associations, clustering about these spots. Shortly afterward, 
Mr. Francis R. Appleton generously offered to bear the ex- 
pense of a monument with bronze tablets on the South 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 4^ 

Green. This was unveiled and dedicated with public exer- 
cises of great interest on Wednesday, duly 2 ( J, 1800. The 
Town has since appropriated sufficient funds to place the 
large tablet near the meeting house, and the smaller ones, 
which mark, the spots where Governor Dudley and Simon 
and Anne Bradstreet dwelt. 

At the annual meeting in December, 1S97, the attention 
of the Society was called to the ancient Whipple house, as an 
admirable type of the earliest style of architecture, already 
much decayed and likely to fall into utter ruin. It was sug- 
gested that this old mansion, repaired and restored, would 
he an ideal permanent home for the Society. A committee 
was appointed to examine the house, and consider the feasi- 
bility of this project. It was found that notwithstanding its 
decayed condition the interior was well preserved, and of 
phenomenal attractiveness, and as the owner was willing to 
sell the committee reported in favor of its purchase. 

A preliminary canvass for funds resulted in the contribu- 
tion of fourteen hundred dollars, and the house and a small 
lot of land, with a right of way in the narrow passageway, 
separating from the other house on the corner, were pur- 
chased in May, 1898, at the cost of $1650. Work was be- 
gun at once and it was found that the original plastering 
against the second floor still remained above the modern 
plastered ceiling, which was put up in Mr. Bond's boyhood, 
and that the original sheathing in the second story was in- 
tact behind the later plastering. The locations of the an- 
cient casement windows were disclosed, the original fire- 
places were excavated, and the splendid oak beams were 
laid bare. Unexpected bits of the original architecture, the 
ancient door-post, old batten doors with huge, unshapely 
hinges, portions of the old clay plastering, traces of the early 
coloring came to light and afforded invaluable guidance in 
the restoration of the old mansion to its pristine glory. 

The work of repair and restoration being well completed, 
the dedication exercises were held on October 10, 180S. Miss 
Alice A. Gray, a lineal descendant of the Ipswich Howards 
of two centuries ago, after twenty-three years of service at 
the Fine Art Museum in Boston, felt the charm of the eld 
bouse so powerfully, that she relinquished in a large measure 






44 THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 

her museum work and became the custodian. She brought a 
beautiful collection of furniture, which was installed in the 
great east chamber, and her line taste was everywhere evi- 
dent in the "setting up" of the old rooms. She was instru- 
mental in securing from Miss Ellen A. Stone of Lexington 
a large and valuable collection of antiques, and the sequel of 
a quiet five o'clock midsummer tea to a company of her 
friends, was the gift of $1S00 by Mrs. William 0. Loring, 
wife of Judge Loring of the Supreme Court and daughter of 
the late Amos Adams Lawrence, the former owner of the 
Ipswich Mill. During his visits to the Mill Mr. Lawrence 
often came into the old dwelling and frequently expressed 
the wish that it might be preserved. Mrs. Loring was so ap- 
preciative of the work already done, and was so impressed 
with the necessity of safe-guarding the house by the removal 
of tin- dilapidated dwelling only a few yards away, that she 
made ho- generous gill to accomplish this end and beautify 
the lot thus secured, as a memorial of her honored father. 

An immediate purchase of the house and lot and an addi- 
tional strip six feet wide, the whole depth of the two lots 
now T acquired, was made for $1950, in July, 1890. The 
buildings were removed and the unsightly corner was soon 
transformed into an attractive setting for the house. An 
old and very unsightly barn still stood on the land owned by 
Mr. Bond, and in November, 1902, it seemed best to fore- 
stall a purchase, which might involve an undesirable and un- 
safe neighbor, by buying the balance of the lot. This in- 
volved an increase of the mortgage to $3500, but ample com- 
pensation was secured in the increased safety of our house 
from tire and the ornamental value of the old orchard. This 
burdensome mortgage has been gradually reduced. Mrs. 
William G. Brown bequeathed $500 to the society, which 
was used in this way as well as a later legacy of $50 from 
Miss Elizabeth B. Jewett. The Historical Pageant of 1910 
was so successful financially that a further reduction of a 
thousand dollars was made, and at last only four hundred 
dollars remains unpaid. 

Besides the gradual payment of its mortgage indebtedness, 
the Society has issued a regular series of publications which 
has now reached its twentieth number. The elaborate 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 4o 

"Sketch of the Life of John Wintlirop the Younger," , with 
portrait and valuable reproductions of ancient documents, 
No. VII, was published by Mr. Robert C. Winthrop, Jr., at 
his own expense. Members of the Society bore the cost of 
two other numbers. With these exceptions, the Society has 
met the large outlay involved in the work of publication out 
of its own treasury. Though the sale of these publications 
is limited, the permanent contribution thus made to the his- 
tory of Ipswich is of sufficient value to warrant this expen- 
diture and such gradual increase as our funds will allow. 

Gifts of pieces of, furniture, portraits, ancient documents 
and records, books, newspapers, and a great variety of other 
interesting articles have been made by the members, until 
the Society has attained a collection of notable value. Its 
membership has increased in gratifying fashion and the en- 
rollment now 7 includes 16 life members, who have paid $50 
and are not subject to annual dues, 141 resident and 111 
non-resident members, who pay an annual due of two dollars. 
There are no conditions or qualifications for membership 
beyond an interest in the work of the Society, and a large 
proportion of the membership is composed of those, who have 
a sentimental regard for Ipswich as the home of their an- 
cestors, but whose residence is often far removed. 

The generous support which the Historical Society has re- 
ceived in the quarter century now completed, encourages it 
to hope that this anniversary year may witness an immediate 
access of funds for its work. It needs the sum of $100 to 
complete the payment of the mortgage, $200 to defray the 
expense of necessary repairs and improvements just com- 
pleted, and a large increase in its membership, to provide a 
larger annual revenue. 

It dares to cherish the dream of a substantial, fire-proof 
building, to he erected on the land already owned, which 
would serve many useful purposes. Primarily it would be a 
memorial building, affording the means of perpetuating and 
honoring the names of the noble founders of the town, and 
those who have won renown for themselves and for the place 
of their birth in many generations. iSo outward and visible 
memorial of the Ipswich Resistance of the Andros govern- 
ment, the proudest event in its history, has yet been raised. 



46 THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 

A Hall of Fame in this building would provide the place 

for enduring tablets of bronze. 

Room would he provided for the systematic arrangement 

of a museum. The interesting pre-historic remains of the 
Indians, who dwelt here for ages, the weapons, tools and gar- 
ments of the old times, the clumsy industries of the home, 
might he displayed. The library and valuable documents 
would here be safely housed. A room for lectures and meet- 
ings would be secured. Relieved of the miscellaneous and 
distracting collections that now of necessity find place in the 
old rooms, the venerable dwelling, furnished throughout so 
far as possible in the ancient fashion, might be made a nota- 
ble illustration of a Puritan home. 

These are great ideals but the amount needed for their 
realization is not excessive. A beginning of a fund for this 
end is certainly possible and once begun, additions would 
surely follow. Such a building would be second only to our 
Public Library, as an educational influence; as a grateful 
recognition of the noble past, and an inspiration to just civic 
pride and high citizenship, it would be unique and impressive 
and of far-reaching value. 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 47 



T. F. Waters in account with the Ipswich Historical Society for 
the year ending Dec. 1, 1914. 

DR. 

Membership dues 

Publications by mail, 

Mrs. Fanny E. Smith, half tone of house 

Whipple House 

Door Fees, Publications, etc., 

Supper, 

170.32 

650.09 
Cash in Treasury Dec. 1, 1913, 314.89 





452.00 




12.77 




15.00 


59.00 




111.32 





964.93 



CR. 

Salary of President, 

Publication, No. XIX 

Envelopes and Stamps, 

Printing-, 

Interest on mortgage, 

Insurance, 

Books, 

Research, 

Incidentals, 

Whipple House : 

Fuel, 

Water and moth cleaning, 

Incidentals, 

96.85 





250.00 




179.77 




26.76 




4.70 




20.00 




7.50 




20.00 




4.11 




4.79 


66.46 




12.00 




18.39 





614.48 
Cash in Treasury, 350.50 



964.93 



At the annual meeting of the Historical Society on Dec. 7, 1914, 
officers were elected as follows : 
President, Tnos. Franklin Waters. 

Vice-Presidents, Francis P. Appleton, James H. Proctor. 
Secretary, John W. Nourse. 
Treasurer, Tnos. Franklin W t aters. 
Directors, Chas. A. Saywabd.i Henry Brown, James S. Robinson. 

l Deceased. 



48 



THE JOHN WHIPPLE HOUSE. 



MEMBERS. 



Life Members. 



Mrs. Alice C. Bemis 
Richard T. Crane, Jr. 
John Hogg 

Miss Katherine Boring 
Mrs. William C. Loring 
William G. Low- 
George Prescott 
James H. Proctor . 
Thomas E. Proctor . 
Charles G. Rice 
Charles P. Searle . 
Mrs. Charles P. Searle 
John E. Searle 
John Gary Spring- . 
Mrs. Julia Appleton Spring 
Eben B. Symonds . 



Colorado Springs, Col. 

Chicago. 111. 
. Boston, Mass. 
Pride's Crossing 
. Boston, Mass. 
Brooklyn, N. V. 
. Rowley, Mass. 
Ipswich. Mass. 
Topsiield, Mass. 
. Ipswich, Mass. 
. Boston, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 
. Boston, Mass. 

Boston. Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 
Salem, Mass. 



Resident Members. 



Rev. Edgar F. Allen 
Mrs. Sheila P. Allen 
Charles L. Appleton 
Francis R. Appleton 
Mrs. Frances L. Appleton 
Francis R. Appleton, Jr. 
James W. Appleton 
Randolph M. Appleton 
fttrs. Susan A. R. Appleton 
Mrs. Willis L. Augur 
Mrs. Elizabeth H. Baker 
Charles W. Bamford 
G. Adrian Barker 
George E. Barnard 
John A. Blake 
Robert W. Bolles 
Warren Boynton 
Edward C. Brooks 
Albert S. Brown, Jr. 
A. Story Brown 
Charles W. Brown 
Henry Brown 
Frank M. Burke 
Ralph W. Burnham 
Mrs. Nellie Mae Burnham 
Rev. Augustine Caldwell 
Miss Sarah P. Caldwell 
Charles A. Campbell 
Mrs. Lavinia Campbell 
Jeremiah Campbell 
Mrs. Genevieve Campbell 
Edward W. Choate 



Mrs. Mary A. Clark 
Miss Harriet D. Condon 
Miss Roxana C. Cowles 
Arthur C. Damon 
Mrs. Carrie Damon 
Mrs. Ellen C. Damon 
Miss Edith L. Daniels 
Edward L. Darling 
Mrs. Howard Dawson 
George G. Dexter 
Miss C. Bertha Dobson 
Miss Grace M. Dodge 
Arthur W. Dow 
Howard N. Doughty 
Mrs. Charles G. Dyer 
Mrs. Emeline F. Farley 
George E. Farley 
Miss Luev R. Farley 
Miss Abbie M. Fellows 
John S. Glover 
Charles E. Goodhue 
Frank T. Goodhue 
John W. Goodhue 
William Goodhue 
Mrs. Annie T. Grant 
George H. W. Hayes 
Walter E. Hay ward 
Mrs. Alice L. Heard 
Miss Alice Heard 
John Heard 
George A. Hodgdon 
Miss Mary A. Hodgdon 



i 



NON-RESIDENT MEMBERS. 



49 



Miss S. Louise Holmes 

Daniel N. Hood 

Benjamin R. Horton 

A. Everett Jewett 

Miss Lncy S. Jewett 

Mrs. Harriett M. Johnson 

Miss Ida B. Johnson 

Miss Ellen M. Jordan 

Charles M. Kelly 

Ered A. Kimball 

Robert S. Kimball 

Mrs. Isabel G. Kimball 

Mrs. Mary A. G. Kinsman 

Miss Betbiah D. Kinsman 

Miss Rhoda E. Kinsman 

Dr. Frank W. Kyes 

Mrs. Georgie C. Kyes 

Miss Sarah E. Lakeman 

Miss Ellen V. Lang 

Mrs. Mary S. Langdon 

Austin L. Lord 

Miss Lucy Slade Lord 

Thomas H. Lord 

Mrs. Lucretia S. Lord 

Charles L. Lovell 

Paul G. Maey 

Mrs. Mary E. Macy 

Mrs. Mary B. Maine 

James F. Mann 

Everard H. Martin 

Mrs. Marietta K. Martin 

Herbert W. Mason 

Dr. M. Charles MeGinley 

Mrs. Mabel MeGinley 

Daniel E. Measures 

Miss Abby L. Newman 

William J. Norwood 

Mrs. Elizabeth B. Norwood 

John W. Nourse 

Mrs. Harriet E. Nourse 

Rev. Robert B. Parker 

Mrs. Robert B. Parker 

Miss Charlotte E. Parker 



I. E. B. Perkins 

William II. Rand 

William P. Reilly 

William J. Riley 

James S. Robinson, Jr. 

Mrs. Anna C. C. Robinson 

Ered crick G. Ross 

Mrs. Mary F. Ross 

Joseph F. Ross 

Mrs. Helene Ross 

Joseph W. Ross, Jr. 

Mrs. Joseph Ross, Jr. 

Mrs. Elizabeth L. Kussell 

Daniel Safford 

Angus Savory 

Harry M. Sayward 

George A. Schofield 

Amos E. Scotton 

Dexter M. Smith 

Mrs. Fanny E. Smith 

Fred A. Smith 

Mrs. Elizabeth K. Spaulding 

Miss Amy Stanford 

Frank R. Starkey 

Dr. Frank IT. Stockwell 

Mrs. Sadie B. Stockwell 

Miss Lucy B. Story 

John J. Sullivan 

Arthur L. Sweetser 

Samuel H. Thurston 

R. Elbert Titcomb 

Miss Ellen R. Trask 

Jesse H. Wade 

Miss Emma E. Wait 

Luther Wait 

Rev. T. Frank Waters 

Mrs. Adeline M. Waters 

Mrs. E. II. Welch 

Mrs. Lena Wendell 

Mrs. Marianna Whittier 

Miss Eva Adams Willcomb 

Chester P. Woodbury 



Non-Resident Members. 



H. B. Alexander 
Frederick J. Alley 
Mrs. Mary G. Alley 
Mrs. Clara R. Anthony 
Mrs. S. Reed Anthony 
William S. Appleton 
Eben H. Bailey 
Harry E. Bailey 
Dr. J. Dellinger Barney 



Geneva, 111. 

Hamilton, Mass. 

Hamilton, Mass. 

Brookline, Mass. 

. Boston, Mass. 

. Boston, Mass. 

. Boston, Mass. 

. Boston, Mass. 

. Boston, Mass. 



50 



NON-RESIDENT MEMBERS. 



Miss Caroline T. Bates 
Miss E. D. Boardman 

Mrs. Ellen L. Burditt 
Hervey Burnham 
William H. Buzzell . 
Eben Caldwell 
Miss Florence F. Caldwell 
John A. Caldwell . 
Mrs. Luther Caldwell 
Miss Mira E. Caldwell 
Mrs. Fannie E. Carter 
Rev. Washington Choate 
Mrs. Lin a C. dishing 
Charles Davis 
Maj. Gen. George W r . Davis 
Henry L. Dawes 
•Mrs. Catherine P. Dawes 
John V. Dittemore . 
Mrs. Sarah E. Dodge 
Mrs. Ellen M. Dole . 
Mrs. (J race Atkins Dunn 
William W. Emerson 
Miss Christine Farley 
Joseph K. Farley . 
Mrs. Eunice W. Felton 
Mrs. Pauline S. Fenno 
F. Appleton Flitchner 
Harlan C. Foster . 
William E. Foster . 
Mrs. Julia A. Foster 
William S. Foster . 
Amos Tuck French . 
Edward B. George . 
Mrs. Mary E. Gilman 
Dr. J. L. Good ale . 
Samuel V. Goodhue 
William E. Gould . 
Ralph H. Grant 
Mrs. Amy M. Haggerty 
Clarence Hay . 
Miss Louise M. Hodgkii 
Augustus T. Holmes 
Mrs. Gertrude F. Hoope 
Joseph Increase ITorton 
Lawrence M. Horton 
Miss Ruth A. Hovey 
Gerald L. Hoyt 
Mrs. Mary Hoyt 
William P. Hubbard 
C. Whipple Hyde . 
Mrs. Lucy M. Johnson 
Alfred V. Kidder . 
Arthur S. Kimball . 
Benjamin Kimball . 
Mrs. Laura [J. Kolm 



Koloa 



Kan 



En 



. Boston, Mass. 

. Boston, Mass. 

. Boston, Mass. 

Essex, Mass. 

North Adams, Mass. 

Elizabeth, N. J. 

Philadelphia, Penn. 

Winchester, Mass. 

Lynn, Mass. 

Lynn, Mass. 

Lonoke, Ark. 

Essex, Mass. 

Washington, D. C. 

East Milton, Mass. 

Washington, D. C. 

Pittsfield, Mass. 

Pittsheld, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 

Rowley, Mass. 

Salem, Mass. 

New York, N. Y. 

Haverhill, Mass. 

Cambridge, Mass. 

ai, Hawaiian Islands 

Cambridge, Mass. 

. Rowley, Mass. 

Southhoro, Mass. 

. Rowley, Mass. 

Providence, R. I. 

Providence, R. I. 

. Rowley, Mass. 

New York, N. Y. 

Haverhill, Mass. 

Pittsburg, Kansas 

. Boston, Mass. 

Salem, Mass. 

Brookline, Mass. 

Dayton, O. 

Washington, D. C. 

Newbury, N. II. 

Wilbraham, Mass. 

ineer S. S. Ligurnier 

. Boston, Mass. 

Somerville, Mass. 

Cambridge, Mass. 

Lake Mohonk, N. J. 

New York, N. Y. 

New York, N. Y. 

Wheeling, West Va. 

Webster Grove, Mo. 

Somerville, Mass. 

Cambridge, Mass. 

Oberlin, Ohio 

Boston. Mass. 

New York, N. Y. 



i 



NON-RESIDENT MEMBERS. 



Curtis E. Lakeman . 
John S. Lawrence . 
J. Francis Le Baron 
George II. Lewis 
Edwin R. Lord 
George R. Lord 
Mrs. Mary A. Lord . 
Miss Mary L. Macomber 
Mrs. Frances E. Markoe 
Miss Mary F. Marsh 
Mrs. Sarah L. Marsh 
Miss Ellen D. Martin 
Albert R. Merrill . 
Guy Murchie . 
C. Augustus Norwood 
Dr. Robert B. Osgood 
Moritz B. Philipp . 
Mrs. Marion K. Pillsbm 
Mrs. Julia B. Post . 
Dr. Edward Quintard 
Augustus N. Rantoul 
A. Davidson Remick 
James E. Richardson 
Dr. Mark W. Richardson 
Mrs. Lucy C. Roberts 
Charles F. Rogers . 
Derby Rogers . 
Miss Susan S. Rogers 
Mrs. Mary A. Rousiuaniei 
Albert Russell 
Miss Corinna Searle 
Richard W. Searle . 
Mrs. Daniel Denison Slade 
Mrs. Emma M. II. Slade 
Mr. Henry P. Smith 
Mrs. Caroline I*. Smith 
Rev. R. Cotton Smith 
Harry C. Spiller 
George F. Swain 
Dr. E. W. Taylor . 
Rev. William 0. Thayer 
Dr. Charles W. Townsend 
Miss Frances B. Townsen 
Frank II. Trussell . 
Mrs. Fannie C. B. Trussell 
Bayard Tuekerman 
John A. Tuekerman 
Mrs. Ruth A. Tuekerman 
Charles II. Tweed . 
Harry W. Tyler 
Mrs. Margaret Wade 
George F. Waters . 
Major Charles W. Whipple 
Henry M. Whipple . 
T. II. Bailey Whipple 



New York, N. Y. 

. Boston, Mass. 

Essex, Mass. 

Los Angeles, Cal. 

. Boston, Mass. 

Salem, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 

New York, N. Y. 

Penlynn, Pa. 

Lynn, Mass. 

Lynn, Mass. 

Salem, Mass. 

Hamilton, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 

Hamilton, Mass. 

. Boston, Mass. 

New York, N. Y. 

. Allston, Mass. 

New York, X. Y. 

New York, X. Y. 

. Boston, Mass. 

. Boston, Mass. 

Salem, Mass. 

. Boston, Mass. 

Cambridge, Mass. 

. New York, N. Y. 

New Canaan, Conn. 

. Boston, Mass. 

. Boston, Mass. 

. Portland, Me. 

. Boston, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 

Chestnut Hill, Mass. 

New York, X. Y. 

Brookline, Mass. 

Brookline, Mass. 

Washington, D. C. 

Boston. Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 

Southboro, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 

Hamilton, Mass. 

Hamilton, Mass. 

New York, N. Y. 

Hamilton, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 

New York, N. Y. 

. Boston, Mass. 

Lynn, Mass. 

Fall River, Mass. 

New York, N. Y. 

Hackettstown, N. J. 

East Pittsburg, Pa. 



52 



HONORARY MEMBERS. 



Wallace P. Willett . 
Mrs. Elizabeth Willett . 
Egerton L. Winthrop, Jr. 

Frederic Winthrop . 
Thomas Lindall Winthrop 
Chalmers Wood 
Chalmers Wood, Jr. . 
Joseph F. Woods . 



Honorary Members 



John Albree, Jr. 
Frank C. Farley 
Mrs. Katherine S. Farley 
Reginald Foster 
Augustus P. Gardner 
Miss Alice A. Gray . 
Miss Emily R. Gray 
Arthur W. Hale 
Albert Farley Heard, 2nd 
Mrs. Otis Kimball . 
Miss Sarah S. Kimball 
Frederick J. Kingsbury 
Hemy S. Manning . 
Mrs. Mary W. Manning 
George von L. Meyer 
Miss Esther Parmenter 



Richard M. 
Denison R. 

Joseph Spi 
Miss Ellen 
Albert Wade . 
Edward P. Wade 
W. F. Warner . 



Saltonstall 

Slade . 



M. Stone 



East Orange, N. J. 

East Orange, N. J. 

New York, N. Y. 

. Boston, Mass. 

. Boston, Mass. 

New York, N. Y. 

New York, N. Y. 

. Boston, Mass. 



Swampscott, 


Mass 


o. Manchester, 


Conn 


o. Manchester, 


Conn 


. Boston, 


Mass. 


Hamilton, 


Mass. 


Sauquoit, 


N. Y. 


Sanquoit, 


N. Y 


Winchester, 


Mass. 


. Boston, 


Mass 


. Boston, 


Mass. 


Salem, 


Mass 


Waterbury, 


Conn 


New York, 


N. Y 


New York, 


N. Y 


Hamilton, 


Mass 


Chicopee, 


Mass 


. Boston, 


Mass 


Brook line, 


Mass 


. Boston, 


Mass 


]ast Lexington, 


Mass 


Alton, 111 


Alton, 111 


. St. Louis, Mo 



THE IPSWICH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 53 



The Ipswich Historical Society was organized in 1890, 
and incorporated in 1898. It has purchased and restored to 
its original architecture the ancient house it now occupies, 
one of the finest specimens of the early Colonial style. It has 
issued a series of Publications which have now reached to 
No. XX, which are of general interest. 

Our publications should have a wider circulation, and a 
beginning should be made of collecting funds for our fire- 
proof Memorial building for our collections and various uses. 
We wish to commend our work and our needs to our own 
citizens, to those who make their summer home with us, to 
all, scattered throughout our land, who have an ancestral 
connection with the old Town, and to any who incline to 
help us. We can use large funds wisely in sustaining the 
Society, in erecting our new building, and in establishing 
a permanent endowment. 

Our membership is of two kinds : An annual membership, 
with a yearly due of $2, which entitles to a copy of the Pub- 
lications as they are issued, and free entrance to our House 
with friends ; and a life membership with a single payment 
of $50, which entitles to all the privileges of membership. 

Names may be sent at any time to the President. Orders 
for the publication will be filled at once. 



54 PUBLICATIONS. 



PUBLICATIONS OF THE IPSWICH HISTORICAL 
SOCIETY. 



I. The Oration by Rev. Washing-ton Choate and the Poem by 
Rev. Edgar F. Davis, on the 200th Anniversary of the 
Resistance to the Adros Tax, 1887. Price 25 cents. 
II to VI inclusive. Out of print. 
VII. "A Sketch of the Life of John Winthrop the Young- 
er," with portrait and valuable reproductions of an- 
cient documents and autographs, by Thomas Franklin 
Waters. Price $1.50. Postage 14 cents. 
VIII. "The Development of our Town Government" and "Com- 
mon Lands and Commonage," with the Proceeding's at 
the Annual Meeting, 1899. Price 25 cents. 
IX. "A History of the old Argilla Road in Ipswich, Massa- 
chusetts," by Thomas Franklin Waters. Price 25 cents. 
X. "The Hotel Cluny of a New England Village," by Sylves- 
ter Baxter, and the History of the Ancient House, with 
Proceedings at the Annual Meeting, 1900. Price 25 
cents. 
XI. "The Meeting House Green and a Study of Houses and 
Lands in that vicinity," with Proceedings at the An- 
nual Meeting-, Dee. 2, 1901. Price 25 cents. 
XII. "Thomas Dudley and Simon and Ann Pradstreet." A 
Study of House-Lots to Determine the Location of 
Their Homes, and the Exercises at the Dedication of 
Tablets, July 31, 1902, with Proceedings at the Annual 
Meeting, Dec. 1, 1902. Price 25 cents. 
XIII. "Fine Thread, Lace and Hosiery in Ipswich," by Jesse 
Fewkes, and "Ipswich Mills and Factories," by Thomas 
Franklin Waters, with Proceedings at the Annual Meet- 
ing. Price 25 cents. 
XIV. "The Simple Cobler of Aggawam," by Rev. Nathaniel 
Ward. A reprint of the 4th edition, published in 1647, 
with fac-similie of title page, preface, and headlines, 
and the exact text and an Essay, "Nathaniel Ward and 
the Simple Cobler," by Thomas Franklin Waters. 116 
pp., 75 cents. Postage 10 cents. A limited edition, 
printed on heavy paper, bound in boards. One dollar, 
postage prepaid. 
XV. "The Old Pay Road from Saltonstall's Brook and Samuel 
Appleton's Farm," and "A Genealogy of the Ipswich 
Descendants of Samuel Applet on," by Thomas Franklin 
Waters, with Proceedings at the Annual Meeting. Price 
75 cents. 



PUBLICATIONS. 55 

XVI and XVII. Double number. 
"Candlewood. 

An Ancient Neighborhood in Ipswich." 
With Genealogies of John Brown, 39 pp., William. Fel- 
lows, 17 pp., and Robert Kinsman, 15 pp. 100 pp., oc- 
tavo, with maps, full page illustrations and complete 
index, by Thomas Franklin Waters. Price $1.50. Post- 
age 8 cents. 
XVIII. "Jeffrey's Neck and The Way Leading Thereto," with 
notes on Little Neck. 93 pages octavo, by Thomas Frank- 
lin Waters. Price 50 cents. 
XIX. Ipswich Village and the Old Rowley Road. 7G pages, oc- 
tavo, by Thomas Franklin Waters. Price 50 cents. 



ALSO PUBLISHED UNDER THE AUSPICES OF 
THE IPSWICH HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



IPSWICH 

IN THE 

MASSACHUSETTS BAY 
COLONY 

1633-1700 

BY 

THOMAS FRANKLIN WATERS 



586 Pages, Octavo, Gilt Top, Rough Edges, with Maps and 
Full Page Illustrations and Full Index 



Part I. The History of Ipswich to the year 1700 

Part II. The Land Grants, from the beginning to the present day 



SUPPLEMENTARY APPENDICES WITH VALUABLE 
ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS 

Price, $5.00 

An additional charge of 37 cents, when sent by mail 



F 






6384 1